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Where, the poor suffering wretch bows down,

To laws, a lawless power hath past ;-
Aud pride, and power, and King, and Clown,

Shall be death's slaves at last.
Time, the prime minister of death,

There's nought, can bribe his honest will
He, stops the richest Tyrants breath,

And lays, his mischief still :
Each wicked scheme for power, all stops,

With grandeurs false, and mock display,
As Eve's shades, from high mountain tops,

Fade with the rest, away.
Death levels all things, in his march,

Nought, can resist his mighty strength ;
The Pallace proud, -triumphal arch,

Shall mete, their shadows length :
The rich, the poor, one common bed,

Shall find, in the unhonoured grave,
Where weeds shall crown alike, the head,
Of Tyrant, and of Slave.


June 29.

as to lose the deformity of the dark, dingy,

Vatican palace. The gathering shades of Holiday at the Public Offices, except Excise, night rendered the illumination every moStamp, and Custom.

ment more brilliant. The whole of this St. Peter, the Apostle. St. Hemma, A. D. immense church-its columns, capitals, 1045.

cornices, and pediments—the beautiful

swell of the lofty dome, towering into St. Peter.

heaven, the ribs converging into one point From this apostle the Romish church at top, surmounted by the lantern of the assumes to derive her authority, and ap- church, and crowned by the cross--all were points this his anniversary, which she designed in lines of fire; and the vast sweep splendidly celebrates. The illuminations of the circling colonnades, in every rib, at Rome on this day would astonish the line, mould, cornice, and column, were apostle were he alive. From the account resplendent in the same beautiful light. of a recent traveller, they appear to be « While we were gazing upon it, sudmore brilliant than an Englishman can denly a bell chimed. On the cross of well imagine; he witnessed them, and fire at the top waved a brilliant light, as describes them in these words :

if wielded by some celestial hand, and " At Ave Maria we drove to the piazza instantly ten thousand globes and stars of of St. Peter's. The lighting of the lan- vivid fire seemed to roll spontaneously ternoni, or large paper lanterns, each of along the building, as if by magic; and which looks like a globe of ethereal fire, self-kindled, it blazed in a moment into had been going on for an hour, and, by one dazzling flood of glory. Fancy herthe time we arrived there, was nearly self, in her most sportive mood, could completed. As we passed the Ponte San scarcely have conceived so wonderful a Angelo, the appearance of this magnificent spectacle as the instantaneous illuminchurch, glowing in its own brightness- ation of this magnificent fabric: the the millions of lights reflected in the agents by whom it was effected were uncalm waters of the Tiber, and mingling seen, and it seemed the work of enchantwith the last golden glow of evening, so ment. In the first instance, the illuminas to make the whole building seem ations had appeared to be complete, and covered with burnished gold, had a most one could not dream that thousands and striking and magical effect.

tens of thousands of lamps were still to “ Our progress was slow, being much be illumined. Their vivid blaze harimpeded by the long line of carriages monized beautifully with the softer, inilder before us; but at length we arrived at the light of the lanternoni; while the brilliant piazza of St. Peter's, and took out station glow of the whole illumination shed a on the right of its farther extremity, so rosy light upon the fountains, whose silver fall, and ever-playing showers, accorded shone with the vivid fires, and seemed to well with the magic of the scene.

receive into itself innumerable stars and “ Viewed from the Trinità de' Monti, suns, which, shooting up into it in brightits effect was unspeakably beautiful : it ness almost insufferable, vanished, like seemed to be an enchanted palace hung earth-born hopes. The reflection in the in air, and called up by the wand of some depth of the calm clear waters of the invisible spirit. We did not, however, Tiber, was scarcely less beautiful than the drive to the Trinità de' Monti till after spectacle itself; and the whole ended in the exhibition of the girandola, or great a tremendous burst of fire, that, while it fire-works from the castle of St. Angelo, lasted, almost seemed to threaten conwhich commenced by a tremendous ex- flagration to the world. plosion that represented the raging erup; “ The expense of the illumination of tion of a volcano. Red sheets of fire St. Peter's, and of the girandola, when seemed to blaze upwards into the glow- repeated two successive evenings, as they ing heavens, and then to pour down their invariably are at the festival of St. Peter, liquid streams upon the earth. This was is one thousand crowns; when only exfollowed by an incessant and complicated hibited one night they cost seven hundisplay of every varied device that ima- dred. Eighty men were employed in the gination could figure—one changing into instantaneous illuminations of the lamps, another, and the beauty of the first ef- which to us seemed the work of enchantfaced by that of the last. Hundreds of ment: they were so posted as to be unimmense wheels turned round with a velocity that almost seemed as if demons were whirling them, letting fall thousands of hissing dragons, and scorpions, D:. Forster, in certain remarks on the and fiery snakes, whose long convolu- excitement of the imagination, cites some tions, darting forward as far as the eye “ Verses by a modern poet, on an appearcould reach in every direction, at length ance beheld in the clouds," which may vanished into air. Fountains and jets aptly come after the glowing description of fire threw up their blazing cascades of the illumination of St. Peter's :into the skies. The whole vault of heaven


The appearance, instantaneously disclosed,
Was of a mighty city-boldly say
A wilderness of building, sinking far
And self-withdrawn into a wondrous depth
Far sinking into splendour, without end !
Fabric it seemed of diamond and of gold,
With alabaster domes and silver spires,
And blazing terrace upon terrace, high
Uplifted; here, serene pavilions bright
Io avenues disposed; there, towers begirt
With battlements, that on their restless fronts
Bore stars—illumination of all gems!
By earthly nature had the effect been wrought
Upon the dark materials of the storm
Now pacified ; on them, and on the cores,
And mountain steeps and summits, whereunto
The vapours had receded—taking there
Their station under a cerulean sky



disposition, an enemy to luxury, and 363. The emperor Julian died, aged thirty- averse to public amuseinents. two. He was denominated the apostate, from having professed Christianity before he ascended the throne, and afterwards relapsing to Paganism. He received his Yellow Rattle. Rhinanthus Galli death wound in a battle with the Per

Dedicated to St. Peter. sians. Dr. Watkins in his “ Biographical Dictionary” says, that he was virtuous and modest in his manners, and liberal in his

Rome in the Nineteenth century.

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June 30.

from St. Chrysostom, that “from the head

of St. Paul when it was cut off there came St. Paul, the Apostle. St. Martial, Bp. of not one drop of blood, but there ran founLimoges, 3d Cent.

tains of milk;" and that “ we have by St. Paul.

tradition, that the blessed head gave three
Paul, the apostle, was martyred, ac- leaps, and at each of them there sprung
cording to some accounts, on the 29th of up a fountain where the head fell: which
June, in the year, 65 ; according to others fountains remain to this day, and are rever-
in the month of May, 66.* A Romish enced with singular devotion by all Chris-
writer fables that, before he was beheaded, tian Catholics." The fictions of the Ro-
he “ loked vp into heuen, markynge his mish church, and its devotions to devices,
foreheed and his breste with the sygne of are innumerable.
the crosse," although that sign was an
after invention; and that," as soone as the
heed was from the body," it said “ Jesus Yellow Cistus. Cistus Helianthemum.
Christus fyfty tymes.”+ Another pretends

Dedicated to St. Paul.
Butler. + Golden Legend.


* Ribadeneira


Then came hot July, boiling like to fire,

That all his garments he had cast away.
Upon a lyon raging yet with ire

He boldly rode, and made him to obey :
was the beast that whilom did forray

The Nemæan forest, till the Amphitrionide
Him slew, and with his hide did him array :)

Behind his backe a sithe, and by his side
Under his belt he bore a sickle circling wide.


July is the seventh month of the year. month; “ because," says Verstegan, According to ancient reckoning it was the “ therein they usually mowed and made fifth, anu called QUINTILIS, until Mark their hay harvest;" and they also denomAntony denominated it July, in compli- inated it Lida-astera, meaning the second inent to Caius Cæsar, the Roman dictator, “ Lida," or second month after the sun's whose surname was Julius, who improved descent.* the calendar, and was born in this month. The beautiful representation preceding

July was called by the Saxons hen- Spenser's personification of July, on the monath, which probably expressed the preceding page, was designed and engraved meaning of the German word hain, signi- by Mr. Samuel Williams, of whom it should fying wood or trees; and hence hen- in justice be said, that his talents have monath might mean foliage month. They enriched the Every-Day Book with most likewise called it heymonath, or hay- of its best illustrations.

Now comes July, and with his fervid noon
Unsinews labour. The swinkt mower sleeps ;
The weary maid rakes feebly; the warm swain
Pitches his load reluctant; the faint steer,
Lashing his sides, draws sulkily along

The slow encumbered wain in midday heat.
Mr. Leigh Hunt in his Months, after then sweeps across the ear with his
remarking that “ July is so called after gravest tone. The gnats
Julius Cæsar, who contrived to divide his Their murmuring small trumpets sounden
names between months and dynasties,


Spenser. and among his better deeds of ambition reformed the calendar," proceeds to notice, and here and there the little musician of that “The heat is greatest in this month the grass touches forth his tricksy note. on account of its previous duration. The The poetry of earth is never dead; reason why it is less so in August is, that when all the birds are faint with the hot the days are then much shorter, and the sun, influence of the sun has been gradually and hide in cooling trees, a voice will run diminishing. The farmer is still occupied From hedge to hedge about the new-mown

mead: in getting the productions of the earth

That is the grasshopper's. Keats. into his garners; but those who can avoid labour enjoy as much rest and shade as “ Besides some of the flowers of last possible. There is a sense of heat and month, there are now candy-tufts, catchquiet all over nature. The birds are fly, columbines, egg-plant, French marysilent. The little brooks are dried up. golds, lavateras, London-pride, marvel of The earth is chapped with parching. The Peru, veronicas, tuberoses, which seem shadows of the trees are particularly born of the white rose and lily; and scargrateful, heavy, and still. The oaks, let-beans, which though we are apt to which are freshest because latest in leaf, think little of them because they furnish form noble clumpy canopies, looking, as us with a good vegetable, are quick and you lie under them, of a strong and emu- beautiful growers, and in a few weeks lous green against the blue sky. The will hang a walk or trellis with an exubtraveller delights to cut across the country erant tapestry of scarlet and green. through the fields and the leafy lanes, “ The additional trees and shrubs in where nevertheless the flints sparkle with flower are bramble, button-wood, iteas, heat. The cattle get into the shade, or cistuses, climbers, and broom. Pimperstand in the water. The active and air- nel, cockle, and fumitory, are now to be cutting swallows, now beginning to as- found in corn-fields, the blue-bell in semble for migration, seek their prey wastes or by the road-sides ; and the about the shady places, where the insects, luxuriant hop is flowering. though of differently compounded natures, “ The fruits begin to abound and are • Aeshless and bloodless, seem to get for more noticed, in proportion to the necescoolness, as they do at other times for sity for them occasioned by the summerwarmth. The sound of insects is also heat. The strawberries are in their the only audible thing now, increasing greatest quantity and perfection; and rather than lessening the sense of quiet by its gentle contrast. The bee now and

• Dr. Frank Sayers.


currants, gooseberries, and raspberries, equally contributes to the three graces of have a world of juice for us, prepared, as health, beauty, and good temper;-to it were, in so many crowds of little bottles, health, in putting the body into its best in which the sunshine has turned the dews state; to beauty, in clearing and tinting of April into wine. The strawberry lurks the skin ; and to good temper, in rescuabout under a beautiful leaf. Currants ing the spirits from the irritability occaare also extremely beautiful. A hand- sioned by those formidable personages the some bunch looks like pearls or rubies, nerves,' which nothing else allays in so and an imitation of it would make a most quick and entire a manner. See a lovely graceful ear-ring. We have seen it, when passage on the subject of bathing in sir held lightly by fair fingers, present as Philip Sydney's Arcadia,' where Philolovely a drop, and piece of contrast, as clea, blushing, and withall smiling, making any holding hand in a picture of Titian. shamefastnesse pleasant, and pleasure

« Bulbous rooted flowers, that have shamefast, tenderly moved her feet, unalmost done with their leaves, should now wonted to feel the naked ground, until be taken up, and deposited in shallow the touch of the cold water made a pretty wooden boxes. Mignionette should be kind of shrugging come over her body, transplanted into small pots, carnations like the twinkling of the fairest among be well attended to and supported, and the fixed stars.”” auriculas kept clean from dead leaves and weeds, and in dry weather frequently watered,

July 1. “ It is now the weather for bathing, a

St. Rumbold, Bp. A. D. 775. Sts. Julius refreshment too little taken in this coun

and Aaron. St. Theobald, or Thibault, try, either in summer or winter. We say

11th Cent. St. Gal 1. Bp. 5th in winter, because with very little care in

Cent. St. Calais, or Carilephus, A. D. placing it near a cistern, and having a

542. St. Leonorus, or Lunaire, Bp. leathern pipe for it, a bath may be easily

St. Simeon Salus, 6th Cent. St. Thieri, filled once or twice a week with warm

A. D. 533. St. Cybar, A. D. 581. water; and it is a vulgar error that the

CHRONOLOGY. warm bath relaxes. An excess, either

1690. The battle of the Boyne, fought warm or cold, will relax; and so will any other excess! but the sole effect of the and the Stuart tyranny, and established

on this day, decided the fate of James II. warm bath moderately taken is, that it William III. on the throne of the people. throws off the bad humours of the body by opening and clearing the pores. As to summer bathing, a father may soon

Agrimony. Agrimonia Eupatoria. teach his children to swim, and thus per

Dedicated to St. Aaron. haps might be the means of saving their lives some day or other, as well as health. Ladies also, though they cannot bathe in the open air as they do in some of the Visitation of the B. Virgin. Sts. ProcesWest Indian islands and other countries, sus and Martinian, 1st Cent. St. Otho, by means of natural basins among the Bp. 12th Cent. St. Monegoude, A. D. : rocks, might oftener make a substitute for 570. St. Oudoceus, Bp. of Landaff, it at home in tepid baths. The most 6th Cent. beautiful aspects under which Venus has been painted or sculptured, have been connected with bathing: and indeed White Lily. Lilium candidum. there is perhaps no one thing that so

Dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
A Morning's Walk in July.
But when mild morn, in saffron stolc,
First issues from her eastern goal,
Let not my due feet fail to climb
Some breezy summit's brow sublime,
Whence Nature's universal face
Illumined smiles with newborn grace,
The misty streams that wind below
With silver sparkling lustre glow;


July 2.


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