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“ Thou silver glow-worm, 0 lend me thy light,
And the glow-worm came
Thro' the night of St. John,
With noiseless tread
To her chamber she sped,
“ Bloom here-bloom here, thou plant of pow'r,
And when a year was past away,
And the glow-worm came
Thro' the night of St. John,
Be it the business modation to
It would be easy, and perhaps inore Franking of Newspapers. agreeable to the editor than to his readers,
By a recent regulation it is not necesto accumulate many other notices con cerning the usages on this day; let it suf- sary to put the name of a member of fice, however, that we know enough to be the address of the party to whom it is
either house of parliament on the cover; assured, that knowledge is engendering good sense, and that the superstitions of sent, with the ends of the paper left open
as usual, will be sufficient to ensure its our ancestors will in no long time have passed away for ever.
delivery. This is a praiseworthy accom
The old of their posterity to hasten their decay.
fiction was almost universally known to be one, and yet it is only a few years
ago, that a member of parliament reSt. John's Wort. Hypericum Pulchrum.
ceived a humble letter of apology, coupled Nativity of St. John.
with a request from one of his constituents, that he might be allowed to use the name of his representative in direct
To the ingenuous,
ing a newspaper. June 25.
pretences seem realities.
Bp. A. D. 465. St. William of Monte-
Dedicated to St. William.
362. St. Maxentius, Abbot, A. D. 515. this day between the Scots under that St. Vigilius, Bp. A. D. 400, or 405. chieftain, and the English under Ed- St. Babolen St. Anthelm, Bp. of ward II.
Bellay, A. D. 1178. Raingarda, Widow,
by suddenly attacking him, and making On the 26th of June, 1541, Francis him prisoner. The exaction of an imPizarro, the conqueror of Peru, was assas- mense ransom for this king's release; the sinated. He was bom at Truxillo, in Spain; shameful breach of faith, by which he was his birth was illegitimate, and in his held in captivity after his ransom was youth he was a keeper of hogs. Becom- paid ; his brutal murder under the infaing a soldier, he went to America, and mous mockery of a trial; the horrible settled at Punama, where he projected frauds by which he was inveigled to die the prosecution of discoveries to the in the profession of the christian faith, eastward of that settlement. By means without being able to comprehend its of an expedition, which he solicited, and tenets; and the superaddition of other was intrusted to command from the court acts of perfidy and cruelty, will render of Spain, he entered Peru when the em- the name of Pizarro infamous so long as pire was divided by a civil war between it exists. Huascar the legitimate monarch, and His assassination was effected by the Atahualpa his half brother. Pretending friends of Almagro, his original associate, succour to Atahualpa, he was permitted with whom he had quarelled, and whom to penetrate twelve days' journey into he caused to be executed when he got the country, and received as an ally by him into his power. Atahualpa, whose confidence he rewarded
In olden times, so high a rise
For pleasure, or against surprise
and my mind, when I was a boy. I invo- culators are building up to it, and if they luntarily reverence the spot; and if I find continue with their present speed, it will myself in Red Lion-square, I, with a like in a few years be hidden by their operaffection, look between the iron railings ations. of its enclosure, because, at the same age, from my mother's window, I watched the taking down of the obelisk, stone hy Copenhagen-bouse stands alone in the stone, that stood in the centre, and impa- fields north of the metropolis, between tiently awaited the discovery of the body Maiden-lane, the old road to Highgate of Oliver Cromwell, which, according 10
on the west, and the very ancient north local legend, was certainly buried there road, or bridle-way, called Hagbush-lane, in secrecy by night. It is true that Oli- on the east ; on this latter side it is ver's bones were not found; but then nearly in a line with Cornwall-place,
every body” believed that “ the work- Holloway. Its name is said to have been men did not dig deep enough.” Among derived from a Danish prince, or a Danish these believers was my friend, the cobbler, ambassador, having resided in it during who, though no metaphysician, was given a great plague in London; another repreto rúminate on “causation.” He imputed sentation is, that in the beginning of the the nonpersistence of the diggers to a pri- seventeenth century, it was opened under vate reasons of state,” which his awfully its present name by a Dane, as a place of mysterious look imported he had fathom- resort for his countrymen.
« Coopened, but dared not reveal. From ignorance Hagen” is the name given to it in the of wisdom, I venerated the wisdom of map in Camden's “ Britannia,” published ignorance; and though I now know better, in 1695.* It is situated in the parish of I respect the old man's memory. He Islington, in the manor of St. John of allowed me, though a child, to sit on the Jerusalem, in the rental of which manor, frame of his little pushed-back window; dated the 25th of February, 1624, its name and I obtained so much of his good-will does not occur;t it is therefore probable and confidence, that he lent me a folio from thence, and from the appearance of of fragments from Caxton's “ Polychro- the oldest part of the present edifice, that nicon," and Pynson's “Shepherd's Kalen- it was not then built. dar," which he kept in the drawer of his seat, with “ St. Hugh's bones,” the instruments of his “ gent!e craft.” This It is certain that Copenhagen-house has black-letter lore, with its wood-cuts, cre- been licensed for the sale of beer, and ated in me a desire to be acquainted with wine, and spirits, upwards of a century; our old authors, and a love for engravings, and for such refreshments, and as a teawhich I have indulged without satiety. house, with a garden and grounds for It is impossible that I should be without skittles and Dutch pins, it has been fond recollections of the spots wherein I greatly resorted to by Londoners. No received these early impressions.
house of the kind commands so extensive From still earlier impressions, I have and uninterrupted a view of the metro like recollection of the meadows on the polis and the immense western suburb, Highgate side of Copenhagen-house. I with the heights of Hampstead and Highoften rambled in them in summer-time, gate, and the rich intervening meadows. when I was a boy, to frolic in the new- Those nearest to London are now rapidly mown hay, or explore the wonders of the destroying for their brick-earth, and being hedges, and listen to the songs of the covered with houses ; though from Copenbirds. Certain indistinct apprehensions hagen-street, which is built on the green of danger arose in me from the rude lane from White Conduit-house, there is noises of the visitors at Copenhagen- a way to the footpath leading to Copenhouse itself, and I scarcely ventured near hagen-house, from the row of handsome enough to observe more than that it had cottages called Barnesbury-park. drinking-benches outside, and boisterous
The latter buildings are in the manor company within. I first entered the of Berners, or Bernersbury, otherwise place in the present month of June, 1825, Barnesbury'; the name being derived and the few particulars I could collect concerning it, as an old place of public entertainment, may be acceptable to many
* Mr. Nelson's History of Islington.
+ To Mr. Simes, bailiff of the manor, I am indebied who recollect its former notoriety. Spes for a sight of this rental.
from the Berners' family, of whom the lord Mansfield, at Caen-wood : happily, most distinguished individual was John they did not sack Copenhagen ; but Mrs. Bourchier, the last lord Berners, and “the Harrington and her maid were so alarmfifth writer in order of time among the ed, that they despatched a man to justice nobility.” He was author of “a comedy Hyde, who sent a party of soldiers to usually acted in the great church of Ca- garrison this important place, where they ais after vespers," of which town he held remained till the riots were quelled. the command by appointment of king From this spot the view of the nightly Henry VIII.;t he also translated several conflagrations in the metropolis must works, and particularly “ Froissart's Cro- have been terrific. Mrs. Tomes says, she nycles, oute of Frenche into our maternale saw nine large fires at one time. On Englysshe tongue."
new-year's day previous to this, the house West of Barnesbury-park, and close to was broken into after the family had rethe footpath from thence to Copenhagen- tired to rest. The burglars forced the house, are the supposed remains of a kitchen window, and mistaking the saltRoman encampment. It is a square of box in the chimney corner for a man's about one hundred and twenty feet, sur- head, fired a ball through it. They then rounded by a ditch, with a high embank- ran up stairs with a dark-lantern, tied ment or breast work to the west. This is the man and the woman servant, burst the presumed to have been a position occu- lower pannel of Mrs. Harrington's roompied by Suetonius, the Roman general, door, while she secreted fifty pounds bewhen he destroyed eighty thousand of the tween her bed and the mattress, and Britons under Boadicea, in a memorable three of them rushed to her bedside, engagement presumed to have been fought armed with a cutlass, crowbar, and pisfrom this place in the fields of Pentonville, tol, while a fourth remained on the watch and terminating in the plain at Battle- outside. They demanded her money; bridge, from whence that place is said to and as she denied that she had any, they have been so named.
wrenched her drawers open with the crowbar, refusing to use the keys she offered
to them. In these they found about ten From Battle-bridge up Maiden-lane, pounds belonging to her daughter, a little and from Barnesbury-park, there are still child, whom they threatened to 'murder footways to Copenhagen-house,which, from unless she ceased crying, while they packstanding alone on an eminence, is visible ed up all the plate, linen, and clothes, from every open spot for many miles which they carried off. They ihen went round. To the original edifice is attached to the cellar, set all the ale-barrels runa building at the west end, with a large ning, broke the necks off the wine-bottles, parlour below for drinking and smoking, spilt the other liquors, and slashed a round and beyond it is a billiard-room; above of beef with their cutlasses. From this is a large tea-room. The engraving repre- wanton spoil they reserved sufficient to sents its present appearance, from a draw- carouse with in the kitchen, where they ing made for that purpose.
ate, drank, and sung, till they resolved to About the year 1770, this house was “ pinch the old woman, and make her kept by a person named Harrington; at find more money.” On this, they all ran his decease the business was continued up stairs again, where she still lay in bed, by his widow, wherein she was assisted and by their threats and violence soon for several years by a young woman who obtained from her a disclosure of the came from Shropshire. This female as- hidden fifty pounds. This rather appeared sistant afterwards married a person named to enrage than pacify them, and they Tomes, and kept the Adam and Eve at seriously proposed cutting her throat for Islington; she is now a widow; and the deception; but that crime was not perfrom her information the editor of the petrated, and they departed with their plunEvery-Day Book gathers, that at the time der. Rewards were offered, by governof the London riots in the year 1780, ment and the parish of Islington, for the a body of the rioters passed Copenhagen- apprehension of the felons : in May folhouse on their way to attack the seat of lowing, one of them, named Clarkson, was
discovered, and hopes of mercy tendered
to him if he would discover his accom+ Mr. Utlerson's Preface to his edition of Lord plices. This man was a watch-maker in Perners' Froissart, 2 vo s. 410.
Clerkenwell, the other three were trades.
men; his information led to their dis- “O'er the green mead the sporting virgins covery; they were tried and executed, play; and Clarkson was pardoned ; though, Their shining veils unbound, along the
skies, some time afterwards, he, also, suffered death, for obtaining a box of plate from Tost and re-tost, the ball incessant flies.” the White-horse, in Fetter-lane, upon pretence that it had been sent thither by in the seventh century, that " whan he
It is related of St. Cuthbert, who lived mistake.
was viii yere old, as he played at the ball The robbery at Copenhagen-house,
with other chyldren, sodeynly there stode was so far fortunate to Mrs. Harrington, that she obtained a subscription consider- amonge them a fayre yonge chylde,” who ably more in amount than the value of admonished Cuthbert against “vayne the money and property she had lost. playes,” and seeing Cuthbert take no Mr. Leader, the coachmaker, in Long- his hands ; “ and than Cuthbert and the
heed, he fell down, wept sore and wrung acre, who was her landlord, remitted to her a year's rent of the premises, which other chyldren lefte their playe and comat that time was 301. The notoriety of forted hym; and thạn sodeynly he va. the robbery increased the visitors to the myshed away; and than he knewe veryly house, and Mr. Leader built the addi- that it was an angel; and, fro than forth on, tional rooms to the old house, instead of he lefte all such vayne playes, and never
used them more." + a wooden room, to accommodate the new influx of custom ; and soon afterwards in churches, and statutes passed to regu
Ball-play was formerly played at Easter the house was celebrated for fives-playing. late the size of the ball. The ceremony This last addition was almost accidental. "I made the first fives-ball,” says Mrs. the dean, or his representative, began an
was as follows: the ball being received, Tonies, “ that was ever thrown up against Copenhagen-house. One Hickman, a
antiphone, or chant, suited to Easterbutcher at Highgate, a countryman of day; then taking the ball in his left
he commenced a dance to the tune, others mine, used the house, and seeing me country,' we talked about our country hand. At intervals the ball was handed
of the clergy dancing round, hand in sports, and amongst the rest fives ; I told him we'd have a game some day: I laid
or tossed by the dean to each of the chodown the stone in the ground myself
, and, dance and sport: at the conclusion of the
risters, the organ playing according to the against he came again, made a ball. I anthem and dance, they went and took struck the ball the first blow and he gave refreshment. It was the privilege of the it the second, and so we played ; and as there was company they liked the sport, ball, and even the archbishop did it.
lord, or his locum tenens, to throw the and it got talked of. This was the begin
The French palm-play consisted in rening of the fives-play, which has since become so famous at Copenhagen-house.” ceiving the ball and driving
it back again with the palm of the hand. Anciently
they played with the naked hand, then A word or two on ball-play.
with a glove, which, in some instances, Fives was our old hand-tennis, and is was lined; afterwards they bound cords very ancient game.
and tendons round their hands, to make In the fourteenth century there was a
the ball rebound more forcibly; and game at ball, where a line, called the hence, says St. Foix, the racket derived cord, was traced upon the wall, below its origin. which the stroke was faulty. Some of In the reign of Charles V., palm-play, the players were on foot; others had the which, Strutt says, may properly enough two hands tied together, or played in a
be denominated hand-tennis, or fives, was hollow cask.*
exceedingly fashionable in France, being Hand-ball was before the days of played by the nobility for large sums of Homer.
He introduces the princess money; and when they had lost all that Corcyra, daughter of Alcinous, king of they had about them, they would somePhæacia, amusing herself, with her times pledge a part of their wearing apmaidens, at hand-ball:
parel rather than give up the game. The
* Pope's Homer
Nr. Posbroke's Dict. of Antiquities
* Mr. Fosbroke's Dict. of Antiquities.