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bly flaunty and gaudy; her head in full imagines “all the blood of all the Howdress; in her right hand a brass ladle, in ards” in another; he conceives no degraher left a handkerchief like to my lord's. dation by supping with them in public When the garland stops, my lord and at “Bartlemy Fair.” Kind feelings and lady exhibit their graces in a minuet de honesty make poets and philosophers. la cour, or some other grave movement; Listen to what Elia says: in a minute or two they quicken into a “I have a kindly yearning toward these dance, which enables my lord to picture dim specks--poor blots-innocent blackhis conceptions of elegance; the curvilinear elevation of his arm, with his cane “ I reverence these young Africans of between his finger and thumb, is a courtly our own growth - these almost clergy grace, corresponding with the stiff thrown- imps, who sport their cloth without asback position of his head, and the strait sumption; and from their little pulpits fall of the handkerchief in the other hand. (the tops of chimnies), in the nipping My lady answers these inviting positions air of a December morning, preach a by equal dignity; they twirl and whirl in lesson of patience to mankind. sight of each other, though on opposite “ When a child, what a mysterious sides of the dancing garland, to the con- pleasure it was to witness their operatinued clatter of the shovel and brush tion! to see a chit no bigger than one's. held by each capering member of the self enter, one knew not by what process, sooty tribe. The dance concluded, my into what seemed the fauces Averni-tó lord and my lady interchange a bow and pursue him in imagination, as he went a curtsy; my lord flings up his cane- sounding on through so many dark, stilling arm, displaces his magnificent hat with caverns, horrid shades !-to shudder with the other hand, and courteously bends, the idea that 'now, surely, he must be with imploring looks, to spectators at the lost for ever'-to revive at hearing his adjacent windows or in the street; the feeble shout of discovered day-light-and little sootikins hold up their shovels, my then (O, fulness of delight) running out lady with outstretched arm presents the of doors, to come just in time to see the bowl of her ladle, and “ the smallest do- sable phenomenon emerge in safety, the nations are thankfully received” by all brandished weapon of his art victorious the sable fraternity. This is the chimney- like some flag waved over a conquered sweepers' London pageant on May-day citadel! I seem to remember having 1825; but for the first time, there was been told, that a bad sweep was once left this year added a clown, a-la-Grimaldi, in a stack with his brush, to indicate to one or two of the sweeping process which way the wind blew. It was an sions; he grimaces with all his might, awful spectacle certainly ; not much unwalks before Jack-in-the-green on his like the old stage direction in Macbeth, hands or his feet, as may be most con- where the • Apparition of a child crowned venient, and practises every antic and with a tree in his hand rises.' trick that his ingenuity can devise, to “Reader, if thou meetest one of these promote the interest of his party. small gentry in thy early rambles, it is
It is understood, however, that the good to give him a penny. It is better offerings on the festival are not exclu- to give him two-pence. If it be starving sively appropriated to the receivers; weather, and to the proper troubles of masters share a certain portion of their his hard occupation, a pair of kibed heels apprentices' profits from the holiday ; (no unusual accompaniment) be superothers take the whole of the first two added, the demand on thy humanity will days' receipts, and leave to the worn-out, surely rise to a tester. helpless objects, by whom they profit all “I am by nature extremely susceptible the year round, no more than the scanty of street affronts; the jeers and taunts of gleanings of the third day's performance. the populace ; the low-bred triumph they
display over the casual trip, or splashed ELIA, AND JEM WHITE'S FEAST TO THE
stocking, of a gentleman. Yet can I en
dure the jocularity of a young sweep with Elia, the noble heart of Elia, responds something more than forgiveness. - In to these humble claimants upon humani- the last winter but one, pacing along ty; they cry and have none to help them; Cheapside with my accustomed precipihe is happy that a personal misfortune to tation when I walk westward, a treachehimself can make one of them laugh; he rous slide brought me upon my back in
an instant. I scrambled up with pain adoptions; many noble Rachels mournand shame enough-yet outwardly trying ing for their children, even in our days, to face it down, as if nothing had hap- countenance the fact; the tales of fairypened—when the roguish grin of one of spiriting may shadow a lamentable verity, these young wits encountered me. There and the recovery of the young Montague he stood, pointing me out with his dusky be but a solitary instance of good forfinger to the mob, and to a poor woman tune, out of many irreparable and hope(I suppose his mother) in particular, till less defiliations. the tears for the exquisiteness of the fun “ In one of the state-beds at Arundel (so he thought it) worked themselves out Castle, a few years since under a ducal at the corners of his poor red eyes, red canopy-(that seat of the Howards is an from many a previous weeping, and soot- object of curiosity to visitors, chiefly for inflamed, yet twinkling through all with its beds, in which the late duke was espesuch a joy, snatched out of desolation, cially a connoisseur)-encircled with curthat Hogarth--but Hogarth has got tains of delicatest crimson, with starry him already (how could he miss him ?) in coronets inwoven-folded between a pair the March to Finchley, grinning at the of sheets whiter and softer than the lap pie-man-there he stood, as he stands in where Venus lulled Ascanius--was disthe picture, irremovable, as if the jest covered by chance, after all methods of was to last for ever--with such a maxi- search had failed, at noon-day, fast asleep, mum of glee, and minimum of mischief, a lost chimney-sweeper. The little creain his mirth—for the grin of a genuine ture, having somehow confounded his sweep hath absolutely no malice in it- passage among the intricacies of those that I could have been content, if the lordly chimnies, by some unknown aperhonour of a gentleman might endure it, ture had alighted upon this magnificent to have remained his butt and his mock- chamber; and, tired with his tedious exery till midnight.
plorations, was unable to resist the de“ I am by theory obdurate to the se- licious invitement to repose, which he ductiveness of what are called a fine set there saw exhibited; so, creeping between of teeth. Every pair of rosy lips (the the sheets very quietly, laid his black ladies must pardon me) is a casket, pre- head upon the pillow, and slept like a sumably holding such jewels; but, me
young Howard. thinks, they should take leave to air “ Such is the account given to the them as frugally as possible. The fine visitors at the Castle. But I cannot help lady, or fine gentleman, who show me seeming to perceive a confirmation of their teeth, show me bones. Yet must I what I have just hinted at in this story. confess, that from the mouth of a true A high instinct was at work in the case, sweep a display (even to ostentation) of or I am mistaken. Is it probable that á those white and shining ossifications, poor child of that description, with whatstrikes me as an agreeable anomaly in ever weariness he might be visited, would manners, and an allowable piece of fop- have ventured, under such a penalty as pery. It is, as when
he would be taught to expect, to uncover " A sable cloud
the sheets of a duke's bed, and delibeTurns forth her silver lining on the night.
rately to lay himself down between them,
when the rug or the carpet presented an It is like some remnant of gentry not obvious couch, still far above his pretenquite extinct; a badge of better days; a sions—is this probable, I would ask, if hint of nobility :-and, doubtless, under the great power of nature, which I conthe obscuring darkness and double night tend for, had not been manifested within of their forlorn disguisement, oftentimes him, prompting to the adventure? Doubtlurketh good blood, and gentle condi- less this young nobleman (for such my tions, derived from lost ancestry, and a mind misgives me that he must be) was lapsed pedigree. The premature appren- allured by some memory, not amounting ticements of these tender victims give to full consciousness, of his condition in but too much encouragement, I fear, to infancy, when he was used to be lapt by clandestine, and almost infantile abduc. his mother, or his nurse, in just such tions; the seeds of civility and true sheets as he there found, into which he courtesy, so often discernible in these was now but creeping back as into his young grafts (not otherwise to be ac- proper incunabulu and resting-place. By counted for) plainly hint at some forced no other theory, than by this sentiment
of a pre-existent state (as I may call it), lips a tender salute, whereat the universal can I explain a deed so venturous, and, host would set up a shout that tore the indeed, upon any other system so inde- concave, while hundreds of grinning teeth corous, in this tender, but unseasonable, startled the night with their brightness. sleeper.
O, it was a pleasure to see the sable "My pleasant friend JEM WHITE was younkers lick in the unctuous meat, with so impressed with a belief of metamor- his more unctuous sayings-how he would phoses like this frequently taking place, fit the tit-bits to the puny mouths, rethat in some sort to reverse the wrongs serving the lengthier links for the seniors of fortune in these poor changelings, he-how he would intercept a morsel even instituted an annual feast of chimney- in the jaws of some young desperado, sweepers, at which it was his pleasure to declaring it must to the pan again to officiate as host and waiter. It was a be browned, for it was not fit for a gensolemn supper held in Smithfield, upon tleman's eating'-how he would recomthe yearly return of the fair of St. Bar- mend this slice of white bread, or that tholomew. Cards were issued a week piece of kissing-crust, to a tender juvebefore to the master-sweeps in and about nile, advising them all to have a care of the metropolis, confining the invitation to cracking their teeth, which were their their younger fry. Now and then an best patrimony,-how genteelly he would elderly stripling would get in among us, deal about the small ale, as if it were and be good-naturedly winked at; but wine, naming the brewer, and protesting, our main
body were infantry. One un- if it were not good, he should lose their fortunate wight, indeed, who, relying custom; with a special recommendation upon his dusky suit, had intruded himself to wipe the lip before drinking. Then into our party, but by tokens was provi- we had our toasts — The King,'-the dentially discovered in time to be no 'Cloth,' — which, whether they underchimney-sweeper (all is not soot which stood or not, was equally diverting and looks so), was quoited out of the presence flattering ;- and for a crowning sentiwith universal indignation, as not having ment, which never failed, . May the on the wedding garment; but in general Brush supersede the Laurel.?
Ali these, the greatest harmony prevailed. The and fifty other fancies, which were rather place chosen was a convenient spot felt than comprehended by his guests, among the peos, at the north side of the would he utter, standing upon tables, and fair, not so far distant as to be impervious prefacing every sentiment with a "Gento the agreeable hubbub of that vanity; tlemen, give me leave to propose so and but remote enough not to be obvious to so,' which was a prodigious comfort to the interruption of every gaping spectator . those young orphans; every now and in it. The guests assembled about seven. then stuffing into his mouth (for it did In those little temporary parlours three not do to be squeamish on these occatables were spread with napery, not so sions,) indiscriminate pieces of those reekfine as substantial, and at every board a ing sausages, which pleased them mightcomely hostess presided with her pan of ily, and was the savouriest part, you may hissing sausages.
The nostrils of the believe, of the entertainment:young rogues dilated at the savour. James WHITE, as head waiter, had charge “ Golden lads and lasses must, of the first table; and myself, with our As chimney-sweepers, come to dusttrusty companion BIGOD, ordinarily ministered to the other two. There was “ JAMES WHITE is extinct, and with clambering and jostling, you may be him these suppers have long ceased. He sure, who should get at the first table- carried away with him half the fun of for Rochester in his maddest days could the world when he died-of my world at not have done the humours of the scene least. His old clients look for him among with more spirit than my friend. After the pens; and, missing him, reproach the some general expression of thanks for altered feast of St. Bartholomew, and the the honour the company had done him, glory of Smithfield departed for ever." his inaugural ceremony was to clasp the A philanthropist, who rejoices over greasy waist of old dame Ursula (the every attempt to cheer helplessness, will fattest of the three), that stood frying and not quarrel with the late annual treat of fretting, half-blessing, half-cursing the “ Jem White." Our kindnesses wear gentleman,' and ir print upon her chaste different fashions, and Elia's report of the festival is a feast for a feeling and merry assembled in one place, you would meet heart. Mrs. Montague's entertainment a spectacle of deformed, degraded, and to the London chimney-sweepers was depraved humanity, in its very age of held every May-day, at her house, in innocence, (pardon the phrase,) which Portman-square; she gave them roast- would so affect your heart that we should beef and plumb-pudding, and a shilling be sure of your hand.” Not one being of each, and they danced after their dinner. humanity can read the statements in Mr. But Mrs. Montague and Jem White are Montgomery's volume with a dry eyedead; and now the poor fellows, though not one but before he has half perused it the legislature has interfered for their will resolve never to let a climbing-boy protection, want“ a next friend” to cheer enter his chimney again. Fathers and them once a year, and acquaint the suf- mothers of England, read the book! The ferers that they have sympathizers. An “ Examiner,” some time ago, related an extract from a letter to the editor of the anecdote much to the purpose, from a Every-Day Book, dated April 16, 1825, pamphlet by Mr. J. W. Orderson, late of from Sheffield, in Yorkshire, is a reproach Barbadoes; it is a fine specimen of pure to us of the metropolis :-“In the 'Chim- feeling.
« About fourteen years ago, ney-sweepers' Friend, and Climbing- says Mr. Orderson, “a Mrs. P. arrived boys' Album,' by Mr. James Mont. 'at Bristol, from the West Indies, and gomery, the poet, and editor of the “Shef- brought with her a female Negro servant, field Iris,' is a literal representation of an mother of two or three children left in annual dinner which that gentieman, and that country. A few days after their a few of us, give to the lads employed as arrival, and they had gone into private climbing-boys in Sheffield. This we have lodgings, a sweep-boy was sent for by done for about eighteen years in succes- the landlady to sweep the kitchen chimsion. From twenty-four to twenty-six ney. This woman being seated in the attend; and their appearance, behaviour, kitchen when little Soot entered, was and acquirements, (I may say,) do credit struck with amazement at the spectacle to their masters. They are a much he presented; and with great vehemence, better generation to look upon than they clapping her hands together, exclaimed, were when we first took them by the "Wha dis me see! La, la, dat buckara hand. On last Easter Monday, out of piccaninny! So help me, nyung Misse,' the twenty-four present, there were only (addressing herself to the housemaid then two who did not attend Sunday-schools; present,) sooner dan see one o’mine piewhich, in whatever estimation these in- caninnies tan so, I drown he in de sea. stitutions may be held, shows that once, The progress of the poor child in sweepat least, every week, these poor children ,ing the chimney closely engrossed her looked like other people's children, and attention, and when she saw him retuin associated with them; being clean from his sooty incarceration, she addressed washed, decently dressed, and employed him with a feeling that did honour to her in reading, or in learning to read: many maternal tenderness, saying, “Child! of them could write. Something of come yaw, child,' (and without waiting the kind is projected at Leeds. A be- any reply, and putting a sixpence into nevolent lady, at Derby, has this year his hand ;) 'Who you mammy? You hab raised friends, and a fund, for an annual daddy, too? Wha dem be, da la you go dinner to the climbing-boys there on no chimney for ? and moistening her Easter Monday.” Mr. Montgomery's finger at her lips, began to rub the poor “Chimney-sweepers' Friend” is a series child's cheek, to ascertain, what yet apof representations calculated to assist peared doubtful to her, whether he was “ the immediate relief of the sufferers, really a buccara, (white.) I saw this and the gradual abolition of this home
some time after in the West slave-trade in little children.” His ap- Indies; and it was a congratulation to plications to distinguished characters for her ever after, that her children were not literary contributions to his work were
born to be sweeps."" successful. May 1,” he said, “ entreat your aid to this humbie cause? Were you to see all the climbing-boys in the kingdom (and climbing-girls, too, for we have known parents who have employed It appears from a volume of “Fairy their own daughters in this hideous way,) Legends and Traditions of the South of
MAY-DAY IN IRELAND.
Ireland," that there are roniantic remains arms, would be reprobated as a monster. of antiquity connected with the celebra- Youth and loveliness are thought to be tion of May-day in that country of imag- especially exposed to peril. It is thereination. «Munimers in Ireland," says fore a natural consequence, that not one the author, “ are clearly a family of the woman in a thousand appears abroad : same race with those festive bands, termed but it must not be understood that the Morrice-dancers, in England. They want of beauty affords any protection. appear at all seasons in Ireland, but May- The grizzled locks of age do not always day is their favourite and proper festival. save the cheek from a blast ; neither is They consist of a number, varying accord, the brawny hand of the roughest ploughing to circumstances, of the girls and man exempt from a similar visitation. young men of the village or neighbour- The blast is a large round tumour, which hood, usually selected for their good is thought to rise suddenly upon the part looks, or their proficiency,—the females affected, from the baneful breath casi on in the dance, the youths in hurling and it by one of the good people in a other athletic exercises. They march in moment of vindictive or capricious malice. procession, two abreast, and in three May-day is called la na Beal tina, and divisions; the young men in the van and May-eve neen na Beal tina,—that is, day the rear, dressed in white or other gay- and eve of Beal's fire, from its having coloured jackets or vests, and decorated been in heathen times, consecrated to the with ribbons on their hats and sleeves; god Beal, or Belus; whence also the the young women are dressed also in month of May is termed in Irish Mi na light-coloured garments, and two of them Beal-tine.' The ceremony practised on bear each a holly bush, in which are hung May-eve, of making the cows leap over several new hurling balls, the May-day lighted straw, or faggots, has been genepresent of the girls to the youths of the rally traced to the worship of that deity. village. The bush is decorated with a It is now vulgarly used in order to save profusion of long ribbons or paper cut in the milk from being pilfered by the imitation, which adds greatly to the gay good people.'-Another custom prevalent and joyous, yet strictly rural, appearance on May-eve is the painful and mischievous of the whole. The procession is always one of stinging with nettles. In the south preceded by music; sometimes of the of Ireland it is the common practice for bagpipe, but more commonly of a mili- school-boys, on that day, to consider themtary fife, with the addition of a drum or selves privileged to run wildly about with tamboureen. A clown is, of course, in, a bunch of nettles, striking at the face attendance: he wears a frightful mask, and hands of their companions, or of and bears a long pole, with shreds of such other persons as they think they may cloth nailed to the end of it, like a mop, venture to assault with impunity.” which ever and anon he dips in a pool of water, or puddle, and besprinkles such of A popular superstition related in the the crowd as press upon his companions, last quoted work, is, that at early dawn on much to the delight of the younger spec- May-morning, “the princely O'Donoghue tators, who greet his exploits with loud gallops his white charger over the waters and repeated shouts and laughter. The of Killarney." The foundation of this is, Mummers, during the day, parade the neighbouring villages, or go from one
The Legend of O'Donoghue. gentleman's seat to another, dancing be- In an age so distant that the precise fore the mansion-house, and receiving period is unknown, a chieftain named money. The evening, of course, termi. O'Donoghue ruled over the country which nates with drinking. May-eve is considered surrounds the romantic Lough I ean, now a time of peculiar danger. The good called the lake of Killarney. Wisdom, people,' are supposed then to possess the beneficence, and justice distinguished his power and the inclination to do all sorts reign, and the prosperity and happiness of mischief without the slightest restraint. of his subjects were their natural results. The evil eye' is then also deemed to He is said to have been as renowned for have more than its usual vigilance and his warlike exploits as for his pacific virmalignity; and the nurse who would tues; and as a proof that his domestic walk in the open air with a child in her administration was not the less rigorous
because it was mild, a rocky island is • Published in 1825, fc. 8vo.
pointed out to strangers, called O'Donog