« السابقةمتابعة »
The groves and castled cliffs appear
of Bear-street. July 3.
At last, however, the St. Phocas, a Gardener, A. D. 303. St. magistrates wisely recollected that the
streets being narrow, and the buildings Guthagon. St. Gunthiern, a Welsh
numerous in that part of the city, a fire Prince, 6th Cent. St. Bertram, 6th might happen, and it would then be still Cent.
more miraculous if the holy image should The Bleeding Image.
travel from Rome to Paris to extinguish On the 3d of July is annually cele- the flames : not to mention that the holy brated, in Paris, in the church of St. Leu image might not at that precise moment and St. Giles, a solemn office, in com- be so plentifully supplied as on a similar memoration of a miracle wrought by the occasion our friend Gulliver was. In blessed virgin, in la Rue aux Ours, or 1744, therefore, they forbad any future the street for the bears; the history of fire-work soldiers, and the
distressed which is as follows:-- In the year 1518, a inhabitants of Bear-street, were once more soldier coming out of a tavern in this reduced to their man of wood, whom they Bear-street, where he had been gambling, continue to burn with great affection every and losing his money and clothes, was 3d of July, after having walked him blaspheming the name of God; and as he about Paris three days. This figure is passed by the image of the holy virgin, now made of osier, clothed, and armed standing very quietly and inoffensively at with a knife, and of so horrid an appearthe corner of the street, he struck it, or ance, it would undoubtedly frighten woher, furiously with a knife he had in his men and children who did not know the hand; on which God permitted, as the story of the sacrilegious soldier; as it is, modern and modest tellers of this tale they believe they see him breathe blassay, the image to bleed abundantly. The phemy. Messieurs, the associated genministers of justice were informed, and tlemen of Bear-street, give the money the wretch was seized, conducted to the formerly spent in fireworks, to make a spot where he had committed the sacri- procession to the proxy of the blessed lege, tied to a post, and scourged, from image which now stands where the bleed six o'clock in the morning till night, till ing one did, and to say a solemn mass to bis eyes dropped out; his tongue was the blessed virgin, for the souls of the bored with a hot iron, and his body was defunct gentlemen, associates of Bearcast into the fire. The blessed image was street. The mummery existed under Natransported to Rome. This was the poleon, as appears by the preceding parorigin of a ceremony still remembered, ticulars, dated Paris, July 12, 1807, and and which once was very curious. The may be seen in the Sunday Advertiser, of zeal of the inhabitants of Bear-street was
the 19th of that month. conspicuous, and their devotion to the blessed virgin not less so. At first they On the 3d of July, 1810, a small loaf only made the figure of the soldier, as fastened by a string, was suspended from we' in England do of Guy Faux, and the equestrian statue at Charing-cross, to threw it into the fire; by degrees the feast which was attached a placard, stating, became more solemn, and the soldier, that it was purchased from a baker, and who had been rudely fashioned out of was extremely deficient in weight, and faggots, was at last a composition of fire- was one of a numerous batch. The works, which, after being carried in pro- notice concluded by simply observing, cession through the streets of Paris, took “ Does this not deserve the aid of para flight into the air, to the great joy and edification of the Parisians, particularly * Ode on the Approach of Summer.
liament?" This exhibition attracted a year to Canicula, at his first rising to apgreat crowd of people, until the whole of pease
rage.” the loaf was nearly washed away by sub- A Cambridge contributor to the Every sequent heavy rain.
Day Book affirms, that, in the year 1824, an edict was issued there for all persons keeping dogs either to muzzle or lie them
up, and many a dog was tied up by the The Dog-days. neck as a sacrifice; whether to the Mayor
or Canicular, this deponent saith not; but
All dogs declare
To muzzles or to halters!
Mr. Brady observes, in his “Clavis Calendaria,” “ That the weather in July and August is generally more sultry than at any other period of the year, and that some particular diseases are consequently at that time more to be dreaded, both to man and
beast, is past dispute. The exaggerated “ The Dog-star rages."
effects of the rising of Sirius are now, how
ever, known to be groundless; and the suSirius, or the Dog-star, is represented perior heat usually felt during the Dog-days as in the above engraving,, on a garnet has been more philosophically accounted gem, in lord Besborough's collection, for. The sun, at this period of the year, not etched by Worlidge. The late Mr. Wil- only darts his rays almost perpendicularly liam Butler, in his Chronological Eaer- upon us, and of course with greater power; cises, says, that on this day “ commence, but has also continued to exert his inaccording to the almanacs, the Canicular, fluence through the spring and summer or Dog-days, which are a certain number seasons, whereby the atmosphere and earth of days preceding and following the heli- have received a warmth, proportioned to acal rising of Canicula, or the Dog-star, the continuity of its action; and moisture, in the morning. Their beginning is in itself naturally cold, has been dissiusually fixed in the calendars on the 3d of pated. Even in the course of a day, July, and their termination on the 11th which has been aptly typified as a short of August ; but this is a palpable mistake, year, the greatest effect of the sun is gesince the heliacal rising of this star does nerally felt at about two o'clock, although not now take place, at least in our lati- it has then passed the meridian, because by tude, till near the latter end of August; having so much longer exerted its powers, and in five or six thousand years more, its consequent effects are more than Canicula may chance to be charged with commensurate for the diminution of heat bringing frost and snow, as it will then, in its rays. The cold of winter in like owing to the precession of the equinoxes, manner augments about the time the days rise in November and December.” begin to increase, and continues to do so,
Dr. Hutton remarks, that some authors for a considerable time after, because, at say, from Hippocrates and Pliny, that the that season, the earth has become wet and day this star first rises in the morning, the chilled, from the effects of the preceding sea boils, wine turns sour, dogs begin to gradual decrease of power in the sun, grow mad, the bile increases and irritates, although, at that time, when the cold is and all animals grow languid ; also, “ the usually most severe, that orb is ascensive, diseases it usually occasions in men are and returning from the winter solstice : burning fevers, hysterics, and phrensies. and our Saxon ancestors were experimenThe Romans sacrificed a brown dog every tally so well aware of this latter circum. stance, that in the delineation on their and which could not be passed by a cancalendars, to illustrate the characters of non-ball, flying with its calculated velothe months they represented February, city of 480 miles in one hour, in less than as a man in the act of striking his arms 523,211 years ! Upon the whole, thereacross his body to warm himself : while fore, it evidently appears, that the origin there is also yet in common use a very old of the name of this star was not only saying, grounded upon the like conviction, wholly disregarded, but that common and that when the days lengthen, the frost is undigested opinion made its conjunction sure to strengthen.'
with the sun, the cause of heat, &c. instead “The early Egyptians, whose hierogly- of having regarded it as a sign of the phical characters, aptly adapted by them period when such effects might naturally to the peculiarity of their climate and cir- be expected." cumstances, were the principal or perhaps sole origin of all the heathenish supersti
Mad Dogs. tions of other nations, were taught by long observation and experience, that as soon There is no cure for the bite of a mad as a particular star became visible, the dog; and as at this time dogs go mad, it is Nile would overflow its banks; and they proper to observe, that immediate burning accordingly upon its very first appearance out of the bitten part by caustic, or the retreated to their terraces, where they re- cutting of it out by the surgeon's knife, is mained until the inundation had subsided. the only remedy. If either burning or This star, therefore, was called by the cutting be omitted, the bitten person, unSihor, i. e. the Nile; as Lelgros is in Greek, less opiumed to death, or smothered beand Sirius in Latin; and from the warn- tween featherbeds, will in a few days or ing it afforded them, they typified it as a weeks die in unspeakable agony. The dog, or in most cases as a man with a latter means are said to have been somedog's head; that faithful animal having times resorted to as a merciful method of been, even in those times, distinguished extinguishing life. It is an appalling fact, for his peculiar qualities of watching over that there is no cure for hydrophobia. the affairs of man, and affording warning Preventive is better than cure, and in of approaching danger. The names as- this case it is easy. Dogs, however use signed to this star by the Egyptians was ful in some situations, are wholly useless Thaaut, or T'ayout, the dog; and in in towns. Exterminate them. later times Sothis, Thotes, or Thot, each Against this a cry will go forth from all bearing the like signification; but it was dog-owners : they will condemn the mealeft for the subsequent ignorance of those sure as proceeding from a barbarian; but other nations who adopted that character they are the barbarians who keep animals for Sihor, now Sirius, without considering subject to a disease fatal to human life. the true origin of its appellation, falsely to Such persons, so far from being entitled assign to it, the increasing heat of the to a voice against its execution, merit season, and its consequent effects upon abhorrence and contempt for daring to animated nature. The idea, however, of propose that every man, woman, and any such effects, either as to heat, or to child among their friends and neighbours, disorders, from the influence of the cani- should run the risk of a cruel death for cular star, is now wholly exploded, from the gratification of selfishness. Every the reasons already assigned, and because honest man in every town who keeps
that star not only varies in its rising a dog, should destroy it, and use his every year, as the latitude varies, but influence with others to destroy theirs. that it rises later and later every year in No means of preventing hydrophobia all latitudes ;' so that when it rises in exists but the destruction of dogs. winter, which, by the way, cannot be for Oh! but dogs are useful; they guard five or six thousand years, it might, with our houses at night; they go in carts and equal propriety, be charged with increas- guard our goods by day; they catch our ing the frost: and besides, it is to be ob- rats; and, then, they are such faithful served, that although Sirius is the nearest creatures! All this, though very true, to the earth of any of the fixed stars, it does not urge one reason against their is computed to be at the enormous dis- destruction as a preventive from theit tance of 2,200,000,000,000 miles from communicating a fatal and wholly incurour globe ; a space too prodigious to ad- able disease. Instead of bouse-dogs at mit of its rays affording any sensible heat ; night, get additional watchmen, or secure watchmen more vigilant than those you When glowworm lamps illume the scene have, by paying a proper price for the And silvery daisies dot the green, important services required of them, Thy flowers revealing, which in most places are not half re
Perchance to soothe the fairy queen, quited. Instead of cart-dogs, employ
With faint sweet tones on niglit serene,
Soft bells are pealing. boys, of whom there are scores halfstarving, who would willingly take charge But most I love thine azure braid, of carts at little more than the expense of When softer flowers are all decayed, dog-keep. If rats must be caught, cats
And thou appearest can catch them, or they may be poisoned. Stealing beneath the hedgerow shade, Instead of cultivating the fidelity of dogs, Like joys that linger as they fade,
Whose last are dearest. let dog-keepers cultivate a little fidelity in themselves towards their neighbours, Thou art the flower of memory; and do as they would be done unto, by The pensive soul recalls in thee destroying their dogs.
The year's past pleasures ; Oh, but would you deprive the “poor" And, led by kindred thought, will fee, man of his dog? Yes. The poorer he is, Till, back to careless infancy, the less occasion he has for a dog, and The path she measures. the less ability he has to maintain a dog. Beneath autumnal breezes bleak, Few poor men in towns keep dogs but for So faintly fair, so sadly meek, the purpose of sport of some kind; mak
I've seen thee bending, ing matches to fight them, drawing bad- Pale as the pale blue veins that streak gers with them, baiting bulls with them, Consumption's thin, transparent cheek, or otherwise brutally misemploying them. With death hues blending.
An act of parliament, inflicting heavy penalties for keeping dogs in towns, and Thou shalt be sorrow's love and mine; empowering constables, beadles, street. The violet and the eglantine keepers, and others, with rewards for car- With Spring are banished. rying it into effect on every dog they But I of thee my wreath will twine,
In Summer pinks and roses shine, meet, would put an end to hydrophobia.
When these are vanished. It is a common practice to kill dogs at
May you like it. this season in some parts of the continent, and so did our ancestors. Ben Jonson, in his “ Bartholomew Fair,"
Tried Mallow. Malva Sylvestris speaks of “the dog-killer in this month
Dedicated to St. Phocas. of August.” A dog-destroyer in every parish would be an important public officer. REMEMBER! there is no cure for
July 4. the bite of a mad dog.
St. Ulric, or Udalric. St. Odo, Abp. of To the Bellflower.
Canterbury, 10th Cent. St. Sisoes, or
Sisoy, A. D. 429. St. Bertha, 8th Cent. With drooping-bells of clearest blue
St. Finbar, of Crimlen. St. Bolcan, Thou didst attract my childish view, Almost resembling
disciple of St. Patrick. The azure butterflies that flew
St. Ulric. Where on the heath thy blossoms grew
He was son of count Hucbald, one of So lightly trembling.
the first dukes of higher Germany. He Where featbery fern and golden broom became bishop of Augsburg, and rebuilt Increase the sandrock cavern's gloom
the celebrated cathedral there, in 962, I've seen thee tangled,
dedicating it to St. Afra, patroness of that 'Mid tufts of purple heather bloom city, and died eighty years old, in 973, By vain Arachne's treacherous loom on ashes laid in the form of a cross upon With dewdrops spangled.
a floor. Customs peculiar to this day
are related in these verses :-
Wheresoeuer Huldryche liath his place, Where pride and pomp have passed away
the people there briugs in On mossy tomb and turret gray,
Both carpes, and pykes, and mullets fat, Like friendslip clinging.
his fauour here to win.
This is cherry season, but it is not to every thing old, bad. When I was a me as cherry seasons were. I like a boy, I speak of just after the French great deal that is, but I have an affection revolution broke out, my admiration and for what was. By-gone days seem to taste were pure and natural, and one of have been more fair than these ; and I my favourites at all times, and in cherrycannot help trying to
time especially, was the London barrow“ catch the manners dying as they fall."
woman. There are no barrow-women now.
They are quite gone out," or, rather, I have lived through the extremity of they have been “ put down,” and by one age, into the beginning of another, many they are not even missed. Looks and I believe a better; yet the former around; there is not one to be seen. has been too much detracted : every thing In those days there were women on the new is not, therefore, good ; nor was earth; finely grown, every way well-pro