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called for “wine, mighty wine.” Draughts glare of the sun.

His cloak and purse of this were succeeded by potations of were not to be found; remonstrance and rack-punch, while loud calls upon him entreaty were alike vain; he was assured were unanswered ; allegations derogatory he should have both when they were to his dignity were noticed by looks of recoverable, but not then, and he found it indignation and contempt; "he spoke convenient to accept the best substitute not, he moved not," till increased throng the place afforded. To be content, where and uproar raised his indignation, when discontent avails not, is a philosophical a person withdrew him from the gardens, rudiment, and therefore he philosophically put on his cloak, and the Ærial retired submitted to be assisted by the waiters delighted with his reception.

into a moth-eaten, mouldy, ragged Perusing the papers on the morrow, watchman's scarlet frieze cloak, with and not finding accounts respecting his “R. G. V. H.,” denoting “Royal Gar. Vauxhall adventure, he found an adver- dens, Vauxhall,” worked in large worsted tisement of a song dedicated to the letters on the back; and in this attire he duke of York, printed in blue and wandered,“ not unseen,” to his dormitory white. They are my colours,” said at a few miles distance. The particular the Ærial, “ they are the colours of an compliments he received by the way are ærial,—the duke is an ærial.” Elated not relatable. After a few hours' rest, he by this conception, he bought another made personal application at Vauxhall for new pair of silk stockings, and accom his cloak and purse, and both were returnplished another visit to Vauxhall the ed to him, accompanied by an assurance same evening, where being immediately from them that he must not appear tbere recognised by some who had seen him the again. Undaunted by so unexpected a evening before, he was soon surrounded. return for the patronage he had vouchOn this occasion he adventured a chal- safed towards the gardens, and conceiving lenge, with an offer of 5001. to any one that the proprietors ought not to sustain who would match himself against him for the injury his absence would inflict on beauty. Being pushed and pursued he them, he laid out another ponnd in a sprung on the supper-table of a company, fourth pair of hose, and again, “in silk to the loss or great damage of his second attire," covered by a cloak, presented pair of silks, and went home on foot by himself at the door, but he had scarcely daylight, amidst the grins of unappre- advanced from paying his entrancea ciating people passing to their labour. money when constables hurried him out,

On the night of the juvenile fete, as and he was not allowed to re-enter. This the duke of Cambridge was to be present was the last appearance of the Ærial at with his son, the Ærial once more visited Vauxhall. Vauxhall Unhappily, the duke and

Conceiving that the managers of the the young prince were the attracting ob- theatres would gladly avail themselves of jects.

his attractive powers, he habited himself Deserted in his utmost need,

as before described, and announced himBy those his former fancies fed, self at their doors as “The Ærial;" but the Ærial retired to a box, and, through they were not at home," nor were they the medium of the waiters, consoled him

“at home" to his subsequent calls. Such self from their beaufets so effectually, that gross inattention to their interests was in. before supper time he was better qualified conceivable; for it seems he coveted no to represent an attendant in a bacchanal other remuneration than “ to walk across procession, than the celestial character he the stage and back again, and receive the assumed. Imagining that certain smiles plaudits of the audience.” He affirms indicated a dea:lly jealousy of his super- that he appeared on the boards of the human structure, and dreading assassina

Manchester theatre, and that the people tion from the hands of the envious, be hooted because he would not deign to manifested his feelings in an undaunted remain long enough for the gratification manner, and was overpowered in a scuffle. of their extreme curiosity. Though conBeing unable to walk from excess of de- vinced that no one ever appeared to such votion to the rosy deity, he was deposited advantage as he does, in the dress wherein in one of the cloak rooms, and left to re- he has already appeared in public, yet he pose : on awaking and sallying forth walks en deshabille on ordinary occasions, into the gardens he was astonished to find lest he should suffer violence from the fathe place deserted; and, for lamp-light, the thers, brothers, and lovers of the British

No. 47.

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ladies, wno, according to his own affirma- Now I say I was the only one who tion, are ready to throw themselves at his shrieked with laughter, as I should at feet upon the least encouragement. He another hoax on the public. You might says he is determined to ally himself to have spared me the trouble of answering her alone, if she can be found, who you, if you had not introduced a most knows herself to be a Venus as he knows immutable picture of my conduct. You himself to be an Adonis. He is of opinion have represented me as the individual that he is “ winning each heart and de- courting excessive censure or praise; but lighting each eye;" and he calls himself I must here be puppy enough to talk of “the immortal Mr. --" It was general opinion, and say, that notwithsuggested to him as possible, that as no standing the pretended christian burial income resulted from his outgoings, his of me by the newspapers, it still appears property might be expended. His answer by each and every of them that in the was to this effect :-*. When I am at the end the magistrate had no just cause to last extremity I can marry any lady I hate me. Besides acquiring experience please with thirty thousand pounds.” If from disappointment, and Mr. Chantry he should find himself mistaken in his who sent for me, I had a dream wbich conceptions before matters have pro- clearly convinced me I should not part ceeded so far, those to whom his flights with the cast. have rendered him a public character will I have no occasion to mention the soon forget his extraordinary assumptions, author of the following quotation : and he will find a common station more “ Let Hercules himself do what he may, conducive to his personal quiet. He is The cat will mew, the dog will have his day." unknown to the writer of this article,

I am, Sir, who, nevertheless, is so well informed

Your most obedient servant, respecting him as to be persuaded that

JOSEPH LEEMING. when Mr. L.'s feverish excitement is over, his talents merely require diligent culti- No. 61, Berwick Street, Soho. vation in a different direction to ensure this. A man is in less danger who thinks

Having inserted this letter here the too meanly, than he who thinks too highly matter ends, for nothing remains to be of himself. It is easier to be comfortable

said. in a lower sphere, than to reach an ele

It being within the purpose of the vated one and live happy in it.

Every Day Book to observe on the phenomena of the times, Mr. Leeming, as

“the Ærial," was included, but not until Letter from the Ærial. he had been previously in print from the When this sheet was going to press a

character he assumed. His present lesletter was received ; which, being properly ter speaks for itself. He admits “ little" authenticated, is here subjoined, with indiscretions: among these little" ones a the words in italics as marked in the large one was, what he terms, his “hoar" original.

on the public; but his visits to the artists

are of another character. There exists To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

no feeling towards him, on the part of Sir, November 16, 1825.

the editor of this work, but a kind one; I conceive that nothing but my and he advises him, for his own sake, to death," or at least "the beautiful leg,

study to be quiet." will atone to the world for my little indiscretions. If you expect me to appeal

Happy the man whose wish and care, to the public, I answer, that I have been A few paternal acres bound; without father and mother eleven years Content to breathe his native air, nearly, though now only twenty-five

In his own ground. years old, and measuring fire feet two Whose herds with milk, whose fields with inches and a half, and in the hands of

bread, guardians, though not wanting money, Whose flocks supply him with attire ; four of whom it took to put me in the Whose trees in summer yield bim shade, watchhouse, and I answer that I would

In winter fire. rather be hanged if “the most liberal Blest, who can unconcern'dly find nation of the earth" wishes it.

Hours, days, and years, slide soft away: You have observed that the company in health of body, peace of mind, shrieked with laughter and amazement.

Quiet by day:


Sound sleep by night, study and ease night, in the half he had given away, asked

Together mix'd; sweet recreation ! him if he knew it, and said to angels that And innocence which most does please surrounded him, “ Martin has given me

With meditation.

this garment." This occasioned him to Thus let me live, unseen, unknown,

leave the army and enter the church, and Thus unlamented let me die;

he was made an exorcist by St. Hilary. Steal from the world, and not a stone

Turning hermit, he lived on roots and Tell where I lie. wild herbs, and unawares ate a quantity


of hellebore sufficient to kill an unprivileged person. After this, one of his disciples fell ill of a fever, and died suddenly

without baptism; "whereupon," says AlGlaucus Aletris. Veltheimia glauca.

ban Butler," feeling in himself a divine imDedicated to St. John Lateran.

pulse to work a miracle," he stretched himself upon the body, and prayed till

the deceased came to life. She said her November 10.

soul had been before the divine tribunal, St. Andrew Avellino, A. D. 1608. Sts. and been sentenced to a dark dungeon ;

Trypho and Respicius, A. D. 250. St. but that on two angels representing St. Nympha, 5th Cent. St. Justus, Abp. Martin was praying for her coming back, of Canterbury, A. D. 627. St. Milles, she was ordered to be restored to the Bp., and Sts. Abrosimus and Sina, body and raised to life. “Another time A. D. 341.

the saint restored to life, in the same manDAY AFTER LORD Mayor's Day. ner, a slave who had hanged himself." In

371, he was chosen bishop of Tours, and London on the 10th of November. is said to have lived in a narrow hole in the Thin attendance on 'Change to-day- side of a rock. Near to it was a chapel dull eyes-languid countenance-a little with an altar, over a tomb, but St. Martin nervous this morning-fresh demand for would not visit it, because, although the soda-water and ginger-beer-much break- person buried was represented to have fasting at the coffee-houses about twelve been a martyr, he was not assured that --scrags of mutton in great request the relics were genuine. He went, howconfounded head-ache-shall be home ever, one day with some of his clergy, and early to-morrow, my dear-let me have a prayed for information, whereupon on his little broth-deuce take the lord mayor; left hand," he saw near him a pale ghost I'll never go again.*

of a fierce aspect, whom he commanded to speak; the ghost told his name, and it appeared that he had been a robber who

was executed for his crimes, whom the Scotch Fir. Pinus Silvestris. Dedicated to St. Nympha.

people honoured as a martyr; none but St. Martin saw him, the rest only heard

his voice; he thereupon caused the altar November 11.

to be removed. After the rectification of

this trifling mistake, he went on raising St. Martin, Bp. A. D. 397. St. Mennas, the dead, casting out devils, and receiving A. D. 304.

revelations; but as he grew older “it cost St. Martin.

him more difficulty, and longer prayers, to

cast out devils than formerly."" He died He is in the church of England calen- in 397, and his shrine worked the usual dar and the almanacs. By Romish wri- miracles. This account of St. Martin is ters he is called “the Great St. Martin, abstracted from the rev. Alban Butler's the glory of Gaul.” They say that he was life of him. born in Lower Hungary, about 316, and becoming a soldier, a beggar requested

Martinmas. alms, when having no money he drew his sword, and cutting his cloak into two

A custom anciently prevailed, though pieces, gave half to the beggar, and generally confined at present to country wrapped himself up in the other; where- villages, of killing cows, oxen, swine, &c. upon Christ appeared to him the next at this season, which were cured for the

winter, when fresh provisions were seldom • Morning Advertiser, Nov. 15, 1824. or never to be had.



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When Easter comes, who knows not than

episcopari) but was discovered by that That veale and bacon is the man ?

animal. We have transferred the cereAnd Martilmuss Beefe doth beare good tacke, mony to Michaelmas."* When countrey folke do dainties lacke.

Dr. Forster, so often cited, ob Tusser,

serves, that a medal has lately been struck Martlemas beef was beef dried in the in France in commemoration of this chimney, as bacon, and is so called, be- laudable custom; on one side of which cause it was usual to kill the beef for this is embossed a goose, and on the reverse provision about the feast of St. Martin. * occurs the word Martinalia. Relative to There is mention of

the custom of goose-eating, it is further dried fitches of some smoked beeve,

noticed in the “ Perennial Calendar," Hang d on a writhen wythe since Martin's that the festival of St. Martin occurs Eve

Hall. when geese are in high season. “ It is Mr. Brand relates, that rustic fami: always celebrated with a voracity the lies in Northumberland clubbed at Mar

more eager, as it happens on the eve of tinmas to buy a cow or other animal; the longer be presented on the tables of a

the petit carême, when fowls can union for this purchase is called a “mart.” After the animal was killed, they filled Schoock, has made it a case of conscience

religious age. A German monk, Martin the entrails with a kind of pudding meat, whether, even on the eve of the little consisting of blood, suet, groats, &c. Lent, it be allowable to eat goose : An which being formed into little sausage liceat Martinalibus anserem comedere ?" inks, were boiled and sent about as pre, After having dived into the weedy pool sents. These are called “ black-puddings of the casuist's arguments, the delighted from their colour. There is also noticed a kind of entertainment in Germany, roast his goose; and thus the goose came

devotee emerges with the permission to called the “ feast of sausages,” which was wont to be celebrated with great joy well as Michaelmas day.”

to be a standing dish on Martinmas as and festivity. The day is a great festival on the continent: new wines then begin dars the celebration of this day is

In some of the old church calento be tasted, and the hours are spent in called “ The Martinalia, a genial feast ; carousing. An old author says, that

wines are tasted of and drawn from the the great doings on this occasion almost lees; Bacchus is the figure of Martin." throughout Europe in his time, are derived from an ancient Athenian festival,

“ Time's Telescope,” for 1814, cites observed in honour of Bacchus, upon


some extracts from a little ballad, entitled

“ Martilmasse Day:"eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth days of the month Anthesterion, corresponding

It is the day of Martilmasse, with our November. Another says, that

Cuppes of ale should freelie passe ; the eleventh month had a name from the

What though Wynter has begunne

To push downe the Summer sunne, tapping their barrels on

To our fire we can betake, it;" when it was customary to make

And enjoye the crackling brake, merry. It is likewise imagined by Dr.

Never heedinge Wynter's face Stukeley, in his “ Itinerary” concerning

On the day of Martilmasse. Martinsal-hill, thus: “I take the name

Some do the citie now frequent, of this hill to come from the merriments

Where costlie shows and merriment among the northern people, called Mar

Do weare the vaporish eveninge out tinalia, or drinking healths to the memory

With interlude and revellinge rout; of St. Martin, practised by our Saxon Such as did pleasure Englande's queen and Danish ancestors. I doubt not but When here her, Royal Grace was seen upon St. Martin's day, or Martinmass, all Yet will they not this day let passe, the young people in the neighbourhood The merrie day of Martilmasse. assembled here, as they do now upon the When the dailie sportes be done, adjacent St. Ann's-hill, upon St. Ann's Round the market crosse they runne, day.” He adds, that“ St. Martin's day, Prentis laddes and gallant blades in the Norway clogs, (or wooden alma Dancing with their gamesome maids, nacs) is marked with a goose: for on that Till the Beadel, stout and soure, day they always feasted with a roasted Shakes liis bell, and calls the houre; goose : they say, St. Martin, being elected Then farewell ladde and farewell lasse

a bishoprick, hid himself, (noluit To the merry night of Martilmasse.

ceremony of «


• Tusser Redivivus.

* Brand.

† Brady's Clavis Calendarize


Martilmasse shall come againe,

became a monk under St. Martin, and
Spite of wind, and snow, and raine; succeeded him in the see of that city.
But many a strange thing must be done,
Many a cause be lost and won,

Many a tool must leave his pelfe,
Many a worldlinge cheat himselfe,

The church of St. John, Clerkenwell, And many a marvel come to passe, having been closed for reparation since Before return of Martilmasse.

the first Sunday in July, was opened for divine service on the 13th of November,

1825, by the Rev. W. E. L. Faulkner, Weymouth Pine. Pinus Strobus.

M.A. rector of the parish. The exterior Dedicated to St. Martin.

of the present edifice is altogether un

seemly. It is frequently called St. John's November 12. chapel, and has more the air of a meeting

for dissenting worship, than a structure St. Martin, Pope, A. D. 655. St. Nilus, of the establishment; if it had not a sort

A. D. 390. St. Livin, A. D. 633. St. of steeple with a bell, it might be misLebwin, Patron of Daventer, 8th Cent. taken for a theatre; but the interior is in Birth-day of Admiral Vernon.

every respect befitting its ecclesiastical

use. It has spacious galleries, is well The anniversary of this famous old pewed below, and thoroughly lighted, admiral's nativity was formerly kept with with a very commodious vestry: In great enthusiasm. It was distinguished these respects it is creditable to the inin 1740 in a very extraordinary manner, habitants who have now so judiciously by the ringing of bells, and public din- fitted up, that it will not require more ners in many places, &c. In the evening than usual cleaning for many years. there were the greatest rejoicings, bon- Still it is to be regretted, that a structure, fires, and illuminations in London and essentially gothic, should have been acother cities, that had been known for commodated to modern architecture. The many years. Don Blass was burnt in deviation seems to have taken place on some places, and at Chancery-lane-end its appropriation to the use of the parish was a pageant, whereon was represented of St. John, about a century preceding admiral Vernon, and a Spaniard on his the reparation it has now undergone. knees offering him a sword; a view of

St. John's parish is distinct from the Porto Bello, &c.; over the admiral was parish of St. James, although, as regards wrote, “ Vénit, vidit, vicit;" and under their poor, they are under one managehim, “ Vernon semper viret."*

ment; and the parish of St. James has, in other respects, an ascendancy, which

formerly was the cause of open disserGrape Aloe. Velthennia Uvaria. tion. This difference originated on the Dedicated to St. Nilus.

setting out of the parish, the boundaries whereof are described by an entry in

the vestry-book, which states in what way November 13.

the church became parochial. Before St. Homobonus, A.D. 1197. St. Didacus, referring to it, a glance may be taken of

A. D. 1463. St. Stanislas Kostka, A. D. the annexed engraving. It is from an 1568. St. Mitrius. St, Brice, A. D. original drawing of a south view of the 444. St. Constant, of Logherne, A.D.

church in the year 1508, and preserved 777. St. Chillen, or Killian, of Ire- in the Cotton collection. It is especially land.

curious, because it shows the old square St. Brice.

tower, on the site whereof the present

church stands, with the great bell tower This saint is in the church of England above, which is rapturously described by calendar and the almanacs, for what rea- Stowe, as will be mentioned presently. son is unknown. Ile was born at Tours, The building with two windows between

three buttresses, surmounted by pinnacles,

was anciently the library. * Gentlenan's Magazine.


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