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Ariosto.8 Then past he to a flow'ry mountain green, Which once smelt sweet, now stinks as odiously: This was the gift, if you the truth will have, That Constantine to good Sylvester gave.h

HORACE. Whom do we count a good man? Whom but he Who keeps the laws and statutes of the senate, Who judges in great suits and controversies, Whose witness and opinion wins the cause ? But his own house, and the whole neighbourhood, Sees his foul inside through his whited skin.

EURIPIDES.
This is true liberty, when freeborn men

Which he who can, and will, deserves high praise: Who neither can nor will, may hold his peace, What can be a juster in a state than this?m

HORACE." Laughing, to teach the truth, What hinders? As some teachers give to boys Junkets and knacks, that they may learn apace."

6 C. xxxiv. 80. Tickell and 'IKETIA, v. 440. Fenton have added some lines Milton's Motto to his “ Arefrom Harrington's version. T. “opagetica, A Speech for the Warton.

“ liberty of unlicensed Printing, From Of Reformation, &c. "&c.” Prose Works, vol. i. 141. Prose Works, vol. i. p. 10.

n Sat. i. i. 24. ' Epist. i. xvi. 40.

• From Apol. Smectymn. * From Tetrachordon, Prose Prose Works, vol. i. 116. Works, vol. i. 239.

HORACE.P
Joking decides great things.
Stronger and better oft than earnest can.

an.

SOPHOCLES.' 'Tis you that say it, not I. You do the deeds, And your ungodly deeds find me the words."

SENECA.
There can be slain
No sacrifice to God more acceptable,
Than an unjust and wicked king."

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XIX. On the new forcers of conscience under the Long

Parliament.

BECAUSE you have thrown off your Prelate Lord,

And with stiff vows renounc'd his Liturgy,
To seize the widow'd whore Plurality

From them whose sin ye envied, not abhorr’d,
Dare ye for this adjure the civil sword

To force our consciences that Christ set free,
And ride us with a classic hierarchy

5

This copy of verses was first common complaint against a added in the second edition of want of toleration. The church the author's poems in 1673, and of Calvin had now its heretics. I suppose was made, when the T. Warton. Directory was established, and 2. And with stiff vows renounc'd disputes ran high between the hrs Liturgy,] The Directory was Presbyterians and Independents enforced under severe penalties in the year 1645, the latter in 1644. The legislature propleading for a toleration, and hibited the use of the Book of the former against it. And in Common Prayer, not only in the Manuscript it is not in places of public worship, but in Milton's own hand, but in private families. T. Warton. another, the same that wrote 3. - the widow'd whore] In some of the Sonnets.

the Manuscript it was at first 1. Because you have thrown off

- the vacant whore. your Prelate Lord, &c.] In railing at establishments, Milton not 7. with a classic hierarchy] only condemned episcopacy. He In the Presbyterian form of gothought even the simple institu- vernment there were congregations of the new reformation too tional, classical, provincial, and rigid and arbitrary for the natural national assemblies. See what freedom of conscience. He con- the author says in his Observatended for that sort of individual tions on the Irish peace, p. 356. or personal religion, by which vol. i, edit. 1738. “ Their next every man is to be his own “impeachment is, that we oppose priest. When these verses were the Presbyterial government, the written, which form an irregular hedge and bulwark of religion. sonnet, presbyterianism was tri- “ Which all the land knows to umphant: and the independents " be a most impudent falsehood, and the churchmen joined in one “having established it with all

Taught ye by mere A. S. and Rotherford ? Men whose life, learning, faith, and pure intent

“ freedom, wherever it hath “churches here in this island “ been desired. Nevertheless, “and abroad. Lond. 1644.” In “as we perceive it aspiring to quarto. The Dedication is sub“be a compulsive power upon scribed A. S. The independents "all without exception in pa- then retorted upon A. S. in a “ rochial, classical, and provin- pamphlet called “A Reply of “cial hierarchies, or to require is the two Brothers to A. S. “the fleshly arm of magistracy" Wherein you have Observa" in the execution of a spiritual “tions, Annotations, &c. upon “ discipline, to punish and amerce “the Apologeticall Narration. " by any corporal infliction those « With a plea for liberty of “whose consciences cannot be " conscience for the apologists “edified by what authority they “ church-way: against the cavils “are compelled, we hold it no “ of the said Ă. S. formerly “ more to be the hedge and buls « called M. S. to A. S. &c. &c. “ wurk of religion, than the " Lond. 1644." In quarto. I “ Popish and Prelatical courts, quote from the second edition " or the Spanish Inquisition.” enlarged. There is another piece

8. Taught ye by mere A. S. by A. S. It is called a “ Reply and Rotherford ?] The indepen- “ to the second Return.” This dents were now contending for I have never seen. His name toleration. In 1643, their prin- was never known. cipal leaders published a pam. Samuel Rutherford, or Rutherphlet with this title, “ An Apo- foord, was one of the chief com“ logeticall Narration of some missioners of the church of Scot“ Ministers formerly exiles in land, who sate with the Assembly “the Netherlands, now members at Westminster, and who con" of the Assembly of Divines. curred in settling the grand “Humbly submitted to the ho- points of presbyterian discipline. “nourable Houses of Parliament. He was professor of divinity in “ By Thomas Goodwyn, Sy- the university of Saint Andrew's, “ drack Sympson, Philip Nye, and has left a great variety of “ Jer. Burroughs, and William Calvinistic tracts. He was an “ Bridge, the authors thereof. avowed enemy to the indepen" Lond. 1643." In quarto. Their dents, as appears from his Dissystem is a middle way between putation on pretended liberty of Brownism and presbytery. This conscience, 1649. This was anpiece was answered by one A. S. swered by John Cotton a Sepathe person intended by Milton. ratist of New England. It is “Some Observations and Anno- hence easy to see, why Ruther“ tations upon the Apologeticall ford was an obnoxious character " Narration, humbly submitted to Milton. Rutherford's Letters, " to the honourable Houses of called Joshua Redivivus, are a “ Parliament, the most reverend genuine specimen of the enthu" and learned divines of the As. siastic cant of the old Scotch “ sembly, and all the protestant Divines. Their ninth edition

Would have been held in high esteem with Paul, 10

Must now be nam'd and printed Heretics
By shallow Edwards and Scotch what d’ye call:

But we do hope to find out all your tricks,
Your plots and packing worse than those of Trent,

. That so the Parliament

appeared at Glasgow so late as fessedly levelled against the Apoin 1765. T. Warlon.

logeticall Narration above men12. By shallow Edwards &c.] tioned, and entitled, “ Anta. In the Manuscript it was at first “pologia, or a full answer to the harebrain'd Edwards. He wrote “ Apologeticall Narration, &c. the Gangræna, a book in which “Wherein is handled many of the errors, heresies, blasphemies, “the Controversies of these and lewd practice, which broké « times, by T. Edwards, Minout in the last four years (1642, « ister of the Gospel. Loud. 1643, 1644, 1645,) are recited: “ 1644." In quarto. But Edsee Collier's Ecclesiastical His- wards had some time before pubtory, vol. ii. p. 855. Mr. Thyer lished his opinions against congives this account of it, that it was gregational churches, “ Reasons published in 1646, and dedicated “ against the independent goto the Parliament by Thomas “vernment of particular congreEdwards, minister of the Gospel, “ gations: as also against the and was intitled Gangræna, or a “ toleration of such churches to Catalogue and Discovery of many “be erected in this kingdome. of the errors, heresies, blasphemies, “Together with an answer to and pernicious practices of the “ such reasons as are commonly Sectaries of this time, vented and alledged for a toleration. Preacted in England in these four “ sented in all humility to the last years. Scotch what d'ye call honourable House of Commight be perhaps the famous “mons, &c. &c. By Thomas

Alexander Henderson, or as that “ Edwards, &c. Lond. 1641." expression implies some hard In quarto. However, in the name, George Gillespie, a Scotch Gangrena, not less than in these minister and commissioner at two tracts, it had been his busiWestminster, called Galaspe in ness to blacken the opponents of Whitlock, and Galasp in one presbyterian uniformity, that the of our author's Sonnets: and Parliament might check their nothing could be expressed with growth by penal statutes. Against greater contempt.

such enemies, Milton's chief hope 12. It is not the Gangrena of of enjoying a liberty of conThomas Edwards that is here the science, and a permission to be object of Milton's resentment. of any religion but popery, was Edwards had attacked Milton's in Cromwell, who for political favourite plan of independency, reasons allowed all professions. in a pamphlet full of miserable See Sonn. xvi. 11. T. Warion. invectives, immediately and pro- 14. Your plots and packing

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