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favourite dogma, and as they have always done before.

3rd. If the editor changed his views in the manner indicated, to please the readers of the Defender' (adinitting that they would all be delighted with the change), would not that be changing according to circumstances, (for the editor will certainly desire to please liis readers) and a very substantial and tangible proof in support of that very proposition it was designed to refute ?

If Samuel Coombs wishes to come to the rescue of this favourite portion of the infidel's creed, it is to be hoped he will bring a better rope with him next time, or it will most certainly sink into oblivion in spite of his efforts to rescue it. If he has not read ‘Is man responsible for his belief,' I would recommend that work to his notice.

W. L.





As, in a former number of the Defender,' you request your readers to inform you of any important movements in connection with the late resuscitation of infidelity in its new garb and nane-secularisin,' which inay have transpired in their several localities, and supposing yeit will be somewhat interested in any news respecting the whereabouts, or actions, or intentions of Mr. Joseph Barker, perhaps the most gifted, and certainly the most audacious, of secularist controversialists, I beg leave to comply with your desire, in letting you have what I know of him. Judging from the reception Mr. Barker received at Liverpool, I thought he was most undoubtedly paying us his last visit, and that, indeed, ‘we ne'er should see his like again ;' for, when he, in his own peculiar and bombastic manner, challenged public discussion at Liverpool, and threw down the gauntlet, daring any Christian champion to take it up, the Revs. J. H. Rutherford, Dr. Baylee, and others appeared in the field, to encounter this blasphemer of the Christian's faith and the Christian's God, he made it his business to beat a retreat, and showed that he considered 'discretion to be the better part of valour;' but, I find now, my opinion that he would never return to Liverpool is yet to prove quite an incorrect one, my deductions from his conduct will be shown to have been erroneous; for Mr. Finch, the chairman at Mr. Barker's lectures, who so materially assisted the latter in the Queen's Hall, Bold Street, by ordering the lights to be extinguished when the Rev. J. H. Rutherford commenced to speak in favour of Christianity, and in opposition to some of Mr. Barker's statements, thus

Making their case darker

Which was dark enough without,' the same Mr. Finch told a friend of mine that Mr. Barker contemplated erelong returning to England, and then he (Mr. B.) would make the Christians look about them;' I presume by the term looking about them,' is meant that Christians will be most anxiously searching for weapons wherewith to defend themselves from the bold attacks of Mr. Barker, and not, as it easily might be interpreted, from Mr. Barker's past conduct, looking about' for their toe, finding he has slipped through their fingers and escaped to---America, or any other country distant enough. So true is the old saying

• He that fights and runs away,
Lives to fight another day.'
I am, Sir, yours most respectfully,




Bright, bright hope of future bliss,

That cheers me in a world of sorrow; - If clouds come darkling o'er my path,

They'll flee before that radiant morrow.

This hope I owe to him who died,

To save me from sin's galling fetter;
Jesus! I joy to own his name,

Above all else I love him better.

He brought me to his peaceful fold,

He chased my fears and sooth'd my spirit;
He bound my wounds and dried my tears,

And gave me glory to inherit.

I will not leave his faithful side

For wealth, or rank, or fame, or pleasure;
My Father's smile, and Jesus love

These are the best of heaven's treasure.

June, 1855.


“Whatever weakens your reason, impairs the tenderness of your conscience, obscures your sense of God, or takes off the relish of spiritual things—in short whatever increases the strength and authority of your body over your mind—that thing is a sin to you, however innocent it may be in itself.”


That lovely bird of Paradise, Christian Contentment, can sit and sing in a cage of affliction and confinement, or fly at liberty through the vast expanse with almost equal satisfaction ; while ' Even so, father, for so it seemed good in thy sight,' is the chief note in its celestial song.

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. The real names and addresses of correspondents required, though not for publication. The Editor does not undertake to return rejected communications.

Our correspondents in different places will do us service by giving us prompt information of what goes on in their localities.

Communications and works for review to be addressed to the Editor, 50, Grainger Street, Newcastle-on-Tyne, either direct, or through the publishers.

London : HOULSTON & STONEMAN, 65, Paternoster Row.

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Hunter & Co., Printers, Grainger Street, Newcastle-on-Tyne.


, a Weekly Płlagazine,


Who knows not that truth is strong, next to the Almighty; she needs no policies, nor stratagems, nor licensings to make her victorious, those are the shifts and the defences that error uses against her power.---MILTON.

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At Mr. Jay's ordination over the church, in Bath, over which he so honourably presided for upwards of half a century, his venerable tutor Mr. Winter, delivered a very appropriate and impressive charge.

Among other things, he gave him advise in reference to his conversational habits, which it becomes all young ministers to follow :

Be cautious of becoming the retailer of idle or evil reports, even where justly grounded and deserving of credit; leave that forbidden business; and show

your friends that that current is too filthy for the purity of your mind. You cannot, with becoming confidence inculcate 'speak evil of no man,' unless you are careful to avoid being a partaker of the same sin. The minister had better sit in awkward silence, or abruptly depart from the company, than keep up the spirit of conversation in this way. This hint may be taken as characteristic of that prudence and discretion which I would lay down, recommend, and enforce, in relation to the whole of your deportment towards this society, the neighbouring churches, and towards mankind at large.'

In his .confession of faith,' Mr. Jay gives a clear and candid statement of his views of the gospel. He never thought he had a tongue given him to cloak his creed and puzzle people. The views which he states in that

No. 26, Vol. I.

confession, were those which he ceased not to proclaim during his lengthened ministry.

'I think no man can rationally hope for pardon unless he can see a way in which God can do it as God, and be "faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness." Such a scheme is the gospel; it reveals a free, rich, righteous salvation, through Jesus Christ,“ set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood.” Hence it answers its name; it is good news, glad tidings. It wonld be easy to illustrate this view of the gospel-if there was a man in debt, and I told him a surety had discharged him,-if there was a man in want and I told him where to get provision,-if there was a man destitute of clothing and I told him of raiment, or if there was a condemned man, and I told him of liberty and life ; who does not see in each case, that there would be good news? Sinner, “ behold, I bring you glad tidings of great joy.” Sinner indebted to divine justice, having nothing to pay, behold“ the surety of a better covenant.' “ The Lamb of God, that taketh away the sin of the world." Sinner, perishing with hunger, behold "the bread of life, whereof if a man eat he shall never die.” Naked soul, here is “fine raiment that thou mayest be clothed; that the shame of thy nakedness may not appear.” And then, poor wretch, writing bitter things against thyself, condemned by the holy law, crying, where shall I fee for refuge? “ Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved."

Mr. Jay's was a free communion church. Baptists were admitted not only to full membership, but also to office-bearing. And during his life, though there were differences of opinion, there was no division. Applicants were not, as is often the case, required either to deliver before the assembled church an account of their conversion and experience, or to send in a written one. With them, the minister, or one of the officers, or one of the members, conversed alone with the individual

, and reported the nature and ground of his satisfaction, at the church-meeting, when the matter was left for a month, during which, inquiries are made after his moral character and deportment; at the end of which, if no objection was advanced, he was admitted,

Shortly before his ordination he was united in marriage to Anne, the eldest daughter of the Rev. Edward Davies,' a pious and evangelical clergymen of the establishment, first rector of Hengeworth, Worcestershire, and afterwards of Coy Church.' She appears to have been a woman of great excellence.

'It was she who contributed to give me that exalted idea of the female character, which I have always entertained and expressed. She excluded, perfectly, the entrance of every notion and feeling of submission or authority, so that we had no rights to adjust, or duties to regulate. She possessed every requisite that could render her a helpmate. Her special qualities were admirably suited to my defects.

She had an extemporaneous readiness which never failed her, and an intuitive decisiveness which seemed to require no deliberation. Her domestic virtues rendered my house a complete home, the abode of neatness, order, punctuality, peace, cheerfulness, comfort, and attraction. She calmed my brow when ruffled by disappointment or vexation; she encouraged me when

epressed; she kept off a thousand cares, and left me free to attend to the voice of my calling. She reminded me of my engagements, when I was forgetful, and stimulated me when I was remiss, and always gently enforced the present obligation, as the duty of every day required.'

In process of time she became the mother of six children, three of each

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and called her blessed." One of these, Statira, died at the early age of nineteen. It was the first time that death had entered their dwelling The father's heart was desolate within him; and there was danger that weeping would hinder sowing; but the mother with heroic resolution bore him up.

“Oh woman!
When pain and anguish wring the brow,

A ministering angel thou!” About thirty years after his marriage, Mrs. Jay had an attack of illness, which greatly weakened her memory, and led her almost constantly to call things by the names of their opposites. From this she never wholly recovered; but the husband learnt to kiss the rod that inflicted the blow.

For a time his own health was in a very critical state. He suffered from violent head-aches, which sometimes came suddenly upon him in the pulpit, momentarily confusing his sight and depriving him of conscious

The faculty who then attended him, viewed those attacks as severe and perilous; and he was bled, and cupped, and reduced in strength and size, till he seemed a shadow hastening to the grave. In this state, Mr. Wilberforce, 'being in Bath, called upon him, and urged him to see Dr. Baillie, whom he extolled as his friend and physician. This was done; and a new treatment commenced, which speedily restored him.

* I should have mentioned before, that at rather an early period of my ministry, I suffered very considerably from a nervous malady, and which threatened. for the time to lay me aside from my work. This was of my own procuring, in neglecting for a season early rising, and proper air and exercise, and confining myself to long sedentary reading and writing. From a firm conviction of my own, I threw off, by degrees, but not without difficulty, this affecting and deplorable complaint, to return no more.

With few exceptions, I have always practised early rising, being seldom in bed, summer or winter, after five o'clock; and this has been with me, not as with some, who say they rise because they cannot sleep, for it has always been an act of self-denial, for I could enjoy more, but I feel a conviction that it was morally right, as it redeemed time and aided duty; and also it was physically right, as it was wholesome and healthful. For how does it refresh and invigorate the body, revive the animal spirits, and exhilarate and elevate the mind. Yet how many are there, and even ministers, and young ministers, not too much qualified for their work, who can sacrifice all this advantage to the lazy, low, debilitating, disreputable influences, of a late indulgence in bed.

In looking back upon the years I have passed through, for nothing am I more thankful than the cautions I was led to exercise with regard to drinking. I knew the danger of increase with regard to spiritous liquors; I knew what temptations a young minister of some considerable popularity is exposed to in his frequent dinings-out, especially in great towns and cities, and at the entrance of professors who vie with each other in extravagance; for the faithful do not always add to their faith' temperance.' As far as it was in my power by word or deed, I always discountenanced such needless and improper teastings of themselves without fear.' I commonly used water, principally, and for years back, only; and I am fully persuaded that it has befriended my digestion, preserved the evenness of my spirits, and added to my comfort, especially in my feeling cool and fresh in the relaxation and lassitude of warm weather, while others were deservedly panting, and burdens to themselves. My natural wants were so many, that I never thought of adding to them the cravings of fictitious


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