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court of pie-poudre, curia pedis pulveri- that is, a variety of fancies 'fardelled or zati, from the dusty feet of the suitors; or, packed together in a bundle or burthen. as sir Edward Coke says, because justice “ Fancies" was a name for pleasant is there done as speedily as dust can fall ballads, or poetical effusions ;-and hence, from the feet : but Blackstone, who says because Orlando hangs odes upon thus much of this court, inclines to the hawthorns, and elegies on brambles, all, opinion of Daines Barrington, who, de- forsooth, deifying the name of Rosalind," rives it from pied puldreaux, (a pedlar, in she calls him a "fancy monger.” old French,) and says, it signifies, there
The Porter. fore, the court of such petty chapmen as resort to fairs or markets.
It is to be noted too, that a porter is Courts similar to pie-powder courts clearly described by Holme. “He beareth were usual both with Greeks and Romans, vert, a porter carrying of a pack, argent, who introduced fairs into Germany and corked, sable; cloathed in tawney, cap the north.*
and shoes sable. This is the badge and cognizance of all porters and carriers of burthens;" but that there may be no mistake, he adds," they have ever a leather girdle about them, with a strong rope of two or three fouldings hanging thereat, which they have in readiness to bind the burdens to their backs whensoever called thereunto."
The Pedlar. This is his figure from Randle Holme, who describes him thus :-“He beareth The Porter's Knot, now used, argent, a crate carrier, with a crate upon his back, or ; cloathed in russed, with a
did not exist in Randle Holme's time. staffe in his left hand; hat and shoes sable.“ This subsequent invention consists of a He observes, that “this is also termed a
strong fillet to encircle the head, attached pedlar and his pack," and he carefully of the shoulders, whereon it rests, and is
to a curiously stuffed cushion of the width notes that the difference between a porter of height sufficient to bear thereon a box, and a pedlar consists in this, that “the porter's pack reacheth over his head and
or heavy load of any kind, which, by so answerable below; but the pedlar's is
means of this knot, is carried on the head a small truss, bundle, or fardel, not ex
and shoulders; the weight thereof being ceeding the middle of his head as in this
borne equally by the various powers of Every reader of Shakspeare
the body capable of sustaining pressure, knows the word “fardel :"
no muscles are distressed, but the whole
are brought to the porter's service in his -“Who would fardels bear labour of carrying. To groan and sweat under a weary life," &c. Fardel means a burden, or bundle, or
« Bartholomew Faire," a rare quarto pack, and so Holme has called the ped
tract printed in 1641, under that title lar's pack. The word is well known in that sense to those acquainted with our
states, that“Bartholomew Faire begins on earlier language. An Act of common
the twenty-fourth day of August, and is
then of so vast an extent, that it is concouncil of the first of August, 1554,
tained in no lesse than four several paagainst “ Abuses offered to Pauls,” re rishes, namely, Christ Church, Great and cites, that the inhabitants of London, and Little St. Bartholomewes, and St. Sepulothers, were accustomed to make their
chres. Hither resort people of all sorts common carriage of "fardels of stuffe,
and conditions. Christ Church cloisters and other grosse wares and things thorow the cathedrall church of Saint Pauls,” markable and worth your observation to
are now hung full of pictures. It is reand prohibits the abuse. There is an old beholde and heare the strange sights and book entitled, “a Fardel of Fancies;"
confused noise in the Faire. Here, a Fosbroke Dict, Antiq.
knave in a foole's coate, with a trumpet
sounding, or on a drumme beating, invites
Roast Pig. you to see his puppets: there, a rogue like a wild woodman, or in an antick
“ A Rover-cropped in its prime." shape like an Incubus, desires your com
ELIA, author of the incomparable vopany to view his motion : on the other lume of “ Essays,” published " under that side, Hocus Pocus, with three yards of name," by Messrs. Taylor and Hessey, tape, or ribbin, in's hand, shewing his art indulges in a “ Dissertation upon Roast of legerdemaine, to the admiration and Pig.” He cites a Chinese MS. to estabastonishment of a company of cocko- lish its origin, when flesh was eaten loaches. Amongst these, you shall see a uncooked, and affirms that “the period is gray Goose-cap, (as wise as the rest,) with not obscurely hinted at by the great a what do ye lacke in his mouth, stand in Confucius, in the second chapter of his his boothe, shaking a rattle, or scraping 'Mundane Mutations,'where he designates on a fiddle, with which children are so a kind of golden age by the term Chotaken, that they presentlie cry out for fang, literally the cooks' holiday." He these fopperies : and all these together premises “ broiling to be the elder bromake such a distracted noise, that you ther of roasting," and relates on the auwould thinck Babell were not comparable thority of the aforesaid MS. that “roast to it. Here there are also your gamesters pig” “ was accidentally discovered in the in action: some turning of a whimsey, manner following"-viz. others throwing for pewter, who can
“The swine-herd, Ho-ti, having gone out quickly dissolve round shilling into a into the woods one morning, as his man. three halfepeny saucer. Long-lane at this ner was, to collect mast for his hogs, left time looks very faire, and puts out her his cottage in the care of his eldest son best cloaths, with the wrong side out. Bo-bo, a great lubberly boy, who, being ward, so turn'd for their better turning fond of playing with fire, as younkers of off: and Cloth Faire is now in great his age commonly are, let some sparks request : well fare the ale-houses therein, escape into a bundle of straw, which, yet better may a man fare, (but at a dearer kindling quickly, spread the conflagration rate,) in the pig-market, alias Pasty- over every part of their poor mansion, till Nooke, or Pye-Corner, where pigges are it was reduced to ashes. Together with al houres of the day on the stalls piping the cottage (a sorry antediluvian makehot, and would cry, (if they could speak,) shift of a building, you may think it), come eate me.'
what was of much more importance, a
fine litter of new-farrowed pigs, no less Pye Corner.
than nine in number, perished. China This is the place wherein Ben Jonson's pigs have been esteemed a luxury all over Littlewit, the proctor, willed that his wife the east from the remotest periods that Win-the-fight should not eat Bartholomew we read of. Bo-bo was in the utmost pig: Long to eat of a pig, sweet Win, consternation, as you may thiuk, not so i'the Fair; do you see ? i' the heart o' the much for the sake of the tenement, which Fair; not at, Pye-corner.”
his father and he could easily build up Pye-corner was so called” says Dr. again with a few dry branches, and the (James) Howel, “ of such a sign, some labour of an hour or two, at any time, as times a fair Inne, for receipt of travellers, for the loss of the pigs. While he was but now devided into tenements.” It thinking what he should say to his father, was at Pye-corner as observed before, and wringing his hands over the smoking that the Fire of London ended : thé remnants of one of those untimely sufferhouses that escaped were taken down in ers, an odour assailed his nostrils, unlike October, 1809, and upon their site other any scent which he had before experidwelling-houses have been erected, toge- enced. What could it proceed from ?-ther with an engine-house, belonging to not from the burnt cottage he had smelt the Hope Fire Assurance company, * where that smell before indeed this was by no it stands at present (in 1825). It was means the first accident of the kind which estimated in the year 1732, that “the had occurred through the negligence of number of sucking pigs then annually this unlucky young fire-brand. Much consumed in this city, (of London) amount- less did it resemble that of any known ed to fifty-two thousand t."
herb, weed, or flower. A premonitory * Smith's Anc. Top, of London,
moistening at the same time overflowed If Maitland.
his nether lip. He knew not what to
think. He next stooped down to feel the couple of abominable wretches, who could pig, if there were any signs of life in it. think of improving upon the good meat He burnt his fingers, and to cool them he which God had sent them. Nevertheless, applied them in his booby fashion to his strange stories got about. It was obmouth. Some of the crums of the scorched served that Ho-ti's cottage was burnt skin had come away with his fingers, and down now more frequently than ever. for the first time in his life in the world's Nothing but fires from this time forward. life indeed, for before him no man had Some would break out in broad day, known it), he tasted-crackling! Again others in the night-time. As often as the he felt and fumbled at the pig. It did sow farrowed, so sure was the house of not burn him so much now, still he licked Ho-ti to be in a blaze; aud Ho-ti himself, his fingers from a sort of habit. The which was the more remarkable, instead truth at length broke into his slow under- of chastising his son, seemed to grow standing, that it was the pig that smelt more indulgent to him than ever. At so, and the pig that tasted so delicious; length they were watched, the terrible and, surrendering himself up to the new- mystery discovered, and father and son born pleasure, he fell to tearing up whole summoned to take their trial at Pekin, handfuls of the scorched skin with the then an inconsiderable assize town. Eviflesh next it, and was cramming it down dence was given, the obnoxious food his throat in his beastly fashion, when his itself produced in court, and verdict about sire entered amid the smoking rafters, to be pronounced, when the foreman of armed with a retributory cudgel, and find the jury begged that some of the burnt ing how affairs stood, began to rain blows pig, of which the culprits stood accused, upon the young rogue's shoulders as might be handed into the box. He hanthick as hailstones, which Bo-bo heeded dled it, and they all handled it, and not any more than if they had been flies. burning their fingers, as Bo-bo and his The tickling pleasure, which he experi- father had done before them, and nature enced in his lower regions, had rendered prompting to each of them the same him quite callous to any inconveniences he remedy, against the face of all the facts, might feel in those remote quarters. His and the clearest charge which judge had father might lay on, but he could not beat ever giver,-to the surprise of the whole him from his pig."
court, townsfolk, strangers, reporters, and Bo-bo in the afternoon, regardless of all present—without leaving the box, or his father's wrath, and with his “scent any manner of consultation whatever, wonderfully sharpened since morning, they brought in a simultaneous verdict of soon raked out another pig, and fairly Not Guilty. rending it asunder, thrust the lesser half “ The judge, who was a shrewd fellow, by main force into the fists of Ho-ti, still winked at the manifest iniquity of the shouting out, ' Eat, eat, eat, the burnt pig, decision; and, when the court was disfather; only taste-0 Lord !'—with such missed, went privily, and bought up all like barbarous ejaculations, cramming all the pigs that could be had for love or the while as if he would choke." The money. In a few days his lordship's narrative relates, that “ Ho-ti trembled town house was observed to be on fire. every joint while he grasped the abom- The thing took wing, and now there was inable thing, wavering whether he should nothing to be seen but fires in every direcnot put his son to death for an unnatural tion. Fuel and pigs grew enormonsly young monster, when the crackling scorch- dear all over the district. The insurance ing his fingers, as it had done his son's, offices one and all shut up shop. People and applying the same remedy to them, built slighter and slighter every day, until he in his turn tasted some of its flavour, it was feared that the very science of which, make what sour mouths he would architecture would in no long time be for a pretence, proved not altogether dis- lost to the world. Thus this custom of pleasing to him. In conclusion, (for the firing houses continued, till in process of manuscript here is a little tedious,) both time, says my manuscript, a sage arose, father and son fairly set down to the mess, like our Locke, who made a discovery, and never left off till they had despatched that the flesh of swine, or indeed of any all that remained of the little.
other animal, might be cooked (burnt, as “ Bo-bo was strictly enjoined not to they called it) without the necessity of Jet the secret escape, for the neighbours consuming a whole house to dress it. would certainly have stoned them for a They first began the rude form of a grid
iron. Roasting by the string, or spit, his memory is odoriferous - no clown came in a century or two later, I forget in curseth, while his stomach half rejecteth, whose dynasty. By such slow degrees, the rank bacon-no coalheaver bolteth Concludes the manuscript, do the most him in reeking sausages-he hath a fair useful, and seemingly the most obvious sepulchre in the grateful stomach of the arts, make their way among mankind.” judicious epicure—and for such a tomb
Elia maintains, that of all the delica- might be content to die.” cies in the whole eatable world, roast
Elia further allegeth of « pig," that
“ the strong man may batten on him, and pig" is the most delicate. -1 speak,” he says, “ not of your grown porkers- the weakling refuseth not his mild juices. things between pig and pork—those hob- He is—good throughout. No part of him bydehoys—but a young and tender suck- is better or worse than another. He ling—under a moon old-guiltless as yet helpeth, as far as his little means extend, of the sty," with “ his voice as yet not all around. He is the least envious of broken, but something between a childish banquets. He is all neighbours' fare." treble and a grumble—the mild fore
“ I am one of those," continueth ELIA,
“who freely and ungrudgingly impart a runner, or præludium, of a grunt. “ He must be roasted. I am not igno- fall to their lot (few as mine are in this
share of the good things of this life which rant that our ancestors ate them seethed, kind) to a friend. I protest, I take ; as or boiled-but what a sacrifice of the
great an interest in my friend's pleasures, exterior tegument!
his relishes, and proper satisfactions, as ! “There is no flavour comparable, I will in mine own. Presents,' I often say, contend, to that of the crisp, tawny, well - endear absents.' Hares, pheasants, watched, not over-roasted crackling, as it partridges, snipes, barn-door chickens is well called—the very teeth are invited to (those tame villatic fowl'), capons, plotheir share of the pleasure at this banquet vers, brawn, barrels of oysters, I dispense in overcoming the coy, brittle resistance as freely as I receive them. I love to with the adhesive oleaginous~0 call it taste them, as it were, upon the tongue not fat but an indefinable sweetness
of my friend. But a stop must be put growing up to it—the tender blossoming somewhere. One would not, like Lear, of fat-fat cropped in the bud-taken in give every thing. I make my stand the shoot-in the first innocence—the upon pig. *** cream and quintessence of the child-pig's “ I remember an hypothesis, argued yet pare food—the lean, no lean, but a
upon by the young students, when I was kind of animal manna-or, rather fat and at St. Omer's, and maintained with much lean (if it must be so) so blended and learning and pleasantry on both sides, running into each other, that both toge- "Whether, supposing that the flavour of ther make but one ambrosial result, or a pig who obtained his death by whipping common substance.
(per flagellationem extremam) superadded “ Behold him while he is doing it a pleasure upon the palate of a man seemeth rather a refreshing warmth, than
more intense than any possible suffering a scorching heat, that he is so passive to. we can conceive in the animal, is man How equally he twirleth round the string ! justified in using that method of putting
Now he is just done. To see the ex the animal to death ? I forget the decitreme sensibility of that tender age, he sion. hath wept out his pretty eyes-radiant “ His sauce should be considered. jellies-shooting stars.
Decidedly, a few bread crums, done np “See him in the dish, his second cradle, with his liver and brains, and a dash of how meek he lieth wouldst thou have mild sage. But banish, dear Mts. Cook, had this innocent grow up to the gross- I beseech you, the whole onion tribe. ness and indocility which too often ac Barbecue your whole hogs to your palate, company maturer swinehood ? Ten to one steep them in shalots, stuff them out with he would have proved a glutton, a sloven, `plantations of the rank and guilty garlic; an obstinate, disagreeable animal-wal- you cannot poison them, or make them lowing in all manner of filthy conver- stronger than they are—but consider, he sation from these sins he is happily is a weakling—a flower.", snatched away
Ere sin could blight, or sorrow fade,
The two engravings whereon the reader Mr. Setchel, of King-street, Covent-garnow looks, are from a very curious scenic den. The letter-press account subjoined print of this Fair, as (represented on to Mr. Setchel's print says, that “about an old fan, recently published by the year 1721, when the present intereste