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Gross tons of production-('ontinued.

Plates and sheets (a)...
('ut nails and spikes..
Other rolled products...

2, 310, 478

34, 212 4, 361, 820

Total.......

9, 210.060

Value of product (not including the tin-plate works).......
Adult male employees (not including those in tin-plate works).
Total employees (not including those in tin-plate works).
Aggregate wages paid adult male employees....
- Aggregate wages paid all employees.
Average days in operation..
Average yearly earnings of adult male employees...
Average yearly earnings of all employees..
Average daily wages of adult male employees..
Average daily wages of all employees..
Average value per ton..
Cost of labor per ton..

TIN PLATE (BLACK-PLATE WORKS).
Capital invested (19 plants)..
Pounds of production of black plate:

Tinned..
Not tinned.

$285, 248.007

111,983

113. 296 $70, 612, 050 $70, 943, 628

297 $630.58 $626. 19

$2. 12 $2.11 $30.97 $7.70

$8,734, 180

599, 281, 700 28, 838, 659

Total....

628, 120, 359

Value of product...
Adult male employees.
Total employees....
Aggregate wages paid adult male employees..
Aggregate wages paid all employees.
Average days in operation.
Average yearly earnings of adult male employees..
Average yearly earnings of all employees.....
Average daily wages of adult male employees.
Average daily wages of all employees.....

$19, 966, 608

7, 067

8, 280 $5, 166, 395 $5, 269, 152

269 $648. 47 $636, 37

$2. 41 $2.36

TIN PLATE (DIPPING WORKS).

Capital invested (3 plants).
Pounds of production of tin and terne plate..
Value of product
Male employees..
Total employees...
Aggregate wages paid male employees.
Aggregate wages paid all employees.
Average days in operation .....
Average yearly earnings of male employees.
Average yearly earnings of all employees..
Average daily wages of male employees.
Average daily wages of all employees.

$1, 309, 080 33, 068, 9570 $1, 560, 582

204

247 $114, 181 $126, 912

288 $559,75 $517.86

$1.94 $1.80

a Including 294,172 tons of black plate and other sheets made by the tin-plate works.

STATISTICS OF COAL MINING.–The following tables give a statistical summary of the operations of the anthracite and bituminous coal mines in the State for 1905:

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& Average number of days coke workers were employed was 261. b Not reported. In addition to the above coal-mining operations, there were 53 plants employing 1,490 persons, engaged in washing coal from culm banks at the mines. The plants washed 2,904,900 tons of coal, which had a market value of $1,818,062. Wages paid in this industry aggregated $574,329, making the average yearly earnings per employee $397. There were also 48 plants engaged in dredging coal from the Susquehanna and Schuylkill rivers, giving an average employment of 200 days to 174 men, to whom wages amounting to $33,320 were paid. There were 84,924 tons of coal raised, having a market value of $73,849.

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS.-Data relative to strikes and lockouts are reported for several industries. The information given shows for each strike reported the time lost, cause of dispute, method of settlement, result, and number of persons involved.

LABOR STATISTICS.-Statistics are presented for the different industries, showing the number of establishments making returns and data relative to employees as follows: Number, number owning their own homes, average rent paid by those renting, hours of daily work, and nationality

Returns from 47 pig-iron companies showed that 429 working people owned their homes, that the average annual rental for those paying rent was $75, and that the average hours the furnaces were in blast were 148 per week; that of the 8,665 persons for whom nationality was reported 3,373 were Americans. Returns from 156 iron and steel companies showed that 3,393 working people owned their homes, that the average annual rental for those renting was $127, that the average hours of work per week were 65, and that of the 42,004 employees for whom nationality was reported 23,468 were Americans. Returns from 116 anthracite coal companies reporting showed that 5,401 working people owned their homes, that the average annual rental for those renting was $78, that the average weekly working hours were 53, and that of the 92,485 employees for whom nationality was reported 25,905 were Americans. In the bituminous coal mining 479 companies, employing 74,461 persons over 16 years of age, report 6,802 men as owning their homes, and 469 companies report that the average annual rental for those paying rent was $65. The average working hours per week, as reported by 429 companies, were 49. Of the 55,583 persons for whom nationality was reported 17,347 were Americans.

TEXTILE INDUSTRIES.--Returns made in 1905 by 487 establishments engaged in the textile industries in Philadelphia showed the average number of employees to be 54,834 (22,583 males, 26,733 females, and 5,518 children), to whom were paid an aggregate of $22,571,872 in wages. The average yearly earnings were as follows: Of all employees, $411.64; males, $555.02; females, $339.60, and of children, $173.84. The establishments were in operation during the year an average of 281 days, the average hours of labor per week were 58, and the total value of product (not including 40 dyeing, bleaching, and finishing plants not reporting value of product) was $99,671,003. Of the 24,244 persons employed in these industries for whom nationality was reported 16,375 were Americans.

RECENT FOREIGN STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS.

AUSTRIA.

Die Arbeitseinstellungen und Aussperrungen in Österreich während des

Jahres 1904. Die Arbeitseinstellungen und Aussperrungen in Österreich während des Jahres 1905. Herausgegeben vom k. k. Arbeitsstatistischen Amte im Handelsministerium. 394 pp.;

564 pp.

These are the eleventh and twelfth annual reports of the Austrian Government on strikes and lockouts. The information, which is compiled by the Austrian bureau of labor statistics, is given in the form of an analysis and six tables, showing for the years 1904 and 1905, respectively: (1) Strikes according to geographical distribution; (2) strikes according to industries; (3) general summary of strikes; (4) comparative summary of strikes for the ten-year period ending with the year 'overed by the report; (5) details for each strike in the year covered b, the report; (6) details for each lockout in the year covered by the report. An appendix to each volume gives a brief review of industrial and labor conditions in Austria, statistics of trade unions, and notes concerning the strikes and lockouts reported in the preceding pages of the report.

STRIKES IN 1904.--The number of strikes, the number of establishments affected, and the number of strikers in 1904 were considerably above the average for the eleven-year period beginning with 1894. There were 606,629 days lost by the persons directly affected in 1904 on account of strikes, or 21.2 per cent more than in the preceding year. During the year there were 414 strikes, which affected 2,704 establishments. Of a total of 99,828 employees in the establishments affected, 64,227 participated in the strikes and 9,301 others were thrown out of employment on account of them, the strikers representing 64.3 per cent of the total number of employees in the establishments affected. The average number of strikers in each strike was 155. Of the total strikers, 90.9 per cent were males and 9.1 per cent were females. After the strikes 58,907 strikers were reemployed and 2,817 new employees took the places formerly occupied by strikers.

The following table shows, by industries, the number of strikes, establishments affected, strikers and others thrown out of employment, etc., during the year 1904:

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The building trades had the largest number of strikes (80) in 1904, while the largest number of strikers (19,614) was in the mining and metallurgical group of industries. Next in importance with regard to the number of strikers involved was the group of building trades with 15,947 persons. Of all the strikers during the year, 55.4 per cent were engaged in these two groups of industries.

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