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broke, in Cheshire, in the time of Richard the First *.

Orwell, Baron (vernon). — Vernon, Baron of Shipbroke, was one of the Barons (of the Palatinate of Chester) created by Hugh Lupus, the first Norman Earl of Chester. Extinct f.

Beaulieu, Earl; Beaulieu, Baron (hussey-montague).—Beaulieu is an Abbey in Hampshire, and was part of the Estate of John (Montagu) Duke of Montagu, inherited by his Daughter and Co-heiress the Duchess of Manchester, who married Sir Edward Hussey, K. B. Upon this marriage he took the additional name of Montague.

Vernon, Baron (vernon). .>— The Title is nominal and local, from Vernon in Normandy %. The Descent is from Hamon de Massie-Venables, of Kinderton, in Cheshire,

* Pennant's Journey from Chester, 1782, p. 19. t Pennant's Tour in North Wales, 1778, p. 125. % Collins's Peerage, 1779.

who was one of Hugh Lupus's Palatinate Barons, as Earl of Chester.

Harcourt, Earl.—The Title is from the Name, which is local, from a Town in Normandy, and which is also the Title of a French Dukedom.

Nuneham, Viscount (harcourt). — From the Earl's Seat in Oxfordshire. The Earldom was erected in 1749.

Grafton, Duke.—From a Village in Northamptonshire, which was erected into an Honour, and conferred by King Charles II. on his Natural Son by the Duchess of Cleveland.

Euston, Earl (fitzroy). — From the Seat in Suffolk.

Devonshire, Duke (cavendish). — From the County. Descended from a Gentleman Usher to Cardinal Wolsey *.

* See Cavendish's Life of Wolsey. Collios's Collections.

Hartington, Marquis (cavendish).—From an obscure Village (the Property of the Duke) in the Peak of Derbyshire.

Dorset, Duke.—From the County. Sir Lionel Cranfield, Knight, Lord Cranfield, &c. was a Shop-keeper in London, as his Father had been before him *.

Effingham, Earl (howard). — From Effingham in Surrey, a Seat of this Branch of the Family, and where there was a Castle.

Sussex, Earl.—From the County.

Longueville, Viscount (yelverton). —Sir Henry Yelverton, the Second Baronet, married Susan Baroness Grey of Ruthyn, Daughter and sole Heiress of Charles Longueville, Lord Grey of Ruthyn. To this Title the eldest Son of Sir Henry succeeded on the death of his Mother (being a Barony in Fee); and was followed by his Brother Henry, who was created Viscount Longueville 1690. Talbot Yelverton, the eldest Son of Henry, was created Earl of Sussex in 1717.

* Bibl. Top. Brit. vol. VI. No XV. from D'Ewes's MS Journal in the British Museum.

Beaufort, Duke. — Henry Beaufort, third Duke of Somerset, temp. Henry VII. had a Natural Son, to whom he gave the names of Charles Somerset (afterwards a Knight), whose Descendant was created Duke of Beaufort. Thus, by a Child of Casualty, the Name and Title have changed positions; as what was Beaufort Duke of Somerset is now Somerset Duke of Beaufort.

Worcester, Marquis (somerset). From the City.

Manchester, Duke.—From the Town.

Mandeville, Viscount (montagu).— A nominal Title from Geoffrey de Mandeville, who possessed Kimbolton, the Seat of the Family, temp. Guil. Conq. *

* Kelham's Key to Domesday Book, p. 35.

Mandeville is a Village in Normandy (a corruption of Magnaville, i. e. Magna Villa), which gave name to the person who accompanied William the Conqueror *.

Waldegrave, Earl.—Waldegrave is a Village in Northamptonshire.

Chewton, Viscount (waldegrave).—>. From a place in Somersetshire f.

Mount - Edgecumbe, Earl. — Baron Edgecumbe by Creation, 1742. Earl of Mount-Edgecumbe by Creation, 1789. From the Family Seat in Cornwall.

Valletort, Viscount (edgecumbe).— From an old Norman Barony (De Valle Torta), with Lands annexed, in Devonshire, the property of the Family J.

Gainsborough, Earl.—From the Town. Campden, Viscount (noel).—Campden is in Gloucestershire.

* Vincent on Brooke.

t Camden's Britannia, col. 85. % Ibid. col. 21.

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