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nours of Latham and Knowsley, with many other Lordships, to Sir John Stanley.".

Mr. Sacheverell goes no further into the Story; and the Reader will be naturally inclined to know whose Child this was, and how it was conveyed into the Eagle's nest. For this we must have recourse to Sir William Dugdale *, who relates the Story more circumstantially, and, as he says, upon credible tradition; viz. That a Sir Thomas de Latham had a natural Son, called Oskytel, by an obscure woman, who lived near him; and, " having no Child by his Lady, he designed to adopt this Oskytel for his Heir; but so that he himself might not be suspected to have been the Father. Observing, therefore, that an Eagle had built her Nest in a large spread oak within his Park at Lathom, he caused the Child in swadling cloaths to be privily conveyed thither; and (as a wonder) presently called forth his Wife to see it; representing to her, that, having no Issue, God Almighty had thus sent him a Male Child, and so preserved, that he looked upon it as a miracle; disguising the truth so artificially from her, that she forthwith took him (the Child) with great fondness into the house, educating him with no less affection than if she had been his natural Mother; whereupon he became Heir to that fair inheritance; and that, in token thereof, not only his Descendants, whilst the Male Line endured, but the Stanleys proceeding from the said Isabel (the Heir Female), have ever since borne the Child in the Eagle's Nest. with the Eagle thereon, for their Crest.

* Baropage, vol. II. p. 257.

Francis Bourgeois, Member of the Royal Academy, had leave from King George III. to wear the Polish Order "Merentibus." The Diploma is dated Warsaw, February 16, 1791. Ordered to be registered in the College of Arms.

208

ORIGIN AND DERIVATION

OF A FEW

ftemarftafole Surnames;

JLewkenor.—Sir Lewis, Master of the Ceremonies; from one of the Hundreds of Lincolnshire, called anciently Levechenora *.

Kempe.—The same as Champion. The Danish word-f*.

Misenor.—From Mesonero, an Inn -keeper; Spanish.

Muncaster.—The old name of Newcastle upon Tyne; quasi Monk-Caster. The present name was perhaps taken on its being rebuilt.

Mease.—From Meze, a messuage J.

Hugesson.—Cardinal Hugezun came over as the Pope's Legate, temp. Henry II. §

* Brady's History of England, General Preface, p. 50. t Brady's Preface to the Norman History, p. 150. X See Blount's Diet. § Brady's Hist. p. 415.

Dempster.—The Judges of the Isle of Man were called Deemsters *.

Eldred.—-There was an Archbishop of York of the name of Aldred, temp. William the Conqueror. Perhaps contracted from Alured, the Latin of Alfred.

Brettell.—There is a Seignory in Normandy of the name of Bretteville. So we have corrupted the name of Frescheville into Fretwell.

Belassis.—Something of this name may be seen in Brady's History, p. 196.

Larpent.—From the French, U Arpent; Arpent signifying an acre. We drop the apostrophe*

Duppa. De Uphaugh and, by apostrophe, IX Uphaugh, according to Anthony Wood.

Firmin.—From St. Fermin in France.

Paliser.—An official name of such person or persons who had the care of the pales of a forest f.

* Sacheverell's History of the Island, p. 2. t Manwood's Forest Laws.

Ord.—Signifies a Promontory in the Highland; and, I presume, is Erse *.

Bownas and Bonas. — Corrupted from Buchan-Ness, the seat of the Earl of Errol f.

Bidgeway. — A local term for the way of the ford, or passage over a stream. Byd and Bith signifying a ford J.

Fitzherbert. — It is written Filius-Herberti in very old deeds §. The Finches were called Finch-Herbert formerly; which led Daniel Earl of Winchelsea to think he was related to the Fitzherberts. Thus Leland: "The Finches that be now, say, that theire propre name is Hereberte; and that with mariage of the Finche-Heyre, they tooke the Finche's name, and were called FincheHerebert, joining booth names ||."

Herbert, of Kent married the heiress of Finch, and took that name as a prefix, which they soon corrupted into Fitz-herbert. But the Fitzherberts were a family before the

* Pennant's Tour, p. 158. f Ibid. p. 124. X Hasted's History of Kent. § Ex inform. Dom. Gul. Fitzherbert, Baronetti. || Itinerary, VI. 52.

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