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(14) Any sum awarded as compensation shall, unless paid into court under this act, be paid on the receipt of the person to whom it is payable under any agreement or award, and the solicitor or agent of a person claiming compensation under this act shall not be entitled to recover from him any costs in respect of any proceedings in an arbitration under this act, or to claim a lien in respect of such costs on, or deduct such costs from, the sum awarded or agreed as compensation, except such sum as may be awarded by the committee, the arbitrator, or the judge of the county court, on an application made either by the person claiming compensation, or by his solicitor or agent, to determine the amount of costs to be paid to the solicitor or agent, such sum to be awarded subject to taxation and to the scale of costs prescribed by rules of court.
(15) Any committee, arbitrator, or judge may, subject to regulations made by the secretary of state and the treasury, submit to a medical referee for report any matter which seems material to any question arising in the arbitration.
(16) The secretary of state may, by order, either unconditionally or subject to such conditions or modifications as he may think fit, confer on any committee representative of an employer and his workmen, as respects any matter in which the committee act as arbitrators, or which is settled by agreement submitted to and approved by the committee, all or any of the powers conferred by this act exclusively on county courts or judges of county courts, and may by the order provide how and to whom the compensation money is to be paid in cases where, but for the order, the money would be required to be paid into court, and the order may exclude from the operation of provisos (d) and (c) of paragraph (9) of this schedule agreements submitted to and approved by the committee, and may contain such incidental, consequential, or supplemental provisions as may appear to the secretary of state to be necessary or proper for the purposes of the order.
(17) In the application of this schedule to Scotland
(a) “ County court judgment” as used in paragraph (9) of this schedule means a recorded decree arbitral:
(6) Any application to the sheriff as arbitrator shall be heard, tried, and determined summarily in the manner provided by section fifty-two of the Sheriff Courts (Scotland) Act, 1876, sare only that parties may be represented by any person authorized in writing to appear for them and subject to the declaration that it shall be competent to either party within the time and in accordance with the conditions prescribed by act of sederunt to require the sheriff to state a case on any question of law determined by him, and his decision thereon in such case may be submitted to either division of the court of session, who may hear and determine the same and remit to the sheriff with instruction as to the judgment to be pronounced, and an appeal shall lie from either of such divisions to the llouse of Lords.
(C) Paragraphs (3), (4), and (8) shall not apply.
(18) In the application of this schedule to Ireland the expression “judge of the county court" shall include the recorder of any city or town, and an appeal shall lie from the court of appeal to the House of Lords,
Description of disease.
Description of process.
Handling of wool, hair, bristles, hides, and skins. Lead poisoning or its sequelæ.. Any process involving the use of lead or its preparations or
compounds. Mercury poisoning or its sequelze... Any process involving the use of mercury or its preparations
or compounds. Phosphorus poisoning or its sequele.. Any process involving the use of phosphorus or its prepara
tions or compounds. Arsenie poisoning or its sequela Any process involving the use of arsenic or its preparations or
Where regulations or special rules made under any act of Parliament for the protection of persons employed in any industry against the risk of contracting lead poisoning require some or all of the persons employed in certain processes specified in the regulations or special rules to be periodically examined by a certifying or other surgeon, then, in the application of this schedule to that industry, the expression process shall, unless the secretary of state otherwise directs, include only the processes so specified.
RECENT REPORTS OF STATE BUREAUS OF LABOR STATISTICS.
NEW YORK. Fifth Annual Report of the Department of Labor, for the twelve months
ended September 30, 1905. Transmitted to the legislature January 2, 1906. P. Tecumseh Sherman, Commissioner. Part I, 216 pp.; Part II, 301 pp.; Part III, 423 pp.; Part IV, clxxxix, 810 pp.
Part I consists of the annual report of the commissioner of labor relative to the operation of the department of labor, with recommendations on labor questions; preliminary reports of the bureau of factory inspection, the bureau of mediation and arbitration, and the free employment bureau in New York City; legislation and decisions of courts on questions affecting the interest of working people, and labor laws in force in the State January 1, 1906; Part II, Twentieth annual report of the bureau of factory inspection; Part III, Nineteenth annual report of the bureau of mediation and arbitration; Part IV, Twenty-third annual report of the bureau of labor statistics.
FREE PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT BUREAU.-During the year 1905 there were 6,032 applicants (3,530 males and 2,502 females) for positions, and 4,072 applications (784 for males and 3,288 for females) for help. The number of situations filled was 4,384, of which 858 were filled by males and 3,526 by females.
Twenty-third Annual Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, for the
year ending September 30, 1905. This part embraces the following subjects: Protection of labor employed on public work, 112 pages; economic conditions of labor, 43 pages; trade unions in 1905, 19 pages; appendix (statistical tables),
PROTECTION OF LABOR EMPLOYED ON PUBLIC WORK,—This chapter is a history of legislation in the leading European countries, in the United States, and the several States regarding the protection of labor employed on public work, together with a reproduction of Federal and State laws and constitutional provisions in force on this subject. The discussion relates to the fixing of wages, salaries, hours of work, and provisions for the protection, welfare, and safety of persons employed by the State, municipality, or by any contractor performing work for either.
THE STATE OF EMPLOYMENT.--This chapter presents a continuous record, showing the number and percentage of members of labor unions unemployed in 1905, causes of and duration of idleness as reported by approximately one-fourth of the total number of members of trade unions in the State, and comparative statistics for preceding years. The smallest number of unions reporting for any month in 1905 was 191 and the largest number was 199, and the work people embraced by these monthly reports varied from 91,088 to 97,345. From the returns it appears that the state of employment was more favorable in 1905 than in either 1902, 1903, or 1904. The percentage of unemployment for those reporting for the four years being as follows: 1902, 14.8; 1903, 17.5; 1904, 16.9, and 1905, 11.2. The percentage of unemployment in the building trades was higher in January, February, April, May, and June, in 1905, than for the same months of 1904, but from July to December, 1905, the percentage showed a marked decline from the earlier months and from the corresponding months of 1904. The mean percentage of unemployment for 1905 was 15.3, as compared with 21.4 in 1904. In printing, binding, etc., the percentage of unemployment was lower in 1905 than in 1904, for the first five months and for July and August. The percentage of unemployment was higher during the remainder of the year, but for the entire year the average percentage of unemployment was 9.9 as compared with 11.2 in 1904. The average percentage of unemployment excepting in the metals, machinery, and shipbuilding trades; theaters and music; tobacco; restaurants and retail trade, and public employment, was lower in 1905 than in 1902. In one industry only was it higher than in 1903, and in every industry the percentage of unemployment in 1905 fell below that of 1904.
The following table shows the number and percentage of unionists idle at the end of March and September, 1904 and 1905, by causes : NUMBER AND PER CENT OF MEMBERS OF LABOR UNIONS IDLE AT THE END OF
Of the 54,916 unionists idle at the end of March, 1905, 26,407 were in the building trades, 9,240 were in transportation trades, and 6,055 in clothing and textile trades. Of the 18,430 unionists idle in September, 1905, 3,341 were reported by the building trades, 5,217 by the clothing and textile trades, and 1,998 by the transportation trades.
WAGES AND EARNINGS.-Returns received from trade unions for the year 1905 show that an average weekly increase of $1.82 in wages was obtained by 34,711 males, and that 55 females obtained an average weekly increase of $1.60, while 286 males suffered an average weekly decrease of $3.96 in wages. The average net weekly increase for the 34,997 males for whom changes in wages were reported was $1.77. The following table shows the average earnings for the first and third quarters and for six months, as reported by trade unions in 1905.
NUMBER AND AVERAGE EARNINGS OF ORGANIZED WORKING PEOPLE REPORTING FOR TIIE FIRST AND THIRD QUARTERS OF 1905, BY SEX AND GROUPS OF INDUSTRIES.
TREND OF REAL WAGES.-Under this title the value of wages relative to their real purchasing power is discussed. A table is presented for the year 1897 and the years 1902 to 1905, showing the average daily wages of trade unionists in the several occupations. The average yearly earnings, based on the average daily earnings in connection with the average days of work per year, were $581 in 1897, and in 1905, $794, an increase of 37 per cent.
HOURS OF LABOR.—The reduction in weekly working hours continued in 1905. Of the $57,000 operatives employed in factories visited during the year, 53 per cent were working less than 58 hours per week. In 1901 the percentage of such employees working less than 58 hours per week was 38. Returns from workingmen's associations show that during the year 1905, 5,959 working people had their hours of labor reduced, while for 722 working people the hours of labor were increased. The number of persons benefited by reduction of hours in 1905 was less than for any other year of the 5-year period, 1901 to 1905. The number of persons affected by decrease of hours of labor for each of the preceding years of the period was in 1901, 26,147; in 1902, 61,853; in 1903, 21,636, and in 1904, 6,896. The number of working people affected by an increase in the weekly schedule of hours of labor in 1905 was exceeded in but one other year of the period. The number affected by increase of hours of labor for each of the four years preceding 1905 was 319 in 1901, 5,234 in 1902, 342 in 1903, and 66 in 1904.
The following table shows, by industries, the changes in hours of labor per week and the number of organized workers affected:
CHANGES IN WEEKLY HOURS OF LABOR OF MEMBERS OF LABOR ORGANIZATIONS, AND MEMBERS AFFECTED, AS REPORTED BY LABOR UNIONS FOR THE YEAR ENDING SEPTEMBER 30, 190.).
Of the 1,069 working people who obtained an 8-hour day, 547 were in the building trades, 300 in the printing trades, 14 in the woodworking trades, 106 were stationary engineers and firemen, and 102 were paper makers.
TRADE UNIONS.—The decline in the number of unions and in membership shown in 1904 continued during 1905. On September 30, 1905, there were in the State 2,402 organizations having a membership of 383,236. The following table shows the number of unions, and the number of members by sex, in each year from 1894 to 1905:
NUMBER OF TRADE UNIONS AND MEMBERSHIP, BY SEX, 1894 TO 1905.
Number of unions.
July 1, 1894.
157, 197 180, 231 170, 296 168, 454 171, 067 209, 020 245, 381 276, 141 329, 101 395, 598 391. 676 383, 236
a Not separately reported.