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accent action adjusted amplitude apparatus appears Arch articulation arytenoid cartilages associations auditory Aufl breath cartilage cavity tone cavity vibrations centroids character chest register closed closure Cock Robin connected consonant constant cord tone diphthong disc drum elements epiglottis experimental experiments explosion f. d. ges frequency fricative German glottis harmonic head register heard Hermann increase indicate intensity interval language larynx Leipzig length lever lips membrane ment mental method motor mouth movement muscles muscular nasal occlusion occurs opening palate palatograms Paris Parole period pharynx phonautograph phonetic Phonetik phonograph Physiol pitch Plate portion position pressure produced Psychol puffs records relations resonance tone rhythm rhythmic rise Rousselot shown in Fig shows sinusoid sonant speech curve speech sounds spoken Stud surd syllable tambour tion tongue tube Ueber uvula velum verse vibrations vocal bands vocal organs voice vowel word Wundt
الصفحة 399 - ... with the various positions of the human organs, it might be possible, not only to deduce the explanation and reason of their various positions, but to separate those parts and motions which are destined for the performance of their other functions, from those ' which are immediately peculiar to speech (if such exist)."2 ' Willis. "On Vowel Sounds, and on Reed-organ Pipes.
الصفحة 556 - ... Green pastures she views in the midst of the dale, Down which she so often has tripped with her pail, And a single small cottage, a nest like a dove's, The one only dwelling on earth that she loves. She looks, and her heart is in heaven : but they fade, The mist and the river, the hill and the shade : The stream will not flow, and the hill will not rise, And the colours have all passed away from her eyes.
الصفحة iii - University, a series of volumes has been prepared by a number of the Professors and Instructors, to be issued in connection with the Bicentennial Anniversary, as a partial indication of the character of the studies in which the University teachers are engaged.
الصفحة 420 - FOURIER'S series is the proper treatment. But when the pitch of the mouth tone is high, and each succession of vibrations occupies only a small fraction of the complete period, we may agree with HERMANN that the resolution by FOURIER'S series is unnatural, and that we may do better to concentrate our attention upon the actual form of the curve by which the complete vibration is expressed...
الصفحة 268 - Now the continuous movement is, we assert, the movement of conversational speech (\oyuerjv elvai), for when we converse, the voice moves through a space in such a manner as to seem to rest nowhere. In the other movement, which we call intervallar, the contrary process takes place. For the voice seems to rest [at various pitches], and all say of a man who seems to do this, that...
الصفحة 555 - The cities are full of pride, Challenging each to each — This from her mountainside, That from her burthened beach. R. KIPLING. Fancy a novel about Chicago or Buffalo, let us say, or Nashville, Tennessee! There are just three big cities in the United States that are "story cities" — New York, of course, New Orleans, and, best of the lot, San Francisco.
الصفحة 70 - Tables of Squares, Cubes, Square Roots, Cube Roots, Reciprocals of all Integer Numbers up to 10,000.
الصفحة 419 - ... produced."1 The true view of the action of the mouth in producing a resonance tone seems to be the following one. The sudden puff of air from an explosive opening of the cords may be considered to act as a piston compressing the air before it in the mouth cavity. The air acts as a spring by its resistence to compression and drives the piston back beyond its position of equilibrium ; the resistance to dilatation draws it back, and so a vibratory movement is set up. Under these circumstances the...