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THE FIRST CAPE PARLIAMENT. 1854-59
Colonial Self-Government–Three Periods of Colonial Policy---Absence of
interference with American Colonies-Attempt to interfere fatal –
Gradual emancipation of Colonies--Early struggles at Cape-Anti-
Convict Agitation--Establishment of Representative Institutions-
First Session-Objects of Representation-Law of Master and Servant
codified-Takes prominent part in Legislation-Sketch by · Limner'
---Grievances of Burghers-Sir George Grey-Co-operates in develop-
ment of the Colony--Supports despatch of Troops to India--Defends
Free State-Defends Representative Institutions--Condemns Govern-
ment Financial Policy.
STRUGGLE FOR RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT.
Motion in favour of Responsible Government-Motion as to Finances
agreed to--Sir George Grey's Policy of Confederation-His Recall-
Sir Philip Wodehouse Governor-Reactionary Policy-Two Great
Questions—Responsible Government and Separation-Success of Re-
presentative Institutions-Sir George Grey's Views on Responsible
Government--Financial Troubles-Rejection of Government Measures
---Fresh Motion in favour of Responsible Government-Present System
Unworkable-Easterns Oppose-Attack on Mr. Molteno
MAINTENANCE OF THE UNITY OF THE COLONY.
Governor summons Parliament in Grahamstown-Sketch of Mr. Molteno
by · Linner '—Mr. Molteno Leader of House-Serious position of
Western Members—Opposes Governor's Separation Measures-Motion
for removal of seat of Government-Strong Party Feeling-British
Kaffraria-Transkei-High-handed action of Governor-New Session--
Mr. Molteno challenges action of Governor-Annexation and Repre-
sentation Bills-Governor censured by Parliament - Legislation
paralysed --Violent Obstruction by Eastern Members—Carelessness and
Incompetency of Executive-Redress of Grievances precedes Supply-
Disastrous Condition of Colony-New Session-Withdrawal of Troops
- Strained Relations between Executive and Parliament-Griffiths
appointed Attorney-General- Necessity for sale of Crown Lands-
Retrenchment Committee-Work of Session - Sir Philip Wodehouse
and Responsible Government
DEFENCE OF THE CONSTITUTION.
Sir P. Wodehouse --Views of Colonial Government--Dissatisfaction
general-Reactionary Proposals-Hostile Reception--Mr. Molteno
moves for Responsible Government-Work of Session-Session of
1868--Session of 1869--Collision between Governor and Parliament -
New Reactionary Proposals—These negatived-Mr. Molteno's reply-
His proposition carried by overwhelming majorities-Great Struggle
-Letter to his Constituents-Allowance to Imperial Troops--
Mr. Molteno's Retrenchment Resolutions carried - Public Excitement
-Governor's Counter-Proposals—Direct Conflict-Governor refuses
Resolutions of Parliament-Cuts short Proceedings by Prorogation--
Basuto War-Mr. Molteno's Motion on it-Native attacks on Northern
Border-Mr. Molteno defends Farmers-Governor dissolves Parlia.
ment--Mr. Molteno's action approved -General Election-Opposed at
Beaufort-Re-elected-Governor's fourth Constitution
Responsible Government in other colonies---Canada-Australia, New
Zealand-Sir Philip's fourth Constitution-Session of 1870–- Reserve
Schedules-Attempt to withdraw Salaries from Votes - Debate on
Governor's Proposals—Rejection of them-Incompetency of Executive
--Ilness of Mr. Molteno—Sir Philip's departure-Withdrawal of
Troops-Lord Kimberley's views-Colonial Responsibility for Defence
-Sir Henry Barkly, Governor-Mr. Molteno moves for Responsible
Government-Speech in favour of-Motion carried--Discussion on
Bill for Responsible Government-Bill carried-Rejection by Council
- Annexation of Diamond Fields proposed-Opposed by Mr. Molteno
- Visits Europe-Observations applied to Cape-Return to Cape-
Session of 1872-Debate on Responsible Government Bill--Bill passed
--Annexation of Griqualand West—Rejected-Effect of Responsible
Government on Federation-Agitation in East-Its Collapse - New
Ministry-Description of Mr. Molteno-Formation of Cabinet- Special
Provisions of Responsible Government Act .
ADMINISTRATION OF RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT.
Policy of Cabinet-Colonial control of Natives-Solution of South African
Troubles-Sir George Grey's Policy continued-Education-University
- Railways-Extension of Boundaries—Session of 1873--Seven Circles
Bill--Finances-Review of Session-Success of Measures-- Visit to
Eastern Provinces ---Enthusiastic Reception.
ADMINISTRATION OF RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT (continued).
Langalibalele Outbreak-Decisive action of Government-Surrender of the
Chief-Session of 1874-Seven Circles Bill—Great Railway Scheme-
Success of both-Position of Cabinet vindicated-Refusal to introduce
Asiatics-Increase of Salaries of Public Servants-Establishment of
Public Libraries—Bridge over the Orange River-Success of Respon-
sible Government-Mr. Porter leaves the Cape
LORD CARNARVON AND LANGALIBALELE.
Langalibalele Outbreak—Mr. Molteno assists Natal-Bishop Colenso's
Agitation-Letter of Protest-High-handed action of Lord Carnarvon
-Excitement in Natal—Despatches-Mr. Molteno meets Lord Carnar-
von's Wishes-Constitutional Question-Debate in Parliament-Exis-
tence of Ministry at Stake--Letter of Mr. Froude-New Houses of
Parliament-Congratulations on success of Responsible Government
-Work of Session of 1875—New System of Accounts—Extension of
Colonial Boundaries-Annexation of Roast Beef and Plum Pudding
Islands—Walfisch Bay—Transkei Native Policy-Lord Carnarvon
approves Native Policy.
Lord Carnarvon-His Recall of Sir George Grey-Confederation in Canada
-Condition of Colonies and States of South Africa—Cape Colony-
Natal-Griqualand West—Orange Free State--Transvaal-Difficulties
caused by Government from afar-Antagonism of East and West-
Principal Difficulties in South Africa–History of Confederation in
South Africa-Removal of Physical Obstacles-High Commissioner
deprecates raising question-Great Reversal of Imperial Policy . . 295
MR. FROUDE AND THE CONFEDERATION DESPATCH.
Mr. Froude selected His Character-His Mission-Disclaims official
character--His first Visit-Lord Carnarvon's posals—They startle
South Africa-Lord Carnarvon appeals directly to the People-
Mr. Froude's Letter--Mr. Molteno advises delay-Reception of Pro-
posals by Cape Parliament-Debate-Their Rejection.
MR. FROUDE AND CONFEDERATION (continued). 1875
Mr. Froude attends Opposition Dinner-States Lord Carnarvon's Policy
-Stumps the Country-Violent Agitation—Visits Western Province
-Natal-Eastern Province-Denounces Ministry and Parliament-
Correspondence with Mr. Molteno-Assumes position of Royal Com-
missioner - Extraordinary Statements - Lord Carnarvon approves
Proceedings- Comments of the English Press-Mr. Molteno advises a
EVENTS LEADING UP TO SPECIAL SESSION OF PARLIAMENT.
Mr. Molteno's reasons for advising Special Session-Contemplates Resig-
nation-Correspondence with Sir Henry Barkly-Press supports Lord
Carnarvon's Policy-Misrepresents feeling of Country-Lord Carnar.
von's second Despatch-Ministerial Minute on Confederation-
Mr. Molteno refuses to allow Mr. Froude to see Minutes-Froude
presses Governor for Ministerial Policy-Correspondence with Sir
Henry Barkly-Revolution in Constitution of Natal-Sir Garnet
Wolseley Dictator-Reply of Natal-Reply of Free State -- Reply of
I. P. = Imperial Parliamenta ry Papers. C. P. = Cape Parliamentary Papers.