A Brief History of Science: As Seen Through the Development of Scientific Instruments
Constable, 2001 - 425 من الصفحات
From the beginnings of history, with gnomons and sundials, through to the twenty-first century and the 26-kilometre underground particle accelerator, the author describes the way that the design and production of scientific instruments has extended the frontiers of science.
Man's desire to understand the universe has led to the making of more and more sophisticated instruments - first to record and measure (Arab numerals, standardised measures), to examine ever more minutely (the microscope, the lens, the prism), on through electromagnets, cathode tubes, thermometers, vacuum pumps, X-rays, counters and accelerators, semi-conductors and microprocessors, down to new instruments now being designed to observe matter at zero temperatures - presenting immense technological problems in the requirement for instruments that can operate in conditions where normal properties no longer hold.
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Bohr also won the Nobel prize for physics in 1922, the same year as Albert
Einstein won the deferred 1921 prize. Bohr ended the obligatory Nobel lecture
with his views on the periodic table, citing the recent discovery of hafnium: 'The
theory is ...
Once in America, Bohr was immediately concerned about the political
consequences of atomic weapons. He was well connected, not only in scientific
circles, and believed that if he could meet Churchill and Roosevelt he would
persuade them ...
Bohr himself still had every reason to mistrust its government. A friend and
colleague, Lev Landau, had been imprisoned in 1938, and Bohr's appeal to
Stalin did not help him. He knew well that the openness he looked for in the field
of atomic ...
ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
From the mastery of fire to science in antiquity
Copernicus to Newton
Science technology and communication
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