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Sagacious, has a spiral engine * formid,
Spread by the rosy fingers of the morn;
He chuses fome companion to his toil.
From side to side, with amicable aim, Nor hence, ye Nymphs, let anger cloud your Each to the other darts the nimble bõlt, brows :
Wbile friendly converse, prompted by the work, The more is wrought, the more is still requir’d: Kindles improvement in the opening mind, Blithe o'er your toils, with wonted song, proceed : What need wë name the several kinds of looms ? Fear not surcharge ; your hands will ever find Those delicate, to whose fair-colour'd threads Ample employment. In the strife of trade, Hang figur'd weights, whose various numbers These curious inftruments of speed obtain
guide Various advantage, and the diligent
The artist's hand: he, unseen flowers, and trees, Supply with exercise, as fountains sure,
And vales, and azure hills, unerring works. Which, ever-gliding, feed the flowery lawn. Or that, whose numerous needles, glittering bright, Nor, should the careful State, severely kind,
Weave the warm hose to cover tender limbs : In every province, to the house of toil
Modern invention : modern is the want. Compel the vagrant, and each implement
Next, from the Nacken'd beam the woof unrollid, Of ruder art, the comb, the card, the wheel, Near fome clear-Niding river, Aire or Stroud, Teach their unwilling hands, nor yet complain. Is by the noisy fulling-mill receiv'd ! Yours, with the public good, shall ever rise, Where tumbl
waters turn enormous wheels, Ever, while o'er the lawns, and airy downs And hammers, rifing and descending, learn The bleating fheep and shepherd's pipe are heard ; To imitate the industry of man. While in the brook ye blanch the glistening fleece, Oft the wet web is steep'd, and often rais'd, And thl amorous youth, delighted with your tools, Fast-dripping, to the river's grally bank ; Quavers the choicest of his fonnets, warm'd And finewy arms of men, with full-ftrain'd strength, By growing friend to wedded love.
Wring out the latent water : then, up-hung The amorous
youth, with various hopes inflam'd, On rugged tenters, to the fervid fun Now on the busy stage see him step forth,
Its level furface, recking, it expands ; With beating breaft: high-honour'd lie beholds Still brightening in each rigid discipline, Rich industry. First, he bespeaks a loom : And gathering worth ; as human life, in pains, From fome thick wood the carpenter felects
Conflicts, and troubles. Soon the clothier's fhears, A Nender oak, or beech of gloffy trunk,
Aid burler's thistle, skim the surface theen. Or saplin ash: he Mapes the sturdy beam,
The round of work goes on, from day to day, The posts, and treadles; and the frame combines. Seafon to seafon. So the husbandmanı The smith, with iron-screws, and plated hoops, Purfúes his cares ; his plouglı divides the glebe ; Confirms the strong machine, and gives the bolt The feed is sown ; rough rattle o'er the clods That strains the roll. To these the turner's lathe, The harrow's tseth ; quick weeds his hoe fubdues : And graver's knife, the hollow Muttle add.
The fickle latours, and the now team strains ; Various professions in the work unite :
Till grateful harveft-home rewards his toils. For each on each depends. Thus he acquires Th' ingenious artist, learn'd in drugs, befows The curious engine, work of subtle skill ;
The last improvement ; for th' unlabour'd fleece Howe'er, in vulgar use around the globe
Rare is permitted to imbibe the dye. Frequent obferv’d, of high antiquity
In penetrating waves of boiling vats No doubtful mark: th' adventurous voyager, The snowy web is steep'd, with grain of weld, Toss'd over ocean to remoteft fhores,
Fustic, or logwood, mix'd, or cochineal, Hears on rematest fhores the murmuring loom ; Or the dark purple pulp of Pictish woad, Sees the deep-furrowing plough, and harrow'd of stain tenacious, deep as summer skies, field,
Like those that canopy the towers of Stowe The wheel-mov'd waggon, and the discipline After soft rains, when birds their notes attune, Of strons-yok'd steers. What needful art is new? Ere the melodious nightingaie begins.
Next, the industrious youth employs his care From yon broad vafe belold the safíron woofs To atore soft yarn ; and now he strains the warp Beauteous emerge ; from these the azure rise ; Along the garden-walk, or highway-side,
This glows with crimions that the auburn holds; Smoothing each thread ; row fits it to the loom, These Thall the prince with purple robes adorn; And fits before the work : from hand to hand And those the warrior mark, and those the priest. The thready shuttles glides along the lines,
Few are the primal colours of the art ; Which open to the woof, and shut altern:
Five only ; black, and yellow, blue, brown, red 3 And ever and aron, to firm the work,
Yet hence innumerable hues arise. Against the web is driven the noisy frame,
That stain alone is good, which bears unchang'd That w'er the level rushes, like a surge,
Diffolving water's, and calcining sun's, Wluich, often dashing on the sandy beach,
And thieving air's attacks. How great the need, Compacts the traveller's road : from hand to hand With utmost caution to prepare the woof, Again, acroís the lines oft opening, glides
To seek the best-adapted dye3; and salts, The thready (huttle, while the web apace
And purest gums! since your whole skill consists Increases, as the light of eastern skies,
In opening well the fibres of the woof,
For the reception of the beauteous dye, *Paul's engine for cotton and fipe wood
And wedging every grain in every pore,
As neither meats, nor drinks, nor aught of joy Firm as a diamond in rich gold enchas'd.
Corporeal, can bestow. Nor less they gain But what the powers, which lock them in the Virtue than wealth, while, on their ufeful works web;
From day to day intent, in their full minds Whether incrusting falts, or weight of air,
Evil no place can find. With equal scale Or fountain-water's cold contracting wave,
Some deal abroad the well-assorted fleece ;
These card the short, those comb the longer flake ;
And bring to proper use. Flax too, and hemp,
Excite their diligence. The younger hands
Now see, o'er vales, and peopled mountain-tops, Such joy arises in the mind employ’d.
Rasping or grinding tough Brasilian woods, Successless oft their industry, when cease
And what Campeachy's disputable More
And the Caribbee illes, whose dulcet canes
O when, through every province, shall be rais'd A wheel, invisible, beneath the floor,
To every member of th' harmonious frame
Of upright spindles, which, with rapid whirl,
And ruddy roofs, and chimney-tops appear,
The incense of thanksgiving: All is joy ; Your step-bruis'd feet. Ev'n now the sons of And trade and business guide the living scene, Trade,
Roll the full cars, adown the winding Aire
Load the now-failing barges, pile the pack
Repeat their virtuous efforts, and succeed. Unnumber'd villas creep the shrubby hills,
Thus all is here in motion, all is life : A spacious dome for this fair purpose rise.
The creaking wain brings copious store of corn :
The neat-dress'd housewives, for the festal board
Beneath the chiffel, beauteous shapes affu!ne
Ot frieze and column. Some with even line,
Which dignifies the artist, lifts the Twain,
* A most curious machine, invented by Mr. † A river in Yorkshire, which runs below Hili- Paul. It is at present contrived to spin cotton; but fax, and passes by Wakefield.
it may b: made to spin fine carded wool VOL. VII.
And the straw cottage to a palace turns,
From fair Venetia ; The from Grecian nymphs ; Over the work presides. Such was the scene, They from Phenicé,, who obtain'd the dole Of hurrying Carthage, when the Trojan chief From old Ægyptus. Thus around the globe, First view'd her growing turrets.
The golden-footed sciences their path Th’ increasing walls of busy Manchester,
Mark, like the sun, enkindling life and joy ; Sheffield, and Birmingham, whose reddening fields And follow'd close by Ignorance and Pride, Rise and enlarge their suburbs. Lo, in throngs, Lead Day and Night o'er realms. Our day arose For every realm, the careful factors meet,
When Alva's tyranny the weaving arts Whispering each other. In long ranks the bales, Drove from the fertile vallies of the Scheld. Like War's bright files, beyond the fight extend. With speedy wing, and scatter'd course, they ficd, Straight, ere the founding bell the signal strikes, Like a community of bees, difturb'd Which ends the hour of traffic, tliey conclude By fome relentless swain's rapacious hand; The speedy compact; and, well-pleas'd, transfer, While good Eliza, to the fugitives With mutual benefit, superior wealth
Gave gracious welcome; as wise Ægypt erst To many a kingdom's rent, or tyrant's hoard. To troubled Nilus, whose nutritious food Whate'er is excellent in art proceeds
With annual gratitude enrich'd her meads. From labor and endurance : deep the oak
Then, from fair Antwerp, an industrious train Must link in stubborn earth its roots obscure, Cross’d the smooth channel of our smiling seas ; That hopes to lift its branches to the skies:
And in the vales of Cantium, on the banks Gold cannot goud appear, until man's toil
Of Stour alighted, and the naval wave Discloses wide the mountain's hidden ribs,
Of spacious Medway : some on gentle Yare, And digs 'the dusky ore, and breaks and grinds And fertile Waveney, pitch'd; and made their seats Its gritty parts, and laves in limpid streams,
Pleasant Norvicum, and Colcestria's towers : With oft-repeated toil, and oft in fire
Some to the Darent sped their happy way: The metal purifies: with the fatigue,
Berghem, and Sluys, and elder Bruges, chose And tedious process of its painful works,
Antona's chalky plains, and stretch'd their tents The lufty ficken, and the feeble die.
Down to Clausentum, and that bay supine
Beneath the shade of Vecta's cliffy isle.
With chear reviv'd; and in Sabrina's food,
Of ancient Ariconium ; nor less pleas'd A double wealth ; more rich than Belgium's boast, With Salop's various scenes ; and that soft tract Who tends the culture of the flaxen reed;
Of Canıbria, deep-embay'd Dimetian land, Or the Cathayan's, whose ignobler care
By green hills fenc'd, by ocean's murmur lullid; Nurses the filk-worm ; or of India's fons,
Nurse of the rustic bard, who now resounds Who plant the cotton-grove by Ganges' stream. The fortunes of the fleece ; whose ancestors Nor do their toils and products furnish more, Were fugitives from Superstition's rage, Than gauds and dreiles, of fantastic web,
And erst, from Devon, thither brought the loom; To the luxurious : but our kinder toils
Where ivy'd walls of old Kidwelly's towers, Give cloathing to necessity; keep warm
Nodding, still on their gloomy brows project 'Th' unhappy wanderer, on the mountain wild Lancastria's arms, emboss'd in mouldering stone. Benighted, while the tempest beats around.
Thus, then, on Albion's coast, the exil'd band, No, ye soft sons of Ganges, and of Ind,
From rich Menapian towns, and the green banks Ye feebly delicate, life little needs
Of Scheld, alighted ; and, alighting, sang Your feminine toys, ror asks your nerveless arm Grateful thanksgiving. Yet, at times, they shift To cast the strong-fung Thuitle, or the spear. Their habitations, when the hand of Pride, Can ye deferd your country from the storm
Restraint, or fouthern Luxury, distúrbs Of strong invasion? Can ye want endure,
Their irdustry, and urges them to vales In the besieged fort, with courage firm?
Of the Brigantes; where, with happier care Can ye the weather-beaten vessel steer,
Inspirited, their art improves the fleece, Climb the tall mast, direct the stubtorn helm, Which occupation erst, and wealth immense, Mid wild discordant waves, vith steady course ? Gave Brabant's swarming habitants, what time Can ye lead out, to distant colonies,
We were their shepherds only ; from which state, Th' o'trflowings of a people, or your wrong'd With friendly arm, they rais'd us: nathless some Brethren, by impious persecution driven,
Among our old and stubborn swains misdeem'd, And arm their breasts with fortitude to try
And envy'd, who enrich'd them ; envy'd those, New regions ; climes, though barren, yet beyond Whose virtues taught the varletry of towns The baneful power of tyrants ? These are deeds To useful toil to turn the pilfering hand. To which their hardy labors well prepare
And still, when bigotry's black clouds arise, The finewy arm of Allion's sons. Pursue, (For oft they sudden rise in papal realms), Ve sons of Albion, with a yielding heart,
They, from their ine, as from some ark secure, Your hardy labours : let the sounding loom Careless, urpitying, view the fiery bolts Mix with the melor'y of every vale ;
Of Superftition, and tyrannic rage, The lcom, that ling-rer.own'd, wide-envy'd gift And all the fury of the rolling storm, Of wealthy Flandria, who tbe boon receiv'd Which fierce pursues the sufferers in their flight.
Shall not our gates, shall not Britannia's arms, But chief by numbers of industrious hands
A nation's wealth is counted : numbers raise
Warm emulation : where that virtue dwells, (Di Nrefles tor the sake of Truth endur'd)
There will be i'raffick’, seat; there will she built Corrected, dignify'd ; creating good
Her rich empor.um. Hence ye happy lwa.ns, Where-ever they inhabit : this, our ile
With hospitality inflame your breast, Has oft experier.c'd; witness all ye realms
And emulat on: the whole world receive,
The mighty brotherhood ; while ye proceed,
Or plow the fertile billows of the deep.
Why to the narrow circle of our coast Of mosty marble : not to name the aids
Should we submit our limits, while each wind Their wit has given the fleece, now taught to link Aflits the stream and fail, and the wide main With flax, or cotton, or the filk-worm's thread, Wooes us in every port ? See Belgium build, And gain the graces of variety :
Upon the foodiul brine, her envy'd power ; Whether to form the matron's decent robe,
And, half her people floating on the wave, Or the thin-hading trail for Agra's * nymphs ; Expand her fishy regions. Thus our inle, Or solemn curtains, whose long gloomy folds Thus only may Britannia be enlarg'd.Surround the soft pavilions of the rich.
But whither, by the visions of the theme They too the many-colour'd arras taught
Smit with sublime delight, but whither strays To mimic nature, and the airy shapes
The raptur’d Muse, forgetful of her talk ? Of sportive fancy : such as oft appear
No common pleasure warms the generous mind, In old Mosaic pavements, when the plough
When it beholds the labors of the loom ; Up-turns the crumbling glebe of Weldon field; How widely round the globe they are dispers’d, Or that, o'ershaded erst by Woodstock's bower, From little tenements by wood or croft, Now grac'd by Blenheim, in whose stately roons Through many a Nender path, how fedulous, Rise glowing tapestries, that lure the eye
As rills to rivers broad, they speed their way With Marlborough’s wars : here Schellenbergh To public roads, to Foire, or Watling-street, exults,
Or Armine, ancient works : and thence explore, Behind surrounding hills of ramparts steep,
Through every navigable wave, the sea, And vales of trenches dark; each hideous pass That laps the green earth round: through Tyne, Armies defend ; yet on the hero leads
and Tees, His Britons, like a torrent, o'er the mounds. Through Weare, and Lune, and merchandizing Another scene is Blenheim's glorious field,
Hull, And the red Danube. Here, the rescued states And Swale, and Aire, whose crystal weaves reflect Crowding beneath his shield : there, Ramillies' The various colours of the tinctur'd web; Important battle : next, the tenfold chain
Through Ken, swift rolling down his rocky dale, Of Arleux burst, and th' adamantine gates
Like giddy youth impetuous, then at Wick Of Gaul flung open to the tyrant's throne.
Curbing his train, and with the fober pace A shade obscures the rest-Ah, then, what power Of cautious Eld, meandering to the deep ; Invidious from the lifted sickle snatch'd
Through Dart, and sullen Exe, whose murmuring The harvest of the plain ? So lively glows The fair delusion, that our passions rise
Envies the Dune and Rother, who have won In the beholding, and the glories share
The serge and kersie to their blanching streams ; Of visionary battle. This bright art
Through Towy, winding under Merlin's towers, Did zealous Europe learn of pagan hands,
And Ulk, that frequent, among hoary rocks, While the assay'd, with rage of holy war,
On her deep waters paints th' impending scene, 'To desolate their fields : but old the skill:
Wild torrents, craggs, and woods, and mourtain Long were the Phrygians' picturing looms renown'd; snows. Tyre also, wealthy seat of arts, excell'd,
The northern Cambrians, an industrious tribe, And elder Sidon, in th' historic web.
Carry their labors on pisan steeds, Far-distant Tibet in her gloomy woods
Of size exceeding not Leicestrian theep. Rears the gay tent, of blended wool unwoven, Yet strong and sprightly: over hill and dale And glutinous materials : the Chinese
They travel unfatigued, and lay their bales Their porcelain, Japan its varnish boasts.
In Salop's streets, beneath whose lofty walls Some fair peculiar graces every realm,
Pearly Sabrina waits them with her barks, And each from each a share of wealth acquires. And spreads the swelling Meet. For no-where far
From some transparent rivers naval course There is woven at Manchester, for the East. Arise, and fall, our various hills and vales, Indies, a very thin stuff, of thread and cotton ;
No-where far distant from the masted wharf, which is cooler than the manufactures of that coun
We need not vex the strong laborious hand try where the material is only cotton.
With toil enormous, as th' Egyptian king,
Who join'd the sable waters of the Nile,
insurrections. Disputes between the French and EngFrom Memphis' towers, to th' Erythræan gulph: lish, on the coast of Coromandel, censured. A prolOr as the monarch of enfeebled Gaul,
pect of the Spice-islands, and of China. Traffic at Whose will imperious forc'd an hundred streams, Canton. Our woollen manufactures known at Pekin, Through many a forest, many a spacious wild, by the caravans from Russia. Description of that To stretch their scanty trains from sea to sea,
journey. Transition to the wesiern hemisphere. That some unprofitable skiff might float
Voyage of Raleigh. The fate and advantages of Across irriguous dales, and hollow'd rocks.
our North American colonies. Severe winters in Far eafier pains may swell our gentler foods, those climates : hence the pasage through Hudson'sAnd through the centre of the isle conduct
Bay impraéticable. Enquiries for an easier pollage To naval union. Trent and Severn's wave,
into the Pacific ocean. View of the coasts of South By plains alone disparted, woo to join
America, and of those tempestuous seas. Lord An Majestic Thamis. With their silver urns
son's expedition, and juccess against the Spaniards. The nimble-footed Naiads of the springs
The naval power of Britain consistent with the welAwait, upon the dewy lawn, to speed
fare of all nations.
View of our probable improveAnd celebrate the union; and the light
ments in traffic, and the distribution of our woollen Wood-nymphs; and those, who o'er the grots manufactures over the whole globe.
preside, Whose stores bituminous, with sparkling fires,
row, with our woolly treasures amply for'd, In summer's tedious absence, chear the swains,
Glide the tall fleets into the widening main, Long fitting at the loom; and those besides,
A floating foreft: every fail, unfurl'd, Who crown, with yellow heaves, the farmer's Swells to the wind, and gilds the azure sky. hopes,
Meantime, in pleasing care, the pilot steers And all the genii of commercial toil :
Steady ; with eye intent upon the steel, These on the dewy lawns await, to speed
Steady, before the breeze, the pilot steers : And celebrate the union, that the feece,
While gaily o'er the waves the mounting prowe And glossy web, to every port around
Dance, like a soal of dolphins, and begin
To streak with various paths the hoary deep.
The swain's and peasant's toil with grateful hand, Haite to their harbours. See the silver maze
Which copious gives return : while some explore Of stately Thamis, ever chequer'd o'er
Deep Finnic gulphs, and a new shore and mart, With deeply-laden barges, gliding smooth
The bold creation of that Kesar's power,
Repair the distant Caspian, and restore
To trade its ancient ports. Some Thanet's strand, Amid a thousand golden spires enthron'd,
And Dover's chalky cliff, behind them turn. Gives audience to the world : the strand around
Soon finks away the green and level beach Ciofe swarms with busy crouds of many a realm.
Of Rumney marith and Rye's filent port, What bales, what wealth, what industry, what By angry Neptune clos’d, and Ve&ta's ise, fleets!
Like the pale moon in vapor, faintly bright.
Devonia's hills retire, and Edgecomb mount,
Nor woods, nor mountain tops, nor aught appears, F L E E с Е.
But Phoebus' orb, refulgent lamp of light,
Bends over-head, majestic, to its base,
Uninterrupted clear circumference ;
Till, rising o'er the flickering waves, the cape
Of Finisterre, a cloudy spot, appears.
These to Iberia, others to the coast
Of Solomon ; fair regions, with the webs
Of Norwich pleas'd, or those of Manchester ; dress to the faktors there. Voyage through the Baltic. The mart of Petersburgh.
Light airy cloathing for their vacant fwains,
The ancient and visionary monks. We, in return, channels of commerce to the Indies. The modern Receive Cantabrian steel, and fleeces soft, course thither. Shores of Afric. Reflections on
Segovian or Castilian, far renown'd; the pave trade. The Cape of Good Hope, and And gold's attractive metal, pledge of wealth, the eastern coast of Africa. Trade to Persia and Spur of activity, to good or ili Index an precarious, i krough tyranny and frequent Powerful incentive : or Hesperian fruits,