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Ceremonies for Candlemasse Eve. England this day is called the “ Wives' Down with the Rosemary and Bayes,

Feast Day;" and he quotes a singular Down with the Misleto;

old custom from Martin's book on the Instead of Holly, now up-raise

Western Islands, to this effect :-“The The greener Box (for show.)

mistress and servants of each family dress The Holly hitherto did sway;

a sheaf of oats in women's apparel, put Let Box now domineere,

it in a large basket, and lay a wooden Untill the dancing Easter-day,

club by it, and this they call Brüd's Bed; On Easter's Eve appeare.

and the mistress and servants cry three Then youthful Box, which now hath grace, This they do just before going to bed.

times, ' Brüd is come, Brüd is welcome!' Your houses to renew, Grown old, surrender must his place

In the morning they look among the Unto the crisped Yew.

ashes, and if they see the impression of

Brüd's club there, they reckon it a preWhen Yew is out, then Birch comes in, And many Flowers beside,

sage of a good crop, and prosperous year; Both of a fresh and fragrant kinde,

if not, they take it as an ill omen.” To honour Whitsuntide. Green Bushes then, and sweetest Bents, A Dorsetshire gentleman communiWith cooler Oken boughs,

cates a custom which he witnessed at Come in for comely ornaments

Lyme Regis in his juvenile days; to To re-adorn the house.

what extent it prevailed he is unable to Thus times do shift ; each thing his turne do's say, his knowledge being limited to the hold;

domestic circle wherein he was included. New things succeed, as former things grow The wood-ashes of the family being sold old.

Herrick. throughout the year as they were made,

the person who purchased them annually Brand cites a curious anecdote con- sent a present on Candlemas-day of a cerning John Cosin, bishop of Durham, large candle. When night came, this on this day, from a rare tract, entitled candle was lighted, and, assisted by its “ The Vanitie and Downefall of supersti- illumination, the inmates regaled themtious Popish Ceremonies, preached in the selves with cheering draughts of ale, and Cathedral Church of Durham, by one sippings of punch, or some other aniPeter Smart, a prebend there, July 27, mating beverage, until the candle had 1628,” Edinborough, 4to. 1628. The burnt out. The coming of the Candlestory is, that “ on Candlemass-day last mas candle was looked forward to by the past, Mr. Cozens, in renuing that popish young ones as an event of some conseceremonie of burning Candles to the ho quence; for, of usage, they had a sort of nour of our lady, busied himself from right to sit up that night, and partake of two of the clocke in the afternoon till foure, the refreshment, till all retired to rest, in climbing long ladders to stick up wax the signal for which was the self-extinccandles in the said Cathedral Church : the tion of the Candlemas candle. number of all the Candles burnt that evening was two hundred and twenty, besides sixteen torches; sixty of those

Bishop Hall, in a Sermon on Candleburning tapers and torches standing upon; old (I say not how true) note, that hath

mas-day, remarks, that "it hath been an and near, the high Altar, (as he calls it) been wont to be set on this day, that if where no man came nigh.”

A contributor to the Gentleman's Ma- it be clear and sun-shiny, it portends a gazine informs Mr. Urban, in 1790, that hard weather to come ; if cloudy and having visited Harrowgate for his health louring, a mild and gentle season ensu. a few years before, he resided for some

This agrees with cne of Ray's time at that pleasant market-town Rip- proverbs : pon, where, on the Sunday before Can

" The hind had as lief see dlemas-day, he observed that the colle

his wife on the bier, giate church, a fine ancient building. was

As that Candlemas-day one continued blaze of light all the after

should be pleasant and clear.” noon from an immense number of can- So also Browne, in his “ Vulgar Erdles.

rors," affirms, that “ there is a general Brand observes, that in the north of tradition in most parts of Europe, that


inferreth the coldness of succeeding win- pened that they came while he was at ter from the shining of the sun on Can- prayer, they did not interrupt him, but dlemas-day, according to the proverbial waited till he had ended, and never dedistich :

parted without his benediction. He was ‘Si Sol splendescat Mariâ purificante,

discovered in his retirement, imprisoned, Major erit glacies post festum quam fuit ante.''

and cured a youth who had a fish-bone

stuck in his throat by praying." RibaThe “Covatry Almanac" for 1676, in the deneira further says that Ætius, an ancient month of February, versifies to the same Greek physician, gave the following effect:

Receipt for a stoppage in the throat : “ Foul weather is no news;

“ Hold the diseased party by the hail, rain, and snow, Are now expected, and

throat, and pronounce these words :esteem'd no woe;

Blase, the martyr and servant of Jesus Nay, 'tis an omen bad,

Christ, commands thee to pass up or I be yeomen say,

down !Ti Phoebus shows his face

The same Jesuit relates, that St. Blase the second day."

was scourged, and seven holy women Country Almanac, (Feb.) 1676. anointed themselves with his blood; Other almanacs prophesy to the like pur whereupon their flesh was combed port:

with iron combs, their wounds ran no“ If Candlemas-day be fair and bright,

thing but milk, their flesh was whiter Winter will have another flight;

than snow, angels came visibly and healed But if Candlemas-day be clouds aud rain, their wounds as fast as they were made ; Winter is gone, and will not come again." and they were put into the fire, which

would not consume them; wherefore The next old saw is nearer the truth than either of the preceding:

they were ordered to be beheaded, and

beheaded accordingly. Then St. Blase * When Candlemas-day is come and gone, was ordered to be drowned in the lake; The snow lies on a hot stone."

but he walked on the water, sat down on

it in the middle, and invited the infidels FLORAL DIRECTORY.

to a sitting; whereupon threescore and Snowdrop. Galanthus Nivalis

eight, who tried the experiment, were Dedicated to the Purification of the drowned, and St. Blase walked back to be Virgin Mary.


The “ Golden Legend" says, that a

wolf having run away with a woman's February 3.

swine, she prayed St. Blase that she Holiday at the Exchequer.

might have her swine again, and St.

Blase promised her, with a smile, she St. Blasc. St. Anscharius, A. D. 865. should, and the wolf brought the swine St. Wereburge, Patroness of Chester.

back ; then she slew it, and offered the St. Margaret, of England.

head and the feet, with some bread and St. Blase.

a candle, to St. Blase. “And he thanked This saint has the honour of a place in

God, and ete thereof; and he sayd to the church of England calendar, on what

her, that every yere she sholde offre in account it is difficult to say. All the his chirche a candell. And she dyd all facts that Butler has collected of him is, her lyf, and she had moche grete prosthat he was bishop of Sebaste in Armenia, peryte. Aud knowe thou that to the, receiver of the relics of St. Eustratius,

and to all them that so shal do, shal and executor of his last will; that he is well happen to them." venerated for the cure of sore throats;

It is observed in a note on Brand, that principal patron of Ragusa, titular patron the candles offered to St. Blase were said of the wool-combers; and that he was to be good for the tooth-ache, and for tormented with iron combs, and martyred

diseased cattle. under Licinius, in 316. Ribadeneira is more diffuse. He re

" Then followeth good sir Blase, who doth lates, that St. Blase lived in a cave,


a waxen Candeli give, ther wild beasts came daily to visit him, And holy water to his men, and be cured by him ; " and if it hap- whereby thoy safely live.


I divers Barrels oft have seene,

ed into Bradford from the surrounding drawne out of water cleare,

towns and villages, in such numbers as Through one small blessed bone

to line the roads in every direction; and of this same holy Martyr heare : almost all the vehicles within twenty And caryed thence to other townes and cities farre away,

miles were in requisition. Bradford was

never before known to be so crowded Ech superstition doth require such earnest kinde of play."

with strangers. Many thousands of indi

viduals must have come to witness the The origin of St. Blase's fame has baf

About ten o'clock the procession fled the inquiry of antiquaries; it seems was drawn up in the following order :to have rolled off with the darkness of former ages, never to be known again, Woolstaplers on horseback, each horse capa

Herald bearing a flag. To the wool-combers this saint is indebted

risoned with a fleece. for the maintenance of his reputation in Worsted Spinners and Manufacturers on England, for no other trade or persons horseback, in white stuff waistcoats, with have any interest in remembering his each a sliver over the shoulder, and existence; and this popularity with a a white stuff sash ; the horses' body of so much consequence may pos

Decks covered with nets sibly have been the reason, and the only

made of thick yarn. reason, for the retention of his name in

Merchants on horseback, with coloured

sashes. the church calendar at the Reformation. That it is not in the wane with them, is Three Guards. Masters'Colours

. ThreeGuards.

Apprentices and Masters' Sons, on horseclear from a report in the Leeds Mercury,

back, with ornamented caps, scarlet stuff of the 5th of February, 1825. The article

coats, white stuff waistcoats, and furnishes the very interesting particulars

blue pantaloons. in the subjoined account :

Bradford and Keighley Bands.

Mace-bearer, on foot.

Six Guards. Kig. QUEEN. Six Guards.

Guards. Jason. PRINCESSMEDEA. Guards. Bishop Blase's Festibal,

Bishop's Chaplain.


Shepherd and Shepherdess.

Shepherd Swains. The septennial festival, held in honour

Woolsorters, on horseback, with ornamentea of bishop Blase, and of the invention of

caps, and various coloured slivers. wool-combing attributed to that person

Comb Makers. age, was on this day celebrated at Brad

Charcoal Burners. ford with great gaiety and rejoicing.

Combers' Colours. There is no place in the kingdom where

Band. the bishop is so splendidly commemo- Woolcombers, with wool wigs, &c. rated as at Bradford. In 1811, 1818,

Band. and at previous septennial periods, the Dyers, with red cockades, blue aprons, and occasion was celebrated with great pomp

crossed slivers of red and blue. and festivity, each celebration surpassing The following were the numbers of the the preceding ones in numbers and bril- different bodies, as nearly as could be liance. The celebration of 1825 eclipsed estimated :-24 woolstaplers, 38 spinners all hitherto seen, and it is most gratifying and manufacturers, 6 merchants, 56 apto know, that this is owing to the high prentices and masters' sons, 160 woolprosperity of the worsted and woollen sorters, 30 combmakers, 470 wool-combers, manufactures, which are constantly add- and 40 dyers. The King, on this occaing fresh streets and suburban villages to sion, was an old man, named Wm.Clough, the town.

of Darlington, who had filled the regal The different trades began to assemble station at four previous celebrations. at eight o'clock in the morning, but it was JASON (the celebrated legend of the near ten o'clock before they all were ar- Golden Fleece of Colchis, is interwoven ranged in marching order in Westgate. with the commemoration of the bishop) The arrangements were actively super- was personated by John Smith ; and the intended by Matthew Thompson, Esq. fair Medea, to whom he was indebted The morning was brilliantly beautiful. for his spoils, rode by his side.-BISHOP As early as seven o'clock, strangers pour- BLASE was a personage of very be

coming gravity, also named John Smith; Long shall his name in British annals shine, and he had enjoyed his pontificate several Aud grateful ages offer at his shrine ! previous commemorations; his chaplain By this our trade are thousands daily fed, was James Beethom. The ornaments of By it supplied with means to earn their

bread. the spinners and manufacturers had a

In various forms our trade its work imparts, neat and even elegant appearance, from In different

methods, and by different arts, the delicate and glossy whiteness of the Preserves from starving, indigents distress'd, finely combed wool which they wore. As combers, spinners, weavers, and the rest. The apprentices and masters' sons, how- We boast no gems, or costly garments rain, ever, formed the most showy part of the Borrow'd from India, or the coast of Spain ; procession, their caps being richly adorned Our native soil with wool our trade supplies, with ostrich feathers, flowers, and knots While foreign countries envy us the prize. of various coloured yarn, and their stuff No foreign broil our common good annoys, garments being of the gayest colours; Our country's product all our art employs ; some of these dresses, we understand, Our fleecy flocks abound in every vale, were very costly, from the profusion of So let not Spain with us attempt to vie,

Our bleating lambs proclaim the joyful tale. their decorations. The shepherd, shep- Nor India's wealth pretend to soar so high; herdess, and swains, were attired in light Nor Jason pride him in his Colchian spoil, green. The wool-sorters, from their num- By hardships gain'd, and enterprising toil, ber and the height of their plumes of Since Britons all with ease attain the prize, feathers, which were, for the most part, of And every hill resounds with golden cries. different colours, and formed in the shape To celebrate our founder's great renown of fleur-de-lis, had a dashing appearance. Our shepherd and our shepherdess we crown; The combmakers carried before them the For England's commerce, and for George's instruments here so much celebrated, sway, raised on standards, together with golden

Each loyal subject give a loud HUZZA.

HUZZA! fleeces, rams' heads with gilded horns, and other emblems. The combers looked

These lines were afterwards several both neat and comfortable in their flow- times repeated, in the principal streets ing wigs of well-combed wool; and the and roads through which the cavalcade garb of the dyers was quite professional. passed. About five o'clock they dispersed. Ševeral well-painted flags were displayed,

FLORAL DIRECTORY, one of which represented on one side the venerable Bishop in full robes, and on

Great water moss. Fortinalis Antepyre

the other a shepherd and shepherdess
under a tree. Another had a painting of

Dedicated to St. Blase.
MEDEA giving up the golden fleece to
Jason: a third had a portrait of the King:
and a fourth appeared to belong to some

February 4. association in the trade. The whole pro- St. Andrew Corsini, A. D. 1373. St cession was from half a mile to a mile in Phileas. St. Gilbert. St. Jane, or length.

Joan, Queen, A. D. 1505. St. Isidoro, When the procession was ready to of Pelusium, A. 1. 449. St. Rembert, move, Richard Fawcett, Esq. who was on Archbishop of Bremen, A. D. 888. horseback at the head of the spinners, St. Modan, of Scotland. St. Joseph, pronounced, uncovered, and with great of Leonissa, A. D. 1612. animation, the following lines, which it

Goe plow in the stubble had long been customary to repeat on

for now is the season these occasions, and which, if they have For sowing of fitches, not much poetical elegance, have the

of beanes, and of peason. merit of expressing true sentiments in Sow runciuals timely, simple language :

and all that be gray,

But sow not the white, Hail to the day, whose kind auspicious rays

till St. Gregorie's day. Deign'd first to smile on famous bishop Blase!

Tusser. To the great author of our combing trade, This day's devoted, and due honour's paid ; To him whose fame thro' Britain's isle re


Goldilocks. Polutricum commune To him whose goodness to the poor abounds ;

Dedicated to St. Jane.

Indian Bay. Laurus Indica. Dedicated to St. Margaret of England. Narrow Spring Moss. Mnium Androgy




Dedicated to St. John of Matha.
February 5.

Holiday at the Exchequer.
St. Agatka. · The Martyrs of Japan. The

February 9. Martyrs of Ching. St. Avitus, Arch- St. Apollonia, A. D. 249. St. Nicephobishop, A. D. 525. St. Alice, or

rus, A. D. 260. St, Theliau, Bishop, Adelaide, A. D. 1015. St. Abraamius, A. D. 580. St. Ansbert, Abp. of Rouen, Bishop of Arbela.

A. D. 695. St. Attracta or Tarahata of St. Agatha.

Ireland. St. Herard or Eberhard. This saint, who is in the calendar of the church of England, was a Sicilian mar

FLORAL DIRECTORY. tyr about the year 251. Butler relates, Roman Narcissus. Narcissus Romanus. that before her death she was tortured, Dedicated to St. Apollonia. and being refused physicians, St. Peter himself came from heaven, healed her wounds, and filled her prison with light. February 10. He also as gravely states, that several

St. Scholastica, A. D. 543. St. Coteris, times when Catana was in danger from

4th Cent. St. William of Maleval, A. D. the eruptions of mount Ætna, her veil

1157. St. Erlulph, Scotch Bishop.
carried in procession averted the volcanic
matter from the city.

Mezereon. Daphne Mezereon.

Dedicated to St. Scholastica.
Common Primrose. Primula vulgaris.

Silky Fork Moss. Mnium heteomallum.
Dedicated to St. Agatha,

Dedicated to St. Coteris.
Red Primrose. Primula aculis.
Dedicated to St. Adelaide.

February 11.
February 6.

St. Saturninus Dativus, &c. of Africa,
Sexagesima Sunday.

A. D. 304, St. Severinus, A. D. 507. St. Dorothy, A. D. 308. St. Vedast, The Empress Theodora, A. D. 867.

Bishop, a. D. 539. St. Amandus, A. D. 675. St. Barsanuphius.

Red Primrose. Primula Verna rubra.

Dedicated to St. Theodora.
Blue Jacinth. Hyacinthus Orientalis
Dedicated to St. Dorothy.

February 12.

St. Benedict of Anian, A. D. 821. St February 7.

Meletius of Antioch. A. D. 381. St.

Eulalia of Barcelona. St. Romuald, A. D. 1027. St. Richard,

St. Anthony King of the West Saxons, A. D. 722.

Cauleas, A. D. 896.
St. Theodorus of Heraclea, A. D. 319.

St. Tresain, 6th Cent. St. Augulus,

Noble Liverwort. Anemone hepatica.

Dedicated to St. Eulalia.
Roundleaved Cyclamen. Cyclamen Coum.
Dedicated to St. Ro:nuald.

February 13.

St. Catherine de Ricci. A.D. 1589. St. LiciFebruary 8.

nius, Bishop. D. 618. St. Polyeuctus,

A. D. 257. St. Gregory II. Pope. St. St. John of Matha, a. D. 1213. St. Ste- Martinianus. St. Modomnoc or Domi

phen of Grandmyot, A. D. 1124. St. nick of Ossory, 6th Cent. St. Stephen, Paul, Bishop of Verdun, A. D. 631. Abbot, 6th Cent. Roger, Abbot, A. D. St. Cuthman.




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