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bits, or Conies. The Irish Branch has dif% ferent Supporters; viz. a Horse and a Buck; though it preserves the Motto.
The Earl of Traquair has for his Motto "Judge noucht;" though there is nothing in his Armorial Bearings to which it can allude. One is therefore to look for some event interesting to the Family to ground it upon, which probably was this: Sir John Stewart, first created Baron, and afterwards Earl, of Traquair, by King Charles I. was Lord High Treasurer of Scotland, anno 1635, and remained a firm friend to the Royal Cause to the last. His adherence to it, however, drew on him the resentment of the opposite party, insomuch that he was, 1641, impeached of Htgh Treason,and found guilty; but the Parliament submitted his punishment to the King, who ordered him a Pardon under the Great Seal, the Preamble to which sets forth the King's high opinion of his abilities and his integrity in the discharge of his duty. Upon this transaction, it seems more than possible that the Earl, alluding to the rash and cruel treatment he had received from the Parliament for his loyalty to the King, might assume the Motto "Judge noucht;" the complement of which, we all know, is, " That ye be not judged."
Johnston, Marquis of Annandale.— The modern Motto is "Nunquam non paratus;" but in the original Motto there is History, which connects with other parts of the Bearing. The Crest is " A winged Spur," and one of the Supporters is *' A Horse furnished." The Crest was taken, because the Johnstons Were often Wardens of the West Borders, and active in suppressing Thieves and Plunderers, who infested them during the Wars between England and Scotland; whence was derived the original Motto, "Alight Thieves all;" commanding, either by their authority or prowess, those Thieves to surrender. The Horse as a Supporter' alludes to the same circumstance, or might be considered as a Bearing of Conquest, from a Horse taken from some famous Marauder *.
The Johnstons of Westrow, or Westerhall, have a different principal Bearing in their Arms; viz. " A Man's Heart, ensigned with an Imperial Crown proper, in base," being part of the Arms of Douglas, in memory of the apprehension of Douglas Earl of Ormond, when in rebellion against James II. f
Hamilton, Duke of Hamilton. —Motto, '* Through." This Motto is older than the Nobility of the Family, if my conjectare be tme; as it seems to have originated from a circumstance which happened in the Reign of the Scottish King, Robert I. in England, at the Court of our King Edward II. Battles, sieges, &c. had been maintained, with various success, between the two Kings, for a long time. During these animosities Sir Gilbert Hamilton, an Englishman, happening to speak in praise of the intrepidity of Robert I. King of Scots, one of the De Spencers (John, Mr. Grawfurd says,) who was of King Edward's Bed-chamber, drew his falchion, and wounded him. Sir Gilbert, more concerned at the contumely than at the wound, and being prevented at the moment from resenting it; yet when he met his antagonist the next day in the same place, ran him through the body. On this he immediately fled for protection to the King of Scots, who gave him lands and honours for this bold vindication of his valour *.
* Peerage of Scotland, 1767, octavo. t Nipbet's Heraldry, p. 146.
The Motto of Murray, now Duke of Athol, is, "Furth, Fortune, and fill the Fetters;" but it was originally given to John Stewart, Earl of Athol, and came to the Family of Murray by an intermarriage with the Heiress of Stewart. The first JEarl of Athol of the name of Stewart was constituted Lieutenant to King James III. (1457); and for his defeating, and bringing to submission, Mac-Donald, Lord of the Isles, who had rebelled, he had a special grant of several lands, and the above Motto added to his Arms *, which seems to mean, Go forth, be successful, and Jill the Fetters loith the Feet of all other rebellious Subjects; for I understand "Fortune" to be a verb, and chosen probably for the sake of the alliteration. One appendage to the Arms of Murray, probably received from Stewart, has an allusion to the Motto; for the Supporter, on the Sinister side, is a Savage, with his Feet in Fetters.
* Crawford's Peerage, in Duke of Hamilton. Buchanan, vol. I. p. 332, 333. Dr. Abercrombie, however, gives us reasons to doubt that this was the first introduction of the name of Hamilton into Scotland: though that is not material, if it was the occasion which introduced the Motto. This has no apparent connexion with the Crest or Arms, and is therefore more conclusive. Query as to the Crest?