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question, had not merely been bred up in with any one of the dogs who were to be such a manner as would go far to extin- matched against him. At the end of the guish all natural disposition to ferocity, first combat, the very moment the dogs but the greatest pains had been taken to were removed, he goes into the cage and render him tame, and gentle, and submis- gives him water. At the end of the last sive. Wombwell, the keeper, walked battle, while he is wounded and bleeding, about in the cage with the lion at least as he goes to him again without the least hemuch at his ease as he could have done sitation. Wombwell must have known, to
Tame Lion Bait. “ The dogs would not give him a moment's respite, and all three set on him again, while the poor animal howling with pain, threw his great paws awkwardly upon them as they came.”
Morning Herald. certainty, that the aniinal's temper was to the fighting dogs, as we observed not capable of being roused into ferocity. above, on the morning of Tuesday, not It might admit, perhaps, of some ques-- one of them appeared to be roused by the tion, whether the supposed untameable meeting in the smallest degree. A comnature of many wild animals is not mon house cat would have been upon the something overrated: and whether it qui vive, and aux înains too probably, in would not be the irresistible strength a moment. All the contest that did take of a domestic lion (in case he should place arose out of the fact, that the dogs become excited,) that could render were of a breed too small and light to dchim a dangerous inmate, rather than stroy an animal of the lion's weight and any probability that he would easily strength, even if he did not defend ħimself. become furious; but, as regards the par- It was quite clear, from the moment when ticular animal in question, and the battle the combat began, that he had no more which he had to fight, he evidently had po thought or knowledge of fighting, than a understanding of it, no notion that the dog sheep would have had under the same was his enemy. A very large dog, the circumstances. His absolute refusal to property of a gentleman in Warwick, was bite is a curious fact; he had evidently led up to his caravan on the day before no idea of using his mouth or teeth as a the fight; this dog's appearance did not means for his defence. The dogs, most o. produce the slightest impression upon them, showed considerable game; the him. So, with the other wild beasts of brown dog Turk, perhaps as much as ever Wombwell's collection, who were shown was exhibited, and none of them seemed
to feel any of that instinctive dread or that no deed of cruelty has ever passed horror which some writers have attributed unpunished. Allow me to ask thee how to dogs in the presence of a lion.
thou wilt endure to see the noble animal It would be a joke to say any thing thou hast so long protected, and which about the feelings of any man, who, for has been in part the means of supplying the sake of pecuniary advantage, could thee with the means of life, mangled and make up his mind to expose a noble ani- bleeding before thee? It is unmanly, it mal which he had bred, and which had is mean and cowardly, to torment any become attached to him, to a horrible and thing that cannot defend itself, — that lingering death. About as little reliance cannot speak to tell its pains and sufferwe should be disposed to place upon any ings,--that cannot ask for mercy. Oh, appeal to the humanity of those persons spare thy poor lion the pangs of such a who make animal suffering—in the shape death as may perhaps be his,-save him of dog-fighting, bear-baiting, &c., a sort from being torn to pieces-have pity on of daily sport--an indemnification, per- the dogs that may be torn by him. Spare haps, for the not being permitted to tor- the horrid spectacle-spare thyself the ture their fellow-creatures. But as, pro- sufferings that I fear will yet reach thee bably, a number of persons were present if thou persist-show a noble example of at this detestable exhibition, which we humanity. Whoever have persuaded thee have been describing, who were attracted to expose thy lion to the chance of being merely by its norelty, and would be as torn to pieces, or of tearing other animals, much disgusted as we ourselves were with are far beneath the brutes they torment, its details, we recommend their attention are unworthy the name of men, or to the following letter, which a gentle- rational creatures. Whatever thou mayest man, a member of the Society of Friends, gain by this disgraceful exhibition will, I who applied personally to Mr. Wombó fear, prove like a canker-worm among the well to omit the performance, delivered to rest of thy substance. The writer of this him as expressive of his own opinions most earnestly entreats thee to refrain upon the question, and those of his friends. from the intended evil, and to protect the Of course, addressed to such a quarter, it animals in thy possession from all unproduced no effect; but it does infinite necessary suffering. The practice of credit both to the head and heart of benevolence will afford thee more true the writer, and contains almost every comfort than the possession of thousands. thing that, to honourable and feeling men, Remember, that He who gave life did need be said upon such a subject : not give it to be the sport of cruel man;
“ Friend,---I have heard with a great and that He will assuredly call man to degree of horror, of an intended fight account for his conduct towards his dumb between a lion that has long been ex creatures. Remember, also, that cowards hibited by thee, consequently has long are always cruel, but the brave love been under thy protection, and six bull- mercy, and delight to save. With sincere dogs. I seem impelled to write to the desire for the preservation of thy honour, on the subject, and to entreat thee, I be as a man of humanity, and for thy haplieve in christian love, that, whatever piness and welfare, I am, thy friend, may be thy hope of gain by this very
“S. HOARE." cruel and very disgraceful exhibition, Mr. Hoare's excellent letter, with the thou wilt not proceed. Recollect that particulars of this brutal transaction, thus they are God's creatures, and we are in- far, are from The Times newspaper which formed by the holy scriptures, that not observes in its leading article thus: even a sparrow falls to the ground with “ With great sincerity we offered a few out his notice; and as this very shocking days ago our earnest remonstrance against scene must be to gratify a spirit of cruel- the barbarous spectacle then preparing, ty, as well as a spirit of gambling,--for and since, in spite of every better feeling, it is asserted that large sums of money indulged—we mean the torture of a noble are wagered on the event of the contest, lion, with the full consent, and for the -it must be marked with divine dis- profit, of a mercenary being, who had pleasure. Depend upon it that the gained large sums of money by hawking Almighty will avenge the sufferings of the poor animal about the world and exhis tormented creatures on their tormen- hibiting him. It is vain, however, to tors ; for, though he is a God of love, he make any appeal to humanity where done is also a God of justice; and I believe exists, or to expatiate on mercy, justice,
and retribution hereafter, when those well, the proprietor, as the leader of a colwhom we strive to influence have never lection of wild beasts, may be excused for learned that lauguage in which alone we his proficiency in trickery, which is the can address them.
essence and spirit of his calling, but we *“ Little more can be said upon this pain- think him accountable, as a man, for his ful and degrading subject, beyond a re excessive cruelty in exposing a poor anilation of the occurrence itself, which it mal that he has reared himself, and made was more our wish than our hope to have so attached that it plays with him, and prevented. Nothing, at least, could be fondles him like a spaniel-that has never so well said by any other person, as it has been taught to know its own powers, or by a humane and eloquent member of the force of its savage nature, to the atthe Society of Friends, in his excellent tacks of dogs trained to blood, and bred though unavailing letter to Wombwell. for fighting. The lion now five years old, What must have been the texture of that was whelped in Edinburgh, and has been mind, on which such sentiments could brought up with so much softness, that it make no impression ?"
appears as inoffensive as a kitten, and This question may be illustrated by suffers the attendants of the menagerie to Wombwell's subsequent conduct. ride upon its back or to sleep in its cage.
Its nature seems to be gentleness itself, To the preceding account, extracted and its education has rendered it perfectly from The Times, additional circumstances domestic, and deprived it of all savage inare subjoined, in order to preserve a full stinct. In the only experiment made upon record of this disgraceful act.
its disposition, he turned from a dog The Morning Herald says--For several which had been run at him, and on which months the country has been amused he had fastened, to a piece of meat which with notices that a fight between a was thrown into the cage. Nero is said lion and dogs was intended, and time to be one of the largest lions ever exand place were more than once appoint- hibited, and certainly a finer or inore no. ed. This had the desired effect-making ble looking animal cannot be imagined. the lion an object of great attraction in the Wombwell announced in his postingprovincial towns, and a golden harvest bills at Birmingham, Coventry, Mancheswas secured by showing him at two shil- ter, and all the neighbouring towns, that lings a head. The next move was to get the battle was to be for 5,0001., but comup such a fight as would draw all the municated, by way of secret, that, in reworld from London, as well as from the ality, it was but 300l. aside, which he asvillages, to fill places marked at one and serted was made good with the owner of two guineas each to see it; and lastly, to the dogs on Monday night, at the Bear, in find dogs of such weight and inferior Warwick; but who the owner of the dogs quality as to stand no chance before an was, or the maker of the match, it was enraged lion—thus securing the lion from impossible to ascertain ; and though well injury, and making bim still a greater lion aware of the impropriety of doubting the than before, or that the world ever saw to authority of the keeper of the menagerie, be exhibited as the wonderful animal that we must admit that our impression is, beat six British bred mastiffs. The re that no match was made, that no wagers peated disappointments as to time and were laid, and that the affair was got up place led people to conclude that the af- for the laudable purpose hinted at in the fair was altogether a hoax, and the mag- commencement of this notice. The dogs nitude of the stake of 5,0001. said to be at to be sure, were open to the inspection issue, was so far out of any reasonable of the curious on Monday, and a roughcalculation, that the whole was looked coated, game-keeping, butcher-like, houpon as a fabrication, and the majority nest, ruffianly person from the north, anbecame incredulous on the subject. Nay, nounced himself as their ostensible friend the very persons who saw the lion and on the occasion; but by whom employed the dogs, and the stage, disbelieved even he was unwilling to declare. His orders to the last moment that the fight was in were to bring the dogs to“ the scratch," and reality intended. But the proprietor of very busy we saw him preparing them for the concern was too good a judge to let slaughter, and anointing the wounds of the flats altogether escape him, though one little bitter animal that got its head his draught was diminished from having laid open in the course of the night, while troubled the waters too much. Womb- laudably engaged in mangling the throat
and forcing out the windpipe of one of and no one of the other remaining three its companions, near whom it had been shall be allowed to attack him until unfortunately chained. The other dogs twenty minutes shall be expired, in order were good-looking savage vermin, aver to give Nero rest; for he must be allowed aging about 40lbs. weight; one of them to beat the first three, one by one, or as being less than 30lbs., and the largest not he may choose before the remaining three over 60lbs. Four were described as real shall be started. bull dogs, and the other bull and mastiff “ After the expiration of the stipulated crossed. The keeper said they were time, the remaining three dogs are to quite equal to the work; but, to one not start according to the foregoing rules, given to the fancy dog line, they appeared and be regulated as the umpires shall adquite unequal to attack and master a judge. lion, many times as large as all the curs “ The dogs to be handled by Mr. Edput together. Wedgbury, a person well wards, John Jones, and William Davis, known in London for his breed of dogs, assisted by Samuel Wedgbury. brought down one over 70lbs., of most “ 1. Turk, a brown coloured dog.–2. ferocious and villanous aspect, with the Captain, a fallow and white dog, with intention of entering him for a run, but it skewbald face.—Tiger, a brown dog, with was set aside by Wombwell; thus af- white legs.—4. Nettle, a little brindled fording another proof that Wombwell had bitch, with black head.-5. Rose, a skewthe whole concern in his bands, and se bald bitch.-6. Nelson, a white dog, with lected dogs unable, from their weight or
brindled spots.” size, to do a mortal injury to his lion. The place chosen for the exhibition
Wombwell appointed seven in the even was, as we have said, the yard of a large ing as the hour of combat. Accommo- factory, in the centre of which an iron dations were prepared for about a thou- cage, about fifteen feet square, elevated five sand people, bui owing to the frequent feet from the ground, was fixed as the disappointments and to the exorbitant place of combat. This was secured at prices demanded, not more than two top by strong open iron work, and at the hundred and fifty persons appeared sides by wrought iron bars, with spaces willing or able to pay for the best sufficient between to admit the dogs, and places, and about as many more ad an ascending platform for them to run up. mitted on the ground. The charge to Temporary stations were fixed at the winthe former was reduced to two guineas dows of the factory, and all round the and one guinea, and to the latter from yard, and the price for these accommodahalf a guinea to 78. 6d. About 4001. was tions named at the outrageous charge of collected, from which, deducting 100l. for three guineas for the best places, two expenses, 300l. was cleared by the exhi- guineas for the second, one for the third, bition, a sum barely the value of the lion and half a guinea for standing on the if he should lose his life in the contest. ground. Though the place was tolerably The cages in which the other beasts were well fitted up, it fell far short of what the confined, were all closed up. It was mind conceived should be the arena for well understood that no match had really for such a combat; but Mr. Wombwell been made, and consequently no betting cared not a jot for the pleasures of the of consequence took place, but among a imagination, and counted only the golden few countrymen, who, contrasting the size sovereign to which every deal board of the lion with the dogs, backed him at would be turned in the course of the day, 2 to 1.
while his whole collection of wild beasts, Wombwell, having no longer the fear lions, tigresses, and wolves, with their of the law before him, proceeded to com- whelps and cubs, apes and monkeys, plete his engagements, and distributed made up a goodly show, and roared and the following bills :
grinned in concert, delighted with the “ THE LION FIGHT. bustle about them, as if in anticipation of “ The following are the conditions un the coming fun. der which the combat between Nero and the dogs will be decided :
The Morning Chronicle says,--- The place “ 1st. Three dogs are at once to be chosen for the combat, was the factory slipped at him.
yard in which the first stage was erected * 2d. If one or any of them turn tail, for the fight between Ward and Cannon. he or they are to be considered as beaten, This spot, which was, in fact, extremely
well calculated for the exhibition, was great complacency, or towards the other now completely enclosed. We formerly lion and lionesses by whom they were stated that two sides of the yard were surrounded, and who, as it were, taunted formed by high buildings, the windows them by repeated howlings, in which of which looked upon the area; the va- Nero joined chorus with his deep and cant spaces were now filled up by Mr. sonorous voice. The cruelty of unnecesWombwell's collection of wild beasts, sarily exposing such an animal to torture, which were openly exposed, in their res- naturally produced severe comments; pective cages, on the one side, and by and among other persons, a quaker, being paintings and canvass on the other, so in the town of Warwick, waited upon that, in fact, a compact square was Mr. Wombwell, on Tuesday morning, formed, which was securely hidden from with Mr. Hoare's letter, which he said he external observation. There was but one had received twenty miles from the town. door of admission, and that was next the However well meant this letter was, and town. Upon the tops of the cages seats that it arose in the purest motives of were erected, in amphitheatrical order; christian charity no man could doubt : and for accommodation here, one guinea with Mr. Wombwell it had no effect. He was charged. The higher prices were looked at his preparations, he looked at taken for the windows in the factories, his lion, and he cast a glance forward 10 and the standing places were 10s. each. his profits, and then shook his head. The centre of the
square was occupied by The pain of the lion was to be Wombthe den, a large iron cage, the bars of well's profit; and between agony to the which were sufficiently far asunder to animal, and lucre to himself, the showman permit the dogs to pass in and out, while did not hesitate. the caravan in which Nero was usually confined, was drawn up close to it. The
From the Morning Herald report of den itself was elevated upon a platform, this lion bait, several marked circumfixed on wheels about four feet from the stances are selected, and subjoined under ground, and an inclined plane formed of a denomination suitable to their chathick planks was placed against it, so as
rácter-viz:-to enable the dogs to rush to the attack.
PointS OF CRUELTY, It was into this den that Nero was en
First Combat. ticed to be baited. Wombwell's trum 1. The dogs, as if in concert, flew at peters then went forth, mounted on horses, the lion's nose and endeavoured to pin and in gaudy array, to announce the him, but Nero still kept up his head, fight, which was fixed to take place be- striking with his fore-paws, and seemtween five and seven in the evening. They ingly endeavouring more to get rid of the travelled to Leamington, and the adjacent annoyance than to injure them. villages; but to have done good they 2. They unceasingly kept goading, should have gone still farther, for all who biting, and darting at his nose, sometimes ventured from a distance on speculation, hanging from his mouth, or one endea announced that those they left behind vouring to pin a paw, while the others fully believed that their labour would be mangled the head. in vain.
3. Turk, made a most desperate spring The dogs attracted a good deal of cu at the nose, and absolutely held there for riosity. They took up their quarters at a moment, while Captain and Tiger each the Green Dragon, where they held a seized a paw; the force of all three levee, and a great number of persons brought the lion from his feet, and he was paid sixpence each to have an opportu. pinned to the floor for the instant. nity of judging of their qualities, and 4. His great strength enabled him to certainly as far as appearance went, they shake off the dogs, and then, as if quite seemed capable of doing much mischief. terrified at their fury, he turned round
On Tuesday morning several persons and endeavoured to fly; and if the bars were admitted to the factory to see the of the cage had not confined him, would preparations, and at about ten o'clock the certainly have made away. Beaten to dogs were brought in. They seemed per- the end of the cage, he lay extended in fectly ready to quarrel with each other, one corner, his great tail hanging out but did not evince any very hostile dis. through the bars. position either towards Nero, who, from 5. Nero appeared quite exhausted, and his private apartment, eyed them with turned a forlorn and despairing look on