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And, as the old swain said, she can unlock
The clasping charm, and thaw the numbing spell,
If she be right invok'd in warbled song,
For maidenhood she loves, and will be swift
To aid a virgin, such as was herself,
In hard-besetting need; this will I try,
And add the pow'r of some adjuring verse.




Listen where thou art sitting
Under the glassy, cool, translucent wave,

In twisted braids of lilies knitting
The loose train of thy amber-dropping hair ;

853. The clasping charm, &c.] 861. Translucent, which I alAt first the verse was thus, ways thought to be first used by Each clasping charm, and secret hold. Milton, occurs in Brathwayte's ing spell.

Love's Labyrinth, Lond. 1615. 856. To aid a virgin, such as

12mo. p. 29. Of the sun, “ hea

« ven's translucent eie." Pope was herself,) Alluding perhaps to the Danaids invocation of perhaps had it from Milton, on

his grotto. Pallas, wherein they use the same argument, ver. 155.

Thou who shalt stop where Thames

translucent wave. Αδμητας αδμητα

T. Warton. 'Purios yeusolw. i. e. virgo virginem liberet. Vid. 862. In twisted braids of lilies scholia in locum. Thyer.

knitting 857. In hard-besetting need ;]

The loose train of thy amberIt was at first, In honour'd virtue's dropping hair.] cause; and this was altered in We are to understand waterthe Manuscript to In hard disa lilies, with which Drayton often tressed need.

braids the tresses of his water861. Under the glassy, cool, nymphs, in the Polyolbion. See translucent wave.] Shakespeare, Note on Arcades, v. 97. T. WarHamlet, a. iv. s. 1.

ton. There is a willow grows askant the amber-dropping hair.]

863. The loose train of thy

We have brook That shews his hoar leaves in the

an amber cloud," above v. 333. glassy stream.

And in L'Allegro, " the sun is T. Warton. “ robed in flames and amber

Listen for dear honour's sake,
Goddess of the silver lake,

Listen and save.


Listen and appear to us
In name of great Oceanus,

"light." v. 61. But liquid am- distinguished them by the epiber is a yellow pellucid gum. thets and attributes which are Sabrina's hair drops amber, be- peculiarly assigned to each of cause in the poet's idea, her them in the best classic authors. stream was supposed to be trans- Great Oceanus, so in Hesiod parent. As in Par. Lost, b. iii. Theog. 21. Ωκεανον το μεγαν. Nep358.

tune and his mace or trident are And where the river of bliss through very well known, and th' earthmidst of heaven

shaking is the translation of that Rolls o'er Elysian floures her amber common Greek epithet ενοσιχθων, stream.

or svogiyalas. Tethys, the wife of And when Choaspes has an Oceanus, and mother of the “ amber stream.” Par. Reg. b. iii. Gods, may well be supposed to 288. But Choaspes was called have a grave majestic pace ; the golden waler. Amber, when

XtQvOy Ti Osw yoroi, xas Antiga applied to water, means a lu. Tmbur. Hom. Iliad. xiv. 201. minous clearness: when to hair,

and Hesiod calls her the venerable a bright yellow. Amber locks Tethys, sorvia Trbus. Theog. 368. are given to the sun in Sylvester's By hoary Nereus' wrinkled look, Du Bartas more than once. And and he had called him before to Sabrina's daughters by Wi

ver. 835. aged Nereus; and so thers, Epithal. edit. 1622. See he is called in all the poets, as Note on Par. Reg. ii. 344. iii. 288. in Virgil, Georg. iv. 392. GranAnd Sams. Agon. v. 720. T. dævus Nereus. Hesiod assigns Warton.

the reason, Theog. 238. 865. ---silver lake,) Par. Lost,

Νηρεα σ' αψευδεα και αληθεα γεινατο vii. 437. Of the birds.

Ποντος, ,
Others on silver lakes, and rivers, &c. Πρεσβυτατον παιδων αυταρ καλεουσι
T. Warton.

Үfеоута, ,
Ούνικα ημερτης τε

και ηπιος, ουδε 867. Listen and appear to us Θεμιστεων &c.] Before these verses there Ληθεται, αλλα δικαια και ηπια δηνεα is wrote in the Manuscript, to be adsy. said. The attendant Spirit first He may be called hoary too on invoked Sabrina in warbled song ; another account; for as Servius and now he adds the power of remarks on Virgil, Georg. iv. some adjuring verse, both which 403. Fere omnes Dii marini sehe said he would try: and in nes sunt, albent enim eorum cathe reading of this adjuration by pita spumis aquarum. And the the sea-deities it will be curious Carpathian wizard's hook, Proteus to observe how the poet has who had a cave at Carpathus, VOL. IV.


By th' earth-shaking Neptune's mace,
And Tethys' grave majestic pace,


an island in the Mediterranean and interpreter of Nereus, Oresover-against Egypt, and was a tes, ver. 363. wizard or prophet, and was Nep- Ο ναυτιλoισι μαντις εξηγγειλε μου tune's shepherd, and as such Νηρέως προφητης Γλαυκος, αψευδης Θεος. bore a hook. Virgil, Georg. iv. And Apollonius Rhodius gives 387.

him the same appellation, ArgoEst in Carpathio Neptuni gurgite naut. i. 1310. vates,

Τοισιν δε Γλαυκος βρυχιης αλος εξεφαανθη, , Cæruleus Proteus,

Νηρηος θειοιο πολυφραδμων υποψητης. . -novit namque omnia vates, Quæ sint, quæ fuerint, quæ mox By Leucothea's lovely hands, and ventura trahantur.

her son &c. Ino, flying from the Quippe ita Neptuno visum est: im

rage of her husband Athamas, mania cujus Armenta, et turpes pascit sub gurgite

who was furiously mad, threw phocas.

herself from the top of a rock

into the sea, with her son MeliBy scaly Triton's winding shell,

certa in her arms; but Neptune he was Neptune's trumpeter, and was scaly, as all these sorts of at the intercession of Venus

changed them into sea-deities, creatures are, squamis modo his


them new names, Leu

gave pido corpore,



cotheu to her, and to him Palæeffigiem habent, as Pliny says,

mon. Ovid, Met. iv. 538. She lib. ix. sect. 4. and his winding being Leucothea or the white shell is thus described by Ovid,

Goddess may well be supposed Met. i. 333.

to have lovely hands, which I Cæruleum Tritona vocat, conchæque presume the poet mentioned in

sonaci Inspirare jubet

opposition to Thetis' feet after-cava buccina sumitur illi

wards: and her son rules the Tortilis, in latum quæ turbine crescit strands, having the command of ab imo.

the ports, and therefore being And old soothsaying Glaucus' spell, called in Latin Portumnus, as he was an excellent fisher or

the mother was Matuta, the diver, and so was feigned to be

Goddess of the early morning. a sea-god: and Aristotle writes, Ovid, Fast. vi. 545. that in Delos he prophesied to Leucotheë Graiis, Matuta vocabere the Gods, Αριστοτελης Δηλιων

nostris, &c. πολιτεια, εν Δηλα κατοικήσαντα μετα By Thetis' tinsel slipper'd feel, των Νηρηίδων τους θεοις μαντευεσθαι: this the poet meant as a paraand Nicander says, that Apollo phrase of the word agyuqorila himself learned the art of pre- or silver-footed, the epithet by diction from Glaucus, Noxavdgos sy which she is usually distinguished πρωτο Αιτωλικων την μαντίμην Φησιν in Homer: and the Sirens are Atorva 'To racuxoy Stonxonvaló, introduced here, as being seaas they are cited by Athenæus, nymphs, and singing upon the lib, vii. cap. 12. And Euripides coast. Parthenope and Ligea were calls him the seamen's prophet two of the Sirens; and for this

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By hoary Nereus' wrinkled look,
And the Carpathian wizard's hook,
By scaly Triton's winding shell,
And old soothsaying Glaucus' spell,
By Leucothea's lovely hands,

And her son that rules the strands,
By Thetis' tinsel-slipper'd feet,
And the songs of Sirens sweet,
By dead Parthenope's dear tomb,
And fair Ligea's golden comb,

880 reason,


the four verses 877. By Thetis' tinsel slipper'd
relating to them are scratched feet.] W. Browne has “silver-
in the Manuscript. Parthenope's " footed Thetis," Brit. Past. b. ii.
tomb was at Naples, which was p. 35. Perhaps for the first
therefore called Parthenope ; Par- time in English poetry. Silver-
thenope à tumulo Sirenis appellata. buskined Nymphs are in Arcades,
Plin. lib. ii. sect. 9. Silius Ital. v. 33. T. Warton.
xii. 33.

878. And the songs of Syrens Sirenum dedit una suum et memo- sweel.] Sandys says, that the rabile nomen

fabulous melody of the Syrens Parthenope muris Acheloïas, æquore has a topographical allusion.

Regnavere diu cantus

“ For Archippus tells of a cerLigea was another of the Sirens,

“ taine bay, contracted within and is also the name of a sea

“ winding streights and broken

“ cliffes, which by the singing nymph mentioned by Virgil, Georg. iv. 336. and the poet «the billowes, report a delight

" of the windes and beating of draws her in the attitude, in which mermaids are usually re

“ full harmony, alluring those presented. Ovid of Salmacis,

“ who sail by to approach: when Met. iv. 310.

“ forthwith, throwne against the

“ rocks by the waves, and swalSed modo fonte suo formosos perluit

“ lowed in violent eddyes, &c." artus; Sæpe Citoriaco deducit pectine crines; . Sandys's Ovid's Metam. b. v. p. Et quid se deceat, spectatas consulit 197. edit. 1637. Spenser has undas.

exactly described the seat and 868. In name of great Oceanus.] allegory of the Sirens in the So Drayton, Polyolb. s. xvii. same manner. F. Q. ii. xii. 30. " The court of great Oceanus."

And now they nigh approached to Again, ibid. s. ii. “ The arms of the sted “old Oceanus." And in other Whereas those mermayds dwelt: it places. And in one of Jonson's Queenes Masques, 1616. p. 895.

And calmy Bay, on th' one side

sheltered, &c. Fayre Niger, sonne to great Oceanns. T. Warton. 880. And fair Ligea's golden

was a still


Wherewith she sits on diamond rocks,
Sleeking her soft alluring locks,
By all the nymphs that nightly dance
Upon thy streams with wily glance,
Rise, rise, and heave thy rosy head
From thy coral-paven bed,
And bridle in thy headlong wave,
Till thou our summons answer'd have.

Listen and save.


Sabrina rises, attended by water-nymphs, and sings. By the rushy-fringed bank,

890 Where grows

the willow and the osier dank,

comb, &c.] One of the employ. Mus. Elys. Nymph. Shakespeare ments of the Nymph Salmacis in has simply

paved fountain.” Ovid is to comb her hair.. But Mids. N. Dr. a. ii. s. 2. In that fiction is here heightened Marlowe, quoted in England's with the brilliancy of romance. Parnassus, 1600. p. 480. “ pebbleLigea's comb is of gold, and she paved channell." T. Warlon. sits on diamond rocks. These 889. Lislen and save.] The rewere new allurements for the petition of the prayer, vér. 866. unwary. G.Fletcher has “maine and 889. in the invocation of Sa"rocks of diamound.” Christ's brina is similar to that of ÆschyVictorie, p. i. st. 61. edit. 1610. lus's Chorus in the invocation of See Note on El. iii. 49. Ligea Darius's shade. Persæ, ver. 666. is celebrated for her singing in and 674. Polyolb. s. xx. vol. iii. 1043.

Βασκες πατερ ακακι Δαρειαν, . Then Ligea which maintaines the

Thyer. birds harmonious layes, Which sing on river banks amongst

Thus Amarillis, in the Faithful the slender sprayes.

Shepherdess, invokes the priest T. Warton. of Pan to protect her from the 886. From thy coral-paven bed.)

Sullen Shepherd, a. V. s. i. p. 184. Drayton of Sabrina's robe, Poly- Hear me, and save from endless inolb. s. v. vol. iii. p. 153.


My yet unblasted flower, virginity: Whose skirts were to the knees with

By all the garlands that have crown'd coral fring'd below.

that head, And we have pearl-paved in

By thy chaste office, &c.

T. Warton. Drayton, ibid. s. xxx. « This “ clear pearl-paved Irt." Again, 890. By the rushy-fringed bank.] “Where every pearl-paved ford." See Par. Lost, iv. 262. “The

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