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chain, I was obliged to select a lord tunately too scanty to try their effect upon mayor. Hospital bones supplied me with a large scale, but I contrived to procure cyclamen in any quantity, which I inter- from them iwo or three ladies' slippers. mixed with a few seeds from the Cyclades As school-boys are raised by birch, it Islands, and the scurvy-grass came up may be hardly necessary to mention, that spontaneously; while manure from dif- when reduced to manure, they return the ferent fields of battle proved extremely compliment; but it may be useful to favourable to the hæmanthus or blood- mákė known as widely as possible, that flower, the trumpet-flower and laurél, as dancing-masters supply the best hops well as to widow-wail and cypress.' A and capers, besides quickening the growth few sample skulls from the poet's corner of the citharexylum or fiddle-wood. For of a German abbey furnished poet's your mimosas or sensitive plants there is cassia, grass of Parnassus, and bays, in nothing better than a layer of novel-readabout equal quantities, with wormwood, ers, and you may use up the first bad crab, thistle, stinging-nettle, prickly holly, author that you can disinter for all the teasel, and loose-strife. Courtiers and poppies you may require. Coffee-house ministers, when converted into manure, waiters will keep you supplied in secured an ample return of jack-in-a-box, cummin; chronologists furnish the best service-apples, climbers, supple-jacks, pa- dates, post-office men serve well for rasite plants, and that species of sun-flower rearing scarlet-runners, poulterers for which invariably turns to the rising lumi- hen-bane, tailors for cabbage, and phy, nary. Nabobs form a capital compost sicians for truffles, or any thing that refor hepatica, liver-wort, spleen-wort, hips, quires to be quickly buried. I could and pine; and from those who had three have raised a few bachelors' buttons from or four stars at the India-house, I raised the bones of that class; but as nobody some particularly fine China asters. A cares a button for bachelors, I did not good show of adonis, narcissus, jessamine, think it worth while. As a general recockscomb, dandelion, money-flower, and mark it may be noticed, that young peobuckthorn, may be obtained from dan- ple produce the passion-flower in abunddies, although they are apt to encumber ance, while those of a more advanced the ground with tickweed; while a good age may be beneficially used for the elderdrilling with dandisettes is essential to tree, the sloe, and snapdragon; and with those beds in which you wish to raise respect to different nations, my experiVenus's looking-glass, Venus's catchfly, ments are only sufficiently advanced to columbines, and love-apples. A single enable me to state that Frenchmen are dressing of jockies will ensure you a favourable to garlic, and that Poles are quick return of horse-mint,, veronica or very good for hops. Of mint I have speedwell, and colt's-foot; and a very never been able to raise much; but as to slight layer of critics suffices for a good thyme, I have so large a supply, as the thick spread of scorpion senna, viper's reader will easily perceive, that I am bugloss, serpent's tongue, poison-nut, enabled to throw it away; and as he nightshade, and hellebore. If you are may not possibly be in a similar predicafond of raising stocks, manure your bed ment, I shall refer him for the rest of my with jobbers; wine-merchants form the experiments to the records of the Horti, most congenial stimulant for sloes, for- cultural Society. tune-hunters for the marygold and goldenrod, and drunkards for Canary wines, mad-wort and horehound. Failing in It is noticed by Dr. Forster, that about repeated attempts to raise the chaste tree this time the purple goatsbeard tragofrom the bones of nuns, which gave me pogon porrifolius and the yellow goatsnothing but liquorice-root, I applied those beard tragopogon pratensis begin to of a cairy-maid, and not only succeeded blow; and that of all the indices in the perfectly in my object, but obtained a HOROLOGIUM FLORÆ the above plants good crop of butter-wort, milk-wort, and are the most regular: they open their heart's-ease. I was equally unsuccessful flowers at sunrise, and shut them so reguin raising any sage, hor.esty, or ever- larly at mid-day, that they have been lasting from monks; but they yielded a called by the whimsical name of go to plentiful bed of monk's hood, or jesuit's bed at noon. They are as regular as a bark, medlars, and cardinal flowers. My clock, and are mentioned as such in the importation of shoemakers was unfor- following verses:

No. 22.

To sit and smoke between two rows of Limes,

Along the wall of some neat old Dutch town,
In noontide heat, and hear the jingling chimes

From Stadhouse Steeple; then to lay one down
Upon a Primrose bank, where Violet Howers

Smell sweetly, and the meads in bloomy prime,
'Till Flora's clock, the Goat's Beard, mark the hours,

And closing says, Arise, 'tis dinner time;
Then dine on Pyes and Cauliflower heads,

And roam away the afternoon in Tulip Beds. To give an idea of the general face of Great LEOPARD'S BANE Doronicum nature at this period, Dr. Forster com- pardalianches. posed the subjoined

LESSER LEOPARD'S BANE Doronicum Catalogue of Plants which compose the plantagineum.


cula still blows. Common Peony Paeonia officinalis in FEMALE ORCHIS Orchis morio still full blow.

flowers. SLENDERLEAVED Peony P. tenuifolia

In the Fields. going off.

THE HAREBELL Scylla nutans makes Crimson Peony P. peregrina. the ground blue in some places. DWARF PEONY P. humilis.

BULBOUS CROWFOOT Ranunculus bulTulip Tulipa Gesneriana in infinite bosus. yarieties.

CREEPING CROWFOOT R. repens now Monkey Poppy Papaver Orientale. common. Welch POPPY P. Cambricum.

UPRIGHT MEADOW CROWFOOT R. acris Pale Poppy P. nudicaule.

the latest of all. EUROPEAN GLOBEFLOWER Trollius Rough CROWFOOT R. hirsutus not so Europaeus.

common as the above. The fields are Asiatic GLOBEFLOWER Trollius Asia- quite yellow with the above genus. ticus.

Meadow Lychnis Lychnis Flos CxBACHELOR'S BUTTONS Ranunculus aeris culi. plenus.

CAMPION LYCHNIS Lychnis dioica BIFLOWERED NARCISSUS N. biflorus. under hedges in our chalky soils. Poetic NarcisSUS N. poeticus.

GERMANDER SPEEDWELL Veronica GERMAN FLEUR De Lis Iris Germa- chamaedris on banks, covering them with nica, two varieties.

its 'lively blue, comparable only to the LURID Iris Iris lurida.

Borage, or the Cynoglossum Omphalodes, WALLFLOWER Chieranthus cheiri, nu- still blowing and luxuriant in gardens. merously, both single and double sorts. MOUSEAR SCORPION Grass Myosotus

Srock GILLIFLOWER Chiranthus fruti Scorpioides. milosus beginning. Of this plant there Our Lady's SMOCK Cardamine praare red, white, and purple varieties; also tensis. double Stocks.

BITTER Lady's SMOCK Cardamine Yellow ASPHODEL Asphodelus luteus. amara. . COLUMBINE Aquilegia vulgaris begins HEDGE GERANIUM Geranium Robertito flower, and has several varieties in anum; also several other wild Geragardens.

ninms. GREAT STAR OF BETHLEHEM Ornitho KIDLOCK Sinapis arvensis. galum umbellatum.

CHARLOCK Raphanus Raphanistrum. PERUVIAN SQUILL Scilla Peruviana. STICHWORT Stellaria Holostea. YELLOW AZALEA Azalea Pontica. Yellow Water Lily Nuphar luteum SCARLET AZALEA Azalea nudiflora. in ponds and rivers.

PURPLE GOATSBEARD Tragopogon por Wuite WATER LILY Nymphea alba in rifolius.

YFLLOW GOATSBEARD Tragopogon We might add numerous others, which pratensis.

will be found noticed on the days when MOTUERWORT Hesperis matronalis they usually first flower. Besides these, begins to blow.

many of the plants of the Primareral Flora

the same.

still remain in blow, as violets, hearteases, But if the hen moult before the cock, hepaticas, narcissi, some hyacinths, marsh We shall have weather hard as a block. marigolds, wood anemonies, garden ane As the days lengthen, so the cold strengthen monies, &c. &c. The cuckoo pint, or If there be a rainbow in the eve, it will rain lord and lady Arum, is now in prime. and leave,

The nations among whom a taste for But if there be a rainbow in the morrow, it flowers was first discovered to prevail in will neither lend nor borrow. modern times, were China, Persia, and A rainbow in the morning Turkey. The vegetable treasures of the Is the shepherd's warning ; eastern world were assembled at Con- But a rainbow at night stantinople, whence they passed into Is the shepherd's delight. Italy, Germany, and Holland, and from No tempest, good July, the latter into England ; and since botany Lest corn come off blue by. has assumed the character of a science, When the wind's in the east, we have laid the whole world under contribution for trees, and shrubs, and flowers, When the wind's in the south,

It's neither good for man nor beast. which we have not only made our own,

It's in the rain's mouth. but generally improved in vigour and beauty. The passion for flowers preceded' When the wind's in the south, that of ornamental gardening. The Dutch It blows the bait into the fishes' mouth. system of straight walks, enclosed by high No weather iş ill, clipped hedges of yew or holly, at length If the wind be still. prevailed ; and tulips and hyacinths When the sloe-tree is as white as a sheet, bloomed under the sheltered windings of Sow your barley, whether it be dry or wet. the “Walls of Troy,” most ingeniously A green winter makes a fat churchyard. traced in box and yew. A taste for gar Hail brings frost in the tail. dening, which, however formal, is found at length to be preferable to the absurd A snow year, a rich year. winding paths, and the close imitation of Winter's thunder 's summer's wonder. wild nature by art, which modern gardenmakers have pretended to of late years. The learned baron Maseres used to say, “ Such a garden was to be had every

Mouse Ear. Hieracium Pilosella. where wild in summer, and in a garden

Dedicated to St. Eric. formality was preferable." Proverbs relating to May.

St. Peter Celestine, Pope, A. D. 1296. A cold May and a windy

St. Pudentiana. St. Dunstan, Abp. of Makes a fat barn and a findy.

Canterbury, A. D. 988.
A hot May makes a fat churchyard.

St. Dunstan.
Proverbs relating to the Weather and
Seasons generally.

He was born at Glastonbury, of which

monastery he became abbot, and died Collected by Dr. Forster.

archbishop of Canterbury in 988.* Drought never bred dearth in England.

The legend of St. Dunstan relates Whoso hath but a mouth, shall ne'er in many miracles of him, the most popular England suffer drought.

of which is to this effect; that St. DunWhen the sand doth feed the clay,

stan, as the fact really was, became expert England woe and welladay ;

in goldsmith's work; it then gives as a But when the clay dotl feed the sand, story, that while he was busied in making Then it is well with Angle land.

a chalice, the devil annoyed him by his After a famine in the stall,

personal appearance, and tempted him; Comes a famine in the hall.

whereupon St. Dunstan suddenly seized When the cuckoo comes to the bare thorn, tongs, burning hot, and so held him while

the fiend by the nose with a pair of iron Sell your cow, and buy your corn;

he roared and cried till the night was far But when she comes to the full bit, Sell your corn, and buy your sheep.

spent. If the cock moult before the hen, We shall have weather thick and thin ;

• Butler.


Map 19.

1602 od 1 no

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TO St. Dunstan and the Debil. There is an engraved portrait of St. stones, and bore in his left hand a golden Dunstan thus detaining the devil in bond- crosier, and in his right a pair of goldage, with these lines, or lines to that smith's tongs.' Behind him were Oreffect beneath; they are quoted from pheus and Amphion playing on melodimemory:

ous instruments ; standing more forward St. Dunstan, as the story goes,

were the cham of Tartary, and the Once pull’d the devil by the nose

grand sultan, who, being “conquered by With red-hot tongs, which made him roar, the christian harmony, seemed to sue for That he was heard three miles or more. reconcilement." At the steps of the pre

On lord mayor's day, in 1687, the latical throne were a goldsmith's forge pageants of sir John Shorter, knt, as and furnace, with fire, crucibles, and lord mayor, were very splendid. He was gold, and a workman, blowing the belof the company of goldsmiths, who, at lows. On each side was a large press their own expense, provided one of the of gold and silver plate. Towards the pageants representing this miracle of St. front were shops of artificers and jewel. Dunstan. It must have been of amazing lers all at work, with anvils, hammers, size, for it was a “Hieroglyphic of the and instruments for enamelling, beating Company," consisting of a spacious labora- gut gold and silver plate; on a step betory or workhouse, containing several con- low St. Dunstan, sat an assay-master, veniences and distinct apartments, for the with his trial-balance and implements, different operators and artificers, with There were two apartments for the proforges, anvils, hammers, and all instru- cesses of disgrossing, flatting, and drawing ments proper for the mystery of the gold and silver wire, and the fining, goldsmiths. In the middle of the front- melting, smelting, refining, and separating ispiece, on a rich golden chair of state, of gold and silver, both by fire and water. sat sT. DUNSTAN, the ancient patron Another apartment contained a forge, and tutelar guardian of the company. He with miners in canvass breeches, red was attired, to express his prelatical dig- waistcoats and red caps, bearing spades, nity and canonization, in a robe of fine pickaxes, twibbles, and crows for sinking lawn, with a cope over it of shining cloth shafts and making adits. The lord mayor, of gold reaching to the ground. He having approached and viewed the cuwore a golden mitre beset with precious riosity of the pageant, was addressed in


Waked with this musick from my silent urn,
Your patron DUNSTAN comes t' attend your turn.
A MPHION and old ORPHEUS playing by,
To keep our forge in tuneful harmony.
These pontifical ornaments I wear,
Are types of rule and order all the year:
In these white robes none can a fault descry,
Since all have liberty as well as I:
Nor need you fear the shipwreck of your cause,
Your loss of charter or the penal laws,
Indulgence granted by your bounteous prince,
Makes for that loss too great a recompence.
This charm the Lernæan Hydra will reclaim mne
Your patron shall the tameless rabble tameepous
Of the proud CHAM 1 scorn to be afear'd inros
I'll take the angry SULTAN by the beard. *

Nay, should the Devil intrude amongst your foes. [Enter Devil Devil. What then? St. Dunstan. - Snap, thus, I have him by the nose ! The most prominent feature in the But for me no songster sings, devil's face being held by St. Dunstan's - For me no joyous lark up-springs ; tongs, after the prelate had duly spurned For I, confined in gloomy school, the submission of the cham of Tartary Must own the pedant's

iron rule, and the grand sultan, a silversmith with And, far from sylvan shades and bowers, three other workmen proceeding to the indurance vile, must pass the hours ; great anvil, commenced working a plate Where no bright ray of genius shines,

There con the scholiast's dreary lines, of massy metal, singing and keeping time And close to rugged learning cling, upon the anvil.

While laughs around the jocund spring. CHRONOLOGY.

How gladly would my soul forego 1536. Anne Boleyn, queen of Henry All that arithmeticians know, VIII., fell a victim to his brutal passions Or stiff grammarians quaintly teach, by the hands of the executioner.

Or all that industry can reach, 1692. The great sea battle off la Hogue. To taste each morn of all the joys

That with the laughing sun arise ;

And unconstrain': to rove along

The bushy brakes and glens among ;
Monk's hood. Aconitum Napellus.

And woo the muse's gentle power,
Dedicated to St. Dunstan.

In unfrequented rural bower!
But, ah! such heaven-approaching joys
Will never greet my longing eyes;

Still will they cheat in vision fine,
May 20.

Yet never but in fancy shine.
St. Bernardin of Sienna, A. D. 1444. $t.Oh, that I were the little wren

Ethelbert, King of the East Angles, That slırilly chirps from yonder glen
A. D. 793. St. Yvo, Bp. of Chartres, Oh, far away I then would rove,
A. D. 1115.

To some secluded bushy grove;
There hop and sing with careless glee,
Hop and sing at liberty;

And till death should stop my lays,
The morning sun's enchanting rays

Far from men would spend my days.
Now call forth every songster's praise;
Now the lark, with upward flight,

In the “ Perennial Calendar, Dr Gaily ushers in the light;.

Forster with great taste introduces a While wildly warbling from each tree,

beautiful series of quotations adapted to The birds sing songs to Liberty.

the season from different poets :-
Lucretius on Spring and the Seasons, translated by Good.

Spring comes, and Venus with fell foot advanced ;
Then light-winged Zephyr, harbinger beloved ;
Maternal Flora, strewing ere she treads,
Por every footstep flowers of choicest hue,
And the glad æther loading with perfumes

* Aone; on Ancient Mysteries.



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