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The Duke of Leeds' own account of his meeting the Earl of Devonshire and Mr. John D'arcy* at Whittington, in the County of Derby, A. D. 1688.
The Earl of Derby, afterwards Duke of Leeds, was impeached, A. D. 1678, of High Treason by the House of Commons, on a charge of being in the French interest, and, in particular, of being Popishly affected: many, both Peers and Commoners, were misled, and bad conceived an erroneous opinion concerning him and his political conduct. This be has stated himself, in the Introduction to his Letters, printed A. 1710, where he says, "That the malice of my accusation did so manifestly appear in that article wherein I was charged to be Popishly affected, that I dare swear there was not one of my accusers that did then believe; that article against me."
His Grace then proceeds, for the further clearing of himself, in these memorable words, relatiye to the meeting at Whittington, the subject of this memoir.
"The Duke of Devonshire also, when we were partners in the secret trust about the Revolution, and who did meet me and Mr. John D'Arcy, for that purpose, at a town called Whittington, in Derbyshire, did, in the presence of the said Mr. D'Arcy, make a voluntary acknowledgment of the great mistakes he had been led into about me; and said, that both he, and most others, were entirely convinced of their error. And he came to Sir Henry Goodrick*s house in Yorkshire purposely to meet me there again, in order to concert the times and methods by which he should act at Nottingham (which was to be his post), and one at York (which was to be mine); and we agreed, that I should first attempt to surprize York, because there was a small garrison with a Governor there; whereas
* Son and heir of Conyers Earl of Holderness.
Nottingham was but an open town, and might give an alarm to York, if he should appear in arms before I had made my attempt upon York; which was done accordingly *; but is mistaken in divers relations of it. And I am confident that Duke (had he been now alive) would have thanked nobody for putting his prosecution of me amongst the glorious actions of hi* life."
Celebration of the Revolution Jubilee, at Whittington and Chesterfield, on the 4th and 5th of November, 1788.
On Tuesday the 4th instant, the Committee appointed to conduct the Jubilee had a previous meeting, and dined together at the Revolution House in Whittington. His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, Lord Stamford, Lord George and Lord John Cavendish, with several neighbouring Gentlemen, were present. After dinner a subscription was opened for the erecting of a Monumental Column, in Commemoration of the Glorious Revolution, on that spot where the Earls of Devonshire and Danby, Lord Delamere, and Mr. John D'Arcy, met to concert measures which were eminently instrumental in rescuing the Liberties of their Country from perdition. As this Monument is intended to be not less a mark of public Gratitude, than the memorial of an important event; it was requested, that the present Representatives of the above-mentioned families would excuse their not being permitted to join in the expence.
* For the Earl of Devonshire's proceedings at Derby and Whittington see Mr. Deering's History of Nottingham, p. 260. Mr. Drake, p. 177 of his Eboracum, just mentions the Eail of Danby's appearance at York.
On the 5th, at eleven in the morning, the commemoration commenced with divine service at Whittington Church. The Rev. Mr. Pegge, the Rector of the Parish, delivered an excellent Sermon from the words "This is the day, &c." Though of a great age, having that very morning entered his 85th year, he spoke with a spirit which seemed to be derived from the occasion, his sentiments were pertinent, well arranged, and his expression animated.
The descendants of the illustrious houses of Cavendish, Osborne, Boothe, and Darcy (for the venerable Duke of Leeds, whose age would not allow him to attend, had sent his two grandsons, in whom the blood of Osborne and D'Arcy is united); a numerous and powerful gentry; a wealthy and respectable yeomanry; a hardy, yet decent and attentive peasantry; whose intelligent countenances shewed that they understood, and would be firm to preserve that blessing, for which they were assembled to return thanks to Almighty God, presented a truly solemn spectacle, and to the eye of a philosopher the most interesting that can be imagined.
After service the company went in succession to view the old house, and the room called by the Antirevolutionists "The Plotting-Parlour," with the old armed-chair in which the Earl of Devonshire is said to have sitten, and every one was then pleased to partake of a very elegant cold collation, which was prepared in the new rooms annexed to the cottage. Some time being spent in this, the procession began;
Constables with long staves, two and two.
The Eight Clubs, four and four; viz.
1. Mr. Deakin's : Flag, blue, with orange fringe, op it the figure of Liberty, the motto, "The Protestant Religion, and the Liberties of England, we will maintain."
2. Mr. Bluett's: Flag, blue, fringed with orange, motto, "Libertas; quae sera, tamen respexit in
ertem." Underneath the figure of Liberty crowning Britannia with a wreath of laurels, who is represented sitting on a Lion, at her feet the Cornucopias of Plenty; at the top next the pole, a Castle, emblematical of the house where the club is kept; on ( the lower side of the flag Liberty holding a Cap and resting on the Cavendisli arms.
3. Mr. Ostliff's: Flag, broad blue and orange stripe, with orange fringe; in the middle the Cavendish arms; motto as No. ]. .
4. Mrs. Barber's : Flag, garter blue and orange quarter'd, with white fringe, mottoes, "Liberty secured." "The Glorious Revolution 1688."
5. Mr. Valentine Wilkinson's: Flag, blue with orange fringe, in the middle the figure of Liberty; motto as No. 1.
6. Mr. Stubbs: Flag, blue with orange fringe, motto, "Liberty, Property, Trade, Manufactures;" at the top a head of King William crowned with laurel, in the middle in a large oval, "Revolution 1688." On one side the Cap of Liberty, on the other the figure of Britannia; on the opposite side the flag of the Devonshire arms.
Mrs. Ollerenshaw's: Flag, blue with orange fringe; motto as No. 1. on both sides.
Mr. Marsingale's : Flag, blue with orange fringe; at the top the motto, "In Memory of the Glorious Assertors of British Freedom 1688," beneath, the figure of Liberty leaning on a shield, on which is inscribed, "Revolted from Tyranny at Whittington 1688;" and having in her hand a scroll with the words "Bill of Rights" underneath a head of King William the Third; on the other side the flag, the motto, "The Glorious Revolter from Tyranny 1688" underneath the Devonshire arms; at the bottom the following inscription, "Willielmus Dux Devon. Bonorum Principum Fidelis Subditus; Inimicus et Invisus Tyrannis."
The Members of the Clubs were estimated 2000 persons, each having a white wand in his band with blue and orange tops and favours, with the Revolution stamped upon them. The Derbyshire militia's band of music. The Corporation of Chesterfield in their formalities, who joined the procession on entering the town. The Duke of Devonshire in his coach and six. Attendants on horseback with four led horses. The Earl of Stamford in his post chaise and four. Attendants on horseback. The Earl of Danby and Lord Francis Osborne in their post-chaise and four. Attendants on horseback. Lord George Cavendish in his post-chaise and four. Attendants on horseback. Lord John Cavendish in his post-chaise and four. Attendants on horseback. Sir Francis Molyneux and Sir Henry Hunloke, Barts. in Sir Henry's coach and six. Attendants on horseback. And upwards of forty other carriages of the neighbouring gentry, with their attendants. Gentlemen on horseback, three and three. Servants on horseback, ditto. The procession in the town of Chesterfield went along Holywell-Street, Saltergate, Glumangate, then to the left along the upper side of the Market-place to Mr. Wilkinson's house, down the street past the Mayor's house, along the lower side of the Marketplace to the end of the West Bans, from thence past Dr. Milnes's house to the Castle, where the Derbyshire band of music formed in the centre and played "Rule Britannia," "God save the King, Kc." the Clubs and Corporation still proceeding in the same order to the Mayor's and then dispersed.
The whole was conducted with order and regularity, for notwithstanding there were fifty carriages, 400