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Hosque aliquis placido misit ab ore sonos ; “ Nate veni, et patrii felix cape gaudia regni,

“Semper abhinc duro, nate, labore vaca.' Dixit, et aligeræ tetigerunt nablia turmæ,

At mihi cum tenebris aurea pulsa quies. Flebam turbatos Cephaleia pellice somnos,

Talia contingant somnia sæpe mihi.*


ELEG. IV. Anno Ætatis 18. Ad THOMAM JUnium præceptorem suum, apud

mercatores Anglicos Hamburgee agentes Pastoris

munere fungentem.t CURRE per immensum subito, mea litera, pontum,

I, pete Teutonicos læve per æquor agros ;

67. --Cephaleia pellice] Au- + Thomas Young, now pastor rora, see note El. v. 51.

of the church of English mer* Milton, as he grew old in chants at Hamburgh, was Milpuritanism, must have looked ton's private preceptor, before he back with disgust and remorse was sent to Saint Paul's School. on the panegyric of this per- Aubrey in his manuscript Life, formance, as on one of the sins calls him, “a puritan in Essex of his youth, inexperience, and “ who cutt his haire short.” [If orthodoxy: for he had here cele- Milton imbibed from T. Young brated, not only a bishop, but a any of the principles of the Pubishop who supported the dignity ritans, his portraits shew that he and constitution of the Church never adopted from his tutor of England in their most exten- the outward symbol of the sect. sive latitude, the distinguished He preserved his “ clustering favourite of Elizabeth and James, “locks” throughout the

reign of and the defender of regal prero- the Round-heads. Todd.] Under gative. Clarendon says, that if such an instructor, Milton proAndrewes, “who loved and un- bably first imbibed the principles “ derstood the Church,” had suc- of puritanism: and as a puritan ceeded Bancroft in the see of Can- tutor was employed to educate terbury, “ that infection would the son, we may fairly guess at easily have been kept out, the persuasions or inclinations of “ which could not afterwards be the father. Besides, it is said

so easily expelled.” Hist. Rebell. that our author's grandfather, b. i. p. 88. edit. 1721.

who lived at Holton, five miles

Segnes rumpe moras, et nil, precor, obstet eunti,

Et festinantis nil remoretur iter.

east of Oxford, and was one of vines, where he was a constant the rangers of Shotover forest, attendant, and one of the authors disinherited his son for being a

of the book called Smectymnuus, protestant: and, as converts are defended by Milton; and who apt to go to excess, I suspect the from a London preachership in son embraced the opposite ex. Duke's Place was preferred by treme. The first and fourth of the parliament to the mastership Milton's Familiar Epistles, both of Jesus College in Cambridge, very respectful and affectionate, Neale's Hist. Pur. iii. 122. 59. are to this Thomas Young. See Clarke, a calvinistic biographer, Prose Works, ii. 565, 567. In attests, that he was a man of the first, dated at London, inter great learning, of much pruurbana diverticula, Mar. 26, 1625, “ dence and piety, and of great he says he had resolved to send “ability and fidelity in the work Young an Epistle in verse: but “ of the ministry." Lives, p. 194. thought proper at the same time I have a Sermon by Young, to send one in prose. The Elegy intitled Hope's Incouragement, now before us is this Epistle in preached before the House of verse. In the second, dated from Commons, on a Fast-day, Feb. Cambridge, Jul. 21, 1628, he 28, 1644. Printed by order of says, “ Rus tuum accersitus, si- the House, Lond. 1644. 4to. At “mul ac ver adoleverit, libenter the foot of the Dedication he " adveniam, ad capessendas anni, styles himself, “ Thomas Young, “ tuique non minus colloquii, de- “ Sancti Evangelii in comitatu “ licias; et ab urbano strepitu “ Suffolciensi minister.” Another “ subducam me paulisper." What- of his publications, as I appreever were Young's religious in- hend, is a learned work in Latin structions, our author professes called Dies dominica, on the to have received from this learned observation of Sunday. Printed master his first introduction to anno 1639. No place. 4to. Bi. the study of poetry, v. 29. shop Barlow says in the Bodleian Primus ego Aonios, illo præeunte, copy of this book, in a Latin

note, that it was written by Dom. Lustrabam, et bifidi sacra vireta Doctor Young, as he had been jugi;

informed in 1658, by N. Bernard, Pieriosque hausi latices, Clioque fa- chaplain to Archbishop Usher.

Castalio sparsi læta ter ora mero.

He adds, “ Quis fuerit prædictus

“ D. Younge, mihi non certo conYet these couplets may imply “stat." The Dedication to the only, a first acquaintance with Reformed Church, is subscribed, the classics.

Theophilus Philo-Kurices, LouThis Thomas Young, who ap- cardiensis. The last word I canpears to have returned to Eng- not decypher. But there is Louland in or before the year 1628, cardie in the shire of Perth. I was Doctor Thomas Young, a learn the following particulars Member of the Assembly of Di. from a manuscript history of



Ipse ego Sicanio frænantem carcere ventos

Æolon, et virides sollicitabo Deos, Cæruleamque suis comitatam Dorida Nymphis,

Ut tibi dent placidam per sua regna viam.
At tu, si poteris, celeres tibi sume jugales,

Vecta quibus Colchis fugit ab ore viri ;
Aut queis Triptolemus Scythicas devenit in oras,

Gratus Eleusina missus ab urbe puer.


Jesus College. He was a native Aut inter libros Pieridasque suas, of Scotland. He was admitted

&c. Master of the College by the 5. The hemistic is from Ovid, Earl of Manchester in person, Metam. xiv. 224. Apr. 12, 1644. He was ejected

Æolon Hipotaden frenantem carcere from the Mastership for refusing ventos. the Engagement. He died and

Our author's wishes of speed was buried at Stow-market in to his Epistle, are expressed and Suffolk, where he had been Vicar

exhibited under a great and thirty years.

beautiful variety of poetical fic1. Curre per immensum subito, tions and allusions. mea litera, pontum, &c.] One of

10. “ Take the swift car of Ovid's epistolary Elegies begins a Medea, in which she fled from in this manner, where the poet's « her husband." address is to his own epistle.

11. Aut queis Triptolemus, &c.] Trist. iii. vii. 1.

Triptolemus was carried from Vade salutatum subito perarata Per. Eleusis in Greece, into Scythia, illam,

and the most uncultivated reLitera, &c.

gions of the globe, on winged And Milton, like Ovid, proceeds serpents, to teach mankind the in telling his Epistle what to say.

use of wheat. Here is a maniIn this strain, among other cir- fest imitation of Ovid, who in cumstances, Milton informs his the same manner wishes at once, Epistle, v. 41.

both for the chariots of Medea

and Triptolemus, that in an inInvenies dulci cum conjuge forte se

stant he may revisit his friends. dentem,

Trist. iii. viii. 1.
Mulcentem gremio pignora parva

Nunc ego Triptolemi cuperem conForsitan aut veterum prælarga volu

scendere currus, mina patrum

Misit in ignotam qui rude semen Versantem, aut veri biblia sacra

humum; Dei.

Aut ego Medeæ cuperem frenare dra.

cones, So Ovid, v. 3.

Quos habuit, fugiens arce, Corinthe, Aut illam invenies dulci cum matre sedentem,

Compare Metam. b. v. 645. seq.

tua, &c.



Atque ubi Germanas flavere videbis arenas,

Ditis ad Hamburgæ monia flecte gradum, Dicitur occiso quæ ducere nomen ab Hama, Cimbrica


fertur clava dedisse neci; Vivit ibi antiquæ clarus pietatis honore

Præsul, Christicolas pascere doctus oves;
Ille quidem est animæ plusquam pars altera nostra,

Dimidio vitæ vivere cogor ego.
Hei mihi quot pelagi, quot montes interjecti,

Me faciunt alia parte carere mei !
Charior ille mihi, quam tu doctissime Graium

Cliniadi, pronepos qui Telamonis erat ;
Quamque Stagyrites generoso magnus alumno,

Quem peperit Lybico Chaonis alma Jovi. Qualis Amyntorides, qualis Philyreïus heros

Myrmidonum regi, talis et ille mihi.


15. Dicitur occiso quæ ducere

Fluminaque, at campi, nec freta

pauca jacent. nomen ab Huma? Krantzius, a Gothic geographer, says, that

23. Dearer than Socrates to the city of Hamburgh in Saxony Alcibiades, who was the son of took its name from Hama à Clinias, and has this appellation puissant Saxon champion, who in Ovid's Ibis, “ Cliniadæque was killed on the spot where “modo," &c. v. 635. Alcibiades, that city stands by Starchater a the son of Clinias, was anciently Danish giant. Saxonia, lib. i. descended from Eurysaces, a son c. xi. p. 12. edit. Wechel. 1575. of the Telamonian Ajax. tol. The Cimbrica clava is the 25. Aristotle, Ipreceptor to Aclub of the Dane. In describing lexander the Great. Hamburgh, this romantic tale 27. Qualis Amyntorides, qualis could not escape Milton.

Philyreïus heros, &c.] Phoenix 21. Hei mihi quot pelagi, &c.] the son of Amyntor, and Chiron, Homer, Il. i. 155.

both instructors of Achilles.

Amyntorides Phænix," occurs -Εσειη μαλα πολλα μεταξύ Oupia si orlovte, bedavcu se úxnsre. in Ovid, Art. Amator. i. 337.

And Amyntorides, simply, in the But I believe under a similar Ibis, v. 261. We find " Philysentiment, he copied his favourite “ reius heros” for Chiron, Metam. elegiac bard, Trist. iv. vii. 21. ï. 676. The instances are, of Innumeri montes inter me tequc,

the love of scholars to their masters, in ancient story.




Primus ego Aonios illo præeunte recessus

Lustrabam, et bifidi sacra vireta jugi,
Pieriosque hausi latices, Clioque favente,

Castalio sparsi læta ter ora mero.
Flammeus at signum ter viderat arietis Æthon,

Induxitque auro lanea terga novo,
Bisque novo terram sparsisti, Chlori, senilem

Gramine, bisque tuas abstulit Auster opes :
Necdum ejus licuit mihi lumina páscere vultu,

Aut linguæ dulces aure bibisse sonos.
Vade igitur, cursuque Eurum præverte sonorum,

Quam sit opus monitis res docet, ipsa vides.
Invenies dulci cum conjuge forte sedentem,

Mulcentem gremio pignora chara suo, Forsitan aut veterum prælarga volumina patrum

Versantem, aut veri biblia sacra Dei,
Cælestive animas saturantem rore tenellas,

Grande salutiferæ religionis opus.
Utque solet, multam sit dicere cura salutem,

Dicere quam decuit, si modo adesset, herum.
Hæc quoque, paulum oculos in humum defixa mo-

destos, Verba verecundo sis memor ore loqui :




32. See Comus, 911. seq.

then suppose, went abroad in Thus I sprinkle on thy breast, &c.

February, 1623, when Milton

was about fifteen. But compare 33. Viderat is the reading in their prose correspondence, where Milton's edition, 1673. Vidit Milton says, “ quod autem plus1695, and in Tonson, 1695, and

quam triennio nunquam ad te Fenton.

“ scripserem." Ibid. Two years


49. -oculos in humum defixa month. In which had passed, modestos,] Ovid, Amor. iii. vi. three vernal equinoxes, two 67.

I springs and two winters. See

Illa oculos in humum dejccta mothe first note. Young, we may



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