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although crockets, string-courses, the all-over patterns of tympana, etc., still offered much chance for vegetable ornament. The plant forms except in the XVI century, where under the influence of the Renaissance the acanthus-leaf reappeared - were extremely naturalistic and detailed, thus acquiring a somewhat restless character. They at times also tended to become rather coarse and florid; the leaves were often given crispy, wavy edges, as in the doorway at Rue (Ill. 286).

Flamboyant animals are also thoroughly unconventional. In the birds and the deer that are carved among the vines of the string-courses, in the gargoyles that climb down from the eaves, and in the grotesques that eat the foliage of the crockets, conventionalization and idealism have no place. These animals, too, are coming to assume a somewhat florid character; their hair executed with great detail tends to kink into curves savoring of the Renaissance; the wing of one of the gargoyles on the porch of Bernay (Ill. 270) forms a classic scroll.

Also prophetic of the Renaissance is the flamboyant love of spiral paneling on columns and doorways. One of the columns of Ste. Croix of Provins (Ill. 287) calls to mind the spiral flutings and twisted columns of Early Christian times, so frequently copied by the Renaissance artists. Since wall paintings of the XV century are extant in tolerable preservation at Auvers-le-Hamon (Sarthe), Cré-sur-Loire (Sarthe), Brinay (Cher), and in several other country churches, it is altogether probable that colored ornament was freely employed in the decoration of all flamboyant edifices, being applied to statues, ornamental carvings, and blank wall spaces. This system of decoration doubtless continued in vogue until the "superior" taste of the Renaissance changed all the medieval traditions, although the fact that the fragments of mural decoration that have come down to us from this comparatively recent epoch are so few, gives reason to believe that the flamboyant artists employed color decoration much less than their Gothic predecessors.

Fortunately some idea of flamboyant coloring may be obtained from the timber roofs, a certain number of which at Bazouges-sur-Loire, Gallardon, Largny, Viffort, Feings, Trou

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