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colleagues was established by universal commended ; and the chancellor himself consent. To form a just opinion of this (lord Eldon) spoke in the handsomest memorable oration, which occupied the terms of Mr. Sheridan's integrity, though attention of the court and excited the certainly he thought his prudence was, in admiration of the public for several hours, some instances, liable to be questioned. it would be necessary to have heard Mr. On the formation of the Fox and GrenSheridan himself. It is difficult to select ville administration, after the death of any part of it as the subject of peculiar Mr. Pitt, Mr. Sheridan was appointed encomium. The address with which he treasurer of the navy, and returned memarranged his materials; the art and force ber for Westminster, after a strong oppowith which he anticipated objections; sition on the part of Mr. Paul. But in the unexampled ingenuity with which he the latter years of his life he had not sat commented on the evidence, and the na- in parliament; where, during the period tural boldness of his imagery, are equally after his last return, he attended irreguentitled to panegyric. He combined the larly, and spoke seldom. One of the three kinds of eloquence. He was clear wittiest of his closing efforts in the house, and unadorned-diffuse and pathetic was a speech, in answer to Mr. Yorke, animated and vehement. There was no- respecting a discussion on the “Nightly thing superfluous-no affected turn-no Watch," which had arisen out of the glittering point - no false sublimity. murder of the families of Marr and WilCompassion and indignation were alter- liamson, at Wapping nately excited, and the wonderful effects Mr. Sheridan was one of that circle related of the eloquence of Greece and denominated the prince's friends. So Rome were almost revived.

long as his mind remained unaffected by During the indisposition of his late the pressure of personal distress and majesty, Mr. Sheridan took a leading embarrassment, and whilst he could conpart in the attempts which were made to tribute to the hilarity of the table by his declare the prince of Wales regent, with wit, as he had formerly contributed to out such restrictions as parliament should forward the interests of the prince by his think fit to impose. He contended, that earnest and unremitted endeavours, he the immediate nomination of the heir- appears to have been a welcome visitor apparent ought to take place, as a matter at Carlton-house-but this was all. Nor . of constitutional right.

the brilliancy of genius, nor the master of He was ever the zealous supporter of talent, nor time, nor intellect employed parliamentary reform, and the uniform and exhausted in the service of the prince, friend of the liberty of the press and of obtained for this great man the means of religious toleration ; but he rose superior a peaceful existence, on bis cession from to the selfish drudgery of a mere partizan, public life. In June, 1816, his constituand his conduct, during the crisis of the tion was completely broken up, and his naval mutiny, received the thanks of the speedy dissolution seemed inevitable. minister.

He died at noon, on Sunday, the 7th of Mrs. Sheridan died in June, 1792, and July, 1816. For several weeks prior to he had a son by that lady, Mr. Thomas his death he lay under arrest, and it was Sheridan, who inherited much of his only by the firmness and humanity of the father's talents, but fell a victim to in- two eminent physicians who attended dulgence. In 1795, Mr. Sheridan mar- him, Dr. Baillie and Dr. Bain, that an ried his second wife, Miss Ogle, youngest obdurate attorney was prevented from daughter of the rev. Dr. Newton Ogle, executing a threat to remove him from dean of Winchester. The issue of this his house to a death-bed in gaol. He second marriage was also a son.

enjoyed, however, to the last moment, His conduct as manager and principal the sweetest consolation that the heart proprietor of the first theatre in the king- can feel in the affectionate tenderness, dom, and his punctuality in the discharge sympathy, and attention of his amiable of the duties contracted by him in that wife and son. Mrs. Sheridan, though situation, have rarely been the subject of herself labouring under severe illness, praise; but in the legal discussion of the watched over him with the most anxious claims of the proprietors of Drury-lane solicitude through the whole of that protheatre, in the court of chancery, so far tracted suffering, which has parted them from any imputation being thrown out for ever. against his conduct, it was generall. To these particulars of this extraordi

nary individual, which are extracted from bad habits seduced him from the house of a memoir of him that appeared in The commons, and from home; and equally Times newspaper, must be added a pas- injured him as an agent of the public sage or two from a celebrated “ Estimate good, and as a dispenser of private hapof his Character and Talents” in the same piness. It is painful, it is mortifying, journal.

but it is our sacred duty, to pursue this « Mr. Sheridan in his happiest days history to the end. Pecuniary embarnever effected any thing by steady appli- rassments often lead men to shifts and cation. He was capable of intense, but expedients—these exhausted, to others of not of regular study. When public duty or à less doubtful colour Blunted sensi. private difficulty urged him, he endured bility-renewed excesses—loss of cast in the burden as if asleep under its pressure. society-follow each other in melancholy At length, when the pain could be no succession, until solitude and darkness longer borne, he roused himself with one

close the scene. mighty effort, and burst like a lion through “ It has been made a reproach by some the toils. There are reasons for believing persons, in lamenting Mr. Sheridan's cruel that his constitutional indolence began its destiny, that his friends' had not done operation upon his habits at an early age. more for him. We freely and conscienHis very first dramatic scenes were written tiously declare it as our opinion, that had by snatches, with considerable intervals Mr. Sheridan enjoyed ten receiverships of between them. Convivial pleasures had Cornwall instead of one, he would not lively charms for one whose wit was the have died in affluence. He never would soul of the table; and the sparkling have attained to comfort or independence glass—the medium of social intercourse in his fortune. A vain man may become had no small share of his affection. These rich, because his vanity may thirst for were joys to be indulged without effort: only a single mode of gratification; an as such they were too well calculated to ambitious man, a bon vivant, a sportsabsorb the time of Mr. Sheridan, and man, may severally control their exsooner or later to make large encroach- penses; but a man who is inveterately ments on his character. His attendance thoughtless of consequences, and callous in parliament became every year more to reproof-who knows not when he languid—the vis inertiæ more incurable squanders money, because he feels not the plunges by which his genius had now those obligations which constitute or diand then extricated him in former times rect its uses-such a man it is impossible less frequent and more feeble. We never to rescue from destruction. We go furwitnessed a contrast much more melan- ther-we profess not to conjecture to choly than between the brilliant and what individuals the above reproach of commanding talent displayed by Mr. forgotten friendships has been applied. Sheridan throughout the first regency dis- If against persons of illustrious rank, cussions, and the low scale of nerve, there never was a more unfounded accuactivity, and capacity, to which he seem- sation. Mr. Sheridan, throughout his ed reduced when that subject was more whole life, stood as high as he ought to recently agitated in parliament. But in- have done in the quarters alluded to. He dolence and intemperance must banish received the most substantial proofs of reflection, if not corrected by it; since no kind and anxious attachment from these man could support the torture of per- personages; and it is to his credit that petual self-reproach. Aggravated, we he was not insensible to their regard. fear, by some such causes, the naturally If the mistaken advocates of Mr. Sheridan careless temper of Mr. Sheridan became were so much his enemies as to wish he ruinous to all his better hopes and proś. had been raised to some elevated office, pects. Without a direct appetite for are they not aware that even one month's spending money, he thought not of check- active attendance out of twelve he was at ing its expenditure. The economy of times utterly incapable of giving? But time was as much disregarded as that of what friends are blamed for neglecting money. All the arrangements, punctu- Mr. Sheridan? What friendships did he alities, and minor obligations of life were ever form? We more than doubt whether forgotten, and the household of Mr. She he could fairly claim the rights of friendridan was always in a state of nature. ship with any leader of the whig adminisHis domestic feelings were originally kind, tration. We know that he has publicly and his manners gentle : but the same asserted Mr. Fox to be his friend, and

that he has dwelt with much eloquence ably perverted. The term 'greatness' on the sweets and enjoyments of that has been most ridiculously, and, in a connection; but it has never been our moral sense, most perniciously applied to fortune to find out that Mr. Fox had, on the character of one who, to speak chaany public oi private occasion, bound ritably of him, was the weakesi of men. himself by reciprocal pledges. Evidence Had he employed his matchless endowagainst the admission of such ties on his ments with but ordinary judgment, nopart may be drawn from the well-known thing in England, hardly any thing in anecdotes of what occurred within a few Europe, could have eclipsed his name, or days of that statesman's death. The fact obstructed his progress.' is, that a life of conviviality and intem- May they who read, and he who writes, perance seldom favours the cultivation of reflect, and profit by reflection, on those better tastes and affections which

The talents lost the moments run are necessary to the existence of intimate

To waste—the sins of act, of thought, friendship. That Mr. Sheridan had as

Ten thousand deeds of folly done, many admirers as acquaintances, there is

And countless virtues cherish'd not. no room to doubt; but they admired

Bowring. only his astonishing powers ; there never was a second opinion or feeling as to the unfortunate use which he made of them. “ Never were such gifts as those which

Nasturtium. Tropocolum majus. Providence showered upon Mr. Sheridan

Dedicated to St. Felix so abused-never were talents so miser.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

To the Summer Zephyr.
Zephyr, stay thy vagrant flight,

And tell me where you're going
Is it to sip off the dew-drop bright
That hangs on the breast of the lily white

In yonder pasture growing ;
Or to revel 'mid roses and mignionette sweet;
Or wing'st thou away some fair lady to meet?
If so, then, hie thee away, bland boy ;
Thou canst not engage in a sweeter employ.

“ From kissing the blue of yon bright summer sky,
To the vine-cover'd cottage, delighted, 1 fly,

Where Lucy the gay is shining;
To sport in the beams of her lovely eye,

While her temples with roses she's twining.
Then do not detain me; I sigh to be there,
To fan her young bosom—to play 'mid her hair !"

the novel forms of their steeples; yet few

have been aware of the difficulties enJuly 8.

countered by architects in their endea

vours to accommodate large congregations St. Elizabeth, Queen of Portugal, A. D. in edifices for public worship. Sir 1336. St. Procopius, A. D. 303. Sts. Christopher Wren experienced the inconKilian, Colman, and Totnam, A. D. venience when the fifty churches were 688. St. Withburge, 10th Cent. B. erected in queen Anne's time. He says, Theobald, 13th Cent. St. Grimbald,

“ The Romanists, indeed, may build large A. D. 903.

churches;

it is enough if they hear the

murmur of the mass, and see the elevation New Churches.

of the host , but ours are to be fitted for

auditories. I can hardly think it practiEvery one must have been struck by cable to make a single room so capacious the great number of new churches erected with pews and galleries, as to hold above within the suburbs of the metropolis, and two thousand persons, and both to hear

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

Marsh Sowthistle. Sonchus palustris.

Dedicated to St. Everildis.

distinctly, and see the preacher. I endeavoured to effect this, in building the parish church of St. James's, Westminster, which I presume is the most capacious, with these qualifications, that hath yet been built; and yet, at a solemn time, when the church was much crowded, I could not discern from a gallery that two thousand were present. A moderate voice may be heard fifty feet distant before the preacher, thirty feet on each side, and twenty behind the pulpit ; and not this, unless the pronunciation be distinct and equal, without losing the voice at the last word of the sentence, which is commonly emphatical, and, if obscured, spoils the whole sense. А French is heard further than an English preacher, because be raises his voice, and does not sink his last words. I mention this as an insufferable fault in the pronunciation of some of our otherwise excellent preachers; which schoolmasters might correct in the young, as a vicious pronunciation, and not as the Roman orator spoke; for the principal verb is in Latin usually the last word; and if that be lost, what becomes of the sentence ?"

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July 9.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.
Evening Primrose. Oenothera biennis.
Dedicated to St. Elizabeth.

Captain Starkey.

Died, July 9, 1822.

Reader! see the famous Captain St. Ephrem of Edessa, A. D. 378. The Starkey, in his own coat wrapt in ;

Martyrs of Gorcum, A. D. 1572. St. Mark his mark'd nose, and mark his eye, Everildis.

His lengthen'd chin, his forehead high, Health.

His little stick, his humble hat, In hot weather walk slowly, and as

The modest tie of his cravat; much as possible in the shade.

Mark how easy sit his hose,
When fatigued recline on a sofa, and Mark the shoes that hold his toes ;

So he look'd when Ranson sketch'd him avoid all drafts.

While alive-but Death has fetch'd him. Eat sparingly of meat, and indeed of every thing.

Especially shun unripe fruits, and be Auto-biography is agreeable in the moderate with cherries.

writing, and sometimes profitable in the Strawberries may be safely indulged publication, to persons whose names in; with a little cream and bread they would otherwise die and be buried with make a delightful supper, an hour or them. Of this numerous class was captwo before retiring to rest.

tain Starkey, who to his “ immortal If the frame be weakened by excessive memory” wrote and published his own heat, a table spoonfull of the best brandy, « Memoirs."* thrown into à tumbler of spring water, becomes a cooling restorative; otherwise London, buti now an inınate of the Freemen's Hos

of of . spirits should not be touched. Spring water, with a toast in it, is the portrait of the Author and a Fac-simile of his hand The preface to a fine uncut copy of ing, kicking of the legs, stiffening of the captain Starkey's very rare “ Memoirs,” back, and eructation from the stomach, it penes me, commences thus :—“ The resisted further overloading, then it was writers of biographical accounts have affirmed that it was “ troubled with always prepared articles, which at once, wind,” and was drenched with “ Daffy's when held forth to the public, were Elixir,” as “the finest thing in the world highly entertaining, useful, and satisfac- for wind." As soon as the “ wind" tory.' This particular representation, so

writing. Printed and sold by William Hall, Great best drink.

Market, Newcastle." 1818. 12mo. pp. 14. No. 30.

had “ a little broken off, poor thing !" it directly opposed to general experience, is was suckled again, and fed again; being decisively original. Its expression be- so suckled and fed, and fed and suckled, speaks an independence of character, it was wonderful if it could sleep soundly, rendered further conspicuous by an amia- and therefore, after it was undressed at ble humility. “I am afraid,” says the night, it had a dose of “ Godfrey's Cor. captain, “ I shall fall infinitely short in dial," as “the finest thing in the world commanding your attention; none, on for composing to rest.” If it was not this side of time, are perfect, and it is in composed” out of the world before the nature of things impossible it should morning, it awoke to undergo the manifold be otherwise.” He trusts, “ if truth has process of being again over-swathed, overany force,” that“ patience and candour” fed,“ Dalby’d, Daffy'd, and Godfrey'd” will hear him out. Of captain Starkey for that day; and so, day by day, it was then-it may be said, that " he knew the put in bonds,“ carminativ’d, elixir'd, and truth, and knowing dared maintain it.” cordiald,” till in a few weeks or months

The captain declares, he was born of it died, or escaped, as by miracle, to be honest and poor parents, natives of weaned and made to walk. It was not to Newcastle upon Tyne, at the Lying-in be put on its legs “ too soon," and thereHospital, Brownlow-street, Long-acre, fore, while the work of repletion was London, on the 19th of December, 1757. going on, it was not to feel that it had “ My infantile years,” he observes,“ were legs, but was kept in arms, or rather kept attended with much indisposition.” The lolling on the arm, till ten or twelve nature of his “indisposition" does not months old. By this means its body, appear; but it is reasonable to presume, being unduly distended, was too heavy to that as the “infantile years” of all of “ liv- be sustained by its weak and comparaing born,” at that time, were passed in tively diminutive sized limbs; and then a “ much indisposition," the captain suf- go-cart” was provided. The go-cart fered no more than fell to him in the was a sort of circular frame-work, running common lot. It was then the practice to upon wheels, with a door to open for afflict a child as soon as it breathed the admission of the child; wherein, being air, by forcing spoonfulls of “unctuousi- bolted, and the upper part being only so ties” down its throat, “ oil of sweet large as to admit its body from below the almonds and syrup of blue violets.” A arms, the child rested by the arm pits, strong cotton swathe of about six inches and kicking its legs on the floor, set the in width, and from ten to twenty feet in machine rolling on its wheels. This being length, was tightly rolled round the body, the customary mode of " bringing child beginning under the arm pits and ending ren up” at the time of captain Starkey's at the hips, so as to stiffy encase the en- birth, and until about the year 1790, few tire trunk. After the child was dressed, were without a general disorder and if its constraint would allow it to suck, weakness of the frame, called “the rickit was suckled; but whether suckled or ets." These afflicted ones were somenot, the effect of the swathing was soon times hump-backed, and usually bowvisible; its eyes rolled in agony, it was shinned, or knock-kneed, for life, though pronounced convulsed, and a dose of to remedy the latter defects in some de* Dalby's Carminative" was administered gree, the legs were fastened by straps to as “the finest thing in the world for con- jointed irons. From the whole length vulsions." With “pap” made of bread portrait at the head of this article, which and water, and milk loaded with brown is copied from an etching by Mr. Thomas sugar, it was fed from a

pap-boat," an Ranson, prefixed to captain Starkey's earthen vessel in the form of a butter- “ Memoirs,” it is reasonably to be conboat. If “ these contents" were not jectured that the captain in his childhood quickiy “received in full,” the infant was had been ricketty and bad worn irons. declared " not very well,” but if by cry- Mr. Ranson has draped the figure in a

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