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The above figures show that there was a falling off of 102 organizations and 8,440 members; but owing to the fact that previous to 1905 three unions in the marine trades had reported their entire membership, while in that year they returned their New York City membership alone and in one case failed to report, the actual falling off in membership was only about 2,840. The decline in total membership was confined to the latter part of 1904 and the earlier months of 1905. In the spring of 1905 an increase of membership was noticed and continued through the balance of the year, increasing 8,705 in the six months from April 1 to September 30.

Of the 2,402 unions, with a total membership of 383,236 on September 30, 1905, 667 unions having a membership of 251,277 were located in New York City. There were 18 unions with a membership of 3,764 composed entirely of women, and in the unions composed of both males and females there were 8,501 female unionists, making a total of 12,265 female members of trade unions, of whom 6,653 were in the clothing and textile industries, 2,729 in the tobacco industries, 1,217 in the printing, binding, etc., industries, and 732 in the theaters and music industries.

The following table gives the membership of trade unions, by industries, on July 1 for the years 1894 and 1895, October 31, 1896, and September 30, for the years from 1897 to 1905.

MEMBERSHIP OF TRADE UNIONS, BY INDCSTRIES, 1894 TO 1905.(a)

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a The detailed figures in this table do not in all cases agree with figures presented in reports for earlier years; no explanation is given.

o This is not the correct total of the items shown, but is the total given in the original report.

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The number and membership of trade unions in New York City and for the State exclusive of New York City for the years ending September 30, 1898 to 1905, are shown in the following table: NUMBER AND MEMBERSHIP OF TRADE UNIONS IN NEW YORK CITY AND OTHER

LOCALITIES IN THE STATE, YEARS ENDING SEPTEMBER 30, 1898 TO 1905.

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Twenty-ninth Annual Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the State of Ohio, for the year 1905. M. D. Ratchford, Commissioner.

620 PP.

The subjects presented in this report are: Laws governing the labor bureau, and recent court decisions relating to labor, 25 pages; manufactures, 326 pages; prison labor, 5 pages; coal mining, 213 pages; free public employment offices, 17 pages; list of bureaus of labor in the United States, 3 pages.

MANUFACTURES.---Tables are given for 1904, showing, by industries for each of the five principal cities, the remaining cities and villages, and totals for the State, the number of establishments reported, capital invested, value of goods manufactured, amount paid for rent, taxes, and insurance; amount of wages paid, number of employees and of salaried office help; number of males and females employed; number of persons employed, by occupations; average number of days worked, average daily wages, average yearly earnings, and hours of labor. Other tables show, by industries, the number in each occupation affected by a change of wages during the year.

The 7,761 establishments from which returns were received for 1904 reported an invested capital of $405,832,627; goods produced or manufactured to the value of $720,662,642.75. Wages paid 268,716 males and 53,562 females, or a total of 322,278 employees, aggregated $164,316,934.90, and salaries aggregating $35,179,399.20 were paid to 32,498 employed as office helpers, etc. During the year 22,368 persons received an average increase in wages of 0.5 per cent, and 21,322 persons suffered an average reduction in wages of 1.8 per cent.

The number of establishments reporting in 1904 was 200 less than in 1903; the value of manufactured products was $38,376,916.50 below that of 1903, and the amount paid in wages decreased $8,168,342.79.

The aggregate invested capital exceeded that reported for 1903 by $19,937,302, and the salaries paid superintendents, office help, etc., showed an increase of $1,335,203.88.

Prison LABOR.-In the twelve penal and reformatory institutions investigated there were found 5,151 prisoners, of whom 2,220 were employed in productive labor, 2,733 in unproductive labor, and 198 were idle. Tables are given showing the class of goods or wares manufactured, systems of labor, and number of prisoners engaged in each trade compared with the number of free laborers engaged in like industries in the State.

COAL MINING.–Tables are given by counties showing mines reporting, average employees, capital invested, rent, taxes and insurance paid, wages and salaries paid, value of output, etc.

The following comparative table presents a summary of these statistics for the years 1903 and 1904:

STATISTICS OF COAL MINING IN OHIO, 1903 AND 1904.

Items

1903.

1904.

Increase +, decrease

Number of mines reporting..
Average number of employees (monthly).
Average number of salaried employees (monthly)
Invested capital...
Value of production.
Amount paid for rent, taxes, and insurance.
Amount of wages paid.
Amount of salaries paid,.
Average days worked per employee.
Average daily wages per employee.
Average yearly earnings per employee.
Average hours of daily work..
Number affected by advance in wages..
Number affected by reduction in wages.
Average per cent advance in wages.
Average per cent reduction in wages.

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FREE PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT OFFICES.— In addition to an itemized statement of the expense of each oífice for the year ending October 31, 1905, and text reports from each of the five offices, tables are given showing by years the results of the operation of each office from its organization, and for each week of the year ending October 26, 1905.

The following table shows the operations of the five free public employment offices of the State for the year ending October 26, 1905: OPERATIONS OF FREE PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT OFFICES, YEAR ENDING OCTOBER Since the organization in 1890 of the five free public employment offices there has been a total of 406,920 applications for situations wanted, 355,753 applications for help wanted, and 240,865 positions secured. Of applications for situations 59.20 per cent were filled, and of applications for help 67.75 per cent were filled.

26, 1905.

Situations wanted.

Help wanted.

Positions secured.

City.

Males.

Females.

Males.

Females.

Males.

Females.

Cleveland.
Columbus
Cincinnati
Dayton..
Toledo.

2, 078
1,943
3,071
3, 292
2,832

2,565 2,561 1,993 2, 005 1, 256

2, 306 2, 230 2, 684 3, 416 2,971

3. 076 3, 751 2, 387 5, 275 1, 629

1,629 1, 808 2, 665 3,014 1, 223

2, 299 2, 341 1,714 1,937 1,020

Total.

13,216

10,380

13,607

16,118

10,339

9,311 1896 TO 1905.

The expenses of the five offices for the year ending October 31, 1905 (excluding salaries), were $2,250.89; of which the expenses of the Cleveland office were $407.52; the Columbus office, $416.05; the Cincinnati office, $515.77; the Dayton office, $454.99; and the Toledo office, $456.56.

PENNSYLVANIA. Annual Report of the Secretary of Iniernal Affuirs of the Commonwealth

of Pennsylvania. Vol. XXXIII, 1905. Part III, Industrial Statistics. Robert C. Bair, Chief of Bureau. 622 pp.

The following subjects are presented in this report: New legislation, 22 pages; comparative statistics of manufactures, 400 pages; statistics of iron, steel, and tin-plate production, 24 pages; statistics of coal mining, 37 pages; strikes and lockouts, causes given for days lost in manufacturing industries, and comments on trade conditions in 1905, 20 pages; labor statistics, 43 pages; textile industries, 36 pages; collated summaries, 1896–1905, 27 pages.

New LEGISLATION.- The text of a law regulating the employment of minors in anthracite coal mines or collieries, and also one regulating the employment, in all kinds of industrial establishments, of women and children employed at wages or salary, and to provide for the safety of all employees in certain nonindustrial buildings, etc., passed by the legislature in 1905, are reproduced.

COMPARATIVE STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES.-In this chapter a series of tables is given showing for each of 84 manufacturing industries, capital invested, cost of basic materials, days in operation, persons employed, aggregate wages, value of product, and other data for each year from 1896 to 1905, as reported by 710 identical establishments. The following summary shows the more important items: COMPARATIVE STATISTICS OF 710 IDENTICAL MANUFACTURING ESTABLISHMENTS,

Year.

Capital in-
vested in
plants and
working
capital.

Per cent of
Cost of basic Market value

cost of basic
material of

Average days material. of product.

value of

in operation. product.

1896. 1897 1898 1899. 1900. 1901 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905.

$170, 169, 195
173, 405, 857
178,588, 674
209, 542, 208
225, 955, 539
233, 312, 008
237,915, 740
266,387, 285
306, 507, 455
286, 552, 433

$81, 679,955 $169, 806, 501

88,837, 529 182, 572, 176 101, 497, 555 217,514,078 142, 864, 640 287,635, 100 163, 347, 771 325, 161, 818 167, 294,827 339, 027, 496 194,788, 437 388, 306, 566 197,556, 575 390, 224,148 165, 441,999 334, 343, 735 208, 193, 788 400, 311, 210

48.1 48.7 47.1 49.6 50.2 49.3 50.0 50.6 49.5 52.0

267 286 286 289 289 292 293

286 296

COMPARATIVE STATISTICS OF 710 IDENTICAL MANUFACTURING ESTABLISHMENTS,

1896 TO 1905–Concluded.

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Other tables show the increase or decrease in the principal items for each year as compared with the next preceding year, and for 1905 compared with 1896; average yearly earnings, 1896 and 1905, and the difference in earnings in 77 industries in which an increase was reported and in 7 industries in which a decrease was reported; average yearly and daily earnings of males, females, and minors in 1905, by industries.

IRON, STEEL, AND TIN-PLATE PRODUCTION.—The following summary statements show the more important items for the year 1905 relating to the production of pig iron, steel, rolled iron and steel, and tin plate:

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Rails....
Iron and steel structural shapes..

1, 113, 841
1, 389, 709

304B- No. 70—07-_-13

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