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Our present schemes are too profound, A greedy Vulture, kill'dl in game,
For Machiavel hiinfelf to sound :

Inurd to guilt, unaw'd by Thame,
To censure them I've no pretension; 15 Approach'd the throne in evil hour,
I own they 're past my comprehension.

And step by step intrudes to power : You say your brother wants a place,

When at the royal Eagle's car, (Tis many a younger brother's cale)

He longs to ease the monarch's care. And that he very soon intends

The monarch grants; with pride elute, To ply the court, and t_aze his friends,

Behold him minister of trate! If there his merits chance to find

Around him throng the feather'd rout; A patriot of an open mind,

Friends must be serv'd, and some must rut; whose constant actions prove hiin just

Each thinks his own the bett pretention ; To both a king's and people's trust,

This akis a place, and that a pension; May be, with gratitude, attend,

25 The Nightingale was fet aide. And owe his rise to such a friend!

A forward Daw his room fupply'd.

90 You praise his parts, for business fit,

“ This bird (says he), for bufness fit, His learning, probity, and wit;

Hath both sagacity and wil : But those alone will never do,

With all his turns, and thists, and tricks, , Unless his patron have them too.

30 He's docile, and at nothing sticks : I've heard of times (pray God defend us ! Then with his neighbours one fo free 95 We 're not so good but he can mend us)

At all times will connive at me." When wicked ministers have trod

The Hawk bad due distinction shown,
On kings and people, law and God;

For parts and talents like his own).
With arrogance they girt the throne, 35 Thousands of hireling Cocks attend him,
And knew no intereft but their own.

As blustering bullies, to defend him,
Then virtue, from preferment barr'd

At once the Ravens were discarded, Gets nothing but its own reward.

And magpies with their posts rewarded. A gang of petty knaves attend 'em,

Thiofe fowls of omen I deteft, With proper parts to recommend 'em. 40 They pry into another's nest. Then, if his patron burn with luft,

State-lyes must lose all good intent,

105 The first in favour 's pimp the first,

For they foresee and croak th' event. His doors are never clos'd to fpies,

My friends ne'er think, but talk by rote, Who cheer his heart with double lies ;

Speak what they 're tauglit, and so to vote. They Hatter hii, his foes defame,


“ When rogues like these (a Sparrow cries) So lull the pangs of guilt and shame.

To honours and en ployments rise, If schemes of lucre haunt his brain,

) court no favour, ak no place; Projectors swell his greedy train;

From fuch, preferment is disgrace. Vile brokers ply his private ear

Within ny thatch'd retreat I find -
With jobs of plunder for the year ;

So (What these ne'er feel) true peace of mind."
All consciences must bend and ply?
You must vote on, and not know why
Through thick and thin you must go on ;
One fcruple, and your place is gone.

Since plagues like these have cursd a land, 55
And favourites cannot always stand,
Good courtiers should for change be ready,
And not have principles too steady ;
For, should a knave engross the power,

To a Levee-hunter.
(God hield the realm from that sad hour!) 60
He must have rogues or flavish fools ;

TE frequently misplace esteem, For what's a kpave without his tools?

By judging men by what they seem. Wherever those a people drain,

To birth, wealth, power, we mould allow And ftrut with infamy and gain,

Precedence, and our lowest bow: I envy not their guilt and state,

65 In that is due distinction thewn; And fcorn to share the publ c hate.

Efteem is Virtue's right alone. Let their own servile creatures rife,

With partial eye we're apt to see
By screening fraud, and venti glies;

The man of noble pedigree :
Give me, kind H. aven, a private Itation*, We're prepofseft my Lord inherits,
A mind ferene for contemplation :

70 In some degree, his grandfre's merits; Title and profit I relign;

For those we find upon record, The post of honour shall be mine.

But find him nothing but my Lord. My Fable read, their merits view,

When we, with superficial view, Then herd who will with such a crew.

Gaze on the rich, we 're dazzled too. In days of yore (my cautious rhymes

75 We know that wealth, well understood, 15 Always except the present times)

Hath frequent power of doing good; *When impious men bear sway,

Then fancy that the thing is done, The post of honour is a private Jiation, Addison. As if the power and will were one,








"Thus oft the cheated crowd adore

For, when we flatter Self-conceit,

85 The thriving knaves that keep théin poor, 20 We but bis sentiments repeat, The cringing train of power survey :

If we 're too scrupulously juft, What creatures are so low as they !

What profit's in a place of trust; With what obsequiousness they beod!

The cominon practice of the great To what vile actions condescend !

Is to secure a snug retreat. Their rise is on their meanness built, 25 So Pug began to turn his brain And Hattery is their smalleit guilt.

(Like other folks in place) on gain. What homage, reverence, adoration,

An apple-woman's stall was near, In every age, in every nation,

Well fiock'd with fruits through all the year;' Have lycophants to power address'd!

Here every day he cram'd bis guts,

95 No matter who the power possess'd! 30 Hence, were his hoards of pears and nuts ; Let ministers be what they will,

For 'twas agreed (in way of trade) You find their levee; always fill :

His payments should in corn be made. Evin those who have perplex'd a state,

The stock of grain was quickly spent, Whote actions claim contempt and hate,

And no account which way it went.

lea Had wretches to applaud their schemes, 35 Then, too, the Poultry's ftarv'd condition Though more absurd than madmen's dreams, Caus'd speculations of suspicion. When barbarous Moloch was invok'd,

The facts were provid beyond difpute ; 'The blood of infants only smok'd !

Pug must refund his hoards of fruit; But here (unless all hittory lies)

And though then minister in chief, Whole realms have been a facrifice,

40 Was branded as a public thief. Look through all courts : 'tis power we find Disgrac'd, despis’d, confin’d to chains, The general idol of mankind ;

He nothing but his pride retains. There worship'd under every shape :

A Goose pass’d by; he knew the face, Alike the lion, fox, anal ape,

Seen every levee while in place.

110 Are follow'd by time-lerving Naves

45 « What, no respect! no reverence town! Rich proftitutes and needy knaves.

How faucy are these creatures grown! Who then fall glory in his post ?

Not two days fnce (say's he) you bow'd How frail his pride, low vain his boast! The loweft of my fawning crowd.The followers of his prosperous hour

« Proud fool! (replies the Goose) 'tis true 115 Are as unstable as his power.

50 Thy corn a fluttering levee drew ;, Power, by the breath of Flattery nurst, For that I join'd the hungry train, The more it swells is nearer burst;

And fold thee fattery for thy grain, The bubble breaks, the gewgaw ends,

But then, as now, conceited Apc, And in a dirty tear descends.

We saw thee in thy proper shape."
Once on a tine an ancient maid,

By wishes and by time decay'd,
To cure the pangs of restless thought,
In birds and beasts amusement sought :

Dogs, parrots, apes, her hours employ'd;
With these alone the talk'd and toy'd.

60 A huge Baboon her fancy took

To a Friend. (Alinost a man in fize and look), He finger'd every thing he found,

OU tell me that you apprehend And mimick'd all the feryauts roumd ;

My verse may touchy folks offend. Then, too, his parts and ready wit

65 In prudence, ton, you think my rhymes Show'd him for every business fit.

Should never squint at courtiers' crimes; With all these talents 'twas but just,

For though nor this nor that is meant,

5 That pug should hold a place of trust;

Can we another's thoughts prevent? So to her favourite was aflign'd

You ask me if Tever knew The charge of all her feather'd kind. 70 Court chaplains thus the lawn pursue? 'Twas his to tend them eve and moril,

I meddle nor with gown or lawn; And portion out their daily corn.

Poets, I grant, to rise muft fawn ;
Beltold him now, with haughty ftride, They know great ears are over-nice,
Allume a ministerial pride.

od never snock their patron's vice.
The morning rose. In hope of picking, 75 But I this hackney-path despise;
Swans, turkeys, peacocks, ducks, and chicken, 'Tis my ambition not to rise.
Fowls of all ranks furround his hut,

If I must proititute the Musc,
To worship his important strut.

The base conditions I refuse.
The minister appears. The crowd,

I neither fatter nor defame,
Now here, now there, obfequious bow'd, 80 Yet own I would bring guilt to shame.
This prais'd his parts, and that his face, If I Corruption's hand expose,
Ty other bis dignity in place,

I make corrupted men my foes;
From bill to bill the Hattery ran :

What then? I hate the paltry tribe : He liears and bear it like a man ;

| Be virtue mine ; be thicirs the bribe.


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I no man's property invade ;

Bu hold him now his drift attain: Corruption is yet no lawful trade.

He's made chief treasurer of the grain: 90 Nor would it mighty ills produce,

But as their antic. tlaws are just, Could I shame bribery out of use.

And punishi breach of public trust, I know 'twould erammoft politicians,

Ijs order'd (leit wrolig application Were they ty'd down to those conditions.

Should starve that wifc indul rious natior) "Twould stint their power, their riches bound, That all accounts le fated clear,

95 And make their parts feem less profound. 30 Their dock, and wbat defray'd the year ; Were they deny'd their proper tools,

That auditors Mall Jale inized, How could they lead their knaves and fools ? And public rapine thus be check'd. Were this the case, let's take a view

For this the folem day was set; What dreadful mischiefs would ensue.

The auditors in councii mici,
Though it might aggrandize the state, 35 The granary-keeper muft explain,
Could private luxury dine op plate ?

And balance bis account of grain.
Kings might indeed their friends reward, He brought (fince he could not refuse them)
But ministers find less regard.

Some fcraps of paper to amuse their.
L.formers, fycophants, anci fpies,

An honest Pilinire, warm with žcal,
Would ng augment the year's supplies. 40 In justice to the public wcal,
Perhaps, wo, take away this prop,

Thus fpoke : “ The nation's board is low;
An annual jobb or two might drop.

Trom whence does this profufon flow? Beides, if penfions were deny'd,

I know our annual funds amount; Could Avarice support its pride?

Why such expence ? and where 's th' account?" It might ev'a ministers confound,

With wonted arrogance and pride, And yet the state be safe and found.

The Ant in office thus reply d.. I care pot thougla 'tis understood ;

“ Confider, Sirs, were secrets told, I only mean my country's good :

How could the bett-fehem'd projects hold? And (let who will my freedom blame)

Should we ítate miyiteries disclotë,

115 I wish all courtiers did the fame,

50 'Twould lay us open to our foes. Nay, though fome folks the lefs might get, My duty and my well-known zeal I with the nation out of debt.

bid nie our present schemes conccal : I put no private mau's ambition

But, on my honour, all tb'expence With public good in competition:

(Though valt) was for the fwarm's defence. "S 170 Rather than have our laws defacd

35 They past the account as fair and juít, I'd vote a minifter disgrae'd,

Arid voted bim iinplicit truit. I ftrike at vice, be 't where it will ;

Next year again, the gränary draina, And what if great folks take it ill?

He thus his innocence maintair'd. I hope corruption, bribery, penton,

« Think how our preient matters ftard, 125 One may with deteítation mention ;

60 What dangers threat from every hand; Think you the law (let who will take it)

What hosts of turkeys firoll for food, Can candulum magwatum make it?

No farmer's wife but hath her brood, I vent no Nander, owe no grudge,

Confder, when inval on 's near, Nor of another's conscience judge :

Intelligence inutt coft us dear ;

130 At him or lin I take no aim,

65 And, in this ticklish fituatior, Yet dare against all vice declaim.

A secret told betrays the nation ;-
Shall I not censure breach of trust,

But, on my honour, all the expence
Becanfe knaves know themselves unjust? (Though valt) was for the fwarı's defence."
That steward, whofe account is clear,

Again, without examination,

135 Demands his honour may appear :

770 They thank'd his tage administration, Flis actions never thun the light;

The year revolves. Their treasure, spent, He is, and would be prov'd, upright.

Again in secret fervice went. But then you think my Fable bears

His honour, too, again was plexig'd, Allution, too, to ftaté-affairs.

To satisfy the charge alledg'il. I grant it does ; and who 's so great, 75

When thus, with pannic thame poffef'd, That las the privilege to cheat?

An auditor his friends addreís'd. J: then in any future reign

" What are we? ministerial tools ! (For minifters may thirst for gain)

We little knaves are greater tools, Corrupted hands defraucl the nation,

At last this fecret is explorid,

145 I bar no reader's application.

80 'Tis our ccrruption tbins the hoard. An Ant there was, whose forward prate For every grain we touchd, at least Control'd all matters in debate ;

A thousand his own leaps increas'd. Whether he knew the thing or no,

Then for his kin and favourite fpies, His tongue eternally would go;

A hundred hardly could fuffice.

130 For he had iinpudence at will,

85 Thus, for a paltry sneaking bribe, And boasted univerfal kill.

We cheat ourselves and all the tribe; in!ītion was his point in view :

For all the magazine contains Thus by digrees to power he grew.

Grows from our annual toil and pains."




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They vote th' account Mall be inspected; 155. Now, meddling in the foldier's trade, Te cunning plunderer is detected;

Troops muft be hir'd, and levies niade. The fraud is fentenc'd; and his hoard,

He gives ambassadors their cue,
As due, to public use reftor'd.

His cobbled treaties to renew ;
And annual taxes must fuffice
The current blunders to disguise.
When his crude schemes in air are loft,
And millions scarce defray the cost,

His arrogance (nought undifmay'd)
Trufting in felf-sufficient aid,

60 On other rocks misguides the realm,

And thinks a pilot at the helm.

He ne'er suspects his want of skill,

But blunders on from ill to ill ;
To a Coxcomb,

And, when he fails of all intent,

Blames only unforeseen event. THAT man muft daily wifer grow,

Left you mistake the application,

know; The Fable calls me to relation. Inpartially, he weighs his scope,

A Bear of shag and manners rough, And on firm reason founds his hope ;

At climbing trees expert enough;

70 He tries his strength before the race,

For dextroully, and safe from harm, And never fecks his own disgrace ;

Year after year he robb’d the swarm. He knows the compass, fail, and oar,

Thus thriving on industrious toil, Or never launches from the fore;

He glory'd in his pilfer'd spoil. Before he builds, computes the cost,

This trick to swell d him with conceit,

75 And in no proud pursuit is loft':

He thought no enterprise too great. He learns the bounds of human sense,

Alike in sciences and arts, And safely walks within the fence.

He boasted universal parts : Thus, conscious of his own defect,

Pragmatic, busy, bustling, bold, Are pride and self-importance check'd,

His arrogance was uncontrold: If then, self-knowledge to pursue,


And thus he made his party good, Direet our life in every view,

And grew dictator of the wood, Of all the fools that pride can boaft,

The beasts, with admiration, ftare, A Coxcomb claims diftination most

And think him a prodigious Bear, Coxcombs are of all ranks and kind :

Were any common booty got, They 're not to sex or age confin'd,

20 "Twas his each portion to allot: Or rich, or poor, or great, or small,

For why? he found there might be picking, And vanity befots them all.

Ev’n in the carving of a chicken.
By ig:rorance is pride increas'd:

Intruding thus, he by degrees
Thote moft affume, who know the leaft; Claim’d, too, the butcher's larger fees,

90 Their own false balarice gives them weight, 25

And now his over-weening pride But every other finds them I'ght.

In every province will prefde. Not that all Coxcombs' follies strike,

No talk too difficult was found : And draw our ridicule alike;

His løundering nose misleads the hound, To different merits each pretends :

la stratagem and fubtle arts This in love-vanity transcends ;


He over-rules the fox's parts. That, smitten with his face and thape,

It chanc'd, as on a certain day, By dress dilinguishes the ape;

Along the bank he toak his way,
To other with learning crams his 1.elf,

A boat, with rudder, fail, and oar,
Knows books, anri all things but himself. At anchor floated near the shore.
All these are fools of low condition,

35 He itopt, and, turning to his train, Compar'd with Coxcombs of ambition :

Thus pertly vents his vaunting strain. For those, putt'd up with tattery, dare,

“ What blundering puppies are mankind ! Aflume a nation's various care,

In every science always blind! They ne'er the groíleft praise misiruit,

I mock the pedantry of schools :

105 Íheir fycophants seem hardly jult ;

40 What are their compa Tes and rules? For these, in part alone, attest

From me that helm shall conduct learr, The flattery their own thoughts suggest.

And man his ignorance discern.” In this wide sphere a Coxeomb 's nown

So saying, with audacious pride, In other realnis besides his own:

He cains the Boat, and climbs the side. The felfedeein'd Machiavel at large

45 The beasts, astonish'd, line the strand . By turns controls in every charge.

The anchor 's weigh’d; he drives from land : Does Commerce suffer in her rights?

The fack fail shifts from side to side ; 'Tis be directs the naval flights.

The Boat untrimm'd admits the tide. What failor dares dispute his skill?

Borne down, adrift, at random toft,

115 Ile 'll be an admiral when he wili.

so His oar breaks thort, the rudder 's lost,




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The Bear, presuming on his skill,

From wipe what sudden friendit.ip spring; ! Is here and there officious ftill;

Frankly they talk'd of courts and kings. Till, striking on the dangerous sands,

“ We country-tolks (the (lown replies) Agrotind the shatter'd veel stands.

Could ope our gracious monarch's eyes. To see the bungler thus disrest,

The King, (as all our neighbours say) The very files freer, and jeft:

Might he (God bless him!) have his way, Ev'n gudgeons join in ridicule,

Is found at heart, and means our good, To mortify the meddling fool.

And he would do it ir be could.
The clainorous watermen appear ;

125 If truth in courts were not forbid,
Threats, curses, oaths, infult his ear : (land; Nor kings nor subjects would be rid.
Seiz’d!, thrash'd, and chain'di, he's drags'd to Were he in power, we need not doubt him ; 55
Deris on frouts along the itrand,

But, that transferr'd to thore about him,
On them be throws the regal cares;
And wbat mind they? Their own affairs.
If such rapacious hands he trust,
The heit of men may seem unjuít.


From kirgs to coblers 'tis the same;

Bad fervants wound their master's fanie,

In this our neighbours all agree :
To a Country Gentleman.

Would the King knew as much as we !»

Here lie ftopt mort. Repose they fought,
THE man of pure and simple heart

The Peasant fept, the monarch thought,
Through life disdains a double part:

The courtiers learn'd, at early dawn,
He pever needs the screen of lies,

Where their lot Sovereign was withdrawn, His inward bosom to disguise.

The guards' approach our host alarms; In vain malicious tongues affail;

5 With gaudy coats the cottage swarms. Let envy farl, let fander rail,

The crown and purple robes they bring, From Virtue's fhield (secure from wound)

And prostrate fall before the King. Thair blunted venom'd shafts rebound,

The Clown was calld; the royal guest So shines his light before mankind,

By due reward his thanks expreit. His actions prove his honeft mind.

The King then turning to the crowd,

75 If in his country's cause he rise,

Who fawningly before him bow'd, Debating senates to advise,

Thus spoke. " Since, hent on private gain, Unb:ib’d, unaw'il, he dares impart

Your counsels firat misled my reign. The honest cietates of his heart.

Taught and inform'd by you alone, No miujiterial frown he fears, ,

15 Novruth the royal ear liath known, But in his virtue'perfeveres.

Till here conversing; hence, ye crew ; But would you play the politician,

Fur now I know myself and you." Whole heart's averfe to intuition,

Whene'er the royal ear's engrott, Your lips at all times, nay, your reason,

State lyes but little genius cost, Must be controlu lay place and season,

The farourite tben securely robs, What fatefiman could his power support,

And gleans a nation by his jobbs. Were lying tongues forbid the court?

Franker and bolder grown in ill, Did priocely ears to truth attend,

He daily poisons dares infiil; What mivitter could gain bis end?

And, as his present views fuggeft, Hiow could he raise his tools to place, 25 Intimes and foothies the royal breast. 9. And how his hopeit foes difgrace ?

Thus wicked mipifiers oppress, Tba: politician tops his part,

When oft' the monarch means redress, Who readily ca: lye with art :

Would kings their private subjects hear, The man's proficient in his trade ;

A minifter must talk with fear; Pis power is ítrong, his fortune's made, 30 If honefty oppos'd his views.

95 By that the interest of the throne

He dar'd not innocence accufe; l; made fubfervient to his own :

"Twould keep himin such parrow bound, By that, lave kings of old, cleluded,

He could not right and wrong confound.
All their own friends for his excluded:

Happy were kings, could they disclose
Ky that, his felfin fchemes pursuing, 33 | Their real frienris and real foes !
He thrives upon the public ruin.

Were both themselves and subjects known,
Artiochust, with hardy pace,

A monarchi’s will might be his own, Provnk'd the dangers of the chace;

Had he the use of ears and eyes,
Andi, lot from all his menial train,

Knaves would no more be counted wife,
Travers’l the wood and pathlefs plain. 40 But then a minister might lose
A cottage lodg’d the royal guest;

(Hard cale !) his own ambitious views. The Parthian clown brought forth his best,

When fuch as these have vex'd a fiate, The King unknown his feast enjoy'd,

Pursued by universal hate,
And various chat the hours'employ'd,

Their falfe fupport at orice hath failid,

And persevering truth prevailid,

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