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Along the crisped shades and bowers
what ancient fabler celebrates Our author's favourite tragic these damsels for their skill in poet, Euripides, also celebrates singing ; Apollonius Rhodius, an the Hesperides under the title of author whom Milton taught to revodes roge. Herc. Furens, 393. his scholars, Argon. iv. 1396. Dunster. - lgou dispor saidov o en dédwn
And again as coidos, Hippol. E.; et. Fou zbizor mayeursa gusto unaa, 740. where see Professor Monk's Xwgw sy Ardavtos, zdonos opus. AMOI note, who cites also Hesiod. δε ΝΥΜΦΑΙ
Theog. 274. and 516. as alluding ΕΣΠΕΡΙΔΕΣ ποιπουον, ΕΦΙΜΕΡΟΝ to the songs of the Hesperides, ΑΕΙΔΟΥΣΑΙ.
and refers to Heynè, Observat. And hence Lucan's virgin-choir, ad Apollodorum, p. 166. seq. for overlooked by the comment. a full account of the ancient ficators, is to be explained, where tions concerning them. E. he speaks of this golden grove, 984. Along the crisped shades ix. 360..
&c.] These four lines were not - Fuit aurea silva,
at first in the Manuscript, but Divitiisque graves et fulvo germine
were added afterwards, I suprami,
pose when he scratched out Virgineusque chorus nitidi custodia those lines which we quoted at luci,
the beginning. Et nunquam somno damnatus lu
984. Compare Il Pens. 50. mina serpens, &c.
“ That in trim gardens takes his Compare v. 392.
pleasure." And Arcades, 46. But beauty, like the fair Hesperian
- To curl the grove free Laden with blooming gold, had need In ringlets quaint, and wanton the guard
windings wove. Of dragon-watch and uninchanted Where see the notes. I suspect eye.
we have something of L'ArchiMilton says in the text, the lecture du Jardinage here also, in golden tree. Many say that the the spruce spring, the cedarn apples of Atlas's garden were of alleys, the crisped shades and gold: Ovid is the only ancient bowers. T. Warton. writer that says the trees were of 988. That there eternal summer gold. Metam. iv. 636.
dwells,] So Fletcher, Faithful Arboreæ frondes auro radiante niten- Shep. act iv. S. 1. p. 163.
On this bower may ever dwell Ex auro ramos, ex auro poina tege Spring and summer. bant.
T. Warton. Again, ibid. p. 134.
And west-winds with musky wing
The winds breat
There the month of May
Pria sul Libano monte ei si ritenne, Is ever dwelling, all is young and E si librd sù l'adeguate penne, green, &c.
T. Warton. The errata of Milton's own edi- 990. About the cedarn alleys tion, 1673, direct That to be fling omitted. This is not attended Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.] to by Tonson, edit. 1695. That in the manuscript, these two is omitted by Tickell and Fen- lines were thus at first, ton, and silently readopted by Doctor Newton.
About the myrtle alleys Aing T. Warton. Balm and Cassia's fragrant smells. 989. And west-winds, with musky wing
990. -alleys fliny, &c.] In a About the cedarn alleys fling poem by H. Peacham, the Period
Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.) of Mourning, in Memorie of So in the approach to Armida's Prince Henry, &c. Lond. 1613. garden in Fairfax's Tasso, c. xv. Nupt. Hymn. i. st. 3. Of the 53.
And every where your odours fing. and balm around.
So in Par. L. viii. 517. “ Flung Again, c. xviii. 15.
rose, flung odours." T. Warton. The air that balme and nardus
991. Nard and Cassia's balmy breath'd unseene.
smells.] Compare Par. L. b. v.
292. It should be observed, that Milton often imitates Fairfax's ver
Through groves of myrrh, sion of Tasso, without any
And flow'ring odours, cassia, nard,
and balm, reference to the original. I will
A wilderness of sweets. give a remarkable instance, Par.
T. Warton. L. b. y. 285.
992. Iris there with humid boro) Like Maia's son he stood
He had written at first garnisht And shook his plumes, that heavenly fragrance fill'd
or garish bow. The circuit wide.
993. -the odorous banks, that
blon So Fairfax, c. i. 14.
Flowers &c.] On Lebanon at first his foot he set, Blow is here used actively, make And shook bis wings with roarie to blow : as in B. and Fletcher's may-dows Wet.
Love's Progress, act ii. s. 1. And There is not a syllable of the in Jonson's Mask at Highgate, last beautiful image in Tasso, Works, p. 882. ed. 1616. T. Warviz. c. i. 14.
Flowers of more mingled hue
995. Than her purfled scarf can gardens of Adonis. Faery Queen, shew, &c.] Purfled is flourished or b. iii. cant. 6. st. 46–50. wrought upon with a needle, from the old French pourfiler.
STANZA 46. The word occurs in Spenser,
There wont fair Venus often to enjoy
Her dear Adonis' joyous company, Faery Queen, b. i. cant. 2. st.
And reap sweet pleasure of the 13.
wanton boy; A goodly lady clad in scarlet red
There yet some say in secret he doth
lie, Purfled with gold and pearl of rich
Lapped in fowers and precious assay;
spicery, &c. and in other places. And in the Manuscript the following lines
STANZA 48. were thus at first,
There now he liveth in eternal bliss,
Joying his Goddess, and of her Yellow, watchet, green, and blew,
enjoy'd ; And drenches oft with mannu dew Ne feareth he henceforth that foe of or with Sabæan dew
his, Beds of hyacinth and roses,
Which with his cruel tusk him deadly Where many a Cherub soft reposes.
cloy'd : &c. All that relating to Adonis and
STANZA 49. Cupid and Psyche was added af There now he lives in everlasting terwards.
joy, 997. — If your ears be true.]
With many of the Gods in company,
Which thither haant, and with the Intimating that this Song, which
winged boy follows, of Adonis, and Cupid, Sporting himself in safe felicity: &c. and Psyche, is not for the profane, but only for well purged
STANZA 50. ears. See Upton's Spenser, Notes
And his true love, fair Psyche, with
him plays, on b. iii. c. 6. Hurd.
Fair Psyche to him lately reconcil'd, See Note on Arcad. v. 72. So
After long troubles and unmeet upthe Enchanter,· above, has
brays, “neither ear nor soul to ap With which his mother Venus her "prehend” sublime mysteries.
revil'd His ear no less than his soul,
And eke himself her cruelly exil'd:
But now in stedfast love and happy was impure, unpurged, and
state unprepared. T. Warton.
She with him lives, and hath him 999. Where young Adonis oft borne a child, reposes, &c.] Here Milton has
Pleasure that doth both Gods and
men aggrale, plainly copied and abridged
Pleasure, the daughter of Cupid and Spenser in his description of the
Psyche late. VOL. IV.
Waxing well of his deep wound
If the reader desires a larger ac
That with her sovereign power and count of the loves of Cupid and
All faery lond does peaceable susteen. Psyche, he may find it in Apuleius.
But Milton uses it as a sub1001. See Spenser's Astrophel, stantive both here and before in st. 48. T. Warton.
ver. 893. the azure sheen, and in 1002. —th Assyrian queen ;] several other places; and he Venus is so called because she makes sheeny the adjective, as in was first worshipped by the the verses On the death of a fair Assyrians. . Pausanias, Attic. lib. infant, st. 7. i. cap. 14. Tinovoy de ispor &OTIV Or did of late earth's sons besiege tho AQgoditns Ouganias. Agatois de are Bewtw A couglois KATECTN CEWE doo Thy Of sheeny heav'n, &c. Ovqavior and from the Assyrians In using sheen for a substantive other nations derived the worship Milton has the authority of of her. festa de Arouglous, Kungwe Shakespeare, Hamlet, a. iii. sc. 6. Παφιοις, και Φοινικων τοις Ασκαλωνα εχουσιν εν τη Παλαιστινη. παρα δε
And thirty dozen moons with bor.
row'd sheen &c. Φοινικων, Κυθηριοι μαθοντες σεξουσιν. Edit. Kuhnii, p. 36.
1003. See Observat. on Spen1003. -in spangled sheen! I ser's F. Q. ii. 181. T. Warton. think this word is commonly 1010. Two blissful twins &c.] used as an adjective, as in Spen
Undoubtedly Milton's allusion at ser, Faery Queen. b. i. cant. i. large is here to Spenser's garden st. 10.
of Adonis, above cited; but at
the same time his mythology has To spoil her dainty corse so fair and a reference to Spenser's Hymne sheen :
of Love. For the fable of Cupid and again, cant. ii. st. 40. and Psyche, see Fulgentius, iii. 6.
But now my task is smoothly done,
Mortals that would follow me,
and Apuleius for Psyche's wan. And Drayton, Nymphid. vol. ii. dering labours long. T. Warton. p. 552.
1012. But now my task is Whence lies a way up to the moon, smoothly done, &c.] He had And thence the faery can as soon, &c. written at first, Now my message (or business) well is
Compare Macbeth, a. iii. s. 5. done,
Upon the corner of the moon I can fly, or I can run &c.
There hangs a vaporous drop profound. The Satyr in the Faithful Shep- And Puck's Fairy, in Mids. N. herdess sustains much the same Dr. a. ii. s. 1. character and office as the attend- I do wander every where ant Spirit in the Mask, and he Swifter than the moon's sphere. says to the same purpose, act i. I must go, and I must run
We plainly discern Milton's track Swifter than the fiery sun:
of reading. T. Warton.
1018. Mortals that would foland in the conclusion, his taking
taking low me, &c.] The moral of this leave is somewhat in the same noem is very finely summed up manner,
in these concluding six verses; -shall I stray
the thought contained in the two In the middle air, and stay
last might probably be suggested The sailing rack, or nimbly take Hold by the moon, and gently make to our author by a passage in the Suit to the pale queen of night table of Cebes, where Patience For a beam to give thee light? &c. and Perseverance are represented But what follows in Milton is of stooping and stretching out their a strain superior to Fletcher. hands to help up those who are 1016. And from thence can soar endeavouring to climb the craggy as soon
bill of Virtue, and yet are too To the corners of the moon.] feeble to ascend of themselves, Oberon says of the swiftness of Thyer. his fairies, Mids. N. Dr. a. iv. s. 1. 1020. She can teach ye how lo We the globe can compass soon
climb &c.] These four conclud. • Swifter than the wandering moon. ing verses furnished Mr. Pope