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The Ile de France in the Eleventh Century — Feudal Anarchy Ecclesiastical

Corruption - Decline of the Episcopacy - The Gregorian Reform Attitude of the

Monks - Attitude of the King - The New Papacy The French Church

Strife

The Crusade - The Peace of God

Religious Enthusiasm -

of God - Intellectual Progress - Intercommunication - Corporations - Roman-
esque Architecture of the Ile de France - Southern Influence — The Ambulatory —
The School of Berry - Choirs - Barrel Vaults - Buttresses - Peculiarities of De-
sign Ornament - School of the Ile de France - - First Half of the Eleventh Cen-
tury — Last Half of the Eleventh Century — Engaged Shafts Ornament.

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Definition - Limits of the Transitional Movement
- Difficulties of Chronology - Sub-Schools -
Origin of the Rib Vault-Lombard Influence - Wall Ribs - Doming - Groin
Vaults-Barrel Vaults - Pointed Arch - Its Advantages - Transverse Ribs Stilted
Loaded Transverse Ribs — Increasing Use of the Pointed Arch Pointed Arch
Preferred for Esthetic Reasons Rib Vaults on Curved Oblong Plans - Morienval
- Precedents - Difficulties Solution at Morienval - Later Solutions - Pontoise
Broken Rib Vaults Ambulatory of St. Denis - Lowered Capitals - Mastery of

the Ambulatory Vault - Significance - Second Quarter of the Twelfth Century -

Vaulted Naves - Earliest Examples - Square Plan - St. Étienne of Beauvais-

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Sexpartite Vaults - Heavy Walls - The Apse - Ribbed Half-Domes - -St. Martin
des Champs - The Chevet Vault - Stilting of Wall Rib-Polygonal Apses-
Second Phase of the Transition--St. Denis Monastic Influence - Historical Signifi-
cance of St. Denis - Norman Influence - Problem of the Sexpartite Vault Octo-
partite Vaults Continuous Systems — Columns Introduced-System of Sens
System of Noyon - System of Senlis Capitals Normal to Diagonals - Flying But-
tresses Evolution of the Flying Buttress - Early Examples Question of their
Origin-Spires-Exterior Design — Façades — The Plan-Cloisters - Four-Storied
Designs - Ornament Profiles - Abaci - Bases - Griffes-String-Courses-Cor-
Archivolts of Arches Windows and Doorways - Diagonals and Trans-
verse Ribs - Pure Ornament - Shafts - Classical Influence - Carolingian and
Norman Motives - Study of Nature - Conventionalization of Flora - Capitals
Accessory Arts - Frescoes- Stained Glass - Origins and Evolution of the Art
- Influence on Architecture Beauty of Color - Small Pieces of Glass Employed
Small Figures Contrast with Modern Methods - Detail - Sculpture - Origins
Schools of the South Classic Influence - Provence and Burgundy - Sculpture of
the Ile de France — Architectural Character The Gothic Ideal Iconography —
Power of Suggestion Essentially Didactic in Character Religion of the Clerks -
Religion of the People Scholastic Nature of Gothic Imagery — The Cathedral an
Encyclopedia - Symbolism - Symbolic Decoration - Mystic Numbers - Symmetry
- Biblical Symbolism — Hierarchal Rank — The Four Mirrors — The Mirror of Na-
ture - The Mirror of Science - The Mirror of Morals - The Mirror of History
Unity of the Cathedral Imagery - Limitations Imposed on the Artist - Attributes
Composition - The Unity of the Whole-Structure Not Symbolic - Inclinato
Capite Explanation of the Deviated Axis - Irregularities — Professor Goodyear's
"Refinements" - Historical Conditions of the Twelfth Century - La Renaissance
Française - Learning – Classic Revival - Heresies - Economic Revolution - Robber
Barons curbed - Politics - Civilization - Cities - Summary - The Communes -
The Cathedral not a Work of the People - Evidence of the Building itself -Popu-
lar Religious Enthusiasm in the Twelfth Century - Letter of Haymo - The Cult of
Carts No Popular Enthusiasm for Architecture — Letter of Hugh — Suger — Cart
Cult of Little Practical Service to Architecture - A Norman Institution - Account of
Robert du Mont Summary People and Clergy Rise of the Communes - Le
Mans Cambrai St. Quentin Beauvais-Noyon - Mantes - Laon - Amiens
Hostility of Clergy
Policy of the King - Friction between
Bourgeois and Clergy - Religion of the People - Cure of Souls - The Cathedral a
Monument of Ecclesiastical Power - The Medieval Church The Power of Rome
The Age of Faith - Wealth of the Church - The House of God - Ecclesiastical
Conditions Reform of the Twelfth Century - The Cistercians - Cistercian
Churches - Clairvaux supplants Cluny - Decline of Monastic Architecture - Car-
thusian Order Other Orders - Mendicant Orders - Dominicans and Francis-
cans - The Militant Orders - The Hospitalers - The Templars - Chapels of
the Templars Canons Regular - Rule of St. Augustine - Collegiate Churches
Reform of the Chapters - Reform of the Episcopacy - The French Church c.
1200 - Summary - Territorial Expansion of Gothic Architecture - The Master
Builders - Probably not Monks in the Twelfth Century - Evidence - The
Chroniclers Silent - The Medieval Monk-Jean of Le Mans - Significance of
this Incident - Lay Builders at St. Remi - The Masonic Guild - Master Builders
of the Thirteenth Century - Their Role- Drawings - Personal Supervision
Master Builder and Client- The Master Builder a Workman Evolution of the
Modern Architect - Extent of Activity of Master Builders - The Masons - Free-
dom of Design.

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Reims

Sens

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Its Beauties

Suger and Gothic Architecture
- Its Imperfections - Fecundity - The Gothic Alphabet - Amiens, the Culmination
-The Church under Innocent III Germs of Decadence - Heresies - The Works

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of Aristotle - The Scientific Spirit - The Church Hated - The Later Crusaders —

Taxes -Corruption - The Fabliaux - Non-Residence of Clergy - Subjection of

the French Church Anagni - Superstition Decadence of Learning-

- Effect on

Architecture Decline of Architecture in the Fourteenth Century - Economic Con-

ditions - Finances - Persecution of the Jews The Hundred Years' War Gothic

Construction Suppression of the Walls - Plate Tracery- Bar Tracery - Struc-

tural Significance - Decorative Beauty — Rayonnant Tracery - Rose Windows -

Quadripartite Vaults Monocylindrical Supports

- Shafts -

Capitals - Rayonnant Systems - - Flying Buttresses Across Double Aisles - Am-
bulatory Vaults - Polygonal Chevets Design of the Nave
Triforium of Rouen - Pyramidal Sections - Wooden Roofs
Axis - The Façade - Paris - Noyon - Laon - Amiens - Reims - Coutances
Transept Ends Spires - Gargoyles Parapets Double Walls-Norman Fa-
çades - Gothic Architecture of Normandy - Fortified Churches - Ecclesiastical
Buildings - Chapter Houses -Gothic Ornament Crockets - Naturalistic Flora
-Gothic Fauna - Profiles Abaci - Bases - Other Profiles - Tracery and

Gables-Polychromy - Stained Glass - Sculpture - Reliefs

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Origins St. Satur - English Influence The Ogee Arch Genesis of Flam-
boyant - Early Examples - Historical Conditions National Disasters Decline
of the Church - Destruction of Wealth Enemies of the Church Spirit of the
Reformation - Religious Sentiments of the Age Building Activity of the Fifteenth
Century - Flamboyant Architecture - The Fifteenth Century

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