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WEST VIRGINIA. Ninth Biennial Report of the Bureau of Labor. 1905–1906. I. V.

Barton, Commissioner. 267 pp.

The five chapters of this report contain information on the following subjects: Statistics of manufactures, 54 pages; new industries established, 32 pages; report of free public employment bureau, 1 page; report of the department of inspection, 17 pages; labor laws, court decisions, etc., 110 pages, and an appendix discussing labor's right to the use of peaceful persuasion in industrial disputes, 18 pages.

STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES.—Under this title statistics for 67 industries, for the year ending December 31, 1905, are presented, showing, by establishments, the capital invested in plant, value of product, number of employees, number of days in operation, hours of daily work, and amount paid in wages. The following table is a summary of the reports of 825 establishments: INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS OF 825 ESTABLISHMENTS REPORTING FOR THE YEAR

ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1905.

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15 365 12.0

21,6.50 Textiles. 15 603, 447 1,998, 456 631 628 1,259 256 9.8

328, 132 Tobacco.

3 104,050 1,779, 742 88 292 380 282 9.0 128, 654 Vehicles. 99,825 281,935 160

160 295

71, 644 Wall plaster, cement, etc.. 616, 949 163, 415 177

177 257 10.4 85,580 Wood pulp and paper.

1,397, 449 1,181.891 460 3 463 282 11.8 225, 494 Miscellaneous..

28 3,036, 6312, 162,060 1,215 60 1,275 279 9.3 523,714 Total...

825 38, 362, 303 73, 496, 465 440, 435 3,679 44,114 2,635 9.7 20,786, 455 a Figures here should apparently be 40,635; those given are, however, according to the original. o Figures here should apparently be 44,314; those given are, however, according to the original.

జరా రాటలు

Of the establishments reporting, 113 note an increase and 3 a decrease, in wages.

NEW INDUSTRIES ESTABLISHED.-Under this title a list of new industries established in 1904-1905 is given, with location, number of employees, and wages paid in each. A summary shows that 482 establishments, with an aggregate capital of $22,856,039, commenced business during the period. These establishments gave employment to 10,133 persons, and paid in monthly wages $426,472.

FREE EMPLOYMENT BUREAU.—This chapter consists of a report of the operation of the bureau since its organization, May 15, 1901, to May 15, 1906, as summarized in the following table:

APPLICATIONS FOR POSITIONS AND FOR HELP AND POSITIONS SECURED THROUGH

THE FREE PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT BUREAU, MAY 15, 1901, TO MAY 15, 1906.

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LABOR Laws, COURT DECISIONS, ETC.—This chapter embraces the following subjects: Laws of the State pertaining to labor; the decisions of various courts affecting the mining industry; extracts from the conference of the Association of Officials of Bureaus of Labor Statistics of America, and from the National Civic Federation Conference on Immigration; chronology of the bureaus of labor, and a directory of officials of bureaus of labor, etc.

266B—No. 69-07-13

RECENT FOREIGN STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS.

BELGIUM.

Salaires et Durée du Travail dans les Industries Textiles au Mois

d'Octobre, 1901. Office du Travail, Ministère de l'Industrie et du Travail, 1905. xx, 427, 691 pp.

This volume presents the results of an inquiry made by the Belgian labor office into the question of wages and working time in the textile industries of that country. The investigation was restricted to establishments having 10 or more employees, except in the case of 22 smaller establishments which were included for some special reasons. It does not include in its scope working people who are members of the families of the proprietors. Superintendents, overseers, engineers, bookkeepers, and other office employees were likewise excluded from the report, except foremen of gangs who worked with their subordinates, who have been considered as workmen. The report covers 813 textile establishments employing 71,512 work people.

The establishments considered were divided into three classes or groups, based on the number of employees, those of the first class employing 10 or under 50 work people, those of the second class from 50 to 199, and those of the third class 200 or more. The table below shows the number of establishments and of employees in each class, by industries:

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NUMBER AND PER CENT OF ESTABLISHMENTS AND EMPLOYEES IN EACH CLASSI

FIED GROUP OF ESTABLISHMENTS, BY INDUSTRIES, 1901.

Industry.

Establishments having 10

Establishments having

from 50 to 199 emor under 50 employees. (@)

ployees.
Establish-
ments.
Employees.

Establish-
ments.

Employees. Num- Per Num- Per Num- Per Num- Per ber. cent. ber. cent. ber.

cent. ber. cent.

Hemp and jute spinning and weaving.
Cotton spinning and weaving.
Linen spinning and weaving
Wool spinning and weaving..
Silk spinning and weaving.
Hair spinning and weaving.
Ropes and special fabrics.
Finishing, bleaching, printing, dyeing, etc.

Total...

21
52
40
75
2

72.412,386
47. 27 5,331
42. 56 4,040
31. 25 7,478
18. 18 211

74.60
40.38
19.40
38. 95
46.28

6 20.69 138 4.31 35 31. 82 962 7. 28 27 28. 72 758 3. 64 143 59. 60 3,806 19.82

9 81.82 245 53.72

2 100.00 37 100.00 105 66.04 2,567 30. 57 134 79.77 2,887 46.64 461 56.70 11,400 15.94

52. 16 44. 19

50 31.45 4, 381 32 19.05 2,735 272 33.46 26,562

37.14

6 Including 22 establishments having fewer than 10 employees.

NUMBER AND PER CENT OF ESTABLISHMENTS AND EMPLOYEES IN EACH CLASSI

FIED GROUP OF ESTABLISHMENTS, BY INDUSTRIES, 1901-Concluded.

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Practically 75 per cent of all textile employees are found in the cotton, linen, and wool industries. The next most important group is that of “ropes and special fabrics,” which includes knit goods and lace making as two of the more important industries composing it. Considering the three more important industries, the largest number of small establishments is found in that of wool spinning and weaving, 59.60 per cent of the establishments shown in this industry having 10 or under 50 employees; 41.23 per cent of the employees, however, are found in those establishments having 200 or more employees. On the other hand, the greatest proportion of large establishments and of employees in large establishments are found in the linen industry. Such establishments form 28.72 per cent of the total number in this industry and employ 76.96 per cent of the work people engaged therein.

The following tables show the distribution of employees in each industry by age and sex:

NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX AND OF EACH AGE GROUP,

BY INDUSTRIES, 1901.

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Hemp and jute spinning and weaving. 1, 480 46.28 1,718 53. 72 702
Cotton spinning and weaving.

7,016 53. 13 6, 189 46.87 2,317 Linen spinning and weaving

9, 170 44.03 11,658 55. 97 4,232 Wool spinning and weaving

11, 210 58.38 7, 991 41.62

1,705 Silk spinning and weaving.

176 38. 60 280 61. 40 37 Hair spinning and weaving.

21.95 2, 496
17.54 10, 888
20.31 16,596
8. 88 17, 496
8. 12 419
27.03 27
22. 26 6,529
5.32

78. 05. 82. 46 79. 69 91. 12 91.88 72.97 77.74 94. 68

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37 100.00

10 Ropes and special fabrics.

3,211 38. 23

5, 187

61.77 Finishing, bleaching, printing, dyeing, etc... 5, 107 82. 51 1,082 17.49 329 Total.

37, 407 52.31 34, 105 47.69 11,201

1,869

5,860

15. 67 60,311

84.33

NUMBER AND PER CENT OF MALE AND FEMALE EMPLOYEES IN EACH AGE GROUP,

BY INDUSTRIES, 1901..

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Aside from the unimportant industry of hair spinning and weaving, in which only males are employed, males are found in the greatest proportion in the work of finishing, bleaching, printing, dyeing, etc. They also predominate in the working of wool and cotton. It is noticeable that in linen and in hemp and jute working, and in the making of ropes and special fabrics, in all of which females predominate, are also to be found the largest proportion (except for the hairworking industry) of employees under 16 years of age. In the silk industry, on the other hand, while female employees are considerably in the majority there is only a small proportion of children employed. Other industries employing small percentages of children are the finishing, bleaching, etc., works, and the manufacture of woolen goods. Females constitute somewhat less than one-half and children under 16 years of age a little less than one-sixth of the total number of textile employees in Belgium. Females under 16 form a slightly larger proportion of textile workers than do the males under 16, while the proportion of females over 16 years of age falls considerably below that of males of the same age group.

In the following table is given the number of employees, classified by sex and age, who receive specified daily wages, taking all textile industries together:

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