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Pull forty days after it will,

rare ! good, good, good, good, good! I Or more or less, some rain distill.

thank my stars,

' I thank my stars for it. This Swithin was a saint, I trow,

Maci.-(aside)—Said I not true? 'tis And Winchester's bishop also,

Sordido, the farmer, Who in his time did many a feat,

A boar, and brother, to that swine was As popish legends do repeat :

here. A woman having broke her eggs

Sord. Excellent, excellent, excellent ! By stumbling at another's legs, For which she made a woful cry,

as I could wish, as I could wish -Ha, St., Swithin chanc'd for to come by,

ha, ha! I will not sow my grounds this Who made them all as sound, or more

year. Let me see what harvest shall we Than ever that they were before.

have? June, July, August ? But whether this were so or no

Maci.—(aside)—What is't, a prognos'Tis more than you or I do know :

tication raps him so? Better it is to rise betime,

Sord.(reading)-The xx, xxi, xxii And to make hay while sun doth shine, days, Rain and Wind; O good, good! Than to believe in tales and lies

the xxiji and xxiv Rain and some Wind: Which idle monks and friars devise.”

the xxv, Rain, good still! xxvi, xxvii, The satirical Churchill also mentions xxviii, wind and some rain; would it had the superstitious notions concerning rain been rain and some wind; well, 'tis good on this day:

(when it can be no better ;) xxix inclining “ July, to whom, the dog-star in her train,

to rain : inclining to rain? that's not so St. James gives oisters, and St. Swithin good now: xxx and xxxi wind and no rain."

rain : no rain? 'Slid stay; this is worse and worse :

he of Saint The same legend is recorded by Mr. Swithin's turn back, look, Saint SrithBrand, from a memorandum by Mr. Douce: “ I have heard these lines upon the xv day; variable weather, for the most

in's : no rain ?-0, here, Saint Swithin's, St. Swithin's day :

part rain, good; for the most part rain : “ St. Swithin's day if thou dost rain, why, it should rain forty days after, now, For forty days it will remain :

more or less, it was a rule held, afore I St. Swithin's day if thou be fair

was able to hold a plough, and yet here For forty days 't will rain na mair,

are two days, no rain; ha! it makes me

muse." Ben Jonson, in “ Every man out of his humour," has a touch at almanac-wis i Gay, whilst he admonishes against dom, and on St. Swithin's power over the falling into the vulgar superstition, reweather :

minds his readers of necessary precautions

in a wet season, which make us smile, “ Enter Sordido, Macilente, Hine.

who forbear from hats to loop and un“ Sord.-(looking at an almanac)-0 loop, and do not wear wigs :

what says

Now, if on Swithin's feast the welkin lours,
And every penthouse streams with hasty showers,
Twice twenty days shall clouds their fleeces drain
And wash the pavements with incessant rain.
Let not such vulgar tales debase thy mind;
Nor Paul nor Swithin rule the clouds and wind

If you the precepts of the Muse despise,
And slight the faithful warning of the skies,
Others you'll see, when all the town's afloat,
Wrapt in the embraces of a kersey coat,
Or double bottomed frieze; their guarded feet
Defy the muddy dangers of the street;
While you, with hat unlooped, the fury dread
Of spouts high streaming, and with cautious tread
Shun every dashing pool, or idly stop,
To seek the kind protection of a shop.
But business summons ; now with hasty scud
You jostle for the wall; the spattered mud
Hides all thy bose behind ;- in vain you sconr
Thy wig, alas ! uncurled, admits the shower.

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Dr. Forster, in his “Perennial Calen- and the tradition is so far valuable, as it dar," cites from Mr. Howard's work on proves that the summers in this southern the climate of London the following part of our island were subject a thousand Examination of the popular Adage of years ago to occasional heavy rains, in the Forty Days' Rain after St. Swithin' how in point of fact, the matter now stands.

same way as at present. Let us see how, far it may be founded in fact.”

În 1807, it rained with us on the day in The opinion of the people on subjects question, and a dry time followed. In connected with natural history is com- 1808, it again rained on this day, though monly founded in some degree on fact or but a few drops : there was much lightexperience; though in this case vague ning in the west at night, yet it was nearly and inconsistent conclusions are too fre- dry to the close of the lunar period, at quertly drawn from real premises. The the new moon, on the 22d of this month, notion commonly entertained on this the whole period having yielded only a subject, if put strictly to the test of expe- quarter of an inch of rain; but the next rience at any one station in this part of moon was very wet, and there fell 5:10 the island, will be found fallacious. To inches of rain. do justice to popular observation, I may In 1818 and 1819, it was dry on the now state, that in a majority of our sum. 15th, and a very dry time in each case mers, a showery period, which, with some

followed. The remainder of the summers latitude as to time and local circum- occurring betwixt 1807 and 1819, appear stances, may be admitted to constitute to come under the general proposition daily rain for forty days, does come on already advanced : but it must be obabout the time indicated by this tradition: served, that in 1816, the wettest year of not that any long space before is often so the series, the solstitial abundance of rain dry as to mark distinctly its commence- belongs to the lunar period, ending, with ment.

the moon's approach to the third quarter, The tradition, it seems, took origin from on the 16th of the seventh month; in the following circumstances. Swithin or which period there fell 5.13 inches, while Swithum, bishop of Winchester, who died the ensuing period, which falls wholly in 868, desired that he might be buried in within the forty days, though it had rain the open churchyard, and not in the chan- on twenty-five out of thirty days, gave cel of the minster, as was usual with other only 2.41 inches. bishops, and his request was complied I have paid no regard to the change with ; but the monks, on his being canon

effected in the relative position of this so ized, considering it disgraceful for the much noted day by the reformation of the saint to lie in a public cemetery, resolved calendar, because common observation is to remove his body into the choir, which now directed to the day as we find it in was to have been done with solemn pro- the almanac; nor would this piece of cession, on the 15th of July: it rained, accuracy, without greater certainty as to however, so violently for forty days to a definite commencement of this showery gether at this season, that the design was period in former times, have helped us abandoned. Now, without entering into to more conclusive reasoning on the the case of the bishop, who was probably subject. a man of sense, and wished to set the Solstitial and Equinoctial Rains.-Our example of a more wholesome, as well as year, then, in respect of quantities of rain, a more hunible, mode of resigning the exhibits a dry and a wet moiety. The perishable clay to the destructive elements, latter again divides itself into two periods

may observe, that the fact of the hinder- distinctly marked. The first period ance of the ceremony by the cause related is that which connects itself with the is sufficiently authenticated by tradition; popular opinion we have been discussing


It may be said on the whole, to set in with some places by this old saying, “St.Swithin the decline of the diurnal mean tempera- is christening the apples.' ture, the maximum of which, we may recollect, has been shown to follow the summer solstice at such an interval as to Small Cape Marigold. Calendula pluvifall between the 12th and 25th of the

alis. month called July. Now the 15th of that

Dedicated to St. Swithin. month, or Swithin's day in the old style, corresponds to the 26th in the new; so that common observation has long since settled the limits of the effect, without St. Eustathius, Patriarch of Antioch, A. De

July 16. being sensible of its real causes. The

338. St. Elier or Helier, operation of this cause being continued usually through great part of the eighth

French Hoaxing. month, the rain of this month exceeds the mean by about as much as that of the

July, 1817.-A man of imposing fia ninth falls below it.

gure, wearing a large sabre and immense

mustachios, arrived at one of the principal As regards St. Swithin and his day, it inns of a provincial city, with a female of may be observed, that according to bishop He alighted at the moment that dinner

agreeable shape and enchanting mein. Hall when Swithin died, he directed that “his body should not be laid within the

was serving up at the table d'hote. At church, but where the drops of rain might with respect; they felt assured that it

his martial appearance all the guests rose wet his grave; thinking that no vault was so good to cover his grave as that of must be a lieutenant-general, or a majorheaven." This is scarcely an exposition

general at least. A new governor was of the old saying, which, like other old expected in the province about this time, sayings, still has its votaries. It is yet who had arrived incognito. The officer

every body believed that it was he common on this day to say, “Ah! this is of gendarmerie gave him the place of hoSt. Swithin ; I wonder whether it will rain?" An old lady who so far observed the receiver of taxes sat by the side of

nour, the comptroller of the customs and this festival, on one occasion when it was fair and sunshiny till the afternoon, pre- lantry to the utmost. All the tit-bits, all

Madame, and exerted their wit and galdicted fair weather; but tea-time came,

the most exquisite wines, were placed beand

fore the fortunate couple. At length the “ there follow'd some droppings of rain.",

party broke up, and every one ran to reThis was quite enough. “Ah!” said she, port through the city that Monsieur the “now we shall have rain every day for governor had arrived. But, oh! what was forty days ;” nor would she be persuaded their surprise, when the next day “his of the contrary. Forty days of our humid excellence," clad in a scarlet coat, and his climate passed, and many, by their having august companion dressed out in a gown been perfectly dry, falsified her prediction. glittering with tinsel, mounted a small “Nay, nay," said she, “but there was wet open calash, and preceded by some musiin the night, depend upon it.” According cians, went about the squares and public to such persons St. Swithin cannot err. ways, selling Swiss tea and balm of

Mecca. Imagine the fury of the guests! It appears from the parish accounts of They complained to the mayor, and Kingston upon Thames,in 1508, that“ any demanded that the audacious quack householder kepying a brode gate" was should be compelled to lay aside

the chato pay to the parish priest's “ wages 3d.” racteristic mark of the brave. The pruwith a halfpenny“ to the paschall : " this dent magistrate assembled the common was the great wax taper in the church; council; and those respectable persons, the halfpenny was towards its purchase after a long deliberation, considering that and maintaining its light; also he was to nothing in the charter forbad the citgive to St. Swithin a halfpenny. A holder izens to let their beard grow on their upper of one tenement paid twopence to the lip, dismissed the coinplaint altogether. priest's wages, a halfpenny to the “pas. The same evening the supposed governor chall;" likewise St. Swithin a halfpenny. gave a serenade to the complainants, and

Rain on St. Swithin's day is noticed in the next day took his leave, and continued



liis journey amidst the acclamations of the populace; who, in small as well as in

Sweet Pea. Lathyrus odoratus. great cities, are very apt to become pas Dedicated to St. Marcellina. sionately fond of charlatans.*

July 18.

Sts. Symphorosa and her seven Sons, Great Garden Convolvulus. Convolvulus

Martyrs, A. D. 120. St. Philastrius,

Bp. A. D. 384. St. Arnoul, Bp. A. D. purpureus. Dedicated to St. Eustathius.

640. St. Arnoul, a. D. 534. St. Fre-
deric, Bp. A. D. 838. St. Odulph. St.

Bruno, Bp. of Segni, A. D. 1125.
July 17.

Summer Morning

The cocks have now the morn foretold, St. Alerius, 5th Cent. St. Speratus and The sun again begins to peep,

his Companions. St. Marcellina, A. D. The shepherd, whistling to his fold, 397. St. Ennodius, Bp. A. D. 521.

Unpens and frees the captive sheep. St. Leo IV., Pope, A. D. 855. St. Tur. O'er pathless plains at early hours ninus, 8th Cent.

The sleepy rustic sloomy goes;

The dews, brushed off from grass and flowMackerel.

Bemoistening sop his hardened shoes The mackerel season is one of great in- While every leaf that forms a shade, terest on the coast, where these beautiful And every floweret's silken top, fish are caught. The going out and com- And every shivering bent and blade, ing in of the boats are really “sights." Stoops, bowing with a diamond drop. The prices of mackerel vary according But soon shall fly those diamond drops, to the different degrees of success. In

The red round sun advances higher, 1807, the first Brighton boat of mackerel, And, stretching o'er the mountain tops, on the 14th of May, sold at Billingsgate,

Is gilding sweet the village-spire. for forty guineas per hundred, seven shil- 'Tis sweet to meet the morning breeze, lings each, the highest price ever known at Or list the gurgling of the brook; that market. The next boat that came in Or, stretched beneath the shade of trees, reduced their value to thirteen guineas

Peruse and pause on Nature's book, per hundred. In 1808, these fish were

When Nature every sweet prepares caught so plentifully at Dover, that they The images which morning wears,

To entertain our wished delay,sold sixty for a shilling. At Brighton, in

The wakening charms of early day! June, the same year, the shoal of mackerel was so great, that one of the boats had Now let me tread the meadow paths the meshes of her nets so completely oc- As, sprinkled o'er the withering swaths,

While glittering dew the ground illumes, cupied by them, that it was impossible to

Their moisture shrinks in sweet per drag them in. The fish and nets, there

fumes; fore, in the end sank together; the fisher- And hear the beetle sound his horn ; man thereby sustaining a loss of nearly And hear the skylark whistling nigh, sixty pounds, exclusive of what his cargo, Sprung from his bed of tufted corn, could he have got it into the boat, would A hailing minstrel in the sky.

Clare. bave produced. The success of the fishery in 1821, was beyond all precedent. The value of the catch of sixteen boats from Lowestoff, on the 30th of June,

Autumn Marigold. Chrysanthemum cs

ronarium. amounted to 5,2521. 158. 14d., being an

Dedicated to St. Bruno. average of 3281. 58. 111d. per each boat; and it is supposed that there was no less a sum than 14,000l. altogether realized

July 19. by the owners and men concerned in the fishery of the Suffolk coast.t

St. Vincent, of Paul, A. D. 1660. St.

Arsenius, A. D. 449. St. Symmachus,

Pope, A. D. 514. St. Macrina V., A D. • Journal des Debats. + Daniel's Rural Sports.



In July, 1797, as Mr. Wright, of Saint Play on the drowsy ear of night, Faith's, in Norwich, was walking in his Gushing at times into the light garden, a flight of bees alighted on his From out their beds, and hastening al head, and entirely covered his hair, till To join the trembling waterfall. they made an appearance like a judge's Fair planet! when I watch on high, wig.

Mr. W. stood upwards of two Star-heralded along the sky, hours in this situation, while the custom- That face of light and holiness, ary means were used for hiving them, I turn, and all my brethren bless which was completely done without his And it must be- (the hour is gone receiving any injury. Mr. Wright had. When the fair world thou smilest upon, expressed a strong wish, for some days Lay chained in darkness,) thou wert sent before, that a flight of bees might come

Ministering in the firmament, on his premises.

To be-calm, beautiful, above-
The eye of universal love.

'Twere good to die in such an hour, Golden Hawkweed. Hieracium Auran And rest beneath the almighty power, tiacum.

(Beside yon ruin still and rude)

Of beauty and of solitude. Dedicated to St. Vincent of Paul.

Literery Pocket Book,



July 20 St. Joseph Barsabas, the Disciple. St. Virginian Dragon's Head. DracocephaMargaret, of Antioch. Sts. Justa and

lus Virginianum. Rufina, A. D. 304. St. Ceslas, A. D.

Dedicated to St. Margaret.
1242. St. Aurelius, Abp., A. D. 423.
St. Ulmar, or Wulmar, A. v. 710. St.
Jerom Æmiliani, A. D. 1537.

July 21.
Midnight and the Moon.

St. Praxedes. St. Zodicus, Bp., A. D.

204. St. Barhadbesciabas, A.D. 354. Now sleep is busy with the world, The moon and midnight come; and curl'd

St. Victor, of Marseilles. St. ArboAre the light shadows round the hills;

gastus, Bp. A. D. 678. The many-tongued and babbling rills


A sensitive plant in a garden grew
And the young winds fed it with silver dew,
And it opened its fanlike leaves to the light,
And closed them beneath the kisses of night.
And the spring arose on the garden fair,
Like the spirit of love felt every where ;
And each flower and shrub on earth's dark breast,
Rose from the dreams of its wintry rest.
But none ever trembled and panted with bliss,
In the garden, the field, or the wilderness,
Like a doe in the noontide with love's sweet want,
As the companionless sensitive plant.
The snowdrop, and then the violet,
Arose from the ground with warm rain wet,
And their breath was mixed with fresh odour, sent,
From the turf, like the voice and the instrument.
Then the pied windflowers, and the tulip tall,
And narcissi, the fairest among them all,
Who gaze on their eyes in the stream's recess,
Till they die of their own dear loveliness.

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