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Quam male Phæbicolis convenit ille locus ! Nec duri libet usque minas perferre Magistri,

Cæteraque ingenio non subeunda meo.

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15. Nec duri libet usque minas foundation are ordered to be

perferre Magistri, whipped by the Deans, or CenCæteraque ingenio non sub- sors, even to their twentieth eunda meo.]

year. In the University Statutes Milton is said to have been at Oxford, compiled in 1635, whipped at Cambridge. See ten years after Milton's admission Life of Bathurst, p. 153. This at Cambridge, corporal punishhas been reprobated and discre- ment is to be inflicted on boys dited, as a most extraordinary under sixteen. We are to recoland improbable piece of severity. lect, that Milton, when he went But in those days of simplicity to Cambridge, was only a boy and subordination, of roughness of fifteen. The author of an and rigour, this sort of punish- old pamphlet, Regicides no Saints ment was much more common, nor Martyrs, says, that Hugh and consequently by no means Peters, while at Trinity College, so disgraceful and unseemly for Cambridge, was publicly and a young man at the University, officially whipped in the Regent as it would be thought at pre- Walk for his insolence, p. 81. sent. We learn from Wood, 8vo. that Henry Stubbe, a Student of The anecdote of Milton's whipChrist Church, Oxford, after- ping at Cambridge, is told by wards a partisan of Sir Henry Aubrey. MS. Mus. Ashm. Oxon. Vane," shewing himself too for. Num. X. P. iii. From which, by “ ward, pragmatical, and con- the way, Wood's life of Milton “ceited,” was publicly whipped in the Fasti Oxonienses, the first by the Censor in the College-hall. and the ground-work of all the Ath. Oxon. ii. p. 560. See also lives of Milton, was compiled. Life of Bathurst, p. 202. I Wood says, that he draws his learn from some manuscript pa- account of Milton“ from his pers of Aubrey the antiquary, own mouth to my friend, who who was a student of Trinity “ was well acquainted with and College, Oxford, four years from “ had from him, and from his 1642, that “ at Oxford and, I “ relations after his death, most “ believe, at Cambridge, the rod “ of this account of his life and

was frequently used by the “writings following." Ath. Oxon. “ tutors and deans: and Dr. Pot- i. F. p. 262. This friend is “ter, while a tutor of Trinity Col- Aubrey; whom Wood, in an

lege, I knew right well, whip- other place, calls credulous,

ped his pupil with his sword “roving and magotie-headed, “ by his side, when he came to " and sometimes little better than “ take his leave of him to go to “ crased.” Life of A. Wood, p. “ the Inns of Court.” In the Sta- 577. edit. Hearne, Th. Caii Vind. tutes of the said College, given &c. vol. ii. This was after a in 1556, the Scholars of the quarrel. I know not that Aubrey

Si sit hoc exilium patrios adiisse penates,

Et vacuum curis otia grata sequi,

is ever fantastical, except on the a father's prohibition had nothing subjects of chemistry and ghosts. to do. He resolves, however, Nor do I remember that his ve- to forget all these disagreeable racity was ever impeached. I circumstances, and to return in believe he had much less credu- due time. The dismission, if lity than Wood. Aubrey's Mo- any, was not to be perpetual. numenta Britannica is a very In these lines, ingenium is to be solid and rational work, and its rendered temper, nature, dispojudicious conjectures and observ- sition, rather than genius. ations have been approved and Aubrey says, from the informadopted by the best modern an- ation of our author's brother tiquaries.

Christopher, that Milton's “ first But let us examine if the con- “ tutor there (at Christ's College] text will admit some other inter- was Mr. Chapell, from whom pretation. Cæleraque, the most receiving some unkindnesse, indefinite and comprehensive of (he whipt him,) he was afterdescriptions, may be thought to “ wards, though it seemed against mean literary tasks called impo- “ the rules of the College, transsitions, or frequent compulsive “ferred to the tuition of one attendances on tedious and un- “ Mr. Tovell, who dyed parson improving exercises in a College- “ of Lutterworth." MS. Mus. hall

. But cætera follows minas, Ashm. ut supr. This informaand perferre seems to imply some- tion, which stands detached from what more than these inconve- the body of Aubrey's narrative, niences, something that was suf- seems to have been communifered, and severely felt. It has cated to Aubrey, after Wood had been suggested, that his father's seen his papers; it therefore economy prevented his constant does not appear in Wood, who residence at Cambridge; and never would otherwise have supthat this made the College Lar pressed an anecdote which condudum vetitus, and his absence tributed in the least degree to from the University an exilium. expose the character of Milton. But it was no unpleasing or in- I must here observe, that Mr. voluntary banishment. He hated Chappell, from his original Letthe place. He was not only ters, many of which I have seen, offended at the College discipline, written while he was a Fellow but had even conceived a dislike and Tutor of Christ's College, to the face of the country, the and while Milton was there, and fields about Cambridge. He which are now in the possession peevishly complains, that the of Mr. Moreton of Westerhoe fields have no soft shades to at- in Kent, appears to have been a tract the Muse; and there is man of uncommon mildness and something pointed in his excla- liberality of manners. mation, that Cambridge was a Probably Mr. Tovell, here place quite incompatible with mentioned as Milton's second tuthe votaries of Phæbus. Here tor, ought to be Tovey. NathaNon

ego vel profugi nomen sortemve recuso, Lætus et exilii conditione fruor.

20

niel Tovey signs his name in an might have been contradicted, Audit-Book at Christ's College, (which they do not appear to under the year 1633. He was have been,) if they had been originally of Sidney College, and untrue. The charge, he says, there B.A. 1615, and M. A. Apol. for Smectymnuus, Pr. W.i. 1619. It does not appear when 115. ed. 1753. “ hath given me he migrated to Christ's. Again, "an apt occasion to acknowledge Lutterworth should here perhaps publicly with all grateful be Kegworth, likewise in Leices- « mind that more than ordinary tershire, which (and not Lutter- “ favour and respect which ! worth) is a benefice in the patron- “ found above any of my equals age of Christ's College.

at the hands of those courteous 15. See Dr. Symmons's Life " and learned men, the Fellows of Milton, p. 55–77. and the “ of that College wherein I spent Preface, p. 4–7. Ed. 2. for a some years:

who at my partdetailed examination of the ques- ing, after I had taken two detions treated of in the two pre- grees, as the manner is, signiceding notes, which I have given “ fied many ways how much at full length, on account of the “ better it would content them degree of

attention which, how- “ that I would stay: as by many ever unnecessarily, these curious “ letters full of kindness and questions have excited. Whether

loving respect, both before that Nilton ever lost a Term by rus- “ time and long after, I was astication, cannot be ascertained “ sured of their singular good by the accountlof the Terms he « affection towards me. Which kept: the allusion to Ovid's being likewise propense to all banishment, which immediately “suci: as were for their studious follows the words noticed by “ and civil life worthy of esteem, Warton, seems to confirm the “ I could not wrong their judg. idea, that his temporary absence “ments and upright intentions from Cambridge was compulsory. much as to think I had that Whether he received any other regard from them for other kind of punishment at College, cause than that I might be still it is neither very easy nor very

encouraged to proceed in the important to determine. Warton “ honest and laudable courses of is inaccurate as to his age; he “ which they apprehended I had was more than sixteen when he

given good proof." The whole was admitted at Cambridge. But defence of himself from p. 114. in answer to the charges brought to p. 119. is well worth consultagainst him by his adversaries, ing. And again in his Defensio that “after an inordinate and Secunda. Pr. W. ii. 383. speaking “riotous youth spent at the of Cambridge, he says, “Illic “ University, he had at length “disciplinis atque artibus tradi « been vomited out thence," we “ solitis septennium studui; prohave his own positive assertions, “ cul omni flagitio, bonis omnipublished at a time when they “bus probatus, usquedum ma

SO

O utinam vates nunquam graviora tulisset

Ille Tomitano flebilis exul agro;
Non tunc Ionio quicquam cessisset Homero,

Neve foret victo laus tibi prima, Maro.
Tempora nam licet hic placidis dare libera Musis,

Et totum rapiunt me mea vita libri. Excipit hinc fessum sinuosi pompa

theatri, Et vocat ad plausus garrula scena suos.

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“gistri, quem vocant, gradum before a word beginning with

cum laude etiam adeptus, non sc, sp, or st. But the authenti“ in Italiam, quod impurus ille city of this canon, after all, is “ comminiscitur, profugi, sed not beyond dispute. Symmons,

sponte meâ domum me con- Life of Milton, p. 58–62. Ed. 2. “tuli, meíque etiam desiderium 22. Ille Tomitano flebilis exul “ apud collegii plerosque socios, agro;] Ovid_thus begins his “ à quibus eram haud medio- Epistles from Pontus, i. i. 1. “ criter cultus, reliqui." E.

Naso Tomitanæ jam non novus incola 17. In defence of the false

terræ, quantity in the word hoc Dr.

Hoc tibi de Getico litore mittit opus. Parr suggests that it is to be See our author below, El. vi. 19. found short in the comic poets; And Ovid, Trist. iii. ix. 33. i. ii. and has referred me to two places, 85. iv. x. 97. v. vii. 9. seq:

Ex one in Plautus, and one in Te- Pont. i. ii. 77. i. vii. 49. iii. i. 6. rence, where it certainly occurs iii. iv. 2. iv. ix. 97. iv. xiii. 15, with this quantity. Notwith- 23. seq. Again, ibid. iii. viii. 2. standing the charges of Salma

Dona Tomitanus mittere posset ager. sius, which N. Heinsius has re

23. Non tunc Ionio quicquam peated, the offences of Milton's Latin metre against quantity are

cessisset Homero, &c.] I have very few—not more perhaps, (if

before observed, that Ovid was the scazons, addressed to Salsilli

, In these Elegies Ovid is his pat

Milton's favourite Latin poet. which seem to be constructed on a false principle, and some of tern. But he sometimes imitates the lines in the ode to Rouse, Propertius in his prolix digreswhich appear to have been'formed sions into the ancient Grecian in defiance of every principle,

story. be thrown out of the question,)

27. Excipit hinc fessum sinuosi than four, or, at the most, five, pompa theatri, &c.] As in L'Alof a nature not to be disputed.

legro, v. 131. He has frequently sinned indeed

Then to the well-trod stage anon, &c. against Dawes's metrical canon, The theatre seems to have been which determines that a short a favourite amusement of Milvowel is necessarily lengthened ton's youth.

30

35

Seu catus auditur senior, seu prodigus hæres,

Seu procus, aut posita casside miles adest, Sive decennali fæcundus lite patronus

Detonat inculto barbara verba foro; Sæpe vafer gnato succurrit servus amanti,

Et nasum rigidi fallit ubique patris ; Sæpe novos illic virgo mirata calores

Quid sit amor nescit, dum quoque nescit, amat.
Sive cruentatum furiosa Tragedia sceptrum

Quassat, et effusis crinibus ora rotat;
Et dolet, et specto, juvat et spectasse dolendo,

Interdum et lacrymis dulcis amaror inest :
Seu puer infelix indelibata reliquit

Gaudia, et abrupto flendus amore cadit ;

40

are

31. Sive decennali fæcundus lite See Note on Il Pens. v. 98. patronus

Ovid calls his Medea “ Scriptum Detonat inculto barbara verba “regale." Trist. ii. 553. foro ;]

Et dedimus tragicis scriptum regale

cothurnis. He probably means the play of Ignoramus. In the expres- Again, Ex Pont. iv. xvi. 9. sion decennali fecundus lite, there Quique dedit Latio carmen regale is both elegance and humour.

Severus. Most of the rest of Milton's Where he means the Tragedies comic characters Teren- of Severus. tian. He is giving a general 41. Seu puer infelix indelibata view of comedy: but it is the reliquit view of a scholar, and he does Gaudia, el abrupto flendus not recollect that he sets out with

amore cadit; describing a London theatre. Seu ferus e tenebris iterat Styga 31. Mr. Dunster

supposes

criminis ultor, " that his theatre, in this place, Conscia funereo pectora torre

his

own closet; where, movens ;] “ when fatigued with other By the youth, in the first studies, he relaxed with his couplet, he perhaps intends

favourite dramatic poets.” And Shakespeare's Romeo. In the he conceives the “ sinuosi pompa second, either Hamlet, or Richard theatri&c. to be merely the the Third. He then draws his creations of the poet's fancy with illustrations from the ancient the work of some favourite dra- tragedians. The allusions, howmatic author before him. E. ever, to Shakespeare's incidents

37. Sive cruentatum, &c.] do not exactly correspond. In

was

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