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He that has light within his own clear breast
Tis most true,
381. He that has light &c.] This 388. -of men and herds,] It whole speech is a remarkably fine was at first, men or herds. encomium on the force of virtue: 389. And sits as sofe as in a but there is something so vastly senate house ;] Not many years afstriking and astonishing in these ter this was written, Milton's last five lines, that it is impossible friends shewed that the safety of to pass them over without stop- a senate-house was not invioping to admire and enjoy them. lable. But, when the people turn I do not know any place in the legislators, what place is safe whole circle of his poetical per- from the tumults of innovation, formances, where dignity of and the insults of disobedience? sentiment and sublimity of ex- T. Warton. pression are so happily united. 390. For who would rob &c.] Thyer.
These two lines at first stood 384. Benighted walks &c.] In- thus in the Manuscript. stead of these two lines the poet
For who would rob a hermit of his had written at first,
beads, Walks in black vapours, though the
His books, his hairy gown, or maple
dish, noontide brand Blaze in the summer solstice.
393. But beauty, &c.] These Afterwards he blotted them out, sentiments are heightened from and made this alteration much the Faithful Shepherdess, act i. for the better.
Laden with blooming gold, had need the guard
-can such beauty be
Uninjur'd in this wide surrounding Safe in its own guard, and not drawe
waste : Of him that passeth on, to greedy and I know not whether wide is
not better than wild, which seems
to be sufficiently implied in Compare also Shakespeare, As
waste. you like it, act i. s. 3. And see below, the note
404. -it recks] I care not for, v. 982. T.
&c. So “ what recks it them?" Warton.
Lycid. v. 122. and Par. L. ix. 395. Of dragon-watch with un
173. “ Let it, I reck not." And inchanted eye,] l'hat is, which
ii. 50.“ Of god, or hell, or worse, cannot be inchanted. Here is
“ he recked not." See Note on v. more flattery; but certainly such
836. infr. From reck comes retchas no poet in similar circumstances could resist the oppor- Thirty-nine Articles, where the
lessness, or recklessness, in the tunity of paying. T. Warton. 400. -as bid me hope] The
common reading is, “ into wretch
« lessness of most unclean living.' first reading was,
Artic. xvii. As if, yet with a -as bid me think.
manifest perversion of terms, a 403. Uninjur'd in this wild wretched profligacy was intended. surrounding waste.] The verse was
The precise meaning is, a careat first,
lessness, a confident negligence,
consisting o of the most abanUninjur'd in this vast and hideous
“ doned course of life." Reck, wild:
with its derivatives, is the lanand at present it stands in the guage of Chaucer and Spenser. Manuscript,
Lest some ill-greeting touch attempt the person
I do not, Brother,
What hidden strength,
409. Secure without all doubt, first passado, and for hope and or controversy :
fear, hopes and fears. Yet where an equal poise &c.] 413. —squint suspicion.] AlInstead of these lines are the fol- luding probably in this epithet lowing in the Manuscript. to Spenser's description of SusSecure without all doubt or question; picion in his Mask of Cupid,
Faery Queen, b. iii. cant. 12. st. I could be willing though now i'th' 15.
dark to try A tough encounter with the shaggicat
For he was foul, ill-favoured, and ruffian,
grim, That lurks by hedge or lane of this
Under his eye-brows looking still adead circuit,
scaunce &c. To have her by my side, though I were
Thyer. She might be free from peril where she
415. As you imagine ; &c.] This
verse is redundant in the ManuBut where an equal poise of hope script, and fear &c.
As you imagine, Brother; she has a For encounter he had written at hidden strength.
'Tis chastity, my Brother, chastity :
420. 'Tis chastity, my Brother, Where through the sacred awe of chastity;
chastity, She that has that, is clad in
No savage fierce, bandito, or moun. complete steel,
Shall dare to soil her virgin purity. And like a quiver'd nymph with
421. The phrase " complete arrows keen, &c.]
“ steel” was, I rather think, a Perhaps Milton remembered a stanza in Fletcher's Purple Is
common expression for “armed
« from head to foot.” It occurs land, published but the pre- in Dekker's Untrussing of the ceding year, b. x. st. 27. It is
Humorous Poet, which was acted in a personification of Virgin- by the Lord Chamberlain's serchastitie. With her, her sister went, a warlike Paul's, in 1602.
vants, and the choir-boys of St. Parthenia, all in steele and gilded peared at least before 1598. arms,
Again, in The weakest goeth to In needle's stead, a mighty spear she the wall, of which the first edisway'd, &c.
tion was in 1600. Hence an exSee El. iv. 109. T. Warton. pression in our author's Apology,
421. She that has that, is clad which also confirms what is here in complete steel, &c.] He has said, s. 1. “Zeal, whose subfinely improved here upon Ho. “ stance is ethereal, arming in race, Od. i. xxii. 1.
complete diamond, ascends his Integer vitæ, scelerisque purus &c.
fiery chariot, &c." Pr. W. i.
114. T. Warton. and the phrase of complete steel 422. And like a quiver'd nymph is borrowed from Shakespeare. with arrows keen] I make no Hamlet speaking to the Ghost, doubt but Milton in this passage act i. sc. 7.
had his eye upon Spenser's Bel-What may this mean,
phoebe, whose character, arms, That thou, dead corse, again in com- and manner of life perfectly corplete steel
respond with this description, Revisit'st thus the glimpses of the What makes it the more certain moon?
is, that Spenser intended under And the lines following, before that personage to represent the they were corrected, were thus virtue of chastity. Thus in the in the Manuscript,
introduction to the third book of She that has that, is clad in complete his Faery Queen, complimentsteel,
ing his virgin sovereign Queen And may on every needful accident,
Elizabeth, he says, Be it not done in pride or wilful tempting,
But either Gloriana let her choose, Walk through huge forests, and un
Or in Belphæbe fashioned to be: harbour'd heaths,
In th' one her rule, in th' other her Infamous bills, and sandy perilous
rare chastity, wilds,
Thyer. VOL. IV.
May trace huge forests, and unharbour'd heaths,
428. May trace huge forests, Manners, nor smooth humanity,
whose heats &c.] Shakespeare's Oberon would
Are rougher than himself, and more breed his child-knight to “ trace
misshapen, “ the forests wild." Mids. N.
Thus mildly kneel to me? Sure Dream, act ii. s. 3. In Jonson's
there's a power Masques, a fairy says, vol. v. 206. In that great name of Virgin, that
binds fast Only we are free to trace
All rude uncivil bloods, all appetites All his grounds, as he to chace.
That break their confines: then, T. Warton.
strong Chastity, &c.
T. Warton. 423. -huge forests, and unharbour'd heaths,
426.-bandite, or mountaineer) Infamous hills, and sandy peril- A mountaineer seems to have ous wilds, &c.]
conveyed the idea of something Perhaps there is more merit in very savage and ferocious. In Horace's particularizations, Od. the Tempest, act iii, s. 3. xxii. 5.
Who would believe that there were Sive per Syrtes iter æstuosas,
mountaineers Sive facturus per inhospitalem
Dewlapp'd like bulls, &c. Caucasum, &c.
In Cymbeline, act iv. s. 2.
Yield, rustic mountaineer. 424. Infamous hills,] Expressed from Horace, Od. i. iii. 20.
Who call'd me traitor, mountaineer. Infames scopulos Acroceraunia. 425. Where through the sacred Again, aet iv. s. 2. tays of chastity,
That here by mountaineer lies slain, No savage fierce, bandite, or
In Drayton, Mus Elys. vol. iv. mountaineer, Will dare to soil her virgin pu
This Cleon tras a mountaineer, rity.)
And of the wilder kind. So Fletcher, Faith. Sheph. act i.
T. Warton. s. 1. vol. iii. p. 109. A satyr kneels to a virgin-shepherdess in 428. Yea there,) In the Manu. a forest.
script it is, Yea eu'n where &c. - Why should this rough thing, who
429. By grots, and caverns * never knew
shagg'd with horrid shades,] This