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215

Grata fuit, quod nulla tori libata voluptas,
En etiam tibi virginei servantur honores ;
Ipse caput nitidum cinctus rutilante corona,
Lætaque frondentis gestans umbracula palmæ,
Æternum perages immortales hymenæos ;
Cantus ubi, choreisque furit lyra mista beatis,
Festa Sionæo bacchantur et Orgia thyrso.*

Jan. 23. 1646.

Ad JOANNEM ROUSIUM Oxoniensis Academice

Bibliothecarium.t De libro Poematum amisso, quem ille sibi denuo mitti postu

labat, ut cum aliis nostris in Bibliotheca publica reponeret, Ode.

STROPHE 1. GEMELLE cultu simplici gaudens liber, Fronde licet gemina,

214. En etiam tibi virginei ser- be a shepherd long. His own vantur honores ;) Deodate and native powers often break forth, Lycidas were both unmarried and cannot bear the assumed See Revelations, for his allusion, disguise. xiv. 3, 4.

* Doctor Johnson observes, + John Rouse, or Russe, Masthat this poem is “ written with ter of Arts, Fellow of Oriel Col. “ the common but childish imi- lege, Oxford, was elected chief “ tation of pastoral life.” Yet librarian of the Bodleian, May 9, there are some new and natural 1620. He died in April, 1652, country images, and the common and was buried in the chapel of topics are often recommended his college. He succeeded to by'a novelty of elegant expres- Thomas James, the first that held sion. The pastoral form is this office from the foundation. fault of the poet's times. It In painted glass, in a window of contains also some passages which the Provost's Lodgings at Oriel wander far beyond the bounds College, are the heads of Sir of bucolic song, and are in his Thomas Bodley, James, and own original style of the more Rouse, by Van Ling. Hearne sublime poetry. Milton cannot says, they were put up by

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a

Munditieque nitens non operosa ;
Quam manus attulit

Rouse: they were probably of the most intimate friendship brought from Rouse's apartment with G. J. Vossius; by whom to the Provost's Lodgings, when he was highly valued and rethe College was rebuilt “ about spected for his learning, and ac“ 1640." Hearne, MSS. Coll. tivity in promoting literary unxii. p. 13. Rouse's portrait, large dertakings. This appears from as life, a three quarters length, Vossius's Epistles to Rouse, viz. and coeval, is in the Bodleian Epp 73, 130, 144, 256, 409, 427. library. He published an Ap- See Colomesius's Vossii Epistolæ, pendix to James's Bodleian Ca- Lond. 1690. fol. There is also talogue, Oxon. 1636. 4to. In a long and well-written Epistle 1631, the University printed, from Rouse to Vossius, Ep. 352. “ Epistola ad Johannem Ciren- ibid. ad calc. p. 241. Degory “bergium, ob acceptum Syno. Wheare, the first Camden Pro“ dalium Epistolarum Concilii fessor, sends his Book De Ratione “ Basileensis Avtoyee por, præfixa et Methodo legendi Historias, in “ variorum carminibus honora. 1625, to Rouse, with a Letter “riis in eundem Cirenbergium. inscribed, “ Joanni Rousæo litera« Oxon. 1631."

In quarto.

“ tissimo Academico meo." See Where among the names of the Wheare Epistolarum Eucharistiwriters in Latin, are Richard carum Fasciculus, Oxon. 1628. Busby of Christ Church, after- 12mo. p. 113. Not only on acwards the celebrated Master of count of his friendship with MilWestminster: Jasper Maine, and ton, which appears to have subThomas Cartwright, both well sisted in 1637, but because he known as English poets, and of retained his librarianship and felthe same college: and Thomas lowship through Cromwell's UMasters of New college, author surpation, we may suppose Rousë of the famous Greek Ode on the to have been puritanically in. Crucifixion. The Dedication, to clined. See Notes on Sir Henry Cirenberg, is written by our li- Wotton's Letter prefixed to Cobrarian Rouse, who seems to mus, supr. p. 119. However, have conducted the publication. in 1647, he was expelled from In it he speaks of his Travels, his fellowship; but soon afterand particularly of his return wards, making his peace with from Italy through Basil. He the Presbyterian Visitors, was has a copy of not inelegant Latin restored. Walker's Suff. Cler. p. Elegiacs, in the Oxford verses, ii. p. 132. We are told also by called Britanniæ Natalis, Oxon. Walker, that when the presby1630. 4to. p. 62. Hearne says, terian officers proceeded to search that Rouse was intimate with and pillage Sir Thomas Bodley's Burton, author of the celebrated chest in the library, they quitted book on Melancholie; and that their design, on being told what he furnished Burton with choice there was to be found there, books for that work. MSS. Coll. “ by Rouse the librarian, a concxli. p. 114.. He lived on terms " fiding brother.” Ibid. p. i. p. 149.

5

Juvenilis olim,
Sedula tamen haud nimii poetæ ;

now

Wood says,

that when Lord Pem- tween the Latin and English broke, Cromwell's Chancellor of Poems. It is the same the University of Oxford, took marked M. 168. Art. 8vo. In his chair in the Convocation the same library, is another small house, in 1648, scarcely any of volume, uniformly bound with the loyal members attended, but that last mentioned, of a few of that Rouse was present. Hist. Milton's prose tracts, the first of Ant. Univ. Oxon. i. 401. col. 2. which is of Reformation Touching See a visionary letter of Diony- Church Discipline, printed for T. sia Fitzherbert, of Bristol, to Underhill, 1641. 4to. Marked F. Rouse, Bibl. Bodl. MSS. Which, 56. Th. In the first blank leaf, I find, is printed in Ashmole's in Milton's own hand-writing, Berkshire, iii. 377. Probably is this inscription, never before Milton might become acquainted printed. “ Doctissimo viro prowith Rouse, when he was in- “ boque librorum æstimatori Jo. corporated a Master of Arts at “ hanni Rousio, Oxoniensis AcaOxford in 1635. Neale

says,

the “ demiæ Bibliothecario, gratum Assembly of Divines in 1645, “ sibi hoc fore testanti, Joannes recommended the new version “ Miltonus opuscula hæc sua, in of the Psalms by Mr. Rouse, to “ Bibliothecam antiquissimam atbe used instead of Sternhold's, que celeberrimam adsciscenda, which was grown obsolete. Hist. “ libens tradit: tanquam in mePur. vol. ii. 315. edit. . 1736. “moriæ perpetuæ famam, emeBut this was Francis Rouse ori- ritamque, uti sperat, invidiæ ginally of Broadgate Hall, Ox- “ calumniæque vacationem, si ford, one of the Assembly of Di- “ veritati bonoque simul eventui vines, the presbyterian Provost “ satis sit litatum. Sunt autem of Eton College, and an active “ De Reformatione Angliæ, lib. instrument in the Calvinistic “ 2.-De Episcopatu Prælatico, visitation of Oxford, who was “ lib. 1.--De ratione Politiæ Ecbred in Broadgate Hall, and at “ clesiasticæ, lib. 1.--Animadhis death in 1657, became a li- “ versiones in Remonstrantis De. beral benefactor to Pembroke “ fensionem, lib. 1. -Apologia, college.

• lib. 1.-Doctrina et disciplina Milton, at Rouse's request, had “ Divortii, lib. 2.-Judicium Bugiven his little volume of poems, “ ceri de Divortio, lib. 1.-Coprinted in 1645, to the Bodleian “ lasterion, lib. 1.-Scripturæ lolibrary. But the book · being ca de Divortio, instar lib. 4. lost, Rouse requested his friend “Areopagitica, sive de libertate Milton to send another copy. In Typographiæ oratio.--De E1646, another was sent by the « ducatione Ingenuorum epistoauthor, neatly but plainly bound, “ la. [Tractate of Education to munditie nitens non operosa, in “ Hartlib.] Poemala Latina, et which this ode to Rouse, in Mil- Anglicana seorsim." About the ton's own hand-writing, on one year 1720, these two volumes, sheet of paper, is inserted be- with other small books, were

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Dum vagus Ausonias nunc per umbras,
Nunc Britannica per vireta lusit,
Insons populi, barbitoque devius
Indulsit patrio, mox itidem pectine Daunio
Longinquum intonuit melos
Vicinis, et humum vix tetigit pede :

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ANTISTROPHE.
Quis te, parve liber, quis te fratribus
Subduxit reliquis dolo?
Cum tu missus ab urbe,
Docto jugiter obsecrante amico,
Ulustre tendebas iter

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hastily, perhaps contemptuously, volume consisted. So the Bodthrown aside as duplicates, either leian manuscript: and printed real or pretended : and Mr. Na- copies: but fronte is perhaps a thaniel Crynes, an esquire beadle, better reading. This volume of and a diligent collector of scarce Poems, 1645, has a double front English books, was permitted, or title-page; both separate and on the promise of some future detached from each other, the valuable bequests to the library, one, at the beginning, prefixed to pick out of the beap what he to the Latin, and the other, about pleased. But he, having luckily the middle, to the English poems. many more grains of party pre. Under either reading, the volume judice than of taste, could notis liber gemellus, a double book, think any thing worth having as consisting of two distinct parts, that bore the name of the re- yet cultu simplici, under the form publican Milton; and therefore and appearance, the habit, of a these two curiosities, which would single book. be invaluable in a modern auc- 9. Insons populi,] Guiltless as tion, were fortunately suffered yet of engaging in the popular to remain in the library, and were disputes of these turbulent times. soon afterwards honourably re- 10. -mox itidem pectine Daustored to their original places. nio] His Italian Sonnets. 1. Gemelle cultu simplici gau- 16. Doclo jugiter obsecrante dens liber,

amico,] Hence it appears, that Fronde licet gemina, &c.] Rouse had importuned Milton to By Fronde gemina we are to un- give the volume that was lost to derstand, metaphorically, the the library. I suppose it was ino-fold leaf, the Poems both presented immediately on its English and Latin, of which the publication in 1645.

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Thamesis ad incunabula
Cærulei patris,
Fontes ubi limpidi
Aonidum, thyasusque sacer
Orbi notus per immensos
Temporum lapsus redeunte cælo,
Celeberque futurus in ævum ?

STROPHE 2.

25

Modo quis deus, aut editus deo,
Pristinam gentis miseratus indolem,
(Si satis noxas luimus priores,
Mollique luxu degener otium)
Tollat nefandos civium tumultus,
Almaque revocet studia sanctus,
Et relegatas sine sede Musas
Jam pene totis finibus Angligenum;
Immundasque volucres,
Unguibus imminentes,

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18. Thamesis ad incunabula] of popular faction. If there was The Thames, or leis, rises not anarchy on one part, there was very many miles west of Oxford tyranny on the other: the disabout Cricklade in Gloucester- pute was a conflict " between shire. Unless he means the junc- governors who ruled by wil tion of Tame and Isis, fancifully “not by law, and subjects who supposed to produce Thamesis,'« would not suffer the law itself at Dorchester near Oxford. “ to control their actions." Balo

29. Tollat nefandos civium tu- guy's Sermons, p. 55. multus, &c.] I fear Milton is here 33. Immundasque volucres, &c.] complaining of evils, which his He has almost a similar allusion own principles contributed either in the Reason of Church Governto produce or promote. But his ment, &c. He compares prelacy illustrations are so beautiful, that to the python, and adds, “ till we forget his politics in his po- “ like that fen-born serpent she etry.

“ be shot to death with the darts In reflecting, however, on those “ of the sun, the pure and powevils, I cannot entirely impute “ erful beams of God's word." their origin to a growing spirit Prose Works, i: 74.

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