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meditate and ruminate well, upon the Effects of Anger, how it troubles Man's Life. And the best Time to do this, is, to look back upon Anger, when the Fit is thoroughly over. Seneca faith well; That Anger is like Ruin, which breaks itself, upon that it falls. The Scripture exhorteth us; To polless our Souls in Patience. Whosoever is out of Patience, is out of Poffeffion of his Soul. Men must not turn Bees;

Animafque in vulnere ponunt. Anger is certainly a kind of Baseness: As it appears well, in the Weakness of those Subjects, in whom it reigns: Children, Women, Old Folks, Sick Folks. Only Men must beware, that they carry their Anger rather with Scorn, than with Fear: So that they may seem rather to be above the Injury, than below it: which is a Thing easily done, if a Man will give Law to himself in it.

For the second Point; the Causes and Motives of Anger, are chiefly three. First, to be too Senfible of Hurt: For no Man is angry, that feels not himself hurt: And therefore tender and delicate Persons must needs be oft angry: They have so many Things to trouble them; which more robust Natures have little Sense of. The next is, the Apprehension and Construction, of the Injury offered, to be, in the Circumstances thereof, full of Contempt. For Contempt is that which putteth an edge upon Anger, as much, or more than the Hurt itself. And therefore, when Men are ingenious in picking out Circumstances of Contempt, they do kindle their Anger much. Lastly, Opinion of the Touch of a Man's Reputation, doth multiply and sharpen Anger. Wherein the Remedy is, that a Man should have, as Consalvo was wont to say, Telam Honoris craffiorem. But in all refrainings of Anger, it is the best Remedy to win Time; and to make a Man's self believe, that the Opportunity of his Revenge is not yet come: But that he foresees a Time for it; and so to still himself in the mean Time, and reserve it.

To contain Anger from Mischief, though it take hold of a Man, there be two Things, whereof you must have special Caution. The one, of extreme Bitterness of Words; especially if they be aculeate, and proper : For communia Malediéta are nothing so much: And again, that in Anger, a Man reveal no Secrets: For that makes him not fit for Society. The other, that you do not peremptorily break off, in any Business in a Fit of Anger : But howsoever you Mew Bitterness, do not act anything that is not revocable.

For raising and appeasing Anger in another; It is done chiefly, by choosing of Times, when Men are frowardest and worst disposed, to incense them. Again, by gathering (as was touched before all that you can find out, to aggravate the Contempt. And the two Remedies are by the Contraries. The Former, to take good Times, when first to relate to a Man, an angry Business: For the first Impression is much; and the other is, to sever, as much as may be, the Construction of the Injury, from the Point of Contempt: Imputing it to Mifa understanding, Fear, Paffion, or what you will,

LVIII. Of Vicissitude of


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JOLOMON faith; There is no new

Thing upon the Earth. So that as
Plato had an Imagination ; that all

Knowledge was but Remembrance: So Solomon giveth his Sentence; that all Novelty is but Oblivion. Whereby you may see, that the River of Lethe runneth as well above Ground, as below. There is an abstruse Astrologer that faith; If it were not for two things, that are constant; (the one is, that the Fixed Stars ever stand at like distance, one from another, and never come nearer together, nor go further asunder; the other, that the Diurnal Motion perpetually keepeth Time :) no Individual would last one Moment. Certain it is, that the Matter, is in a perpetual Flux, and never at a Stay. The great Winding-sheets, that bury all Things in Oblivion, are two; Deluges, and Earthquakes. As for Conflagrations, and great Droughts, they do not merely dispeople, and destroy. Phaeton's Car went but a day. And the Three Years' Drought, in the time of Elias, was but particular, and left People alive. As for the great Burnings by Lightnings, which are often in the West Indies, they are but narrow. But in the other two Destructions, by Deluge, and Earthquake, it is further to be


noted, that the Remnant of People, which hap to be reserved, are commonly ignorant and mountainous People, that can give no Account of the Time past: So that the Oblivion is all one, as if none had been left. If you consider well, of the People of the West Indies, it is very probable that they are a newer, or a younger People, than the People of the Old World. And it is much more likely, that the Destruction, that hath heretofore been there, was not by Earthquakes, (as the Egyptian Priest told Solon, concerning the Island of Atlantis; That it was swallowed by an Earthquake ;) but rather, that it was desolated by a particular Deluge. For Earthquakes are seldom in those Parts. But on the other side, they have such pouring Rivers, as the Rivers of Asia, and Africa, and Europe, are but brooks to them. Their Andes likewise, or Mountains, are far higher than those with us; whereby it seems, that the Remnants of Generation of Men, were, in such a particular Deluge, saved. As for the Observation, that Machiavel hath, that the Jealousy of Sects, doth much extinguish the Memory of Things; traducing Gregory the Great, that he did, what in him lay, to extinguish all Heathen Antiquities; I do not find, that those Zeals do any great Effects, nor last long: As it appeared in the Succession of Sabinian, who did revive the former Antiquities.

The Vicissitude or Mutations, in the Superior Globe, are no fit Matter, for this present Argument. It may be, Plato's great Year, if the World should last so long, would have some Effect; not in renewing the State of like Individuals (for that is the Fume of those, that conceive the Celestial Bodies have more accurate Influences, upon these Things below, than indeed they have) but in gross. Comets, out of question, have likewise Power and Effect, over the Gross and Mass of Things : But they are rather gazed upon, and waited upon in their Journey, than wisely observed in their Effects ; specially in their respective Effects; that is, what kind of Comet, for Magnitude, Colour, Version of the Beams, placing in the Region of Heaven, or Lasting, produceth what kind of Effects.

There is a Toy, which I have heard, and I would not have it given over, but waited upon a little. They say, it is observed, in the Low Countries (I know not in what Part) that every Five and Thirty Years, the same kind and suit of Years and Weathers, comes about again: As great Frosts, great Wet, great Droughts, warm Winters, Summers with little Heat, and the like: And they call it the Prime. It is a Thing, I do the rather mention, because computing backwards, I have found fome Concurrence.

But to leave these Points of Nature, and to come to Men. The greatest Vicisitude of Things amongst Men, is the Vicifsitude of Sects, and Religions. For those Orbs rule in Men's Minds moft. The true Religion is built upon the Rock; the Rest are tost upon the Waves of Time. To speak therefore, of the Causes of new Sects; and to give some Counsel concerning them; as far, as the

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