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with other figures. By another MS. in which being made,“ as it auuciently was, the same library it is said, that Henry with a ship to turn round," cost four Hardware, Esq., the mayor, in 1599, pounds, including the hiring of the caused the giants in the Midsummer show * bays,” and five men to carry it. The to be broken, “ and not to goe the devil charge for the ship, and new dressing it, in his feathers ;” and it appears that he was five shillings. Strutt, who sets forth caused a man in complete armour to go these particulars, conjectures, that the in their stead : but in the year 1601, John ship was probably made with pasteboard, Ratclyffe, beer-brewer, being mayor, set that material seeming, to him, to have out the giants and Midsummer show as of been'a principle article in the manufacold it was wont to be kept. In the time turing of both these movable mountains. of the commonwealth the show was dis- The ship was turned, he says, by means continued, and the giants with the beasts of a swivel, attached to an iron handle were destroyed.
underneath the 'frame; the “ bays" was At the restoration of Charles II., the to hang round the bottom of the frames citizens of Chester replaced their pageant, to the ground, and so conceal the bearers. and caused all things to be made new, Then there was a new elephant and because the old models were broken. castell, and a cupid,” with his bows and According to the computation, the four arrows,“ suitable to it;" the castle was great giants were to cost five pounds covered with tin foil, and the cupid with a-piece, at the least, and the four men to skins, so as to appear to be naked, and carry them were to have two shillings and the charge for these, with two men to six-pence each; the materials for construct- carry them, was one pound sixteen shiling them were to be hoops of various lings and eight-pence. The “four beastes sizes, deal boards, nails, pasteboard, called the unicorne, the antelop, the scaleboard, paper of various sorts, buck- flower-de-luce (?) and the camell, cost one ram, size-cloth, and old sheets for their pound sixteen shillings and four-pence body-sleeves and shirts, which were to each, and eight men were paid sixteen be coloured; also tinsel, tinfoil, gold and shillings to carry them. Four boys for silver leaf, and colours of various kinds, carrying the four hobby-horses, had four with glue and paste in abundance. The shillings, and the hobby-horses cost six provision of a pair of old sheets to cover shillings and eight-pence each. The charge the “ father and mother giants,” and three for the new dragon, with six naked boys yards of buckram for the mother's and to beat at it, was one pound sixteen shildaughter's hoods, seems to prove that lings. Six morris-dancers, with a pipe three of these monstrous pasteboard and tabret, had twenty shillings; and figures represented females. À desire to “hance-staves, garlands, and balls, for preserve them may be inferred from an
the attendants upon the mayor and sheentry in the bill of charges : -" For ars- riffs cost one pound nineteen shillings." nick to put into the paste, to save the These preparations it will be rememgiants from being eaten by the rats, one bered were for the setting forth of the Midshilling and four-pence." There was an summer-watch at Chester, so late as the item in the estimate—“For the new mak- reign of Charles II. After relating these ing the city mount, called the maior's particulars, Mr. Strutt aptly observes, mount, as auntiently it was, and for hire- that exhibitions of this kind for the diing of bays for the same, and a man to versions of the populace, are well descarry it, three pounds six shillings and cribed in a few lines from a dramatic eight-pence." Twenty-pence was paid to piece, entitled “ A pleasant and stately a joiner for cutting pasteboard into se- Morall of the Three Lordes of London:"veral images for the "merchant's mount,”
“ Let nothing that's magnifical,
• Strutt s Sports.
25th, 1755, informed me that Mr. Horne, In the parishes of Congresbury and Magdalen-college in Oxford, had begun
according to an established custom at Puxton, are two large pieces of common to preach before the university on the land, called East and West Dolemoors, day of St. John the baptist. For the (from the Saxon dal, which signifies a preaching of this annual sermon, a permashare or portion,) which are divided into
nent pulpit of stone is inserted into a single acres, each bearing a peculiar and
corner of the first quadrangle; and, so different mark cut in the turf; such as a long as the stone pulpit was in use, horn, four oxen and a mare, two oxen and a (of which I have been a witness,) thé mare, a pole-axe, cross, dung-fork, oven, quadrangle was furnished round the sides duck's-nest, hand-reel, and hare's-tail, with a large fence of green boughs, that On the Saturday before Old-Midsummer, the preaching might more nearly resemble several proprietors of estates in the that of John the baptist in the wilderparishes of Congresbury, Puxton, and ness; and a pleasant sight it was: but Week St. Lawrence, or their tenants, for many years the custom has been disassemble on the commons. A number
continued, and the assembly have thought of apples are previously prepared, marked it safer to take shelter under the roof of in the same manner with the before-men- the chapel.” tioned acres, which are distributed by a young lad to each of the commoners from
Pulpits. a bag or hat. At the close of the distri
Without descanting at this time on the bution each person repairs to his allot- manifold construction of the pulpit, it ment, as his apple directs him, and takes may be allowable, perhaps, to observe, possession for the ensuing year. An that the ambo, or first pulpit, was an adjournment then takes place to the elevation consisting of iwo flights of house of the overseer of Dolemoors, (an stairs; on the higher was read the gosofficer annually elected from the tenants,) pel, on the lower the epistle. The where four acres, reserved for the purpose pulpit of the present day is that fixture in of paying expenses, are let by inch of the church, or place of worship, occupied candle, and the remainder of the day is by the minister while he delivers his spent in that sociability and hearty mirth sermon. Thus much is observed for the so congenial to the soul of a Somersetshire present, in consequence of the mention of yeoman.*
the Oxford pulpit; and for the purpose of
introducing the representation of a FLORAL DIRECTORY,
markably beautiful structure of this kind,
from a fine engraving by Fessard in Our Lady's Slipper. Cypripedium 1710. Calceolus.
This pulpit is larger than the pulpit of Dedicated to St. Etheldreda. the church of England, and the other
Protestant pulpits in our own country. It
is a pulpit of the Romish church with a June 24.
bishop preaching to a congregation of
high rank. It is customary for a Roman Nativity of St. John the Baptist. The Catholic prelate to have the ensigns of his
Martyrs of Rome under Nero, A. D. prelacy displayed in the pulpit, and hence 64. St. Bartholomew.
they are so exhibited in Fessard's print.
This, however, is by no means so large as Midsummer-day.
other pulpits in Romish churches, which
are of increased magnitude for the purNativity of St. John the Baptist.
pose of congregating the clergy, when At Oxford on this day there was lately their occupations at the altar have ceased, a remarkable custom, mentioned by- the before the eye of the congregation; and Rev. W. Jones of Nayland, in his “ Life of hence it is common for many of them to Bishop Horne,” affixed to the bishop's sit robed, by the side of the preacher, works. He says, a letter of July the during the sermon.
. Collinson's Somersetshire,
An English lady visiting France, who was none of the pomp I had been so had been inightily impressed by the rites lately delighted with; the prevailing chaof the Roman Catholic religion, revived racter of the worship was simplicity; the there since the restoration of the Bour- minister who delivered the sermon was bons, was induced to attend the Pro- only sufficiently elevated to be seen by testant worship, at the chapel of the the auditors; he preached to a silent British ambassador.
“ the and attentive congregation, whose senses splendour of the Rornish service, the had not been previously affected; his dis-, superb dresses, the chanting, accompanied course was earnest, persuasive, and conby beautiful music, the lights, and the vincing. I began to perceive the differother ceremonies, completely overpowered ence between appeals to the feelings and my mind; at last on the Sunday before to the understanding, and I came home a I left Paris I went to our ambassador's better Protestant and I hope a better chapel, just to say that I had been. There Christian than when I left England."
store for them, had their decline reached
its expected crisis, while they have secured For the Every-Day Book. the approbation and kind wishes of all This is quarter-day !—what a variety the good and considerate. The conscionsof thought and feeling it calls up ness of this consoles them for what is past, in the minds of thousands in this great contents them with the present, and animetropolis. How many changes of abode, mates their hopes for the future. voluntary and involuntary, for the better Now, let us shi scene a little, and and for the worse, are now destined look at quarter-day under another aspect. to take place! There is the charm of On this day some may quit, some may renovelty at least ; and when the mind is main; all must pay—that can! Alas, disposed to be pleased, as it is when the that there should be some unable! I pass will leads, it inclines to extract gratifica- over the rich, whether landlord or tenant; tion from the anticipation of advantages, the effects of quarter-day to them are rather than to be disturbed by any latent sufficiently obvious: they feel little or no doubts which time may or may not realize. sensation on its approach or arrival, and
Perhaps the removal is to a house of when it is over, they feel no alteration in decidedly superior class to the present; their accustomed necessaries and luxuries. and if this step is the consequence of Not so with the poor man; I mean the augmented resources, it is the first indi- man who, in whatever station, feels his cation to the world of the happy circum- growing inability to meet the demands stance. Here, then, is an additional periodically and continually making on ground of pleasure, not very heroic indeed, him. What a day quarter-day is to him! but perfectly natural. Experience may He sees its approach from a distance, tries have shown us that mere progression in to be prepared, counts his expected means life is not always connected with pro- of being so, finds them short of even his not gression in happiness; and therefore, very sanguine expectations, counts again, though we may smile at the simplicity but can make no more of them; and which connects them in idea, yet our while day after day elapses, sees his little recollection of times past, when we our- stock diminishing. What shall he do? selves indulged the delusion, precludes us He perhaps knows his landlord to be infrom expressing feelings that we have exorable ; how then shall he satisfy him? acquired by experience. The pleasure, if Shall he borrow? Alas, of whom? from a shallow source, is at least a present Where dwell the practicers of this precept benefit, and a sort of counterpoise to vexa
- From him that would borrow of thee tions from imaginary causes. It does not turn thou not away?” Most of the proseem agreeable to contemplate retrogres- fessors of the religion which enjoins this sion; to behold a familydescending from their precept, construe it differently. What wonted sphere, and becoming the inmates shall he do? something must be soon deof a humbler dwelling; yet, they who have cided on. He sits down to consider. He had the resolution, I may almost say the looks about his neatly-furnished house or magnanimity, voluntarily to descend, may apartments, to see what out of his humble reasonably be expected again to rise. possessions, he can convert into mone;'. They have given proof of the possession The faithful wife of his bosom becomes of of one quality indispensabie in such an his council. There is nothing they have, attempt that mental decision, by which they did not purchase for some which they have achieved a task, difficult, particular, and as they then thought, nepainful, and to many, impracticable. cessary purpose; how, then, can they They have shown, too, their ability to form spare any thing? they ruminate; they rea correct estimate of the value of the peat the names of the various articles, world's opinion, so far as it is influenced they fix on nothing there is nothing they by external appearances, and boldly dis- can part with. They are about so to deregarding its terrors, have wisely resolved cide; but their recollection that external to let go that which could not be much resources are now all dried up, obliges longer held. By this determination, be- them to resume their task, and resolutely sides rescuing themselves from a variety determine to do without something, hi wof perpetually recurring embarrassments ever painful may be the sacrifice. Could and annoyances, they have suppressed half we hear the reasons which persons thus the sneers which she malicious had in situated assign, why this or that article
should by no means be parted with, we sort, (assistance from without not being should be enabled, in some degree, to ap- afforded,) prevents them altogether. The preciate their conflicts, and the heart-aches case is then desperate. The power which which precede and accompany them. In the law thus permits a landlord to exersuch inventories much jewellery, diamond cise, is one of fearful magnitude, and is rings, or valuable trinkets, are not to be certainly admirably calculated to discover expected. The few that there may be, the stuff he is made of. Yet, strange as it are probably tokens of affection, either seems, this power is often enforced in all from some deceased relative or dear its rigour, and the merciless enforcers lose friend; or not less likely from the hus- not, apparently, a jot of reputation, nor band to the wife, given at their union- forfeit the esteem of their intimates : so “i when life and hope were new"—when much does familiarity with an oppressive their minds were so full of felicity, that no action deaden the perception of its real room was left for doubts as to its perma- nature, and so apt are we to forget that nence; when every future scene appeared owing to the imperfection of human into their glowing imaginations dressed in stitutions, an action may be legal and beauty; when every scheme projected, cruel at the same time! The common appeared already crowned with success; phrase, “ So and so have had their goods when the possibility of contingencies frus- seized for rent,” often uttered with indiftating judicious endeavours, either did not ference and heard without emotion, is a present itself to the mind, or presenting phrase pregnant with meaning of the itself, was dismissed as an unwelcome direst import. It means that they-wife, guest, “ not having on the wedding gar- children, and all who last night sat in a ment.” At such a time were those tokens decent room, surrounded by their own presented, and they are now produced. furniture, have now not a chair of their own They serve to recal moments of bliss un- to sit on; that they, who last night could alloyed by cares, since become familiar. retire to a comfortable bed, after the faThey were once valued as pledges of af- tigues and anxieties of the day, have tofection, and now, when that affection en- night not a bed to lie on-or none but dures in full force and tenderness, they what the doubtful ability or humanity of wish that those pledges had no other strangers or relations may supply: it value than affection confers on them, that means that sighs and tears are proso there might be no temptation to sacri- duced, where once smiles and tranquilfice them to a cruel necessity. Let us, lity existed; or, perhaps, that long chehowever, suppose some of them selected rished hopes of surmounting difficulties, for disposal, and the money raised to meet have by one blow been utterly desthe portentous day. Our troubled fellow- troyed,—that the stock of expedients creatures breathe again, all dread is for long becoming threadbare, is at last the present banished ; joy, temporary, quite worn out, and all past efforts renbut oh! how sweet after such bitterness, is dered of no avail, though some for a time diffused through their hearts, and grati- seemed likely to be available. It means tude to Providence for tranquillity, even that the hollowness of professed friends by such means restored, is a pervading has been made manifest; that the busy feeling. It is, perhaps, prudent at this tongue of detraction has found employjuncture to leave them, rather than follow ment; that malice is rejoicing; enry is on to the end of the next quarter. It may at a feast; and that the viands are the be that, by superior prudence or some un- afflictions of the desolate. Landlord! expected supply, a repetition of the same ponder on these consequences ere you evil, or the occurrence of a greater is distrain for rent, and let your heart, rather avoided; yet, we all know that evils of than the law, be the guide of your conthe kind in question, are too frequently duct. The additional money you may followed by worse. If a family, owing to receive by distraining may, indeed, add the operation of some common cause, such something to the luxuries of your table, as a rise in the price of provisions, or a but it can hardly fail to diminish your partial diminution of income from the relish. You may, perhaps, by adopting depression of business, become em- the harsh proceeding, add down to your barrassed and with difficulty enabled to pillow, but trust not that your sleep will pay their rent; the addition of a fit of be tranquil or your dreams pleasant. sickness, the unexpected failure of a Above all remember the benedictiondebtor, or any other contingency of the • Blessed are the merciful, for they shall