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CONTENTS OF VOLUME XIV.
Free public employment offices are agencies supported by the State or the municipality and designed to bring employee and employer together for the purpose of furnishing employment to the former and help to the latter. The employment agency as a private institution is of long standing. As a department of philanthropic work among charitable organizations it is found at least as far back as 1870, when the United Hebrew Charities of Chicago opened its free employment office. Both of these classes of employment offices, as well as those conducted by firms, corporations, labor and trade organizations, etc., are excluded from this investigation, except in so far as they are incidentally of interest to the discussion.
Agencies for securing employment may be given the following general classification:
1. Private or pay agencies, conducted for gain, like any other business. The “want” columns of the daily press logically belong in this class.
2. Philanthropic agencies, conducted by such organizations as the Associated Charities, the Young Men's Christian Association, the United Hebrew Charities, and other religious or humanitarian bodies.
3. The employment departments of various firms and business organizations conducted for their own private advantage. To this class belong the “business agents” of the labor unions, the employment bureaus of mercantile and manufacturing establishments, and the employment departments of the antiunion organizations.