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city, as the common serjeant, and the mayoralty, in 1613, the solemnity is des chamberlain ; next before the mayor scribed as unparalleled for the cost, art, goeth the sword-bearer, having on his and magnificence of the shows, pageants, head the cap of honour, and the sword of chariots, morning, noon, and night trithe city in his right hand, in a rich scab- umphs. In 1655, the city pageants, after bard, set with pearl, and on his left hand a discontinuance of about fourteen years, goeth the common crier of the city, with were revived. Edmund Gayton, the auhis great mace on his shoulder all gilt. thor of the description for that year, says, The mayor hath on a long gown of scar- that “our metropolis for these planetary let, and on his left shoulder a hood of pageants, was as famous and renowned in black velvet, and a rich collar of gold of foreign nations, as for their faith, wealth, SS. about his neck, and with him rideth and valour." Io the show of 1659, an the old mayor also, in his scarlet gown, European, an Egyptian, and a Persian, hood of velvet, and a chain of gold about were personated. On lord mayor's day, his neck. Then all the aldermen, two 1671, the king, queen, and duke of York, and two, (among whom is the recorder,) and most of the nobility being present, all in scarlet gowns; those that have been there were “sundry shows, shapes, scenes, mayors have chains of gold, the others speeches and songs, in parts ;” and the have black velvet tippets. The two she- like, in 1672, and 1673, when the king riffs come last of all, in their black scarlet again “graced the triumphs.” The king, gowns and chains of gold. In this order queen, duke and duchess of York, prince they pass along through the city to the Rupert, the duke of Monmouth, foreign Guildhall,where they dine that day, to the ambassadors, the chief nobility, and senumber of one thousand persons, all at the cretary of state, were at the celebration of charge of the mayor and the two sheriffs. lord mayor's day, in 1674, when there This feast costeth 4001., whereof the were “emblematical figures, artful pieces mayor payeth 2001. and each of the she- of architecture, and riral dancing, with riffs 100l. Immediately after dinner, pieces spoken on each pageant.”. they go to St. Paul's church, every one of The printed description of these prothe aforesaid poor men bearing staff, cessions are usually entitled “ Triumphs," torches, and targets, which torches are though they are more commonly called lighted when it is late, before they come “ The London Pageants," all of them are from evening prayer."
."* In more ancient scarce, and some of such extreme rarity, times, the procession to and from West- as to bear a price at the rate of two and minster was by land; until in 1453, sir three guineas a leaf. The description of John Norman built a sumptuous barge at sir Patience Ward's show, on the 29th of his own expense, for the purpose of going October, 1680, composed by Thomas by water, whereupon watermen made a Jordan, is an interesting specimen of the song in his praise, beginning, “ Row thy setting out and pageantry of this procesboat, Norman." The twelve companies sion. The lord mayor being of the livery emulating their chief have, from that of the merchant-tailors' company, at seven period, graced the Thames on lord mayor's o'clock in the morning, liverymen of the day.
first rank, appointed to conduct the busiThe first account of this annual exhi- ness of the day, assembled at mercbantbition known to have been published, was tailors' hall, to meet the masters, wardens, written by George Peele, for the inaugue and assistants, in their gowns, faced with ration of sir Wolstone Dixie, knight, on foyns, (the skin of the martin.) In the the 29th of October, 1585. On that oc- second rank, others in gowns faced with casion, as was customary to the times, budge, (lambs'-skin, with the wool dressed there were dramatic representations in the outwards,) and livery - hoods. In the procession of an allegorical character. third rank, a number of foyns-bachelors, Children were dressed to personify the and forty budge-bachelors, both attired in city, magnanimity, loyalty, science, the scarlet hoods and gowns. Sixty gentlecountry, and the river. Thames. They men-ushers, in velvet coats and chains of also represented a soldier, a sailor, and gold, bearing white staves. Thirty more nymphs, with appropriate speeches. The in plush and buff, bearing colours and show opened with a moor on the back of banners. Thirty-six of the king's truma lynx. On sir Thomas Middleton's Peters, with silver trumpets, headed by
the serjeant-trumpeter, he wearing two Dr. Drake's Shakspeare and his Times, vol. ii. scarfs, one the lord mayor's, and the other the company's colours. The king's drum- some of the attendants, take barge at the major, followed by four of the king's west-end of the wharf; the court of asdrums and fifes. Seven other drums and sistants' livery, and the best of the gentwo fifes, wearing vests of buff, with black tlemen-ushers taking barge at the eastbreeches and waste scarfs. Two city end. The rest of the ushers, with the marshals on horseback, with attendants. foyns and the budge-bachelors, remain The foot-marshal, with a rich broad ashore, with others, to await the return of shoulder-scarf, to put them in rank and his lordship, who proceeds with several file, attended by six others. The fence city companies by water, and is rowed master, with attendants, bearing bright all along by the Strand to Westminster; broadswords drawn, Poor pensioners, a pleasure boat with great guns aboard with gowns and caps, bearing standards saluting him on the way. At New Palace and banners. A troop of poor persons, Stairs they disembark, and making a lane in azure gowns and caps. One hundred to the hall, the lord mayor passes along more with javelins and targets, bearing to take the oath and go through the usual the arms of their benefactors. Being all ceremonies. These being completed, he assembled, they are by the foot-marshal's makes a liberal donation to the poor of judginent, arranged into six divisions, Westminster, reembarks with all his reranked out by two and two. The first tinue, and bemg rowed back to Blackdivision contains the ensigns of the com- friars Stairs, he lands there under beat of pany, followed by the poor company of drum and a salute of three volleys from pensioners. Four drums and one fife. the artillery company in their martial Pensioners in coats as before described. ornaments, some in buff, with head-pieces, Persons of worth, each bearing a standard many being of massy silver. From or banner. Four trumpets. Two mer- Blackfriars they march before the lord chant-tailors' ensigns, bearing their sup- mayor and aldermen through Cheapside porters and crest, Six gentlemen-ushers. to Guildhall. The pensioners and banThe budge-bachelors, marching in mea- ners who went not to Westminster, being sured order. Second division. Six trum- set in order to march, the foot-marshal in pets. Two gentlemen, bearing the coats the rear of the artillery company, leads of arms of the city, and the merchant- the way along by the channel up Ludgatetailors' company. Eight gentlemen, wear- hill, through Ludgate, into St. Paul's ing gold chaing. The foyns-bachelors. Churchyard, and so into Cheapside, Third division. Two gentleman in velvet where his lordship is entertained by the coats with banners. Ten gentlemen- first pageant, consisting of a large stage, ushers in coats and chains of gold, as be with the coat armour of the merchantfore described. A large body of the tailors' company, eminently erected, conlivery in their gowns and livery-hoods, sisting of a large tent royal, gules, fringed followed by “all lord mayors in the po- and richly garnished, or, lined, faced, tential mood.” In their rear divers of the and doubled, ermine. city trumpets. Two gentlemen bearing winged or flanked by two other stages, the arms of the city and the lord mayor. bearing two excellent figures of lively Gentlemen-ushers. The court of assist. carved camels, the supporters to the comants. Four drums. Six trumpets. Three pany's coat.
On the back of one camel, gallants, bearing the banners of the dia- a black native Indian, in a golden robe, a dem. The king's, queen's, and city's purple mantle fringed with gold, pearl ensigns, attended by six gentlemen as pendants in his ears, coronet of gold with pages. The masters and wardens of the feathers, and golden buskins laced with merchant-tailors' company. Thus formed, scarlet ribbon, holds a golden bridle in they march from merchant-tailors' hall to his left, and a banner of the company, the lord mayor's house, where his lordship representing Treasure in his right hand. and the aldermen take horse, according to On the other camel, a West Indian, in a their degree, and the whole body proceed tobe of silver, scarlet mantle, diamonds in state to Guildhall. Being met at the pendant from his ears, buskins of silver, gate by the old lord mayor, and there at- laced with purple ribbons, a golden crown tired with the gown, fur hood, and scarf, feathered, holds a silver bridle in his left, and guarded by knights, esquires, and and a banner of the lord mayor, repre gentlemen, they all march through King- senting Traffic, in his right hand. On street down to Three-Crane-wharf, where one of the came! stages four figures sit on the lord mayor and aldermen, discharging pedestals, ope at each corner, represent
This stage is
ing Diligence, Industry, Ingenuity, and pieces of curious painting, and drawn by Success ; on the other camel-stage, in a golden lion and a lamb. On the lion like manner, Mediocrity, Amity, Verity, is mounted a young negro prince, richly Variety, all richly habited in silk or sar- habited, according to the royal mode in cenet, bear splendid emblems and banners. India, holding a golden bridle, and in the The royal tent, or imperial pavilion, be- other hand St. George's banner, repretween these two stages, is supported on senting Power. On the lamb is mounted one side by a minister of state represent- a white beautiful seraphim-like creature, ing Royalty, and on the other side by with long bright flaxen curled hair, and another representing Loyalty ; each in on it a golden coronet of cherubims' rich robes of honor gules, wearing on heads and wings, a carnation sarcenet their left arms shields azure, with this robe, with a silver mantle and wings of motto in gold, For the king and kingdom, gold, silver, purple, and scarlet, reining one bearing a banner of the king's, and the lamb by a silver bridle in his left the other one of the city's banners. On hand, and with his right bearing an ana high and eminent seat of throne-like gelical staff, charged with a red cross, ascension is seated Sovereignty, in royal representing Clemency. In the chariot posture and alone, with black curled hair, sitteth seven persons, 1. Concordia. 2. wearing an imperial crown, a robe of Unanimia, 3. Pacifica, 4. Consentania, purple velvet, lined, faced, and caped 5. Melodea, 6. Benevolentia, (whose with ermine, a collar of SS with a George habits, and those of other characters pendant; bearing in one hand a golden already and hereafter mentioned, are not globe, in the other a royal sceptre. On described here for want of room) and 7. a seat beneath, are Principality, No- “ Harmonia, a lady of great gravity, with bility, and Honour, all richly habited. masculine aspect, wearing a lovely dark On the next seat, gradually descending brown peruke, curiously curled, on which beneath, are, 1. Gentility, shaped like a is planted a crown imperial ; she wears scholar and soldier, holding in one hand, a robe of French green velvet, pleasantly clad with a golden gauntlet, a silver embroidered with gold, a crimson cospear, in the other a book; 2. Integrity, loured silk and silver mantle, and sitting wearing an earl's coronet for the court, a majestically alone in front, upon the aploose robe of scarlet-coloured silk for the proach and fixation of my lord mayor, city, underneath a close coat of grass- improves the opportunity, riseth up, and green plush for the county ; 3. Common- delivereth an oration.” This consists of alty, as a knight of the shire in parlia. forty-four lines in verse, wherein she mentary robes.
On the lowest seat, acquaints his lordship that the other an ancient English Hero, with brown characters are ber attributes, recommends curling hair, in ancient armour, as worn unity, because division is the policy of the by chief commanders, the coat of mail pope and the jesuits, expresses her belief richly gilt, crimson and velvet scarf that if the lion and the lamb fall out, she fringed with gold, a quiver of arrows in should run to ruin, descants upon magisa gold belt on one side, a sword at the trate-like virtues, and in the end tells his other, buskins laced with silver and gold, lordship, a silver helmet with red and white plume, You have done all things fair, no action foul ; in one hand a large long bow, and
a spear Your sherevalry gave relish of good rule, in the other. This personage, represent- Nor need they doubt your mayoralty, thereing sir John Hawkwood, a merchanttailor of martial renown under Edward Begging your pardon, I shall say no more.
fore, III., when he conquered France, as soon as he perceives the lord mayor prepared, This speech being concluded, his lordship with attention riseth up, and with a mar- exhibiting a gracious aspect of favourable tial bow exhibiteth a speech in verse of acceptation, advancetho further towards thirty-seven lines, in compliment to the Guildhall, but is civilly obstructed by merchant-tailors and the lord mayor. another scene, and in regard, his lordship His lordship testifying his approbation, is a merchant, and his company merrideth with all his brethren through the chant-tailors, the Third Triumphal Scene, throng of spectators, till at Milk-street or Pageant, is a ship called the Patience, end, he is intercepted by the second pan with masts and sails, fully rigged and geant, which is a chariot of ovation, or manned, the captain whereof addresseth peaceful triumph, adorned with delightful to my lord a speech beginning,
What cheer, my lord? I am return'd from names, natures, and ornaments are con
sentaneous, 1. Jollity, 2.. Delight, 3. To amplifie your day of Jubilee,
Fancy, 4. Felicity, 5. Wit, 6. Invention, Jo this tried vessel, &c.
7. Tumult, 8. Slaughter, 9. Gladness ;
all of them properly enrobed and adorn. His lordship having surveyed the ship, ed; and to augment their delight, there and the trumpets sounding, he continueth are several persons properly habited, his determined course toward Guildhall, playing on sundry loud instruments of but by the way is once more obstructed music, one of which, with a voice as loud by another scene, called the Palace of and as tunable as a treble hautboy, Pleasure, which is a triumphal ionic arch chanteth out a Ditty in commendation of of excellent structure, where, in distinct the Merchant-tailors" 7'rade, commencing and perspicuous situations, sitteth nine thus, beautiful and pleasant ladies, whose
Of all the professions that ever were nam'd
But let all due praises (that can be) be made
To honour and dignifie the Taylers trade.
The oldest profession; and they are but railers,
Who scoff and deride men that be Merchant-Taylers. This song, containing five more verses, as well feasted as their palates, and a being ended, the foot-marshal places the concert lesson or two succeeding, “a assistants, livery, and the companies on sober person with a good voice, grave both sides of King's-street, and the pen- humour, and audible utterance, proper sioners with their targets hung on the to the condition of the times," sings a tops of the javelins; in the rear of them song called The Protestants" Exhortation, the ensign-bearers; drums and fifes in the burden whereof is, Love one another, front; he then hastens the foins and and the subject against the catholics. budge-bachelors, together with the gen- The song being ended, the musicians play tlemen ushers, to Guildhall, where his divers new airs, which having done, three lordship is again saluted by the artillery- or four “ habit themselves according to men with three volleys more, which con
the humour of the song," and one of cludes their duty. His land attendants them chanteth forth The Plotting Papist's pass through the gallery or lane so made Litany, in ten stanzas, the first of which into Guildhall; after which the company ends with repairs to dinner in the hall, and the several silk-works and triumphs are like
Joyntly then wee 'l agree,
To sing a Litany, wise conveyed into Blackwell-hall; and
And let the burden be, the officers aforesaid, and the children
Ora pro nobis. that sit in the pageants, there refresh themselves until his lordship hath dined. In the year 1688, the second mayoralty At the dinner in Guildhall, his lordship of sir Thomas Pilkington, who being of and the guests being all seated, the city the skinner's company, a pageant in music begin to touch their instruments honour of their occupation, consisted of with very artful fingers. Their ears being “ a spacious wilderness, haunted and inhabited with all manner of wild beasts tion, year after year, are accustomed to and birds of various shapes and colours, call them “old bachelors"-tongues less
even to beasts of prey, as wolves, bears, polite call them" old fogeys." The nu* panthers, leopards, sables, and beavers; merous band of gentlemen-ushers in
likewise dogs, cats, foxes, and rabbits, velvet coats, wearing chains of gold and which tossed up now and then into a bearing white staves, is reduced to halfbalcony fell oft upon the company's heads, a-dozen full-dressed footmen, carrying and by them tossed again into the crowd, umbrellas in their hands. The antiquarian afforded great diversion ; melodious har- reminiscences occasioned by the throwmony likewise allayed the fury of the ing of substances that stone-eaters alone wild beasts, who were continually moving, would covet, from the tops of the houses, dancing, curvetting, and tumbling to the can arise no more ; and even the giants music.'
in Guildhall are elevated upon octagon On the alteration of the style, the stone columns, to watch and ward the swearing in of the lord mayor and the great west window, in no other than a accompanying show, which had been on gigantic capacity: their proper situation the 29th of October, was changed to the they were displaced from some few years 9th of November. The speeches in the ago, owing, it is presumed, to lack of inpageants were usually composed by the formation in the civic authorities, that city poet, an officer of the corporation, figures of giants anciently belonged to with an annual salary, who provided a Guildhall
, and that their corporate station printed description for the members of was at the Guildhall door. In their prethe corporation before the day. Settle, sent station, they are as much out of the last city poet, wrote the last pamph- place as a church weathercock would be let intended to describe a lord mayor's if it were removed from the steeple, and show; it was for sir Charles Duncombe's, put on the sounding board of the pulpit. in 1708, but the prince of Denmark's death the day before, prevented the exhi
HUSBANDS AND WIVES. bition. The last lord mayor who rode on horseback at his mayoralty was sir To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. Gilbert Heathcote in the reign of queen
Sir, Anue. It will be remarked after this perusal, send copies of verses to their wives, but
It is not often that men, now-a-days, that the modern exhibitions have no pre- I think the editor of the Every-Day Book tension to vie with the grandeur of the
who is fond of the times gone by, is still old“ London triumphs." In 1760, the
old fashioned enough not to condemn the court of common council recommended
practice. The following lines, which pageants to be exhibited for the entertainment of their majesties on lord mayor's
have not appeared in print, are much at day. Such revivals are inexpedient, yet complete success of your useful and in
your service. My best wishes attend the probably some means might be devised
structive undertaking. for improving the appearance of the pre
I remain, sent procession, without further expendi
Your constant reader, ture from the city funds, or interfering
H. with the public appropriation of the allowance for the support of the civic Norfolk, Oet. 19, 1825. dignity. All that remains of the lord
To Mrs. on my Birth-day. mayor's show, to remind the curiously informed of its ancient character, is in My Betsy lo.! the year's gone round,
We see this day once more, the first part of the procession, wherein November's leaves bespread the ground, the poor men of the company to which And I am forty-four. the lord mayor belongs, or persons hired to represent them, are habited in long I look me back to boyhood's days, gowns and close caps of the company's
When I was wont to pore colour, and bear painted shields on their o'er grammar, 'neath a master's gaze, arms, but without javelins. So many of
Nor thought of forty-four. these head the show, as there are years in the mathematics I began, the lord mayor's age. Their obsolete Twice two I said was four, costume and hobbling walk are sport for What more know I, tho' time has ran, the unsedate, who, from imperfect tradi- And made me forty-four.