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National quarantine administration (domestic)—Continued.
Yellow fever precautions in the spring and summer of 1898–Cont'd.
Detention Camp at Egmont Key--------------------------------
Disinfection of the steamer Nictheroy—afterwards U. S. cruiser
Buffalo ---------------------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Detail of board to report on sanitary condition of vessel -- - -
Report of board --------------------...---------------------
Correspondence with the Navy Department-----------------
Precautions recommended regarding return of troops from Santi-
ago to Montauk Point ----------------------------------------
Telegraphic orders issued by the War Department ----------
United States maritime quarantine at Montauk Point-------
Army transport and port inspection service-----------...-- - - - - - - -
Correspondence with Secretary of War ---------------------
Official orders—War Department - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Officers of the Marine-Hospital Service detailed to serve on
Government transports----------------------------------.
Instructions-----------------------------------------. ------
Reports of Asst. Surg. A. R. Thomas on Obdam - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Report of Asst. Surg. C. H. Lavinder on Manitoba -----------
Report of Asst. Surg. Sherrard R. Tabb on Manitoba---------
Report of Asst. Surg. John McMullen on Mississippi---------
Reports of Asst. Surg. S. B. Grubbs on Chester---------------
Report of Asst. Surg. H. B. Parker on Minnewaska ----------
Report of Acting Asst. Surg. J. S. Hough on Roumanian ----
Texas border inspectors and guards-----------------------------
Treatise on yellow fever ----------------------------------------
Investigation of reported cases of yellow fever at Key West, Fla.;
Tampa, Fla.; Fort Point (near Galveston), Tex.; Portsmouth,
N. H.; Fort Monroe, Va.; Brownsville, Tex., and Warner, La--
No yellow fever admitted to the United States during 1898------
Amendments to quarantine regulations—quarantine circulars-------
Addition to regulations—
Disinfection by formaldehyd gas----------------------------
Special regulations relating to naval vessels-----------------
Consular bills of health-------------------------------------
Inspection of certain vessels and baggage on and after April 1
and until November 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Wessels from infected ports, bound for Apalachicola, Fla., to proceed
first to a disinfecting station.-------------------------------------
Reports from the national quarantine stations—transactions, repairs,
and improvements during the fiscal year 1898–
Reedy Island Quarantine ---------------------------------------
Delaware Breakwater Quarantine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Cape Charles Quarantine---------------------------------------
Cape Fear Quarantine ------------------------------------------
South Atlantic Quarantine -------------------------------------
Brunswick Quarantine -----------------------------------------
Tortugas Quarantine -------------------------------------------
Gulf Island Quarantine----------------------------------------.
San Diego Quarantine------------------------------------------
San Francisco Quarantine --------------------------------------
Port Townsend Quarantine-------------------------------------

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National quarantine administration (domestic)—Continued.
Report on the establishment of a national quarantine station at Asto-
ria, Oreg --------------------------------------------------------
Detail of board for selection of site ------------ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Floating quarantine plant Protector ----------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Relations with State and local health authorities:
Relations harmonious ---------------------------------------------
Replies to criticism-------------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Letters of appreciation from State authorities ----------------------
National quarantine legislation:
Senate bill 2680 and House bill 4363—genesis and history of -...-------
Bureau of public health bill—genesis and history of ... --------------
Mobile and Atlanta conventions ------------------------------------
Service attitude toward conventions and associations----------------
Legislation needed.-----. ------------ *- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Increase of clerical force in Bureau-- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -------
Senate bill 2680 in full as reported - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Report on by Senate Committee on Public Health and National
Quarantine-------------------------------------------------
House bill 4363 as reported -----------------------------------------
Letter of Secretary of Treasury.-------------------------------
Statement of Surgeon-General relating thereto - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Report of Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce of
the House of Representatives---------------. . . . . . ----------
Minority report ------------------------------------------------
Division of sanitary reports and statistics:

Public health reports ---------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Table of yearly mortality, cities of the United States, 1897 ----------
Transportation of dead bodies in the United States.-----------------
National regulations relating thereto -------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Inquiry into the rules and regulations of the several State boards of
health in regard to the transportation of dead bodies--------------
Circular letter addressed to State boards of health - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Abstracts of replies received.------------------------------------
Report of the hygienic laboratory:
Special investigations ------------------------------------...-------
Infections caused by the pneumococcus---------------...--------
Pseudo-diphtheria bacillus ------------------------------------.
Bacillus typhosus ----------------------------------------------
Etiology of variola ----------------------- - ---------...---------
Bacteriological examination of the Potomac water supply
Laboratory instruction to officers of the Service
Car sanitation------------------------------------------------------
Measures to obtain material for pathological instruction
Microscopical and chemical examinations---------------------------
Prospectus of laboratory work during 1899
Recommendations--------------------------------------------------
Report on the best method of disinfecting mail matter
Acknowledgments

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CENTENNIAL YEAR.

REPORT TO THE SECRETARY.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE SUPERVISING SURGEON-GENERAL M. H. S.,

November 1, 1898. Hon. L. J. GAGE,

Secretary of the Treasury. SIR: I have the honor to herewith transmit the report of the MarineHospital Service of the United States for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1898, being the twenty-seventh annual report of the Service and the one hundredth year of its existence.

In addition to the information pertaining to the fiscal year 1898, the operations of the Service as regards quarantine and public health matters are included to the present date.

It had been the intention to include in this report a history of the development of the Service, together with a full description of its present legal status, its functions, and personnel; and the preparation of a complete article had been begun when the exigencies caused by the outbreak of hostilities with Spain and the Service work in connection with yellow fever in the South demanded so close attention to more active duties that the historical summary was necessarily deferred until the next annual report, when it will be equally appropriate.

MEDICAL CORPS.

One board has been convened during the year for the examination of candidates for admission to the Marine-Hospital Service as assistant surgeons. The number of applications to appear before this board was 32. Thirty applicants presented themselves, of whom 5 attained the required standard.

APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS.

During the year 6 successful candidates were appointed to the grade of and commissioned assistant surgeons, and one passed assistant surgeon, after examination, was promoted and commissioned as surgeon.

RESIGNATION.

One assistant surgeon resigned his commission on June 22, 1898.

CASUALTIES.

During the year ended June 30, 1898, there have been two deaths among the medical officers of the Service. One of these deaths was, although occurring on October 2, 1897, the subject of mention at some length in my last annual report, as the circumstances of his demise, occurring while performing quarantine work and while barely recovered from a long illness, appeared to warrant notice at that time without waiting for the next issue of my annual report to you. I refer to P. A. Surg. W. D. Bratton, who died from injuries sustained by falling into the hold of a vessel which was undergoing disinfection at the quarantine station at Sabine Pass, Tex.

The second fatality was that of Asst. Surg. Emil Prochazka, who, on account of tuberculosis of the lungs, had been placed on waiting orders in the spring of 1897. His death occurred from this disease on April 1, 1898.

CIRCULAR LETTER ANNOUNCING THE DEATH OF ASST. SURG. EMIL PROCHAZKA.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE OF THE SUPERVISING SURGEON-GENERAL M. H. S.,

Washington, D. C., April 9, 1898. To the Medical Officers of the United States Marine-Hospital Service:

It is my painful duty to announce to the officers of the Service the death of Asst. Surg. Emil Prochazka, which occurred on the 1st instant, at Silver City, N. Mex., from tuberculosis of the lungs.

Emil Prochazka was born in Manitowoc, Wis., April 9, 1864. His education began in the graded public schools of Manitowoc, where he graduated from the high school in 1880, subsequently entering the State University at Madison, where he pursued a special course for two years, devoting particular attention to higher mathematics, chemistry, and languages. He began the study of medicine in 1882 in the office of Dr. J. S. Pritchard at Manitowoc, entered Rush Medical College the following year, graduating in March, 1885. After graduation he entered private practice in Plymouth, Wis., and continued as a general practitioner in that place until 1890, which year he spent in Europe, doing special work at Prague, Vienna, and other cities. Returning to America in 1891, he resumed the practice of his profession in Beatrice, Nebr., leaving there in August, 1892, to enter the United States Indian Service as physician to the Indian agency at Nez Perces, Idaho.

He was commissioned as assistant surgeon in the Marine-Hospital Service April 19, 1893, and assigned to duty at the immigration depot, Ellis Island, N. Y., subsequently serving at United States marine hospitals at Stapleton, Louisville, and Cleveland until September, 1894, when he was assigned to duty at Detroit, Mich., remaining there until September, 1896. During this time, however, he served temporarily at Evansville, Cleveland, Charleston, Cairo, Buffalo, and Chicago. From this time until July 11, 1897, when he was placed on waiting orders, he served at Reedy Island and Delaware Breakwater quarantine stations.

In the fall of 1895 he became aware of the existence of a lung trouble, which in June, 1896, was definitely determined to be tuberculosis, but he manfully

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