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ornaments, learned and graceful as they which the pillagers themselves were too were, nor in her cadences, did she ever ignorant to detect, have enabled them to lose sight of the appropriate characteristics abuse it. Although written by scientific of the sense of inelody. She was, by hands, it is exempt from the meanness of turns, majestic, tender, pathetic, and ele- envy, and honestly renders honour to gant, but in the one or the other not a whom honour is due. It is a book full pote was breathed in vain. She justly of facts, with interspersions of anecdote held every species of ornamental execution, so eloquently related, that it is one of the to be subordinate to the grand end of pleasantest works a lover of literature can uniting the effects of sound sense, in their take up, and is therefore not only a valuoperations upon the feelings of her hear- able accession to our biographical collecers. True to this spirit, if any one com- tions, but to our stores of amusement. mended the agility of a singer, Mara would ask, “ Can she sing six plain notes?" In majesty and simplicity, in grace, tenderness, and pathos, in the lof

Rosa de meaux. Rosa provincialis. tiest attributes of art, in the elements of

Dedicated to St. Cecilius. the great style, she far transcended all her competitors in the list of fame. She gave to Handel's compositions their natural

June 4. grandeur and effect, which is, in our

St. Quirinus, Bp. A. D. 304. St. Optatus, minds, the very highest degree of praise

Bp. 4th Cent. St. Walter, Abbot, that we can bestow. Handel is heavy, say 13th Cent. St. Petroc, or Perreuse, the musical fashion-mongers of the day. Abbot, 6th Cent. St.Breaca, or Breague. Milton would be heavy beyond endurance, St. Burian. St. Nenooc, or Nennoca, from the mouth of a reader of talents even

A. D. 467. above mediocrity. The fact is, that to

CHRONOLOGY. wield such arms, demands the strength of giants. Mara possessed this heaven. 1738. King George III. born : he begifted strength. It was in the perform- gan his reign, October 25, 1760, and died, ance of Handel that her finer mind fixed January 29, 1820. its expression, and called to its aid all the powers of her voice, and all the acquisitions of her science. From the time

Indian Pink. Dianthus Chinensis. of her retirement from England, Mara

Dedicated to St. Quirinus. chiefly resided in Russia ; yet as the conflagration of Moscow destroyed great part of her property, towards the close of

June 5. the year 1819, or the beginning of 1820, she returned to London, and determined St. Boniface, 8th Cent. St. Dorotheus, on presenting herself once more to the of Tyre. St. Dorotheus, Abbot, 4th judgment of the English public, who had Cent. St. Illidius, Bp. 4th Cent. reverenced her name so highly and so

St. Boniface. long. She, consequently, had a concert

This saint is in the church of England at the Opera-house, but her powers were so diminished that it proved unsuccessful. calendar. His name was Winfred. He Justice to the channel which supplies educated in a Benedictine monastery at

was born at Crediton in Devonshire, these particulars concerning madame Mara requires it to be observed, that they became archbishop of Mentz and primate

Exeter, sent to Friesland as a missionary, are almost verbatim from a book of of Germany and Belgium, and obtained great merit and extensive nsefulness, the appellation of apostle of the Gernians. The Dictionary of Musicians. Its inform- His conversions were extensive, but many ation obvionsly results from extensive research concerning the deceased, and

of them were effected_by pious frauds;

he was murdered in East Friesland by personal acquaintance with many of the living individuals whose memoirs it con

the peasantry, while holding a confirmtains.

The work has experienced the ation, in 755. fate of originality and excellence it has

CHRONOLOGY. been pillaged without acknowledgment; 1814. From a newspaper of June the and the discovery of an error or two, 5th in that year it appears, that on the





preceding Sunday morning, while the sex the two postillions being in their shirts. ton of All Saints' church, at Stamford, Is this outrage to be suffered in Eng. was engaged in ringing the bells, two land ?" youths, named King and Richards, through mere emulation, ascended the steeple by means of the crotchets, or projecting

Common Pink. Dianthus deltoides. stones on the outside of that beautiful

Dedicated to St. Norbert, and lofty spire. The projecting stones on which they stepped in the ascent are twenty-six in number, three feet asunder,

June 7, and the summit of the spire 152 feet from the ground. In ten or twelve minutes St. Paul, Bp. of Constantinople, A. D. 350, the feat was performed, and the adven or 351. St. Robert, Abbot, A.D. 1159. turers had safely descended; one of them St. Colman, Bp. of Dromore, A. D. 610. (Richards) having hung his waistcoat on St. Godeschalc, Prince of the Western the weathercock as a memento.

Vandals, and his companions. St.
Meriadec, Bp. A. D. 1302.

Three-leaved Rose. Rosa Sinica.

1779. William Warburton, bishop of Dedicated to St. Boniface.

Gloucester, died. He was born at New. ark-upon-Trent, in 1698, followed the profession of an attorney, relinquished it

for the church, and became an eminently June 6.

able and learned prelate. His writings are St. Norbert, A. D. 1134. St. Philip the distinguished by genius, but deformed by Deacon, A. D. 58. St. Gudwall, Bp.

a haughty and vindictive spirit. 6th Cent. St. Claude, Abp. A. D. 696 or 703. CHRONOLOGY

Red Centaury. Chironia centaureum. 1762. George lord Anson, the circum.

Dedicated to St. Paul. navigator of the world, died, at Moorpark, near Rickmansworth, Herts; he was born at Shuckborough, in Stafford

June 8. shire, in 1700.

St. Medard, Bp. 6th Cent. St. Gildard, Abduction.

or Godard, Bp. A. D. 511. St. MariThis offence was by no means uncom

minus, 1st Cent. St. William, Abp. of mon in England some years ago. In the

York, A. D. 1154. St. Clou, or ClodulLondon Chronicle for 1762, there is an

phus, Bp. A. D. 696. St. Syra, 7th

Cent. extract from a letter, dated “ Sunday, Highgate, June 6," from whence it ap

Thimble and Pea. pears, that on that morning, between On the 8th of June, 1825, a publican twelve and one, a postchaise, in which in the neighbourhood of Whitechapel was was a lady, was driven through that charged at the Public Office, Bow-street, place very furiously by two postillions, by Mr. John Francis Panchaud, a foand attended by three persons who had reigner, with having, in conjunction with the appearance of gentlemen, from which several other persons, defrauded him of a she cried out, “ Murder ! save me! Oh, 102 note, at Ascot Heath race-course, on save me!" Her voice subsided from weak- the Thursday preceding. The alleged ness into faint efforts of the same cries of fraud, or robbery, was effected by means distress; but as there was at that time no of an unfair game known among the frepossibility of relief, they hastily drove quenters of races and fairs by the name of towards Finchley Common.

“ Froin an

" the thimble rig,” of which J. Smith, the other quarter," says the London Chronicle, officer, this day gave the following de

we have undoubted intelligence of the scription to Mr. Minshull, in order that same carriage being seen, and the same the worthy magistrate might perfectly outeries heard, as it passed through Isling- understand the case :-A gang of seven ton, with the additional circumstance of or eight, or more, set up a table, but they


all appear strangers to each other, and 101. note. When the bet was offered, the unconnected with the game, except one defendant, who stood next to him, jogged who conducts it,and who appears to be the his elbow, and said eagerly, “ Bet him, sole proprietor. This master of the cere- bet him ; you must win, the ball is under monies has three thimbles, and is provided our feet.” Mr. Panchaud had no doubt, with a number of peas, or pepper-corns. from his whole manner, that the defendant He puts one under each thimble, or per was concerned with the others in the haps only under one or two, as the case trick. The case stood over for further may be. He then offers a bet as to investigation. It is only mentioned here which thimple a pepper-corn is or is not for the purpose of showing a species of under, and offers at first such a wayer as slight of hand continued in our own is eagerly taken by those round the table, times to defraud the unwary. and he loses. He pays the losings freely, and the other members of this joint-stock company affect to laugh at him, as what they call a “good fat." Having thus Moneywort. Lysimachia nummularia drawn the attention, and probably excited Dedicated to St. Me:lard. the cupidity of a stranger, who appears to have money, they suffer him to win a stake or two, and get him to increase his bets. When he seems thoroughly in the humour, the master of the table lifts a thimble, under which is a pepper-corn, and turning his head aside to speak to some one, he suffers the corn to roll off ; and, seeming to be unconscious of this, he replaces the thimble, and offers bets to any amount that there is a corn underneath that particular thimble. The stranger having seen the corn roll off “ with his own eyes," as the phrase is, chuckles to himself, and eagerly takes the bet; the thimble is removed, and behold !-there is a pepper-corn under it still, the fellow having dexterously slipped another under it wnen the first rolled off the table. “ So that the plain fact is, sir," continued Smith, “ that the stranger, fancying he is taking in the master of the table, cheerfully stakes his money with a dead certainty, as he supposes, of winning, and he finds that he has been taken in himself.” Smith said, he had known instances of gentlemen getting from their Passion Flower carriages, and in a few moments ridding themselves of 201. or 301., or perhaps This flower, says the elegant author of more, and going off wondering at their the Flora Domestica, derives its vame folly, and looking uncommon silly. from an idea, that all the instruments of

It appeared that Mr. Pancbaud went Christ's passion are represented in it. up to one of these tables, at which the de The above engraving from an ancient fendant and many others were playing, print, shows the curious distortion of the and after winning two or three times, the Hower in those parts whereon the imaginatrick above described was commenced. tion has indulged. The original print bears The conductor of the game offered a bet an inscription to this effect; that nature of 5l., and Mr. Panchaud having seen itself grieves at the crucifixion, as is dethe pepper-corn roll off, took the wager, noted by the flower representing the five and put down a 101. note. In a moment wounds, and the column or pillar of after there was a general hustling, the scourging, besides the three nails, the table was upset, and the whole party crown of thorns, &c. speedily disappeared, together with the Most of the passion-flowers are natives



of the hottest parts of America. The

St. Barnabas the Apostle. rose coloured passion-flower is a native of He was of the tribe of Levi, and coadVirginia, and is the species which was jutor with the apostle Paul for several first known in Europe. It has since been, years. Though denominated an apostle, in a great measure, superseded by the blue

it seems agreed that he was not entitled passion-flower, which is hardy enough to to that character; if he were, his extant Aower in the open air, and makes an ele- epistle would have equal claim with the gant tapestry for an unsightly wall. The writings of the other apostles to a place leaves of this, in the autumn, are of the among the books in the New Testament. most brilliant crimson; and, when the He is said to have been martyred, but of sun is shining upon them, seem to trans this there is not sufficient evidence. port one to the gardens of Pluto.*

St. Barnabas' Day.

This was a high festival in England June 9.


Besides the holy thorn, there grew in Sts. Primus and Felicianus, A. D. 286. the abbey churchyard of Glastonbury, on St. Columba, or Columkille, A. D. 597.

the north side of St. Joseph's chapel, a St. Pelagia, A. D. 311. St. Vincent, miraculous walnut-tree, which 3d Cent. St. Richard, Bp. of Andria, budded forth before the feast of St. Bar5th Cent.

nabas, viz. the eleventh of June, and on CHRONOLOGY.

that very day shot forth leaves, and flou1760. Nicholas Lewes, count Zinzen- rished like its usual species. This tree is dorf, a native of Saxony, and founder of gone, and in the place thereof stands a the religious society called Moravians, very fine walnut-tree of the common sort. died at Chelsea.

It is strange to say how much this tree was sought after by the credulous; and,

though not an uncommon walnut, queen FLORAL DIRECTORY.

Anne, king James, and many of the nobiBarberry. Barberis vulgaris.

lity of the realm, even when the times of Dedicated to St. Columba.

monkish superstition had ceased, gave

!arge sums of money for small cuttings June 10.

from the original.*

Midsummer, or nightless days, now St. Margaret, Queen of Scotland, A.D. begin and continue until the 2d of July.t

1093. St. Getulius and companions. There is still this saying among country 2d Cent. St. Landry, or Landericus, people, Bp. A. D. 650. B. Henry of Treviso,

“ Barnaby Bright, Barnaby Bright, A.D. 1315.

The longest day and the shortest night.” CHRONOLOGY. 1735. Thomas Hearne, the learned antiquary, died at Oxford : he was born at White Waltham, in Berkshire, in 1680. Midsummer Daisy. Chrysanthemum Leu


Dedicated to St. Barnabas.
Yellow Fleur-de-lis. Iris Pseudacorus.
Dedicated to St. Margaret.

June 12.
St. John, Hermit, A. D. 1479. St. Basi-

lides, Quirinus, or Cyrinus, Nabor, and June 11.

Nazarius. St. Eskill, Bp. St. Onu

phrius, Hermit. St. Ternan, Bp. of St. Barnabas, Apostle, 1st Cent. St. the Picts, Tochumrii, of Tochumrach in Ireland.

CHRONOLOGY, Another St. Tochumra, diocese of Kil

1734. The duke of Berwick, illegitimate son of James II., by Arabella



* Flora Domestica.

* Collinson's Somersetshire.
+ Dr. Forster's Perennial Calendar.



Churchill, sister to the great duke of artillery and ammunition. Among the Marlborough, was killed by a cannon spoil was the king's cabinet with his dall, at the siege of Phillipsburgh, in letters, which the parliament afterwards Germany, in the 64th year of his age. published. Hume says, “they give an He was only excelled in the art of war by advantageous idea both of the king's the duke of Marlborough himself. genius and morals." Yet it is a fact,

which every person who reads the correspondence must inevitably arrive at, that

the king purposed deception, when he White Dog Rose. Rosa arvensis.

professed good faith, and that, as true Dedicated to St. John.

genius never exists with fraud, these let.
ters do not entitle him to reputation for

common honesty, or real ability.
June 13.
St. Antony of Padua, A. D. 1231. St.

Sweet Basil. Oscimum Basilicum.

Dedicated to St. Basil. 1625.

Henrietta Maria, youngest daughter to Henry IV. of France, landed at Dover, and was married to Charles I.,

June 15. at Canterbury, on the same day; her

Sts. Vitus, or Guy, Crescentia, and Moportraits represent her to have been beau

destus, 4th Cent. St. Landelin, Abbot, iiful. She was certainly a woman of

A. D. 686. B. Bernard, of Menthon, ability, but faithless to her unfortunate

A. D. 1008. St. Vauge, Hermit, A. D. consort, after whose death on the scaffold

585. B. Gregory Lewis Barbarligo, she lived in France, and privately married her favourite, the lord Jermyn, a

Cardinal Bp. A. D. 1697. descendant of whom, with that name, is

St. Vitus. (in 1825,) a grocer in Chiswell-street, and a member of the society of friends. Dioclesian. Why the disease called St.

This saint was a Sicilian martyr, under Henrietta Maria, though a Bourbon, was so little regarded in the court of the known. Dr. Forster describes it as an

Vitus's dance was so denominated, is not Bourbons, and reduced to so great ex

affection of the limbs, resulting from nertremity, that she was without fuel for her

vous irritation, closely connected with fire-place during the depth of winter, in

a disordered state of the stomach and the palace assigned to her by the French bowels, and other organs of the abdomen. monarch.

In papal times, fowls were offered on the festival of this saint, to avert the disease.

It is a vulgar belief, that rain on St. Garden Ranunculus. Ranunculus Asi- Vitus's day, as on St. Swithin's day, indiaticus.

cates rain for a certain number of days Dedicated to St. Antony.


It is related, that after St. Vitus and

his companions were martyred, their June 14.

heads were enclosed in a church wall,

and forgotten, so that no one knew where St. Basil, Abp. A. D. 379. Sts. Rufinus they were, until the church was repaired,

and Valerius, 3d Age. St. Methodius, when the heads were found, and the Patriarch of Constantinople, A. D. 846. church bells began to sound of themselves, St. Docmael, 6th Cent. St. Nennus, which causing inquiry, a writing was or Nehemias, Abbot, A. D. 654.

St. found, authenticating the heads; they Psalmodius, A. D. 630.

consequently received due honour, and CHRONOLOGY.

worked miracles in due form. 1645. The battle of Naseby, between the royalists under Charles I., and the parliament troops under Fairfax, was de Sensitive Plant. Mimosa sensit. cided this day by the entire rout of the

Dedicated to St. Vitus. king's army, and the seizure of all his



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