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Pol. Marry, sir, of a raven that should Pol. Is't possible? believe it, [dukes! build
'Twas either sent from Spain, or the arcbIn a ship royal of the king's?.
Spinola's whale, upon my life, my credit! Per. This fellow,
Will they not leave these projects? Worthy Does he gull me, trow? or is guli’d? Your Some other news.
[sir, Pol. My name is Politick Would-be. Per. Faith, Stone the fool is dead, Per. O, that speaks him. A knight, sir. And they do lack a tavern-fool extremely. Pol. A poor knight, sir.
Pol. Is Mass' Stone dead? Per. Your lady
Per. He's dead, sir; why? I hope, Lies here in Venice, for intelligence
You thought him not immortal : 'O, this Of tires and fashions, and behaviour,
[thing Among the courtezans ? the fine lady (Were he well known) would be a precious Wou'd-be.
[oft-times, To fit our English stage: he that should Pol. Yes, sir; the spider and the bee,
[feign Suck from one flower.
But such a fellow, should be thought to Per. Good sir Politick,
Extremely, if not maliciously. I cry you mercy; I have heard much of you: Pol. Stone dead! Lyou apprehend it 'Tis true, sir, of your raven.
Per. Dead. Lord! how deeply, sir, Pol. On your knowledge? [the tower ?. He was no kinsman to you? Per. Yes, and your lion's whelping in Pol. That I know of.
[fool. Pol. Another whelp!
Well! that same fellow was an unknown Per. Another, sir.
Per. And yet you knew him, it seems ? Pol. Now heaven! [wick! Pol. I did so. Sir,
sheads What prodigies be these? The fires at Ber I knew him one of the most dangerous And the new star ! these things concurring, Living within the state, and so I held him. strange!
Per. Indeed, sir ? And full of omen! saw you those meteors ? Pol. While he liv'd, in action. 'Per. I did, sir.
He has receiv'd weekly intelligence, Pol. Fearful! Pray you, sir, confirm me, Upon my knowledge, out of the Low Were there three porpoises seen above the
Countries, As they give out?
[bridge, (For all parts of the world) in cabbages • ; Per. Six, and a sturgeon, sir.
And those dispons'd again to ambassadors, Pol. I am astonish'd.
In oranges, musk-melons, apricots, Per. Nay, sir, be not so * ;
Limons, pomecitrons, and such-like; someI'll tell you a greater prodigy than these
times, Pol. What should these things portend ! In Colchester oysters, and your Selsey Per. The very day
cockles. (Let me be sure) that I put forth from Lon Per. You make me wonder! There was a whale discover'd in the river, Pol. Sir, upon my knowledge. As high as Woolwich', that had waited there Nay, I've observ'd him, at your public (Few know how many months) for the sub
ordinary, Of the Stode fleet.
[version Take his advertisement from a traveller * Pol. Marry, sir, of a raven that should build
In a ship-royal of the king's.] Dr. Grey thinks this is probably an allusion to the swallows that built in Cleopatra's admiral-ship.' See Life of Antony, by Plutarch; and Shakspeare's Antony and Cleopatra, act iv. sc. 8.
Yes, and your lion's whelping in the tower.] Alluding to the lioness, which brought forth a young lion in the tower, 5th August, 1604.-Dr. Grey. * Were there three porpoises seen above the bridge, As they give out?
Per. Nay, sir, be not so.] Be not what? The old books will tell us, which supply the passage that is wanting:
Per. Six and a sturgeon, sir. “ Pol. I am astonish'd. Per. Nay, sir, be not so.” There was a whale discover'd in the river, As high as Woolwich.] This is mentioned by Stow, as happening in January, 1605.
Dr. Grey. For the Stode-fleet, we should now perhaps say, the Hamburg-fleet. Stode is about 20 miles distant from Xamburg, on the other side the Elbe. • He has receit'd weekly intelligence.
Out of the Low Countries, in CABBAGES.] This is not an expression thrown out at random, or by chance. Cabbages were not originally the natural growth of England; but about this time they were sent to us from Holland, and so became the product of our kitchengardens. I mention this circumstance, trifling as it seems, because it serves to point out that propriety and decorum, which so strongly mark the character of Jonson.
(A conceal'd statesman) in a trencher of For casting me thus luckily upon you, meat;
Whose knowledge (if your bounty equal it) And instantly, before the meal was done, May do me great assistance, in instruction Convey an answer in a tooth-pick.
my behaviour, and my bearing, which Per. Strange!
Is yet so rude and raw. How could this be, sir?
Pol. Why? came you forth Pol. Why, the meat was cut
Empty of rules, for travel ? So like his character, and so laid, as be
Per. Faith, I had
[grammar, Must easily read the cypher.
Some common ones, from out that vulgar Per. I have heard,
Which he that cry'd Italian to me, taught He could not read, sir.
[bloods, Pol. So 'twas given out
Pol. Why this it is, that spoils all our brave (In politie) by those that did employ him : Trusting our hopeful gentry unto pedants, But he could read, and had your languages, Fellows of out-side, and mere bark. You And to't as sound a nodule
Per. I have heard, sir, [they were To be a gentleman, of ingenuous race That your Baboons were spies, and that I not protess it, but my fate hath been A kind of subtle nation near to China.
To be, where I have been consulted with, Pol. I, I, your Mamaluchi. Faith, they In this high kind, touching some great men's had
Per. Who be these, sir?
Alosca, Politick, Peregrine, Volpone, Nano, Made their relations, (as the fashion is)
Grege. And now stand fair for fresh employment. Mos. Under that window, there't must Per. 'Heart!
be. The same. This sir Pol. will be ignorant of nothing. Pol. Fellows, to mount a bank'! Did It seems, sir, you know all ?
your instructor Pol. Not all, sir : but
In the dead tongues, never discourse to you I have some general notions: I do love Of the Italian mountebanks? To note, and to observe; though I live out Per. Yes, sir. Free from the active torrent, yet I’ld mark
Pol. Why, The currents and the passages of things, Here
shall see one. For mine own private use; and know the Per. They are quacksalvers, And flows of state.
[ebbs Fellows that live by vending oils and drugs. Per. Believe it, sir, I hold
Pol. Was that the character he gave you Myself in no sinall tie unto my fortunes,
of them? ? Which he, that cry’s Italian to me, taught me.] I doubt the truth of cry'd; if chiamare had been used in the sense of indottrinare, I should have liked it much, but it is not so. What if we should alter it then to,
“ He that read Italian to me.”_Mr. SYMPSON. The same correction stands in the margin of Mr. Theobald's copy; but if the reader does not acquiesce in the conjecture of these learned gentlemen, we may imagine the expression was humorously designed, to intimate the tone, or whining manner of the teacher. Amongst the old Romans, the proper tuning and measuring the words, was usually taught to children by their first masters; and this first reading Macrobius calis by the name of singing : Videris enim mihi ita adhuc Virgilianos habere versus, qualiter cos pueri, magistris prælegentibus, cancbamus.-SATURNAL. 1. 1. c. 24.
I think it therefore not improbable, that the poet here intended the pedant's manner in teaching his scholar the proper accent.
• Fellows of out-side, and mere bark.] This is a Greek phrase ; $a0.w8ns ò aing, Long. sect. 3.
Fellows, to MOUNT A BANK.) · Plainly alluding to the etymology of a mountebank: Ital. montar in banco. So presently, “I who was wont to fix my bank in face of the public piazza, &c.” - This whole episode of sir Politick Would-be never did, nor ever can please. He seems to be brought in merely to lengthen out the play. Perhaps too 'tis particular satire.-Mr. UPTON.
I cannot help thinking this episode to be rather an excrescence than a beauty, as it has no sort of connection with the rest of the play: yet the character is not destitute of humour, and possibly might be intended for some particular person. However, it exposes with great life the taste of that state-intriguing age, in which it was easier to find a politician, than a
Per. As I remember.
(to tell you true) I cannot endure to see Pol. Pity his ignorance.
“ the rabble of these ground Ciarlitani, that They are the only knowing men of Europe ! spread their cloaks on the pavement, as Great general scholars, excellent physicians, “if they meant to do feats of activity, and Most admir'd statesmen, profest favourites, “ then come in lainely, with their mouldy And cabinet-counsellors to the greatest “ tales out of Boccacio, like stale Tabarine, princes !
“ the fabulist : some of them discoursing The only languag'd men of all the world! “their travels, and of their tedious captiPer. And, I have heard, they are most vity in the Turks' galleys, when indeed lewd impostors;
(belyers “ (were the truth known) they were the Made all of terms and shreds; no less “ Christians' galleys, where very temperateOf great men's favours, than their own vile “ ly they eat bread, and drunk water, as a med'cines;
“ wholesome penance (enjoined them by Which they will utter upon monstrous oaths; “ their confessors) for base pilferies." Selling that drug for two-pence, ere they Pol. Note but his bearing, and contempt part,
[before. of these. Which they have valu'd at twelve crowns, Volp. “These turdy-facy-nasty-paty-louPol. Sir, calumnies are answer'd best withi sy-fartical rogues °, with one poor groat'ssilence.
[friends? “ worth of unprepared antimony, finely Yourself shall judge. Who is it mounts, my wrapt up in several scartoccios, are able, Mos. Scoto of Mantua, sir.
very well, to kill their twenty a week, and Pol. Is't he? Nay, then,
“play; yet, these meagre starv'd spirits, I'll proudly promise, sir, you shall behold “ who have half stopt the organs of their Another man than has been phant'sied to “ minds with earthly oppilations, want not you.
[bank, “ their favourers among your shrivel'd, salI wonder yet, that he should mount his lad-eating artisans: who are overjoyed Here in this nook, that has been wont ť “ that they may have their half-pe’rth of appear
physick, though it purge 'em into another In face of tue Piazza ! Here he comes. “ world, it makes no matter.” Volp. Mount, Zany.
Pol. Excellent! ha' you heard better Gre. Follow, fo low, follow, follow. language, sir? Pol. See how the people follow him ! he's
Volp. “ Well, let 'em go. And gentle
[Note, men, honourable gentlemen, know, that May write ten thousand crowns in bank here. “ for this time, our bank, being thus reMark but his gesture: I do use to observe moved from the clamours of the canaThe state he keeps in getting up!
glia, shall be the scene of pleasure and dePer. 'Tis worth it, sir.
light: for I have nothing to sell, little or Volp.“ Most noble gentlemen, and my nothing to sell.” “worthy patrons, it may seem strange, that Pol. I told you, sir, bis end. “ I, your Scoto Mantuano, who was ever Per. You did “ wont to tix my bank in face of the public Volp. “ I protest, I, and my six servants, “ Piazza, near the shelter of the Portico to are not able to make of this precious “ the Procuratia, should now, after eight “ liquor, so fast as it is fetch'd away from my " months absence from this illustrious city lodging by gentlemen of your city; “ of Venice, humbly retire myself into an “ strangers of the Terrafirma; worshiplul “ obscure nook of the Piazza."
“ merchants; I, and si nators too: who, Pol. Did not I now object the same? ever since my arrival, have detained me Per. Peace, sir.
“ to their uses, by their splendidous liberaVolp. “Let me tell you : I am not (as "lities. And worthily. 'For, what avails
your Lombard proverb saith) cold on my your rich man to have his magazines stuft “ feet; or content to part with my commo “ with moscadelli, or of the purest grape, “ dities at a cheaper rate, than I accustom “ when his physicians prescribe him (on “ ed: look not for it. Nor that the calum “ pain of death) to drink nothing but water “nious reports of that impudent detractor, « cocted with aniseeds ? O, health! health! " and shaine to our profession, (Alessandro “ the blessing of the rich! the riches of the “ Buttone, I mean) who gave out, in public, poor! who can buy thee at too dear a “ I was condemned a' Sforzato to the gal. rate, since there is no enjoying this world “ leys, for poisoning the cardinal Bembo's “ without thee? Be not then so sparing of
-cook, hath at all attached, much less your purses, honourable gentlemen, as to “ dejected me. No, no, worthy gentlemen, “ abridge the natural course of lite.
10 These turdy-facy-nasty-paty-lousy-farsical rogues.] Volpone personates a mountebank, in order to get the sight and speech of Corvino's wife: be accordingly makes an oration, in imitation of these quacks, under her window. Our poet has here put into his mouth a long compounded word, after the manner of Aristophanes, who has many of the like kind to banter the dithyrambic poets.--Mr. Upton.
Per. You see his end.
Volp. “ For, when a humid flux, or ca"tarrh, by the mutability of air, falls from " your head into an arm or shoulder, or any " other part; take you a ducket, or your “cecchine of gold, and apply to the place “ affected: see what good effect it can “ work. No, no, 'tis this blessed unguento, “ this rare extraction, that hath only power "to disperse ali malignant humours, that “ proceed either of hot, cold, moist, or
Volp. “To fortify the most indigent and "crude stomach, Î, were it of one that “ (through extreme weakness) vomited “ blood, applying only a warm napkin to “the place, after the unction and fricace; “ for the vertigine in the heal, putting but “ a drop into your nostrils, likewise behind “the ears ; a most sovereign and approved “remedy: the mal caducó, cramps, con“ vulsions, paralysies, opilt psies, tremor“cordia, retired nerves, ill vapours of the “spleen, stopping of the liver, the stone, " the strangury, hernia ventosa, iliaca pas“sio; stops a dysenteria immediately; “ easeth the torsion of the small guts; and “ cures melancholia hypochondriaca, be“ing taken and applied, according to my “ printed receipt. [Pointing to his bill and “his glass.] For, this is the physician, this “ the medicine; this counsels, this cures; “this gives the direction, this works the ef“ fect; and (in sum) both together may be “ termi'd an abstract of the theorick and
practick in the Æsculapian art. 'Twill “ cost you cight crowds. And, Zan Fritada, “pr’y thee sing a verse extempore in ho
nour of it.”
[books " I never heard the 'like: or Broughton's
Song. “ Had old Hippocrates, or Galen, " (That to their books put medicines all in) “ But known this secret, they had never “ (Of which they will be guilty ever) “ Been murderers of so much paper, “Or wasted many a hurtless taper: “No Indian drug had e'er been tamed, “Tobacco, sassafras not named; “ Ne yet, of
guacum one small stick, sir, « Nor Raymond Lullie's great elixir.
“ Ne, had been known, the Danish Gons
wart, “ Or Paracelsus, with, is long sword.”
Per. All this, yet, will not do; eight crowns is high.
Volp. “No more. Gentlemen, if I had “but time to discourse to you the miracu. “lous effects of this my oil, surnamel Oglio " del Scoto; with the countless catalogue “ of those I have cured of th'aforisaid, and
many more diseases; the patents and pri
vileges of all the princes and common " wealths of Christendom; or but the des
positions of those that appear'd on ny part, before the signiory of the Sanita, and
most learned College of Physicians; s where I was authorized, upon notice taken “ of the admirable virtues of my medica“ments, and mine own excellency, in inat“ ter of rare and unknown secrets, not only “ to disperse them publicly in this famous “ city, but in all the territories, that happily “joy under the government of the most pious and magnificent states of Italy, But
may some other gallant fellow say, 0, “ there be divers that make profession to “ have as good, and as experimented re“ ceipts as yours: indeed, very many have
assay'd, like apes in imitation of that, " which is really and essentially in me, to sinake of this oil; bestow'd great cost in “ furnaces, stills, alembecks, continual fires, “ and preparation of the ingredients, (as in“ deed there goes to it six hundred several “ simples, besides some quantity of human “ fat, for the conglutination, which we buy " of the anatomists); but, when these practi“ tioners come to the last decoction, blow, "blow, pufl, puff, and all flies in fumo: ha, 6 ha, ha. Poor wretches! I rather pity their “ folly and indiscretion, than their loss of " time and money; for these may be reco“vered by industry: but to be a fool born, " is a disease incurable. For myself, I al
ways froin my youth have endeavour'd to
get the rarest secrets, and book them, " either in exchange or for money: I “ spared nor cost nor labour, where any
thing was worthy to be learned. And,
gentlemen, honourable gentlemen, I will “ undertake (by virtue of chymical urt) out “ of the honourable hat that covers your " head, to extract the four elements; that “ is to say, the fire, air, water, and earth, " and return you your felt without burn or "stain. For, whilst others have been at the “ Balloo, I have been at my book: and ain “now past the craggy paths of study, and
" Or Broughton's books.] We shall have occasion to give some account of this Broughton in a note on the Alchemist. Raymond Lullie, who is afterwards mentioned in the song, was a famous Hermetic philosopher; and Paracelsus is well known; but having po acquaintance with the Danish Gonswart, I cannot give the reader his history.
"come to the flow'ry plains of honour 12 you, or six hundred pound-expect no “ and reputation.”
lower price, for by the banner of my front, Pol. I do assure yếu, sir, that is his aim. “I will not bate a Bagatine, that I will have l'oip. " But, to cur price.”
“ only a pledge of your loves, to carry Per And that withal, sir Pol.
something from amongst you, to shew, I Volp.
“ You all know (honourable gen am not coutenin'd by you. 'I heretore, “tlemen) I never valu'il this ampulla, or now, toss your huudkerchiefs, chearfully,
vial, at less than eight crowns; but for chearfully'; and be advertised, that the “this time, I am content to be depriv'd of tir-t heroic spirit, that deigns to grace me “it for six; six crowns is the price ; and “ with a handkerchiei, I will give it a little
less in courte sic I know you cannot offer “ remembrance of something, beside, shall
me: take it or leave it, howsoever, buih “ please it better, than if I had presented it " it and I am at your service. I ask you “ with a double pistolet.” “nct as the value of the thing, for then I Per. Will you be that heroic spark, sir « should demando, you a thousand crowns,
Poi? so the cardinais Montalt), Fernese, the 0, sce! The window has provented you.
great duke of Tus: any, my gossip, with [Celia at the window throws down her “ divers other princes have given me; but
ha dkerchief: “I despise money: only to shew my atiec Volp. “ Lady, I kiss your bounty; and “ tion to you, honourable gentlemen, and “ for this timely grace you have done your “your illustrious state bere, I have ne, poor Scoto of Mantua, I will return you “glected the messages of these princes, over and above my oil, a secret of that * mine oun offices, tram'd my journey hi high and inestimable nature, shall make “Ther, oniy to prisant you with the fruits of yrill for ever enamour'd on that minute, “ my travels. Tune your voices once more “ wherein your eye first descended on so “ to the touch of your ins ruments, and give mean (vet pet altogether to be despis’d) “the honourable assembly some delightful an objeci. fiere is a powiler conceal'd in "ricreation."
“this paper, of which, if i should speak to Per. What monstrous and most painful “the worth, nine thousand volumes were circumstance
“ but as one page, that page as a line, that Is here, to get some three or four Gazets!!? “ line as a word; so short is this pilgrimage Some three-pence i’the whole, for that 'twill “ of man (which some call life) to the ex
pressing of it. Would I reflect on the
price? why, the whole world is but as an Song. " You that would last long, list to my song,
empire, that empire as a province, that
“province as a bank, that bank as a private “ Make no more coil, but buy of this oil. « Wouid you be ever fair ansi young?
purse to the purchase of it. I will only “ Stout of teeth? and strong of tongue?
“ tell you ; it is the powder that made Vé
“ nus a goddess (given her by Apollo), that “ Tart of palaie? quick of ear?
kept her perpetually young, clear'd her Sharp of sight? oi nostril clear?
“ wrinkles, tirm'a ber gums, till'd berskin, “ Meist of hand? and light of foot ?
“ colour'd her hair; from ber, deriv'd to (Or I will come nearer to't)
Helen, and at the sack of Troy (unfortu“ Would you live free from all diseases?
nately) lost: till now, in this our age, it “ Do the act your mistress pleases :
was as happily recovered, by a studious “Yea fright all aches from your bones ? " Here's a med'cine for the monest."
antiquary, out of some ruins of Asia, who
" sent a mo ety of it to the court of France l'oip. Well, I am in a humour (at this " (but much sophisticated) wherewith the “ time) to mahe a present of the small "ladies there, now, colour their hair. The
quantity my coffer contains: to the rich “rest (at this present) remains with me; “in courtese, and in the poor for God's “ extracted to a quintessence : so that, “ sake. Wherefore now mark; I ask'd you " wherever it but touches, in youth it per
six crowns; and six crowns, at other times, petually preserves, in age restores the
you have paid me; you shall not give me complexion ; seats your teeth, did they " six crowns, nor five, nor tour, nor three', “ dance like virginal jacks, firm as a wall; "nor two, nor one; nor half a ducat; no, “ makes them white as ivory, that were nor a muccinigo?. Six-pence it will cost
« black as12 And an now at the cruggy paths of study, and come to the flowery plains of honour.] Read, am now past the craggy puths of study.
Inut puinful circu : stance
14 Here's a med'cine for the NoNEs.] Or Nonce ; for that very purpose.