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& C. xxxiv. 80. Tickell and IKETIA. V. 440. Fenton have added some lines m Milton's Motto to his “ Are." from Harrington's version. T. opagetica, A Speech for the Warton.
liberty of unlicensed Printing, From Of Reformation, &c. “ &c.” Prose Works, vol. i. 141. Prose Works, vol. i.
n Sat. i. i. 24.
• From Apol. Smectymn. * From Tetrachordon, Prose Prose Works, vol. i. 116. Works, vol. i. 239.
SOPHOCLES. Tis you that
say it, not I. You do the deeds, And your ungodly deeds find me the words."
P Sat. i. x. 14.
4 Apol. Smectymn. vol. i. p. 116.
" Electra, v. 627.
* From Apol. Smectymon. ibid. i Hercul. Fur.
u From Tenure of Kings, &c. Prose Works, vol. i. 315.
On the new forcers of conscience under the Long
BECAUSE you have thrown off your Prelate Lord,
And with stiff vows renounc'd his Liturgy,
From them whose sin ye envied, not abhorr’d,
ye for this adjure the civil sword To force our consciences that Christ set free, And ride us with a classic hierarchy
This copy of verses was first common complaint against a added in the second edition of want of toleration. The church the author's poems in 1673, and of Calvin had now its heretics. I suppose was made, when the T. Warton. Directory was established, and 2. And with stiff vows renounc'd disputes ran high between the his Liturgy,] The Directory was Presbyterians and Independents enforced under severe penalties in the year 1645, the latter in 1644. The legislature propleading for a toleration, and hibited the use of the Book of the former against it. And in Common Prayer, not only in the Manuscript it is not in places of public worship, but in Milton's own hand, but in private families. T. Warton. another, the same that wrote 3. -the widow'd whore] In some of the Sonnets.
the Manuscript it was at first 1. Because you have thrown off
-the vacant whore. your Prelate Lord, &c.] In railing at establishments, Milton not 7.-with a classic hierarchy] only condemned episcopacy. He In the Presbyterian form of gothought even the simple institu- vernment there were congregations
of the new reformation too tional, classical, provincial, and rigid and arbitrary for the natural national assemblies. See what freedom of conscience. He con- the author says in his Observatended for that sort of individual tions on the Irish peace, p. 356. or personal religion, by which vol. i. edit. 1738. « Their next every man is to be his own “ impeachment is, that we oppose priest. When these verses were “ the Presbyterial government, the written, which form an irregular hedge and bulwark of religion. sonnet, presbyterianism was tri- " Which all the land knows to umphant: and the independents “be a most impudent falsehood, and the churchmen joined in one “having established it with all
Taught ye by mere A. S. and Rotherford ? Men whose life, learning, faith, and pure intent
freedom, wherever it hath “ churches here in this island “ been desired. Nevertheless, " and abroad. Lond. 1644." In " as we perceive it aspiring to quarto. The Dedication is sub“ be a compulsive power upon scribed A. S. The independents “all without exception in pa- then retorted upon A. S. in a "rochial, classical, and provin- pamphlet called “A Reply of “cial hierarchies, or to require
is the two Brothers to A. S. “the fleshly arm of magistracy “ Wherein you have Observa“ in the execution of a spiritual « tions, Annotations, &c. upon
discipline, to punish and amerce “ the Apologeticall Narration.
by any corporal infliction those “ With a plea for liberty of “ whose consciences cannot be “ conscience for the apologists
edified by what authority they “church-way: against the cavils “are compelled, we hold it no “ of the said A. S. formerly
more to be the hedge and bul- “ called M. S. to A. S. &c. &c. “ wurk of religion, than the " Lond. 1644." In quarto. I
Popish and Prelatical courts, quote from the second edition or the Spanish Inquisition.” enlarged. There is another piece
8. Taught ye by mere A. S. by A. S. It is called a " Reply and Rotherford ?] The indepen- " to the second Return.” This dents were now contending for I have never seen. His name toleration. In 1643, their prin- was never known. cipal leaders published a pam
Samuel Rutherford, or Rutherphlet with this title, “ An Apo- foord, was one of the chief com“ logeticall Narration of some missioners of the church of Scot“ Ministers formerly exiles in land, who sate with the Assembly “ the Netherlands, now members at Westminster, and who con“ of the Assembly of Divines. curred in settling the grand “Humbly submitted to the ho- points of presbyterian discipline. “nourable Houses of Parliament. He was professor of divinity in “ By Thomas Goodwyn, Sy- the university of Saint Andrew's, “ drack Sympson, Philip Nye, and has left a great variety of " Jer. Burroughs, and William Calvinistic tracts. He was an " Bridge, the authors thereof. avowed enemy to the indepen“ Lond. 1643." In quarto. Their dents, as appears from his Dissystem is a middle way between putation on pretended liberty of Brownism and presbytery. This conscience, 1649. This was anpiece was answered by one A. S. swered by John Cotton a Sepathe person intended by Milton. ratist of New England. It is “ Some Observations and Anno- hence easy to see, why Ruther“tations upon the Apologeticall ford was an obnoxious character " Narration, humbly submitted to Milton. Rutherford's Letters, " to the honourable Houses of called Joshua Redivivus, are a “ Parliament, the most reverend genuine specimen of the enthu“ and learned divines of the As. siastic cant of the old Scotch “sembly, and all the protestant Divines. Their ninth edition
Would have been held in high esteem with Paul, 10
Must now be nam’d and printed Heretics
That so the Parliament
appeared at Glasgow so late as fessedly levelled against the Apoin 1765. T. Warton.
logeticall Narration above men12. By shallow Edwards &c.] tioned, and entitled, “ AntaIn the Manuscript it was at first pologia, or a full answer to the harebrain'd Edwards. He wrote Apologeticall Narration, &c. the Gangræna, a book in which “ Wherein is handled many of the errors, heresies, blasphemies, “the Controversies of these and lewd practice, which broke “ times, by T. Edwards, Minout in the last four years (1642, “ ister of the Gospel. Loud. 1643, 1644, 1645,) are recited: “ 1644." In quarto. But Édsee Collier's Ecclesiastical His- wards had some time before pubtory, vol. ii. p. 855. Mr. Thyer lished his opinions against congives this account of it, that it was gregational churches, “ Reasons published in 1646, and dedicated " against the independent goto the Parliament by Thomas “ vernment of particular congreEdwards, minister of the Gospel, “gations: as also against the and was intitled Gangræna, or a “ toleration of such churches to Catalogue and Discovery of many “ be erected in this kingdome. of the errors, heresies, blasphemies, Together with an answer to and pernicious practices of the " such reasons as are commonly Sectaries of this time, vented and alledged for a toleration. Preacted in England in these four “ sented in all humility to the last years. Scotch what d'ye call “ honourable House of Commight be perhaps the famous mons, &c. &c. By Thomas Alexander Henderson, or as that Edwards, &c. Lond. 1641." expression implies some hard In quarto. However, in the name, George Gillespie, a Scotch Gangrena, not less than in these minister and commissioner at two tracts, it had been his busiWestminster, called Galaspe in ness to blacken the opponents of Whitlock, and Galasp in one presbyterian uniformity, that the of our author's Sonnets: and Parliament might check their nothing could be expressed with growth by penal statutes. Against greater contempt.
such enemies, Milton's chief hope 12. It is not the Gangrena of of enjoying a liberty of conThomas Edwards that is here the science, and a permission to be object of Milton's resentment. of any religion but popery, was Edwards had attacked Milton's in Cromwell, who for political favourite plan of independency, reasons allowed all professions. in a pamphlet full of miserable See Sonn. xvi. 11. T. Warlor. invectives, immediately and pro- 14. Your plots and packing