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Along the crisped shades and bowers
Revels the spruce and jocund Spring,
The Graces, and the rosy-bosom’d Hours,
Thither all their bounties bring;
That there eternal Summer dwells,

what ancient fabler celebrates Our author's favourite tragic these damsels for their skill in poet, Euripides, also celebrates singing ; Apollonius Rhodius, an the Hesperides under the title of author whom Milton taught to perodes xogen. Herc. Furens, 393. his scholars, Argon. iv. 1396. - Igor ispov stidov mu sve nádwe

And again as coidos, Hippol. EvF STI TOU GO 2on tarxpuesce justo unaa, 740. where see Professor Monk's Χωρω εν Ατλαντος, χθονιος όφις: ΑΜΦΙ note, who cites also Hesiod. δε ΝΥΜΦΑΙ

Theog. 274. and 516. as alluding ‘EENEPISEE TOITYOV, EOIMEPON to the songs of the Hesperides. ΑΕΙΔΟΥΣΑΙ.

and refers to Heyne, Observat. And hence Lucan's virgin-choir, ad Apollodorum, p. 166. seq. for overlooked by the comment. a full account of the ancient ficators, is to be explained, where tions concerning them. E. he speaks of this golden grove, 984. Along the crisped shades ix. 360.

&c.] These four lines were not

at first in the Manuscript, but Fuit aurea silva, Divitiisque graves et fulvo germine

were added afterwards, I suprami,

pose when he scratched out Virgineusque chorus nitidi custodia those lines which we quoted at luci,

the beginning. Et nunquam somno damnatus lu

984. Compare Il Pens. 50. mina serpens, &c.

“ That in trim gardens takes his Compare v. 392.

pleasure." And Arcades, 46. But beauty, like the fair Hesperian

- To curl the grove tree Laden with biooming gold, had need

In ringlets quaint, and wanton the guard

windings wove. Of dragon-watch and uninchanted Where see the notes. I suspect eye.

we have something of L'ArchiMilton says in the text, the tecture du Jardinage here also, in golden tree. Many say that the the spruce spring, the cedarn apples of Atlas's garden were of alleys, the crisped shades and gold: Ovid is the only ancient bowers. T. Warton. writer that says the trees were of 988. That there eternal summer gold. Metam. iv. 636.

dwells,] So Fletcher, Faithful Arboree frondes auro radiante niten

Shep. act iv. s. i. p. 163. tes

On this bower may ever dwell Ex anio ramos, ex auro poma tege- Spring and summer. bant,

T. Warton. Again, ibid. p. 134.


And west-winds with musky wing
About the cedarn alleys fling
Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.
Iris there with humid bow :
Waters the odorous banks, that blow

The winds breat

There the month of May

Pria sul Libano monte ei si ritenne, Is ever dwelling, all is young and E si librd sù l'adeguate penne, green, &c.

T. Warton. The errata of Milton's own edi- 990. About the cedarn alleys tion, 1673, direct That to be fling omitted. This is not attended Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.] to by Tonson, edit. 1695. That in the manuscript, these two is omitted by Tickell and Fen- lines were thus at first, ton, and silently readopted by Doctor Newton.

About the myrtle alleys Aing T. Warton. Balm and Cassia's fragrant smells. 989. And west-winds, with musky wing

990. -alleys fliny, &c.] In a About the cedarn alleys fling poem by H. Peacham, the Period

Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.) of Mourning, in Memorie of So in the approach to Armida's Prince Henry, &c. Lond. 1613. garden in Fairfax's Tasso, c. xv. Nupt. Hymn. i. st. 3. Of the 53.


And every where your odours fing. and balm around.

So in Par. L. viii. 517. Flung Again, c. xviii. 15.

rose, flung odours." T. Warton. The air that balme and nardus

991. Nard and Cassia's balmy breath'd unseene.

smells.] Compare Par. L. b. v.

292. It should be observed, that Milton often imitates Fairfax's ver

Through groves of myrrh, sion of Tasso, without any

And flow'ring odours, cassia, nard,

and balm, reference to the original. I will

A wilderness of sweets. give a remarkable instance, Par.

T. Warton. L. b. y. 285.

992. Iris there with humid boro) Like Maia's son he stood

He had written at first garnisht And shook his plumes, that heavenly fragrance fill'd

or garish bow. The circuit wide.

993. -the odorous banks, that

blon So Fairfax, c. i. 14.

Flowers &c.] On Lebanon at first his foot he set, Blow is here used actively, make And shook bis wings with roarie to blow : as in B. and Fletcher's may-dows Wet.

Love's Progress, act ii. s. 1. And There is not a syllable of the in Jonson's Mask at Highgate, last beautiful image in Tasso, Works, p. 882. ed. 1616. T. Warviz. c. i. 14.



Flowers of more mingled hue Than her purfled scarf can shew, And drenches with Elysian dew (List mortals, if your ears be true) Beds of hyacinth and roses, Where young Adonis oft reposes,

gardens of Adonis. Faery Queen, b. iii. cant. 6. st. 46–50.

There wont fair Venus often to enjoy
Her dear Adonis' joyous company,
And reap sweet pleasure of the

wanton boy;
There yet some say in secret he doth

Lapped in flowers and precious
spicery, &c.

There now he liveth in eternal bliss,
Joying his Goddess, and of her

Ne feareth he henceforth that foe of

his, Which with his cruel tusk him deadly

cloy'd : &c.

995. Than her purfled scarf can shew, &c.] Purfled is flourished or wrought upon with a needle, from the old French pourfiler. The word occurs in Spenser, Faery Queen, b. i. cant. 2. st. 13.

A goodly lady clad in scarlet red
Purfled witb gold and pearl of rich

assay; and in other places. And in the Manuscript the following lines were thus at first,

Yelloto, watchet, green, and blew,
And drenches oft with mannu dew

or with Sabæan dew
Beds of hyacinth and roses,

Where many a Cherub soft reposes. All that relating to Adonis and Cupid and Psyche was added af. terwards.

997. -If your ears be true.] Intimating that this Song, which follows, of Adonis, and Cupid, and Psyche, is not for the profane, but only for well purged ears. See Upton's Spenser, Notes on b. iii. c. 6. Hurd.

See Note on Arcad. v. 72. So the Enchanter,' above, has “ neither ear nor soul to ap" prehend” sublime mysteries. His ear no less than his soul, was impure, unpurged, and unprepared. T. Warton.

999. Where young Adonis oft Teposes, &c.] Here Milton has plainly copied and abridged Spenser in his description of the


STANZA 49. There now he lives in everlasting

joy, With many of the Gods in company, Which thither haant, and with the

winged boy Sporting himself in safe felicity : &c.

STANZA 50. And his true love, fair Psyche, with

him plays, Fair Psyche to him lately reconcil'd, After long troubles and unmeet up

brays, With which his mother Venus her

revil'd And eke himself her cruelly exil'd: But now in stedfast love and happy

state She with him lives, and hath him

borne a child, Pleasure that doth both Gods and

men aggrale, Pleasure, the daughter of Cupid and

Psyche late.




Waxing well of his deep wound
In slumber soft, and on the ground
Sadly sits th’ Assyrian queen;
But far above in spangled sheen
Celestial Cupid her fam’d son advanc’d,
Holds his dear Psyche sweet intranc'd,
After her wand’ring labours long,
Till free consent the Gods among
Make her his eternal bride,
And from her fair unspotted side
Two blissful twins are to be born,
Youth and Joy; so Jove hath sworn.



If the reader desires a larger ac

That with her sovereign power and count of the loves of Cupid and

scepter sheen

All faery lond does peaceable susteen. Psyche, he may find it in Apuleius.

But Milton uses it as a sub1001. See Spenser's Astrophel, stantive both here and before in st. 48. T. Warton.

ver. 893. the azure sheen, and in 1002. th Assyrian queen ;] several other places; and he Venus is so called because she makes sheeny the adjective, as in was first worshipped by the the verses On the death of a fair Assyrians. . Pausanias, Attic. lib. infant, st. 7. i. cap. 14. Tinovoy de ispor &OTIV Or did of late earth's sons besiege tho AQgoditns Ouganias. Agatois de are Bewtw A couglois KATECTN CEWE doo Thy Of sheeny heav'n, &c. Ovqavior and from the Assyrians In using sheen for a substantive other nations derived the worship Milton has the authority of of her. festa de Arouglous, Kungwe Shakespeare, Hamlet, a. iii. sc. 6. Παφιοις, και Φοινικων τοις Ασκαλωνα εχουσιν εν τη Παλαιστινη. παρα δε

And thirty dozen moons with bor.

row'd sheen &c. Φοινικων, Κυθηριοι μαθοντες σεξουσιν. Edit. Kuhnii, p. 36.

1003. See Observat. on Spen1003. -in spangled sheen! I ser's F. Q. ii. 181. T. Warton. think this word is commonly 1010. Two blissful twins &c.] used as an adjective, as in Spen

Undoubtedly Milton's allusion at ser, Faery Queen. b. i. cant. i. large is here to Spenser's garden st. 10.

of Adonis, above cited; but at

the same time his mythology has To spoil her dainty corse so fair and a reference to Spenser's Hymne sheen :

of Love. For the fable of Cupid and again, cant. ii. st. 40. and Psyche, see Fulgentius, iii. 6.

But now my task is smoothly done,
I can fly, or I can run
Quickly to the green earth's end,
Where the bow'd welkin slow doth bend,
And from thence can soar as soon
To the corners of the moon.

Mortals that would follow me,
Love Virtue, she alone is free,
She can teach ye how to climb
Higher than the sphery chime;


and Apuleius for Psyche's wan. And Drayton, Nymphid. vol. ii. dering labours long. T. Warton. p. 552.

1012. But now my task is Whence lies a way up to the moon, smoothly done, &c.] He had And thence the faery can as soon, &c. written at first, Now my message (or business) well is

Compare Macbeth, a. iii. s. 5. done,

Upon the corner of the moon I can fly, or I can run &c.

There hangs a vaporous drop profound. The Satyr in the Faithful Shep- And Puck's Fairy, in Mids. N. herdess sustains much the same Dr. a. ii. s. 1. character and office as the attend- I do wander every where ant Spirit in the Mask, and he Swifter than the moon's sphere. says to the same purpose, act i. I must go, and I must run

We plainly discern Milton's track Swifter than the fiery sun:

of reading. T. Warton.

1018. Mortals that would foland in the conclusion, his taking

taking low me, &c.] The moral of this leave is somewhat in the same noem is very finely summed up manner,

in these concluding six verses; -shall I stray

the thought contained in the two In the middle air, and stay

last might probably be suggested The sailing rack, or nimbly take Hold by the moon, and gently make to our author by a passage in the Suit to the pale queen of night table of Cebes, where Patience For a beam to give thee light? &c. and Perseverance are represented But what follows in Milton is of stooping and stretching out their a strain superior to Fletcher. hands to help up those who are 1016. And from thence can soar endeavouring to climb the craggy as soon

bill of Virtue, and yet are too To the corners of the moon.] feeble to ascend of themselves, Oberon says of the swiftness of Thyer. his fairies, Mids. N. Dr. a. iv. s. 1. 1020. She can teach ye how lo We the globe can compass soon

climb &c.] These four conclud. • Swifter than the wandering moon. ing verses furnished Mr. Pope

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