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bearer and the other squire, and one shil
110 0 ling and sixpence from the other indivi- China and glass
0 duals. This was termed cellarage, and was Stationery wares, newsdivided between the yeoman of the cellar
60 00 and the butler. But these golden days are Winter and summer for the over. Since the days of the Fitzaleyns and sword-bearer and houseWhittingtons, it has been found expedient hold
36 13 to make the lord mayors an allowance Glazier, upholsterer, &c. 46 0 0 to enable them, or rather assist them, to Music, &c.
35 0 0 maintain the hospitality and splendour of Ribands, &c. their station; but such is the perverseness of human nature, that as this has
0 from time to time been increased, the
N. B. Benefactions on public occagorgeousness of the display seems to have decreased. The following are the re- sions, charities, &c. cloths,' fees to the ceipts and expenses of Mr. Wilkes during water-bailiff, are not included. his mayoralty :
• 8226 13 0 Receipts. Receipts
4889064 Payments from the cham- £. 8. d.
Balance £3337 12 55 berlain's office
- 2372 8 4 Cocket office
702 5 65 Gauger
The rout was first discontinued by sir
Brooke Watson, because it was always Annual present of plate from the Jews
customary to have it in passion week. The
allowance has since had an increase of Lessees of Smithfield-mar. ket
3000l. This liberality on the part of the
10 0 0 Licenses
corporation, instead of exciting a cor
4 10 0 From the bridge-house to
responding feeling on the part of their wards the feast
50 0 0
magistrates, seems rather to have raised Alienation of a young
in them a spirit of cupidity, and of late man's place
40 0 0
years, on many occasions, the office seems
to have been undertaken on a kind of Sale of a young man's place 1000 0 0 Presentation of the sheriffs 13 6 8
speculation for saving money. Though
allowed 15001. a year for the swordFor keeping the mansionhouse in order
100 0 0
bearer's table, every chicken and bottle of Six freedoms to the lord
wine began to be grudged ; and after remayor
150 0 0
peated appeals by the household to the In lieu of buckets
6 0 0
court of common council, on account of Licensing the sessions
the shabby reductions successively made,
and which were considered as unjust, as paper
130 00 From Mr. Roberts, comp
they had purchased their places with the troller, for the importa
usual privileges, the corporation contion fee
10 10 0
cluded a treaty with them a short time
ago, by which a specified sum of money £4889 0 64
was secured to each individual, either on giving up his place, or at his death to be
paid to his family. They have of course Expenses.
given up the right of alienating their Lord mayor's table, includ- £ places, and thus perpetuating the system.
ing public dinners - 2050 0 0 The corporation have thus gained an ex. Sword-bearer's table - 1500 0 0 tensive increase of patronage; though the Lord mayor's-day
520 0 0 number of officers is to be reduced as the Easter Monday
- 1200 0 0 places fall in. But some of the aldermen Rout
190 0 0 below the chair were rather disagreeably Old Bailey
730 0 0 surprised at the result; for the common Horses, coaches, &c
420 0 0 council very justly deducted the 15001. at Servants'wages, liveries,&c. 570 00 which the expense of the table was geLamps, wax, and other
nerally calculated, from his lordship's candles 295 0 0 allowance.
I am, &c. Linen 160 0
C. R. H. Coals and firing
The lord mayor's household, scarcely
Michaelmas Goose. known in its constitution by the citizens whom the lord mayor selects for his visi
“ September, when by custom (right divine)
Geese are ordain'd to bleed at Michael's tors, is well set forth by the preceding
sbrine.” letter of a valuable correspondent. It
Churchilla concerns all who are interested in the maintenance of civic splendour, and
Mr. Brand notices the English custom
of having a roast goose to dinner on especially those who are authorized to regulate it. Such papers, and indeed
Michaelmas-day. He cites Blount as
any thing regarding the customs of London, telling us that “goose-intentos” is a word will always be acceptable to the readers used in Lancashire, where the husband, of this work, who have not until now been
men claim it as a due to have a goose in indulged with information by those who
tentos on the sixteenth Sunday after Pen. have the power to give it. The Every- tecost; which custom took origin from Day Book is a collection of ancient the last word of the old church-prayer of and present usages and manners, wherein that day: “Tua, nos quæsumus, Domine, such contributions are properly respected, bonis operibus jugiter præstet esse inten
gratia semper præveniat et sequitur ; ac and by the Editor they are always thankfully received.
tos.' The common people very humour. ously mistake it for a goose with ten
toes.” To this Mr. Brand objects, on On Michaelmas-day the sheriffs of the authority of Beckwith, in his new London, previously chosen, are solemnly edition of the “ Jocular Tenures :" that sworn into office, and the lord mayor is
“ besides that the sixteenth Sunday after elected for the year ensuing.
Pentecost, or after Trinity rather, being Pennant speaking of the mercers' com- movable, and seldom falling upon Mipany, which by no means implied origi- chaelmas-day, which is an immovable nally a dealer in silks, (for mercery in- feast, the service for that day could very cluded all sorts of small wares, toys, and rarely be used at Michaelmas, there does haberdashery,) says, “ This company is
not appear to be the most distant allusion the first of the twelve, or such who are
to a goose in the words of that prayer. honoured with the privilege of the lord Probably no other reason can be given for mayor's being elected out of one of them.” this custom, but that Michaelmas-day was If the lord mayor did not belong to either a great festival, and geese at that time of the twelve, it was the practice for him most plentiful. In Denmark, where the to be translated to one of the favoured harvest is later, every
family has a roasted companies. The custom was discon- goose for supper on St. Martin's Eve." tinued in the mayoralty of sir Brook
Mr. Douce is quoted by Mr. Brand, Watson, in 1796, and has not been as saying, “I have somewhere seen the revived.
E. I. C. following reason for eating goose on
Michaelmas-day, viz. that queen Elizabeth received the news of the defeat of the
Spanish Armada, whilst she was eating The “Gentleman's Magazine” no
a goose on Michaelmas-day, and that in tices a singular custom Kidder
commemoration of that event she ever minster_“ On the election of a bailiff the afterwards on that day dined on a goose." inhabitants assemble in the principal This Mr. Brand regards as strong proof streets to throw cabbage stalks at each that the custom prevailed even at court in other. The town-house bell gives signal queen Elizabeth's time; and observing for the affray. This is called lawless hour. that it was in use in the tenth year o This done, (for it lasts an hour,) the bai- king Edward the Fourth, as will be liff elect and corporation, in their robes, shown presently, he represents it to have preceded by drums and fifes, (for they been a practice in queen Elizabeth's reign, have no waits,) visit the old and new bai- before the event of the Spanish defeat, liff, constables, &c. &c. attended by the from the “Posies of Gascoigne," published mob. In the mean time the most respect- in 1575. able families in the neighbourhood are
" And when the tenauntes come invited, to meet and fing apples at them
to paie their quarter's rent, on their entrance. I have known forty
They bring some fowle at Midsummer, pots of apples expended at one house."
a dish of fish in Lent, Ne. 43.
“At Christmasse a capon,
St. Michael's cake, and all strangers, toat Michaelmasse A GOOSE;
gether with those of the family, must eat And somewhat else at New-yeres tide, the bread that night." We read too, in for feare their lease fie loose."
Macauley's History, that “ It was, till of
Gascoyne. late, a universal custom among the islandSo also the periodical paper called ers, on Michaelmas-day, to prepare in “The World,” represents that “When every family a loaf or cake of bread, the reformation of the calendar was in enormously large, and compounded of difagitation, to the great disgust of many
ferent ingredients. This cake belonged worthy persons who urged how great the to the archangel
, and had its name from harmony was in the old establishment him. Every one in each family, whether between the holidays and their attributes, strangers or domestics, had his portion of (if I may call them so,) and what confu- this kind of shew-bread, and had, of sion would follow if MichaelMAS-DAY, course, some title to the friendship and for instance, was not to be celebrated when protection of Michael.” stubble -geese are in their highest perfection; it was replied, that such a propriety
Macauley, in the History of St. Kilda," was merely imaginary, and would be lost says, that “In Ireland a sheep was killed of itself, even without any alteration of in every family that could afford one, on the calendar by authority: for if the
the same anniversary; and it was ordainerrors in it were suffered to go on, they ed by law that a part of it should be given would in a certain number of years pro
to the poor. This, and a great deal more duce such a variation, that we should be
was done in that kingdom, to perpetuate mourning for a good king Charles on a
of a miracle wrought there false thirtieth of January, at a time of by St. Patrick through the assistance of year when our ancestors used to be tüm
the archangel. In commemoration of bling over head and heels in Greenwich- this, Michaelmas was instituted a festival park in honour of Whitsuntide: and at day of joy, plenty, and universal benevo
lence." length be choosing king and queen for Twelfth Night, when we ought to be admiring the London prentice at Bartholo
Ganging Day. mew-fair. According to Brand, geese are eaten by
Mr. Brand found in a London news. ploughmen at the harvest-home; and it paper of October 18, 1787, the following is a popular saying, “ If you eat goose on
extraordinary septennial Michaelmas-day you will never want Bishops Stortford, in Hertfordshire, and money all the
in the adjacent neighbourhood, on old round."
year In 1470, John de la Hay took of Wil. Michaelmas-day: “On the morning of liam Barnaby, lord of Lastres, in the this day, called Ganging-day, a great county of Hereford, one parcel of the land number of young men assemble in the of that demesne, rendering twenty-pence nated the leader.
fields, when a very active fellow is nomia year, and one goose fit for the lord's
This person they are dinner on the feast of St. Michael the bound to follow, who, for the sake of diarchangel, with suit of court and other version,generally chooses the route through services.
ponds, ditches, and places of difficult pas. sage. Every person they meet is bump
ed, male or female ; which is performed According to Martin, in his “Description by two other persons taking them up by of the Western Islands of Scotland,” the their arms, and swinging them against protestant inhabitants of əkie, observe each other. The women in general keep, the festivals of Christmas, Easter, Good at home at this period, except those of Friday, and that of St. Michael, on which less scrupulous character, who, for the latter day they have a cavalcade in each sake of partaking of a gallon of ale and a parish, and several families bake the cake plumb-cake, which every landlord or pubcalled St. Michael's bannock. So also, lican is obliged to furnish the revellers “They have likewise a general cavalcade with, generally spend the best part of the on St. Michael's-day in Kilbar village, night in the fields, if the weather is fair; and do then also take a turn round their it being strictly according to ancient church. Every family, as soon as the usage not to partake of the cheer any solemnity is ended, is accustomed to bake where else.”
M. Stevenson, in “ The Twelve were given that she should be no longer Moneths, Lond. 1661, 4to." mentions the molested, but suffered to accompany the following superstition; “They say, so dog as she liked : being thus left to hermany dayes old the moon is on Michael. self, she ran about the yard with him all mass-day, so many floods after.” the night; and woat is pa:ticularly extra
ordinary, and can be attested by the whole parish, whenever the dog went out of the
yard and ran into the village, the goose Anecdote of a Goose.
always accompanied him, contriving
to keep up with him by the assistance An amusing account of a Canada goose of her wings; and in this way of runonce the property of Mr. Sharpe, at Little ning and flying, followed him all over Grove, near East Barnet, was inserted by the parish. that gentleman in his copy of “ Wil This extraordinary affection of the lughby's
's Ornithology.” He says : goose towards the dog, which continued The following account of a Canada till his death, two years after it was first goose is so extraordinary, that I am observed, is supposed to have originated aware it would with difficulty gain credit, from his having accidentally saved her were not a whole parish able to vouch for from a fox in the very moment of distress. the truth of it. The Canada geese are not While the dog was ill, the goose never fond of a poultry-yard, but are rather of a quitted him day or night, not even to feed; rambling disposition. One of these birds, and it was apprehended that she would however, was observed to attach itself, in have been starved to death, had not orthe strongest and most affectionate man ders been given for a pan of corn to be ner, to the house-dog ; and would never set every day close to the kennel. At quit the kennel, except for the purpose of this time the goose generally sat in the feeding, when it would return again im- kennel, and would not suffer any one to mediately. It always sat by the dog ; but approach it, except the person who brought never presumed to go into the kennel, the dog's or her own food. The end of except in rainy weather. Whenever the this faithful bird was melancholy; for, dog barked, the goose would cackle and when the dog died, she would still keep run at the person she supposed the dog possession of the kennel; and a new barked at, and try to bite him by the heels. house-dog being introduced, which in size Sometimes she would attempt to feed with and colour resembled that lately lost, the the dog; but this the dog, who treated his poor goose was unhappily deceived ; and faithful companion rather with indiffer- going into the kennel as usual, the new ence, would not suffer.
inhabitant seized her by the throat, and This bird would not go to roost with killed her. the others at night, unless driven by main force; and when, in the morning, she was turned into the field, she would never stir Michaelmas-day is one of the “ four from the yard gate, but sit there the whole usual quarter-days, or days for payment day, in sight of the dog. At last, orders of rent in the year.”
A Michaelmas Notice to quit.
TO ALL gad-flies and gnats, famed for even-tide hum,
AND, WHEREAS, on the last sultry evening in June,
thrown to the populace, (who assemble Michaelmas Daisy. Aster Tradescanti. to the amount of some thousands,) from Dedicated to St. Michael and all Angels. the windows of their houses, or some
times from the town-hall, a large quan
tity of apples, in the whole often amountSeptember 30.
ing, from twenty to thirty pots, (baskets St. Jerome, Priest, Doctor of the Church, containing five pecks each.) This prac
A. D. 420. St. Gregory, Bp. sur- tice occasions, of course, a kind of prenamed the Apostle of Armenia, and scriptive holiday in the town, and any the Illuminator, 4th Cent. St. Hono one having the temerity to refuse his aprius, Abp. of Canterbury, A. D. 653. prentice or servant leave to attend the
“apple-throwing,” would most probably St. Jerome.
have cause to repent such an invasion of This saint is in the church of England right. A rude concourse therefore fills calendar and almanacs. Particulars con
the streets which are the scenes of action; cerning him will be related hereafter ; it and as a sort of "safety valve,” if I may is sufficient to observe, for the present,
compare great things with small,” rethat the church of England sets him forth
course is had by the crowd to the flinging as an authority for reading the Old Testa- about of old shoes, cabbage stalks, and alment Apocrypha.
most every accessible kind of missile ; till
at length the sashes are raised, and the Custom at Kidderminster.
gifts of Pomona begin to shower down The annual election of a bailiff at this upon the heads of the multitude. Woe be town, before noticed,* is still accompanied to the unlucky wight who may chance to by the rude mirth of the populace. The ride through the town during the introEditor is obliged to a lady for the fol ductory part of this custom; no sooner lowing communication.
does he appear, than a thousand aims are
taken at him and his horse, or carriage, To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. Dear Sir,
and the poor belated rider “sees, or I have just cast my eye upon your de
dreams he sees,” (if ignorant of the pracfinition of the term “costermonger," and
tice,) the inhabitants of a whole town it reminds me of an annual custom at
raised to oppose his single progress, Kidderminster, (my native town,) which
without being able to form the most dis
tant idea of their motive for so doing. At you may perhaps think an account of, a
Ludlow there is a custom as ancient and fit subject for insertion in the Every-Day Book.
foolish, that of pulling a rope, but The magistrate and other officers of the of this I know nothing except by report.
H. M. town are annually elected, and the first Monday after Michaelmas-day is the day of their inauguration, in celebration of which, they each of them cause to be
Golden Amaryllis. Amaryllis Aurea.
Dedicated to St. Jerome.
# From Times Telescope.
* In Col. 1337.