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Of some clay habitation, visit us
Or if our eyes
340. With thy long levell'd rule.) Certior, aut Graiis Helice servanda It was at first in the Manuscript,
magistris. With a long levelled rule
The star of Arcady may be ex
plained to signify the lesser bear, 340. daunea pesu AXTIS, Yalov xe- and so Mr. Peck understands it : way raons. Euripides, Suppl. Mul. but Milton would hardly make 650, or 660. Milton's long- use of two such different names levelled rule of streaming light, is for the same thing, and distina fine and almost literal trans- guish them by the disjunctive or lation of insov xaiw raons of his between them. The star of Arfavourite Greek poet. Hurd. cady, like Arcadiuni sidus, may
The sun is said to “ level his be a general name for the greater evening rays," P. L. iv. 543. T. and the lesser bear, as in Seneca, Warlon.
@dip. 476. 341. -Our star of Arcady,
Quasque despectat vertice summo Or Tyrian Cynosure.]
Sidus Arcadium, geminumque plauOur greater or lesser bear-star.
strum: Calisto the daughter of Lycaon
but the following words or Tyrian king of Arcadia was changed into the greater bear called also Helice, the former is meant the greater
• Cynosure shew evidently, that by and her son Arcas into the lesser,
bear, as by the latter is plainly called also Cyrosura, by observing of which the Tyrians and Sidoni
meant the lesser.
344. The folded flocks penn'd in ang steered their course, as the Grecian mariners did by the
their wattled coles,] Folded flocks
makes the other part of the line other. So Ovid. Fast. iii. 107.
a mere expletive. Had Milton Esse duas Arctos; quarum Cynosura wrote bleating flocks, what folpetatur
lowed had been fine, and it had Sidoniis, Helicen Graia carina notet.
agreed better with what went Valerius Flaccus, i. 17.
before. Warburton. -neque enim in Tyrias Cynosura
345. - oaten stops,] See note carinas
on Lycidas 188. E.
Or whistle from the lodge, or village cock
'349. In this close dungeon) So When the big wallowing flakes of altered in the Manuscript from
And darkness wound her in. In this sad dungeon
1 Bro. Peace, Brother, peace.
I do not think my sister &c. 349. --innumerous] See Mr. Warton's note, P. L. vii. 455. E.
These lines were altered, and the
These lines were alte 350. But O that hapless virgin. others added afterwards on a se&c.7 Instead of the lines from parate scrap of paper. this to ver. 366, the Manuscript
358. Of savage hunger, or of had these following,
savage heat?] The hunger of
savage beasts, or the lust of men But oh that hapless virgin, our lost as savage as they. This ap
sister, Where may she wander now, whither
pears evidently from the context betake her
to be the sense of the passage; From the chill dew in this dead soli- and I should not have mentioned tude?
it, if two very ingenious persons or surrounding wild? Perhaps some cold bank is her bolster
had not mistaken it. The allinow,
teration might help perhaps to Or 'gainst the rugged bark of some determine Milton to the choice broad elm
of this word; and lust would She leans her thoughtful head musing have been too strong an expres
at our unkindness, Or lost in wild amazement and af.
and af sion for the younger brother, who fright
rather insinuates than openly deSo fares, as did forsaken Proserpine, clares his fears.
359. -be not over-exquisite 365. —such self-delusion?] It To cast the fashion]
was at first, this self-delusion. A, metaphor taken from the 367. Or so unprincipled in virfounder's art. Warburton. tue's book,] So in the Tractate
Rather from astrology, as “to on Education, p. 101. ed. 1673. “ cast a nativity." The meaning "Souls so unprincipled in viris to “ predict, prefigure, com-' “ tue." And “unprincipled, un“ pute, &c.” Forecast is the “edified, and laie rabble." Prose same word. See a Vacation Ex- Works, i. 153. Compare also Sams. erizie, 13. Sams. Agon. 254. and Agon. 760. T. Warton. P. L. iii. 634. T. Warton.
368. See the note P. L. v. 127. Exquisite was not now un-' T. Warton. common in its more original 369. As that the single want of signification. B. and Fletcher, light and noise Little Fr. Law, act v. s. 1.
(Not being in danger, as I trust; -They're exquisite in mischief.
, she is not) T. Warton. Could stir the constant mood of
her calm thoughts, &c. ; 361. For grant they be so, while' A profound critic cites the entire they rest unknown,] This line context, as containing a beautiobscures the thought, and loads ful example of Milton's use of the expression. It had been bet- the parenthesis, a figure which ter out, as any one may see by he has frequently used with great reading the passage without it. effect. “The whole passage is Warburton.
“ exceedingly beautiful; but 362. his date of grief,] The "what I praise in the parenManuscript had at first
“ thesis is, the pathos and conthe date of grief.
“ cern for his sister that it ex
(Not being in danger, as I trust she is not) 370
« presses. For every paren- 371. Could stir the constant “ thesis should contain matter of mood) The Manuscript had sta. “ weight; and, if it throws in ble, but Milton corrected it to “ some passion or feeling into constant mood; for stable gives “ the discourse, it is so much the the idea of rest, when the poet “ better, because it furnishes the was to give the idea of action or “ speaker with a proper occa- motion, which constant does give. ~ sion to vary the tone of his Warburton. “ voice, which ought always to So “my constant thoughts," « be done in speaking a paren. P. L. v. 552. T. Warton. “ thesis, but is never more pro 373. Virtue could see to do what “perly done than when some virtue would “ passion is to be expressed. By her own radiant light, &c.] " And we may observe here, This noble sentiment was ino that there ought to be two spired from Spenser, Faery Qu. “ variations of the voice in speak. b. i. cant. 1. st. 12. “ing this parenthesis. The first
Virtue gives herself light through " is that tone which we use,
darkness for to wade. « when we mean to qualify or “ restrict any thing that we have
375. —And Wisdom's self &c.] “ said before. With this tone
Mr. Pope has imitated this “ should be pronounced, not
thought; “ being in danger; and the se Bear me some God! oh quickly bear “ cond member, as I trust she is me hence “ not, should be pronounced with
To wholesome Solitude, the nurse of
sense: “ that pathetic tone in which we
Where Contemplation prunes her “ earnestly hope or pray for any ruff d wings, ~ thing." Origin and Progr. of And the free soul looks down to pity Language, b. iv. p. ii. vol. iii. p.
kings. 76. Edinb. 1776. This is very
Warburton. specious and ingenious reasoning. 376. Oft seeks to sweet retired But some perhaps may think this solitude, 1 At first he had written beauty quite accidental and un- the verse thus, designed. A parenthesis is often
Oft seeks to solitary sweet retire. thrown in, for the sake of explanation, after a passage is write' 376. For the same uncommon ten. T. Warton.
use of seek, Mr. Bowle cites Bale's
Where with her best nurse Contemplation
Eramynacyon of A. Askew, p. 24. “ there plant." And in other “Hath not he moche nede of places. Pope says, “ helpe who seketh to soche a Contemplation prunes her ruffled “ surgeon ?" So also in Isaiah,
wings. ii. 10. “To it shall the Gentiles “ seek.” T. Warton.
See On the Marks of Poetical Imi377. She plumes her feathers,]
tation, 12mo. 1757. p. 43. I find,
however, in Hughes's Thought I believe the true reading to be
in a Garden, written 1704, Poenis, prunes, which Lawes ignorantly
edit. 1735. vol. i. 12mo. p. 171. altered to plumes, afterwards imperceptibly continued in the Here Contemplation prunes her wings. poet's own edition. To prune
T. Warton, wings, is to smooth, or set them 380. Were all to ruffled,] So in order, when ruffled. For this read as in editions 1637, 1645, is the leading idea. Spenser, and 1678. Not too, nimis. Alle F. Q. ii. iii. 38.
to, or al-to, is, intirely. See She gins her feathers foule disfigured Tyrwhitt's Gl. Chaucer, v. Too. Proudly to prune.
Various instances occur in ChauAnd in the M. M. of Thestylis,
cer and Spenser, and in later
writers. “o how the coate of -At their brightest beams “ Christ that was without seam Him proynd in lovley wise.
“ is all to rent and torn." Homi. That is, he u pruned his wetted lies, b. i. i. See Hearne's Gl. “and disordered wings." Water Langtoft, p. 663. Observat. on fowl, at this day, are said to Spenser's F. Q. ii. 225. and Uppreene, when they sleek or re- ton's Spenser, Notes, p. 391. 594. place their wet feathers in the
625. And the fifteenth general sun. See commentators on Shake rule for understanding G. Dou. speare, P. I. Henry IV. act i. glass's Virgil, prefixed to Ruddis. 1.
man's Glossary in the capital
edition of that translation. And Which makes him prune himself, &c.
Upton's Gloss. V. All. The corWhere Dr. Warburton and Han- ruption, supposed to be an mer substituted plume. Upton emendation, "all too ruffled," derives the word from the French began with Tickell, who had no brunir, to polish. Noles on Spen. knowledge of our old language, ser, p. 446. col. 2. Prune her and has been continued by Fentender wing is in Pope. Prune, ton, and Dr. Newton. Íonson amputo, is sometimes written has the true reading, in 1695, proine, as in Drayton, Polyolb. and 1705. T. Warton. vol. ii. s. iii. p. 714. (But see fol. I have restored the old readedit. 1613.] “ Here proine, and ing. E.