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Ev'n them who kept thy truth so pure of old,

When all our fathers worshipp'd stocks and stones, Forget not: in thy book record their groans

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was this prayer in behalf of the Into the valleys greene persecuted Protestants entirely

Distill'd from tops of Alpine moun. without effect. For Cromwell

tains cold. exerted himself in their favour,

T. Warton. and his behaviour in this whole 3. Ev'n them who kept thy transaction is greatly to his ho- truth so pure of old, &c.] And nour, even as it is related by an so in his letter to the States of historian, who was far from being the United Provinces he calls partial to his memory: Nor them Alpinos incolas orthodoxam * would the Protector be back- religionem antiquitus profitentes, “ward in such a work, which the inhabitants at the feet of the

might give the world a par- Alps, ancient professors of the “ticular opinion of his piety and orthodox faith; and afterwards " zeal for the protestant religion; in the same letter, apud quos " but he proclaimed a solemn nostra religio vel ab ipsis Evan

fast, and caused large contri- gelii primis doctoribus tradita per “ butions to be gathered for them manus et incorrupte servata, vel " throughout the kingdom of multo ante quam apud ceteras

England and Wales. Nor did gentes sinceritati pristinæ resti“he rest here, but sent his agents iuta est, among whom our re

to the Duke of Savoy, a prince ligion was either disseminated “ with whom he had no corre- by the first doctors of the Gos

spondence or commerce, and pel, and preserved from the de"the next year so engaged the filement of superstition, or else “ Cardinal of France, and even restored to its pristine sincerity "terrified the Pope himself, long before other nations obs “ without so much as doing any tained that felicity. favour to the English Roman 3. It is pretended that they "catholics, that that Duke have manuscripts against the pa“thought it necessary to restore pal Antichrist and Purgatory, as "all that he had taken from old as 1120. See their History “them, and renewed all those by Paul Perrin, Genev. 1619. "privileges they had formerly Their poverty, and seclusion "enjoyed. So great was the from the rest of the world for so “terror of his name; nothing many ages, contributed in great "being more usual than his

measure to this simplicity of " saying, that his ships in the worship. “ Mediterranean should visit Ci- In his pamphlet, “ the likeliest

vita Vecchia, and the sound of means to remove Hirelings out

his cannon should be heard in “ of churches," against endow« Rome.”

See Echard, vol. 2. ing churches with tythes, our 2. Lie scatter'd on the Alpine author frequently refers to the mountains cold.] From Fairfax's happy poverty and purity of the Tasso, c. xiji. 60.

Waldenses. And he quotes Peter

Who were thy sheep, and in their ancient fold
Slain by the bloody Piemontese that rollid

Mother with infant down the rocks. Their moans The vales redoubled to the hills, and they

To heav'n. Their martyr'd blood and ashes- sow 10

O'er all th' Italian fields, where still doth sway
The triple tyrant; that from these may grow

A hundred fold, who having learn’d thy way
Early may fly the Babylonian woe.

XIX.

On his blindness.*
When I consider how my light is spent

Ere half my days, in this dark world and wide,
And that one talent which is death to hide,

rocks.]

Gilles, and “ an ancient Tractate 14. - the Babylonian woe.] inserted in the “ Bohemian his. The woes denounced against “ tory.” This pamphlet was Rome, under the name of Babywritten after our Sonnet, in 1659. lon, in Scripture. See Prose Works, vol. i. 568, 14. -Babylonian woe.] Anti574. T. Warton.

christ. Warburton. 7. —that rolld

The Pope is called Antistes Mother with infant down the Babylonius the Babylonish bi

shop, In Quint. Nov. v. 156. T. There is a print of this piece of Warton. cruelty in Moreland. He relates, that 's a mother was hurled down * Aubrey says that Milton's

a mighty rock, with a little father could read without specta“ infant in her arms; and three cles at eighty-four: but that his

days after, was found dead mother used them soon after she “ with the little childe alive, but was thirty. MS. Mus. Ashmol. “ fast clasped between the arms T. Warton. “ of the dead mother which 3. And that one talent which is “ were cold and stiffe, insomuch death to hide,] He speaks here “ that those who found them with allusion to the parable of “ had much ado to get the the talents, Matt. xxv. and he

young childe out." p. 363. speaks with great modesty of See Heylin's Cosmogr. lib. i. p. himself, as if he had not five, or 193. edit. 1680. T. Warton. two, but only one talent.

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Lodg’d with me useless, though my soul more bent To serve therewith my Maker, and present

My true account, lest he returning chide;
Doth God exact day-labour, light denied,

I fondly ask: But patience to prevent
That murmur, soon replies, God doth not need

Either man's work or his own gifts; who best

Bear his mild yoke, they serve him best: his state Is kingly; thousands at his bidding speed,

And post o'er land and ocean without rest;
They also serve who only stand and wait.

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send;

man

7. Doth God exact day-labour, About him wait, and on his will delight denied ?] Here is a pun

pend; on the doctrine in the Gospel,

Either with nimble wings to cut the

skies, that we are to work only while When he them on his messages doth it is light, and in the night no can work. There is an Or on his own dread presenice to at

tend. ambiguity between the natural light of the day, and the author's It is the same conception in Par. blindness. T. Warton.

Lost, iv. 677. 9. From this ninth verse to the

Millions of spiritual creatures walk end of this Sonnet, is a speech the earth of Patience, here personified. Dr. Unseen, both when we wake, and J. Warton.

when we sleep, &c. 10. man's work, or his own

See also On the Death of a Fair gifts ;] “ Free-will or grace.” Infant, v. 59. Warburton.

To earth from thy prefixed seat didst 12. -thousands at his bidding

post. speed, And post o’er land and ocean

We have post in Par. Lost, iv. without rest;

171. They also serve who only stand -With a vengeance sent and wait.]

From Media post to Egypt. Compare Spenser, in the Hymne Sylvester in Du Bartas calls the of heavenly Love, st. x. Of the angels “ quicke postes with ready angels.

"expedition, &c." W. i. d. i. There they in their trinall triplicities T. Warton,

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XX.

To Mr. LAWRENCE.*

LAWRENCE, of virtuous father virtuous son,

Now that the fields are dank, and ways are mire,
Where shall we sometimes meet, and by the fire
Help waste a sullen day, what may be won

* This Mr. Lawrence was the Now that the fields are dank, and son of he resident of Crom

ways are mire,

Where shall we sometimes meet, &c. well's council: and this Sonnet was also in the edition of 1673. Milton, in his first Reply to

1. Lawrence, of virtuous father More written 1654, recites avirtuous son, &c.] Of the virtuous mong the most respectable of his son nothing has transpired. The friends who contributed to form virtuous father, Henry Lawrence, the Commonwealth, “Montacuwas Member for Herefordshire “ tium, Laurentium, summo inin the Little Parliament which genio ambos, optimisque artibegan in 1653, and was active “ bus expositos, &c.”. Pr. W. q. in settling the protectorate of 346. Where by Montacutium we Cromwell. In consequence of are to understand Edward Monhis services, he was made Presi- tague, Earl of Manchester; who, dent of Cromwell's council; while Lord Kimbolton, was one where he appears to have signed of the members of the House of many severe and arbitrary de- Commons impeached by the crees, not only against the royal- King, and afterwards a leader in ists, but the Brownists, fifth-mo- the Rebellion. I believe they narchy men, and other sectarists. both deserved this panegyric. T. He continued high in favour Warlon. with Richard Cromwell. As in- 3. -and by the fire novation is progressive, perhaps

Heip waste a sullen day, &c.] the son, Milton's friend, was an

He has sentiments of much the independent, and a still warmer same cast in the Epitaph. Damon, republican. The family appears v. 45. to have been seated not far from -Quis me lenire docebit Milton's neighbourhood in Buck- Mordaçes curas, quis longamn fallere inghamshire: for Henry Lawrence's near relation, William

Dulcibus alloquiis ? Grato cum sibilat

igne Lawrence a writer, and ap- Molle pyrum, et nucibus strepitat pointed a Judge in Scotland by focus, &c. Cromwell, and in 1631 a gentle- See also Drayton's Odes, vol. iv. man commoner of Trinity Col- 1343. lege, Oxford, died at Belfont, near Staines in Middlesex, in

They may become John Hewes's lyre,

Which oft at Polesworth by the fire 1682. Hence says Milton, ver. Hath made us gravely merry. 2.

T. Warton.

noctem

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From the hard season gaining? time will run

On smoother, till Favonius re-inspire
The frozen earth, and clothe in fresh attire

The lilly' and rose, that neither sow'd nor spun.
What neat repast shall feast us, light and choice,

Of Attic taste, with wine, whence we may rise

To hear the lute well touch'd, or artful voice
Warble immortal notes and Tuscan air?

He who of those delights can judge, and spare
To interpose them oft, is not unwise.

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XXI.

To CYRIAC SKINNER.*

CYRIAC, whose grandsire on the royal bench

Of British Themis, with no mean applause

6. Favonius] The same as Ze- word, Poems, ed. 1629. p. 12. phyrus, or the western wind and 131. T. Warton. that blows in the spring. Plin. 8. -that neither sow'd nor lib. xvi. sect. 39. Hic est geni- spun.] Alluding to Matt. vi. 26, talis spiritus mundi, a fovendo 28. they sow not, neither do they dictus, ut quidem existimavere. spin. Flat ab occasu æquinoctiali, ver 13. The close of this Sonnet inchoans. And so Lucretius, i. is perfectly in the style of Horace 10.

and the Grecian lyrics. As is Nam simul ac species patefacta est

that of the following to Cyriac verna diei,

Skinner. T. Warton. Et teserata viget genitabilis aura Favoni.

Cyriac Skinner was the son 6. Favonius had before been of William Skinner, Esq. and rendered familiar in English grandson of Sir Vincent Skinner, poetry for Zephyr, by a beautiful and his mother was Bridget, one passage in Jonson's Masques, of the daughters of the famous vol. vi. 24.

Sir Edward Coke, Lord Chief

Justice of the King's Bench. As if Favonius, father of the spring, Mr. Wood informs us, that he &c.

was one of Harrington's political But the whole passage is from club, and sometimes held the Claudian's Zephyr, Rapt. Proserp. chair ; and farther adds, that he 1. ii. 73. Beaumont also has the was a merchant's son of London,

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