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mass of fraud and of crime which no one could
have supposed to have existed before. For, how-
ever great a rogue a man may be in his own life,
calling, or department, he does not know that of
others. Here they are all of them exposed. His
treatises on Indigence and on Education are most
valuable.
*28. 1630.-CHARLES COTTON BORN.

The RETIREMENT.
Farewell, thou husie world, and may

We never meet again :
Here I can eat, and sleep, and pray,
And doe more good in one short day,

Than he who his whole age out-wears
Upon thy most conspicuous theatres,
Where nought but vice and vanity do reign.

Good God! how sweet are all things here!
How beautiful the fields appear!
How cleanly do we feed and lie !
Lord! what good hours do we keep !

How quietly we sleep!
What peace! what unanimity!

How innocent from the lewd fashion
Is all our bus’ness, all our conversation!

Oh how happy here's our leisure!
Oh how innocent our pleasure !
Oh ye valljes, oh ye mountains,
Oh ye groves and chrystall fountains,

How I love at liberty
By turn to come and visit ye!

O Solitude, the soul's best friend,
That man acquainted with himself dost make,
And all bis Maker's wonders to intend;

With thee I bere converse at will,

And would be glad to do so still ;
For it is thou alone that keep’st the soul awake.
How calm and quiet a delight

It is alone
To read, and meditate, and write,
By none offended, nor offending none;

To walk, ride, sit, or sleep at one's own ease,
And pleasing a man's self, none other to displease!

* 1642.-COLONBL LOVELACE IMPRISONED in the Gatehouse, at Westminster, by order of the House of Commons, for presenting a petition from the county of Kent, requesting them to restore the King to his rights, and to settle the government. See Wood's Athenæ, vol. ii, p. 228; where may be seen, at large, the affecting story of this elegant writer, who, after having been distinguished for every gallant and polite accomplishment, the pattern of his own sex, and the darling of the ladies, died in the lowest wretchedness, obscurity, and want, in 1658.

The following beautiful sonnet was written by Colonel Lovelace while in prison; .

When love with upconfined wings

Hovers within my gates,
And my divine Althea brings

To whisper at my grates;
When I lye tangled in her haire,

And fettered with her eye,
The birds that wantou in the aire

Know no such libertye.
When flowing cups ran swiftly round

With no allaying Thames,
Qur çarelesse heads with roses crowned,

Our hearts with loyal flames;
When thirsty griefe in wine we steepe,

When healths and draughts goe free,
· Fishes, that tipple in the deepe,

Know no sucha libertie. "
When, linnet-like, confined I

With shriller note shall sing
The mercye, sweetness, majestye,

And glorics of my king;
When I shall voyce aloud how good

He is, how great should be,
TH' enlarged winds, that curl the flood,
· Kpow no such libertie.
Stone walls do not a prison make; .

Nor iron barres a cage, . .
Mindes, innocent and quiet, take
That for an hermitage :

If I have freedom in my love,

And in my soule am free,
Angels alone, that soare above,
Enjoy such libertie.

29,--LOW SUNDAY. It was a custom among the primitive Christians, on the first Sunday after Easter-day, to repeat some part of the solemnity of that grand festival; whence this Sunday took the name of Low Sunday, being celebrated as a feast, though in a lower degree.

Astronomical Occurrences

In APRIL 1821.

SOLAR PAENOMENA. The Sun enters Taurus at 40 m. past 10 in the morning of the 20th of this month; and he rises and sets at the times specified below during the same period.

TABLE Of the Sun's Rising and Setting for every fifth Day.

April 1st, Sun rises 53 m. after 5. Sets 27 m. after 6

6th, • • • 23 · · 5 · 47 · · 6 11tli, ... 14 .. 5 - 46 .. 6 16th, . . . 4 · · 5 · 56 · · 6 21st, . . . 55 . . 4 . 5 . . 26th, · · · 46 · · 4 · 14 · ·

Equation of Time. Various instances occur, both in practical astronomy and the common concerns of life, in which it is, necessary to reduce the apparent to mean time; to accomplish which add the quantities in the following table to their respective times as indicated by a good sun-dial, or subtract them as directed, and the results will be the mean time required.

TABLE.

m. . Sunday April 1st, to the time by the dial add 4 0 Friday - - 6th, .

• • • • • 2 31
Wednesday - 11th, • •

• • • 1 6
Monday . • 16th, • • • • • • • • • 0 13
Saturday • • 21st, • • • • • • subtract 1 81
Thursday • 26th,

• • • • • 2 19
LUNAR PHENOMENA.
New Moon 2d day, at 11 m. past 3 afternoon
First Quarter 9th •. 24 .. 9 morning
Full Moon 17th . . 31 . afternoon

Last Quarter 25th • • 10 • • 8 morning - Moon's Passage over the Meridian. The Moon's centre will pass the meridian of the Royal Observatory at the following times during this month: viz.

April 9th, at 31 m. after 6 in the evening

10th, 25 . . .7 . . . . . .
11th, - 11 . . . 8 . . . . . .
12th, - 54
13th, • 35
14th, · 14 · • 10 ••••••
15th, · 53
230, • 28 • • • 4 • in the morning
24th, · 23 · • 5 • • • • • •
25th, • 18 • • . 6 . . . . . .

PHENOMENA PLANETARUM.

Phases of Venus.

s Illuminated part = 11•68158 "** | Dark part = 0•31842

Eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites. This planet is still too near the Sun to allow these small bodies to be visible from our globe.

Form of Saturn's Ring.
April 1st Transverse axis = 1.000
* Conjugate axis = 0.222

Other Phenomena.
The Moon will be in conjunction with Mercury at
16 m. after 6 in the evening of the 1st of this month.
Mercury will be stationary on the 9th, and attain his

greatest elongation on the 22d. Georgium Sidus will be stationary on the 6th. Saturn will be in conjunction at 30 m. after 3 in the afternoon of the same day. The Moon will be in conjunction with B in Taurus at 3 m. after 5 in the morning of the 7th. Venus and Jupiter will be in conjunction on the 10th, when Venus will be 20' south of Jupiter. The Moon will be in conjunction with a in Leo at 20 m. after 11 in the morning of the 12th; and with a in Virgo at 48 m, past midnight of the 16th. Venus and Saturn will be in conjunction on the 17th, Venus being 53' north of Saturn at the time. At 19 m. after 8 in the evening of the 20th, the Moon will be in conjunction with a in Scorpio; and on the 26th, Mars and Jupiter will be in conjunction, the former being 14' north of the latter.

The Naturalist's Diary

For APRIL 1821.
Now laughing SPRING comes on, and birds, in pairs,
Chirp in the lively woods, while balmy airs
And warming beams, no more with frosts at strife,
Wake from its trance the genial tide of life,
That, as it flows through Nature's swelling veins,
Frees every pulse from Winter's icy ebains,
And tints her mantling cheek with rosy hue,

And calls her vernal beauties all to view. At this time of general renovation among the various tribes of plants and trees, the swelling buds spring from their coverts,'

And push away the withered leaves that hung
Whispering through many a shivering, wintry blast,

To fall in the first breath of Spring at last. In April the weather is mild, with gentle showers, affording to vegetables an abundant supply of water, which is so indispensably necessary to their existence. This is the general character of April; yet we have sometimes very sharp frosts in this month, as well as in its successor, M-AY:

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