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cies were never published in a perfect state;

but the Epitome of them is well known in

Scotland, though Mr. Nisbet says it is very

erroneous. The original, he tells us, is a

Folio MS. which Mr. Nisbet seems to have

seen; for he adds, " Many things are missing

in the small book which are to be met with

in the original, particularly these two lines,

concerning his (Sir Thomas Lermont's)

neighbour, Haig of Bemerside:

* Tyde what may betide,
Haig shall be Laird of Bemerside.'

"And," continues Mr. Nisbet, " his Prophecy concerning that ancient Family has hitherto been true; for since that time till this day (1702) the Haigs have been Lairds of that place." *

"Cave Adsum" is the Motto of Jardin, of Applegirth, Bart, in Scotland. The Ingredients (as they may be called) to which it alludes, are very dispersed, and to be collected from the Supporters, the Bearing, and Crest: the Arms having "Three Mullets charged on the Chief;" the Supporters, "An Armed Man and a Horse;" and the Crest, V A Mullet or Spur-Rowel." This might allude to Justs and Tournaments.*.

* Nisbet's Cadencies, pp. 15% 159.

I shall conclude with one Irish Motto; that of Fitzgerald —" Crom a Boo;" a Cri de Guerre, or Term of Defiance. A Boo means the Cause, or the Party, and Crom was the ancient Castle of the Fitz-Geralds. So Butler a Boo meant the Ormond Party, the Cri on the other side; hy which they insulted each other, and consequently frays and skirmishes ensued -j*.

Simon Fitz-Alan had a Son Robert, who, being of a fair complexion, was called Boyt, or Boyd, from the Celtic or Gallic word Boidh, which signifies fair or yellow J, from which he assumed his Sur-narne, and from him all the Boyds in Scotland are descended *.

* See Nisbet's Heraldry.

t I owe this observation to my noble Friend, and kind Correspondent, Lord Dacre.

% So Douglas means White Man. See "Armories." * Douglas, p. 373.

Canmore is a Sobriquet. So might GoldBerry, from the colour of Boyd's hair. Sobriquets common in England and France; there was scarce a French King without some addition, relative to their persons, or to their good or bad qualities.

Goldberry is a Slughorn, for the Motto is Confido, as applying to the con6dence the Chief had in the Vassals belonging to the Clan; though by the modern Crest (a Thumb and two Fingers pointing to Heaven) it seems to admit of a religious interpretation.

DISSERTATION

ON

Coaches*

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Every thing has History belonging to it, though perhaps it is seldom worth investigation; and what follows will, I suspect, be thought not unlike Gratiano's reasons; viz. "As two grains of wheat hid in two bushels of chaff j you shall seek all day ere you find them, and when you have them, they are not worth the search*." But, as the History of Coaches in general, and particularly of Hackney Coaches, has never been drawn together, I shall attempt to do it as an historical detail of that species of luxury.

The Nobleman, and the man of fortune, steps into his own carriage; and the humbler

* Merchant of Venice.

orders of men into their occasional coach, even with the gout upon them, when walking is out of the question; without ever thinking with the smallest gratitude of those who introduced or improved such a convenience; and all this because these Vehicles are now too common to attract our notice further than their immediate use suggests..

It is the business of Antiquaries to rescue subjects of this sort from oblivion, as to their origin, their improvements, &c. to the present hour; who of course must leave it to others of the same class, to shew their decline; for it is not improbable that even the present gay families, or their posterity, may be witnesses of such a revolution.

The first Wheel-Carriages of the Coach kind were in use with us in the Reign of King Richard II., and were called Whirlicotes; though we cannot but suppose they were such as, but for the name of riding,

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