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his bill. On the Thursday, Mr. Roebuck inquired whether the government intended making enquiry into the conduct of the police. Sir George Grey would not promise. Several members spoke with some warmth if not. violence upon the subject. At last he promised a satisfactory inquiry, and it was hoped there would be no further demonstration. But the people again met in great crowds, in Hyde Park, on Sunday last. It was wisely arranged that only a few policemen should be placed to warn persons in carriages not to venture into the Ride. There was speechmaking and some excitement, but as there was nobody on whom any mischief-loving fellows among the mob could vent their rage, about six o'clock they marched into some of the adjoining streets and squares, breaking a great many windows and producing a good deal of disturbance. We deprecate mob-law, and, while we plead for the proper observance of the sabbath, cannot too severely condemn any measure brought before parliameut, which would make one law for the rich and another for the
The club has no more right to be open on the Sabbath than the grocery, and the opening of the grog-shop is a greater nuisance than either. Wages should so be paid that the poor can make their purchases on Saturday night; and they should reflect, that they cannot make them on a Sunday, without involving thousands of their fellow-men in unnecessary toil. A proper distribution of labour should give the labouring population a half, if not an entire, holiday, and all classes of the community should feel it their duty to allow to all the greatest scope on that day, for the freest and fullest cultivation of the higher powers of their nature.
The decease of Lord Raglan does not seem to have produced a very deep sensation upon the mass of the people;. although none can fail to admire the sense of duty by which he was animated, and the cordiality with which he co-operated with our allies. The failure of the attack on the Malakoff and Redan, on the 18th June, doubtless hastened his end.
Lord Panmure has modified his plan for increasing the soldier's pay. He proposes giving them 6d. per day, as an extraordinary field allowance, with an arrangement, by which, instead of receiving it himself, the soldier can allot the whole or part of it to his family, during his absence.
The visit of King Leopold to this country, we hope, will be made the opportunity of resigning the pension which he derives from us.
Mr. Roebuck brings forward his vote of censure on the late government for its conduct of the war, and its policy which allowed us to drift into it. 'Tis well we have men in the House, who will form opinions of their own, and give frank and earnest utterance to them.
The period for Registration is at hand, and men who feel that the elective franchise is a solemn trust, to be used for the welfare of their country and the world, will not fail if they have the necessary qualification to put themselves in a position in which they can'act the citizen' as becometh truth, duty, and honour.
FOREIGN. The fate of Sebastopol must soon be decided. The engineers of the allied troops have been carrying on their sap and mine for fifteen days. guns have been placed in battery to command the vessels in the harbour,
the skilful maneuvring of which, produced so terrible an effect on the 18th, on the advancing columns. To forestall the impending attack on a stupendous scale which will be made within a few days, if indeed it has not commenced while we write, on the night of the 7th, the Russians made a great sortie on the Mamelon vert and were repulsed, after a desperate encounter with immense loss. Even were the Malakoff and Redan Towers in the hands of the allies, Sebastopol may not immediately fall, inasmuch as there is a second line of defence to which the Russians may retire; and if the report be true, that ere this month closes, 300,000 of their troops will be concentrated around Sebastopol, it is probable that a desperate effort will be made to raise the seige.
Fearful and bloody work has yet to be done, if we may judge from the repulse of the 18th. On that day two grand mistakes seem to have been made. The flight of a bombshell in the uncertain light of early dawn was mistaken by the French General of Brigade for the rocket that was to be the signal for his attack, and the onset on the extreme right was precipitated before the rest of the columns were prepared to support it. The Russians could then take the allies in detail and mowed them down with their
The second error, which we trust will never again be made, was the assumption by the allied generals that their fire had silenced the chief batteries, where the guns had only been withdrawn to be brought up again at the moment of assault. Though the French were repulsed before the Malakoff, and the English before the Redan, there was one point where success might have been turned into victory. General Eyre, with 2000 men, covered the church yard and barrack battery, and actually penetrated into the Karabelnaia suburb of the town, whence they might if duly supported, have taken the batteries, that had mowed down their companions in arms, in the rear. To us, it appears that a divided command is greatly against success, and that one bold and comprehensive stroke of a mastermind would decide the matter. Meanwhile the country mourns the immense loss it sustains, but does not despair of a success, which, we trust
, will be turned to account to secure the greater freedom and the higher development of the nations of Eastern Europe.
The LONDON QUARTERLY seems likely to earn a reputation for intelligence and vigour. The eighth number contains some valuable papers. The first, on the literature of the reformation in our own land, is able and well-informed. The influence of the spiritual quickening of the sixteenth century upon its poetry, its learning, and its general literature is clearly and sometimes powerfully put. The second, on the life of the Rev. Dr. Robert Newton, of Wesleyan fame, if it is too strongly spiced with panegyric, is useful in indicating that if we would have a widely successful evangelical ministry for our day, we must have a ministry in earnest. We are much pleased with the third article, on Animal Organization. It is written in the true spirit of philosophy. The wisdom and the power of the great Creator are seen in the wonderful Archetypes and Homoloques of the vertebrate skeleton; and it is held as the primary obect of all scientific inquiry to know God as manifested in his works. The
fourth paper puts the subject of Religious Tolerance in a very clear light. It reviews the discussion of the subject between MERLE D'AUBIGNE, the historian of the Reformation, and M. DE BETHMANN HOLLWEG, Privy Councillor of the King, and President of the Kirchentag. It describes religious intolerance as a virtual denial of the faith, an insult upon Him who said, If I be lifted up from the earth I will draw all men unto me,'-a substitution of the agency of the Holy Spirit for that of the police constable. It meets the argument from Mosaic legislation by asserting that that was a condition of religious minority, not the normal state of human society, and defines its character as a systematic condescension towards certain conditions of man's fallen state, but with such limitations and appliances as to prepare for his emancipation from those conditions.' It closes with the hope, in which we join, that it is the part of the Anglo-Saxon race to teach Germany, and the world, the recognition of God's sole authority over the human conscience, and the conscience's sole responsibility to God.' There is deep thought, and there are some beautifully written passages in article five, on the Science and Poetry of Art. In opposition to those who hold that Art is a luxury which religion cannot sanction, the writer contends that as long as there are faculties in man which can find their aliment and satisfaction in nothing else than ideal semblances of the good, the true, the beautiful, so long will Art remain a profound necessity of human nature: nor can that nature ever be adorned with the final grace and loveliness of virtue,never can it be verily invested with the perfect“ beauty of holiness,"—till it has learned to appreciate and reverence the holiness of beauty.' Article seventh, on the Protestants of France, reads a lesson to Kings on the subject of toleration. The fortunes of Louis XIV. declined from the period when his persecution of the Hugeunots commenced. The sun of his glory, which till then
had been unclouded, went down in disaster, defeat, and shame.' The age of bigotry was followed by an age of atheism; the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes was the principal cause of the First Revolution.- The West India Question is carefully gone into, in article eight; the calamities that have come upon that fair and fertile spot of creation are traced greatly to the conduct of the planters after the passing of the Emancipation Act, and to the importation of about 100,000 immigrants from various countries to supply the place of that labour which they had wantonly thrown away. It is proved that it is in the power of the planters themselves, if they will only take the proper course, to save themselves and the islands from imminent ruin. The last article is a brief notice of Liberia ;, which is rightly regarded as a home for the oppressed negro.-We are glad to see the Wesleyan body possessed of a Quarterly so genial in tone, and so ably conducted. We wish it the success which it deserves.
THE BRITISH QUARTERLY for this quarter discusses some of the questions for the times with ability, discrimination, and earnestness. The first article is a sledge-hammer attack upon certain go-a-head Yankee sceptical philosophers, who would have mankind believe that recent ethnological researches disprove the correctness of the biblical chronology. Many of their supposed facts are disproved, their self-contradictions exposed, their perversions of truth unmasked, and their spirit shown to be self-sufficient, arrogant, and unphilosopbical to an extreme. The chronology of the Bible is vigorously defended, and theirs is shown to be guess-work. The second article is on the prospects of America in reference to slavery, and gives an account of the origin, objects, policy, and progress of the Know-nothing party. It is indicated that the great want of the United States is an active, practical, and vigorous sense of justice. Proof is advanced that the very existence of the union is threatened with imminent danger-that a low, gross, sensual infidelity, the spawn of revolution and Jesuitism, is gaining ground among the people ; that the wildest theories of continental communism and pantheism gain utterance and strive for ascendancy, The duty of the Christians of that daughter-land is forcibly 'put. They are urged to high integrity, calm self-possession, immovable determination, and generous self-sacrifice. The writer is manifestly imbued with a spirit of true philanthropy.-We have, thirdly, a very interesting paper on Dr. Thomas Young, the discoverer of the undulating theory of light, and the celebrated Egyptologist, who extorted the secret from the Rosetta stone at which so many had laboured in vain, and gave to Egypt a language that had been lost for many centuries. Lazy youths, who go to college to consume time, would do well to read the biography of that eminent man, and learn that application, perseverance, and energy will conquer anything. – Fourthly' gives an account of the Revolution in China, and its religious as well as political elements, which cannot fail to interest those who observe how the nations of the earth are being shaken, and prepared for their consummation.—The paper on Administrative Reform, will, we truet, be widely read and deeply pondered; and if so, we canno doubt it will greatly promote the good cause which it supports. It is moderate, careful, discriminating, and earnest. Then follows a fine, manly, generous, and just article on Sydney Smith. The next is an elaborate paper on Russian aggression, proving, if any man needs proof at this hour of the day, that for centuries the policy of Russia has been a policy of conspiracy and aggression against the liberties of the world. We cominend it to the attention of those who argue that no territory should be taken fron Russia, and ask them if a peace formed upon such an arrangement can be either honourable or safe? She has forfeited all claim to be regarded with leniency, for she has wielded her power against the welfare of the race.- :-A number of great and varied excellence winds up with an epilogue on books in the various departments of literature, philosophy, art, science, and theology.
THE WESTMINSTER commences with a review of Spinoza, and a statement of his theory of Pantheism, especially indicating its pernicious moral tendencies. The second is a very able article on international immorality, bringing home to us the forgetfulness of our own guilt as a nation, in our condemnation of the course, the pursuit of which has involved us in war with Russia. Limited as is our space we cannot refrain from quoting a paragraph:
But deeper still lies the question,---Is right to be recognized in the affairs of nations or of individuals ? The heart of the people everywhere says, yes. The Republicans of Europe decidedly say, yes. But alas! the dynastic faction, both in England and on the Continent--the secret diplomatists—unanimously reject the rule of simple right, and even deride it as a juvenile enthusiasm. Expediency is their guide : if the expedient happens also to be right, they will no doubt, be eloquent on the latter topic; but to judge by their uniform conduct, right which does not meet with their notions of expediency, las no chance of support, even from their pens or private sympathies. Herein we see upon the republican, the marks of martyrs and heroes. The “ Kossuths and Mazzinis," of whom the Emperor Nicholas spoke with mixed contempt and fear, may be persecuted and excerated as are the apostles of any new creed; but they are preaching a nobler practice and a brighter faith than our routine statesmen dream of, and therefore, the success of their cause is certain, even though they die before its triumph. This faith it is, which animates them with power to kindle the hearts of others. To pass from such an atmosphere to the secret correspondence,' is like the transition from a speech of Luther to a decree of the Pope. The fourth article on the Physiological Errors of Teetotalism, we intend noticing on another occasion. It seems intended to damn the Total Abstinence Movement with faint praise.' Then follows a suggestive and spirited paper on the decline of party government. The sixth, is an interesting article on the earth and man. The seventh discusses with ability the foreign policy of the United States, and
points to the abolition of slavery, there is the only thing that can give us a genuine and firm Anglo-American alliance-a prelude to the meeting of the nations.
'In the Parliament of man, the Federation of the world.' Upwards of a hundred pages are devoted to the brief review of Contemporary Literature, some of these reviews betray that distrust of scriptural theology which has become an unhappy characteristic of The Westminister.
FRASER does not lag in the literary race. He runs now with earnest aim and ambition, now skippingly and laughingly: And although he may sometimes be found tripping, it will be found useful and pleasant to run along with him. You ascend Mont Blanc with zest, and have some pretty views. Velasquez and his works. A Manchester Man next escorts you through the region of humbug, useful humbug, harmless humbug, and injurious humbug, and you get a little insight, and perhaps a little wisdom, from his funny descriptions. You are next introduced to the English press, and the American public, but your interview is brief; and you are hurried on to Liszt, Wagner, and Weimar, and get a little behind the scenes of operatic acting. We get along side our Cavalry Horse, and find they are too heavily laden. You get to Chapter XXII. of Hinchbrook, which for the present you may make Skipbrook, if you please. You next find yourself beside an earnest rhymster in June 1855. You meet the frank, friendly, witty, laughter-loving Sydney Smith. A grumbler attacks you with statistics. And after running across the stage of the drama, and past Spurious Antiques, Parliamentary Press, and War, you find yourself for the present at the goal.
BOOKS OF THE DAY.
HOSPITALS AND SISTERHOODS,' published by Murray, advocates the establishment of Protestant sisterhoods of charity and mercy, for attending to the suffering, and ministering both to their physical and spiritual wants-an effort, which, when carried out, not in the spirit of secularism, but of genuine philanthrophy, is in admirable fitness with the mission of Jesus, who, in his great spiritual work, did not forget to heal all inanner of sickness.'
PROFESSOR JOHNSTON'S INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF Soils, LIMESTONES, AND MANURES, is a book for the scientific and intelligent husband
PRACTICAL METEOROLOGY, by John DREW, Ph.D., F.R.N.S., is what it professes to be, a practical guide to the choice and use of instruments for making observations on meteorological phenomena.
PSYCHOLOGICAL INQUIRIES: by Sir H. C. Brodie, is a small work on a large and interesting subject, containing some interesting thoughts, and agreeable discussion in the form of dialogue. It is designed to illustrate the mutual relations of the physical organization and the mental faculties.
FOOD AND ITS ADULTERATIONS : by A. H. Hassall, M.D., is a work full of research and information on the subject of which it treats, proving too clearly a fearful laxity of morals in some public companies, and many private parties, who furnish the people with the food they eat, and the water they drink.
EFFORT AT NEWCASTLE Races.-Between forty and fifty Christians of different denominations, chiefly young men belonging to the Gospel Diffusion