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The following table shows the number and average wages of persons employed on the steam railroads of the State: NUMBER AND AVERAGE DAILY WAGES OF RAILROAD EMPLOYEES, BY OCCUPA

TIONS, 1905.

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HEALTH AND PLEASURE RESORTS.- This chapter is devoted to an account of the health and pleasure resorts of the State.

APPENDIX. --This consists of summarized statistics of the various industries of the State. The data were furnished by the United States Bureau of the Census, Division of Manufactures, for 1905.

RHODE ISLAND.

Nineteenth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Industrial Statistics,

made to the general assembly at its January session, 1906. George H. Webb, Commissioner.

257 pages. The following subjects are presented in this report: Textile, rubber, and fine metal manufactures, 39 pages; wages and hours of labor, 7 pages; statistics of manufactures in the city of Providence, 3 pages; census of Rhode Island, 1905, 4 pages; history of Rhode Island manufactures, 33 pages; immigration, 19 pages; free employment offices, 5 pages; directory of trade unions, 15 pages; strikes, 1905, 12 pages; the Rhode Island branch of the National Civic Federation, 6 pages; welfare work in Rhode Island, 16 pages; directory of manufacturers, 48 pages; statistics of Rhode Island manufactures, 5 pages.

TEXTILE, RUBBER, AND FINE METAL MANUFACTURES.-In this chapter comparative statistics for the years 1900 and 1904 are given for each branch of the named industries, showing number of establishments and character of organization; highest, lowest, and average number of employees; wages and number of employees 16 years of age or over, by sex, and children under 16 years of age; quantity and cost of material used; quantity and value of product, and number and character of machines in operation.

The following tables show for textiles the number of establishments and character of organization, cost of materials, value of product, and average number of employees and total wages paid for the years 1900 and 1904:

ESTABLISHMENTS IN THE TEXTILE INDUSTRIES CONTROLLED BY INDIVIDUALS,

BY FIRMS, AND BY CORPORATIONS, 1900 AND 1904.

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COST OF MATERIALS AND VALUE OF PRODUCTS IN THE TEXTILE INDUS

1900 AND 1904.

LIES,

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AVERAGE NUMBER OF MEN, WOMEN, AND CINILDREN, AND TOTAL WAGES PAID IN

THE TEXTILE INDUSTRIES, 1900 AND 1904.

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For rubber and elastic goods the cost of materials used aggregated $1,335,826 in 1900, and $1,335,449 in 1904; the value of product aggregated $2,011,982 in 1900, and $2,171,639 in 1904. Of men 16 years of age or over there were employed in 1900 an average of 418, and of 424 in 1904; of women 16 years of age or over there were employed in 1900 an average of 334, and of 310 in 1904; and of children under 16 years of age there were employed in 1900 an average of 18, and of 9 in 1904. In 1900 the total wages paid amounted to $269,445, as compared with $314,617 in 1904.

For fine metal work (embracing jewelry, jewelers' findings, silver-smithing and silverware, refining, electroplating, enameling, engraving, diesinking, and lapidary work) the cost of materials used

aggregated $9,141,292 in 1900, and $11,635,037 in 1904; the value of product aggregated $15,837,063 in 1900, and $20,370,431 in 1904. Of men 16 years of age or over there were employed in 1900 an average of 4,038, and of 4,737 in 1904; of women 16 years of age or over there were employed in 1900 an average of 1,451, and of 1,627 in 1904; and of children under 16 years of age there were employed in 1900 an average of 134, and of 79 in 1904. In 1900 the total wages paid amounted to $2,897,749, as compared with $3,863,273 in 1904.

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR.— This chapter consists of statistical tables reproduced from the Nineteenth Annual Report of the United States Bureau of Labor, 1904, and relates to wages and hours of labor in 14 selected occupations in the city of Providence, and 8 in the State at large.

STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES IN PROVIDENCE.--The statistics of manufactures of the city of Providence for the year ending December 31, 1904, presented in this chapter, were compiled from the advance sheets of the 1905 census of manufactures, taken by the United States Bureau of the Census. Comparisons are also made with the 1900 census of manufactures.

CENSUS OF RHODE ISLAND, 1905.-Under this title a comparative table is given, showing for the years 1895 and 1905 the population of the State by counties, cities, and towns.

HISTORY OF RHODE ISLAND MANUFACTURES.- This chapter is devoted to a history, from colonial times, of the development of the manufacturing interests of the State, and especially relates to the industries of iron and steel, cotton, woolen, and other textiles, and jewelry and silverware.

IMMIGRATION.- Under this head information furnished by the United States Commissioner-General of Immigration is presented in tables showing for the year ending June 30, 1905, the number of immigrants coming into the State, by nationality and occupation, the number entering being 9,474. This chapter presents also the report of the chairman of the State delegation to the National Immigration Conference held in New York City December, 1905.

DIRECTORY OF TRADE UNIONS.—This is a list of 2 State, 5 central, and 148 local bodies, with the name and address of the secretary of each.

STRIKES.- This presentation consists of a chronological arrangement of the strikes occurring in the State during the year ending December 31, 1905, compiled from records kept by the State labor bureau from the columns of the public press and from other sources. WELFARE WORK.- This section of the report is devoted to an account of the various institutions established by employers for the betterment of the industrial conditions of the working people employed in the factories and workshops of the State.

STATISTICS OF RHODE ISLAND MANUFACTURES.—Comparative statistics of manufactures for the census years 1900 and 1905 are here shown for the State, for each of the cities of Pawtucket, Providence, and Woonsocket, and for the town of Warwick. A comparative summary is also presented of six of the leading industries. The tables show number of establishments, capital invested, number of officials, clerks, etc., and amount paid in salaries, average number of employees and amount paid in wages, miscellaneous expenses, cost of materials used, and value of product. The following table summarizes these items for the State for the census years 1900 and 1905:

STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES, ACCORDING TO CENSUSES OF 1900 AND 1905.

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Eighth Annual Report of the Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics

for the State of Virginia. 1905. James B. Doherty, Commissioner.

341 PP.

The subjects presented in this report are industrial statistics, 214 pages, and court decisions relating to labor, 119 pages.

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS.A series of tables is shown for 36 industries, giving the number of establishments in each industry reporting for the year; the value of product, capital invested, amount paid for wages, rent, taxes, and insurance, number of employees by sex and occupation, average monthly pay of persons employed on salary, and average daily wages paid in the different occupations, by sex, wage changes, number of days of operation, number of hours of daily work for each establishment, and also totals and averages for each industry. For many of the industries comparisons with 1903 are presented. Statistics are also given for coal inining, and for the operation of 6 gas works, 20 waterworks, and 38 railroads.

The following table shows for 1903 and 1904, for each of the 18 industries in the State which reported an output in 1904 exceeding $1,000,000, the number of establishments reporting, capital invested, value of product, and aggregate wages paid: CAPITAL INVESTED, VALUE OF PRODUCT, AND WAGES PAID IN 18 INDUSTRIES,

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4 (a) $250,000 (a) $1,233, 683

$193, 831 6 $1,344,833 1,987, 679 $1, 148, 649, 1, 131, 849 $139, 226 143,069 30 515, 158 669,829 836, 297 1,317,974

195, 383 258, 242 48 868, 139 914, 478 4,376,844 4,384, 215 873, 138 1,006.589

7 4,090, 408 4,253, 580 3,093,979 4, 252, 442 665,951 753, 490 116 1.303,084 2,181,981 3,828,009 8,201,910 108, 695 189,883 44 9,269.967 10, 706, 426 16,075, 813 13,993,058 5,019,925 4,923, 531 13 469,050 550, 357; 1,953, 480 2,150,005 413, 426 434, 596 9 1,160,000 2,826, 525 1,363, 762 2,875, 128 161, 754 410, 432

834,174 1,060, 154 1,392, 333 1,690, 131 384, 468 467, 216 18 € 252,000 507, 178 c708,864' 1,119,978 € 202, 365 256, 759 152 (a)

(a) c4, 319,610 4,746, 467, C1,072.828 1,324, 154 3

700,390 (a) 1,518, 505 (a) 156, 125 36 (a) 653, 562 (a) 1, 166,835 (a) 334,565 21 C3, 367, 891 3,114,548 c5,091, 329 5,366, 162 ¢308, 244 373, 954 36 2,287,985 2,564, 861 6,051, 382 7. 799, 619 666, 784 772, 941 5 403,728 826,776 1,483,970 1,714, 424

286, 139

201, 946 16 (9) 1,685,024

3, 448, 235 (a) 719, 286

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b Figures are froin report for 1904.

c Figures an for 1902.

Of 124 local general contractors in the building trades, 48 reported an increase of wages varying from 3 to 30 per cent, 1 reported a slight decrease, and from 75 no changes were reported. The value of work done by these contractors during the year amounted to $3,871,641. No data were secured from firms located outside of the State which did work within the State.

The report for 1904 is the first made on the coal mines operated in the State. Returns were secured from 12 mines, employing under ground 2,085 miners, 868 other employees over 16 years of age, and 102 other employees under 16 years of age; and above ground, 1,202 employees over 16 years of age and 55 employees under 16 years of age. Wages were paid in 11 mines monthly and in 1 mine semimonthly. The price paid per gross ton for mining bituminous coal by machinery was 25 cents in one mine and 33 cents in another, and 30 cents and 33 cents when mined by hand. Ileading by hand ranged from 30 cents to 40.79 cents. In the anthracite mines the price for mining per gross ton, hand work, was 30 cents in one mine and 66 cents in another. During the year 22 persons were killed and 136 injured. There were 17,162.85 tons of anthracite and 2,266,090.66 tons of bituminous coal mined.

The report on railroads operating in the State shows for 1904 the average daily wages paid by each railroad in each occupation and the

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